Розділ 4 Виберіть слова, які належать до даної групи. Senses


Знайдіть граматичну або лексичну помилку в одному з чотирьох підкреслених фрагментів речення

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273. Знайдіть граматичну або лексичну помилку в одному з чотирьох підкреслених фрагментів речення.


  1. Guess(1) who turns up (2) at our party last night? Your (3) ex-boуfriend (4) Harry.

  2. Quite (1) honestly (2), I haven’t (3) much time for horrific (4) films.

  3. I was advised (1) to arrange insurance which (2) I needed (3) medical treatment while I was on holiday abroad (4).

  4. Bad (1) news don’t (2) make (3) people happy (4).

  5. Boris played (1) bad (2), and said he was out of (3) practice (4).

274. Знайдіть граматичну або лексичну помилку в одному з чотирьох підкреслених фрагментів речення.
  1. Everyone clapped (1) enthusiastically (2) when the actors came (3) on screen (4).


  2. The flat is empty (1). We haven’t got (2) any furnitures (3) yet (4).

  3. We went to Spain (1) for (2) our holidays and swam (3) in Mediterranean (4).

  4. I was disappointing (1) with (2) the film, I had expected (3) it to be better (4).

  5. We had а (1) very good weather (2) when we were (3) on (4) holiday.

275. Знайдіть граматичну або лексичну помилку в одному з чотирьох підкреслених фрагментів речення.

  1. It was a (1) good film, and I thought (2) Nick Nolte played (3) really well (4).

  2. She said (1) me (2) the film was (3) terrible (4).

  3. That building is dangerous (1), it ought to (2) be knock down (3) before it falls down (4).
  4. Tom let (1) me (2) to drive (3) his car yesterday (4).


  5. We lost (1) the match (2) because we didn’t play (3) very good (4).

276. Знайдіть граматичну або лексичну помилку в одному з чотирьох підкреслених фрагментів речення.

  1. The most people (1) still believe that marriage (2) and family life (3) are the basis (4) of our society.

  2. After leaving (1) school (2), Nora worked as (3) a cleaner in hospital (4).

  3. Can I borrow (1) your scissors (2)? Mine (3) isn’t (4) sharp enough.

  4. It was a really terrifying (1) experi­ence (2), afterwards (3) everybody was very shocking (4).

  5. Barry lives (1) by the sea (2) and he’s got (3) a boat, so he often go sailing (4).

277. Знайдіть граматичну або лексичну помилку в одному з чотирьох підкреслених фрагментів речення.


  1. He used (1) to talk to us for (2) hours about all the (3) interesting things he has done (4) in his life.

  2. She hurted (1) her foot (2) when, she jumped off (3) the bus and fell over (4).

  3. My journey took me across (1) Atlantic Ocean (2) from Europe (3) to South America (4).

  4. When Julia was 17 years (1), her father said she could (2) go on holiday (3) with two school friends (4).

  5. They know (1) our (2) address but (3) we don’t know their (4).

278. Знайдіть граматичну або лексичну помилку в одному з чотирьох підкреслених фрагментів речення.

  1. They stood inside (1) the door and shaked (2) hands (3) with each of (4) the guests.
  2. They can’t afford (1) to buy (2) food (3) and so they steel (4) people.


  3. John said (1) that he was trying (2) to get to London (3). “That’s where I’m going”, told (4) the man.

  4. We took a bus (1) to the (2) city centre and than (3) caught a train (4) to London.

  5. І turned of (1) the (2) light when I went to (3) bed (4).

279. Знайдіть граматичну або лексичну помилку в одному з чотирьох підкреслених фрагментів речення.

  1. He said (1) that his friends were (2) most (3) students (4).

  2. The note on the door (1) says “No admission (2) except (3) on business (4)”.

  3. Our cat understands (1) everything (2) – he is nearly (3) human (4).

  4. Read (1) this text once (2) again (3), how (4) I told you.

  5. The day before (1) yesterday he read an article (2) over (3) British industrial (4) problems in the Daily Telegraph.


280. Знайдіть граматичну або лексичну помилку в одному з чотирьох підкреслених фрагментів речення.

  1. The valley lay (1) quietly (2) and peaceful (3) in the sun (4).

  2. I am going to do (1) my exams, and after (2), I am going to study (3) medicine (4).

  3. Even although (1) I didn’t understand (2) a word (3), I kept smiling (4).

  4. People (1) dislike (2) him as (3) he is handsome and successful (4).

  5. According to (1) his opinion, the (2) Democratic Party will win (3) the next election campaign (4).

281. Знайдіть граматичну або лексичну помилку в одному з чотирьох підкреслених фрагментів речення.
  1. It was stuffy (1) in the room (2) and she fell unconsciously (3) on the floor (4).


  2. He is collecting (1) money (2) for (3) blinds (4).

  3. His last wish (1) was to share (2) his property (3) among (4) his wife, his daughter and his sister.

  4. Before leaving (1) the house he kissed (2) his daughter in (3) both cheeks (4).

  5. It took them (1) six weeks to walk (2) over (3) the desert (4).

282. Знайдіть граматичну або лексичну помилку в одному з чотирьох підкреслених фрагментів речення.

  1. I asked him to send (1) me (2) all (3) the available (4) tickets.

  2. We had a nice party with (1) drinks and (2) dancing; then (3) after all (4), we went home.

  3. What is the difference (1) among (2) a crow (3) and a rook (4)?
  4. As far as (1) I remember (2) she lives in (3) 75 Franko Street (4).


  5. The lake (1) was frozen, so (2) we walked through (3) the ice (4).

283. Знайдіть граматичну або лексичну помилку в одному з чотирьох підкреслених фрагментів речення.

  1. Snowdon’s (1) not very high (2), but it’s a mountain proper (3), not a hill (4).

  2. I can say (1), at a guess (2), he is (3) thirty-five years (4).

  3. It’s easier (1) to write plays for the (2) television (3) than for radio (4).

  4. The dress doesn’t fit (1) me. I think I’ll take (2) it again (3) to (4) the shop.

  5. The (1) population of Ukraine used to be (2) higher (3) than actually (4).

284. Знайдіть граматичну або лексичну помилку в одному з чотирьох підкреслених фрагментів речення.

  1. Everybody (1) knows (2) that Everest (3) is high (4) 9.000 metres.


  2. I completely agree with (1) your views about (2) economic (3) situation in (4) Ukraine.

  3. Man’s (1) greatest (2) discovery is a (3) hot bath (4).

  4. I won (1) my younger (2) brother at chess (3) the day before (4) yesterday.

  5. When (1) I saw him for the first time (2), I understood that (3) he was a typically(4) Englishman.

285. Знайдіть граматичну або лексичну помилку в одному з чотирьох підкреслених фрагментів речення.

  1. No (1) wonder (2), they are so (3) strange people (4).
  2. All of (1) children can be (2) naughty (3) sometimes (4).


  3. She has been (1) bank manager (2) for (3) 3 years (4).

  4. I don’ t like these (1) shoes; beside (2), they are too (3) expensive (4).

  5. He always (1) speaks (2) to me (3) very friendless (4).

286. Знайдіть граматичну або лексичну помилку в одному з чотирьох підкреслених фрагментів речення.

  1. Mother asked (1) me to buy (2) a bread loaf (3) and 2 litres of milk (4).

  2. It’s a (1) pity, all you (2) are wrong (3) in this question (4).

  3. She is a (1) fine singer (2), like (3) her mother used to be (4).

  4. Except (1) coffee and tea, he likes (2) juice, but drinks (3) it very seldom (4).

  5. The police (1) reported that two men had been deadly (2) injured (3) in (4) the accident.


287. Знайдіть граматичну або лексичну помилку в одному з чотирьох підкреслених фрагментів речення.

  1. Houses agents (1) helped him to sell (2) his house in the country and to buy (3) another one (4) in the town.

  2. He spent the whole (1) money (2) he had (3) on (4) books.

  3. I haven’t got as (1) many (2) money as (3) I thought (4).

  4. We have been borrowed (1) a cottage (2) in the Alps (3) for the summer (4).

  5. You can eat (1) freely (2) in my restaurant whenever (3) you like (4).

288. Заповніть пропуски в тексті словами, поданими нижче.

Family Life

A “typical” British family used to consist of mother, father and two children, but in recent years there have been many changes in family life. Some of these have been caused by new laws and others are the result of changes in (1) ... . For example, since the law made it easier to get a divorce, the number of divorces has increased. In fact one marriage in every three now ends in divorce. This means that there are a lot of (2) … families. Society is now more tolerant than it used to be of unmarried people, unmarried couples and single parents.

Another change has been caused by the fact that people are living (3) … nowadays and many old people live alone following the death of their (4) … . As a result of these changes in the pattern of people’s lives, there are many (5) … which consist of only one person or one person and children. You might think that marriage and the family are not so popular as they once were. However, the majority of (6) … people marry again and they sometimes take responsibility for the second family. Who looks after the older (7) …? There are about 10 million old-age pensioners in Britain of whom about 750000 cannot live entirely independently. The government gives financial help in the form of a pension but in the future it will be more and more difficult for the nation economy to support the increasing number of the elderly. At the present time, more than half of all old people are looked after at (8) … . Many others live in (9) …, which may be private or state owned.

1) households; 2) society; 3) Old People’s Homes; 4) home; 5) one-parent; 6) divorced; 7) longer; 8) generation; 9) partners.

289. Заповніть пропуски в тексті словами, поданими нижче.

Clothes and Fashion of the Youth

“Which is the boy and which is the girl?” you may ask walking behind two long-haired young people in a London street. Your question may arise from the fact that the young people are both dressed in jeans and sweaters. A (1) … may say, “I’m surprised so many girls don’t trouble to dress up when they go out with their boy-friends.” But another may answer that it’s one way they have of showing they are as (2) … as men.

But the same (3) … that the girls don’t trouble is not correct. Most British girls today take a great deal of interest in clothes and enjoy looking (4) … . In fact they think much more about (5) … than their mothers did twenty or more years ago. Not so long ago English women had the reputation of being among the worst dressed women in Europe.

During the 1960s fashion shops for young people were opened all over Britain, and London became the world’s most important fashion centre for the young. More than half of the ten million foreign (6) … who come to Britain every year are under thirty, and most of them never go further than London. Not only the girls go (7) … . The boys go to Kensington and also to Chelsea to visit the famous fashion shops of these two districts of London.

It is possible today to dress well (8) … spending a great deal of money. Many shops sell clothes which are both (9) … and modern. You would find it difficult to guess from their clothes the social background of the young people you see in the streets.

1) shopping; 2) without; 3) tourists; 4) attractive; 5) cheap; 6) fashion; 7) statement; 8) independent; 9) parent.

290. Заповніть пропуски в тексті словами, поданими нижче.

Bruce and the Spider

Robert Bruce was the most famous of the Kings of Scotland. For many years he fought against the English invaders (1) … to drive them out of Scotland, but the English (2) … him and he was almost deserted by his countrymen.

One morning after receiving the last unpleasant information from Scotland Bruce was lying on his bed. While he was thinking of what he should do, he looked upward to the roof of the cabin in which he lay. He saw a spider, which, hanging at the (3) … of a long thread, was trying to swing itself from one beam in the roof to another. The spider wanted to fix the line on which it meant to stretch its web.

The spider made an attempt again and again but without any success. Bruce (4) … that the spider had tried to swing itself to another beam six times but with no result. Then Bruce remembered that he had himself fought just six battles against the English invaders but also without any success. The poor spider was exactly in the same (5) … as he himself, it had made as many attempts, and had been as often disappointed in what it aimed at.

“Now,” thought Bruce, “as I don’t know what is to be done, I’ll be guided by the spider’s (6) … If it makes another attempt to fix its thread and is successful, I’ll make the seventh attempt to drive out the invaders.”

While Bruce was forming this (7) … the spider made another attempt and succeeded in fixing its thread to another beam. Bruce, seeing the success of the spider, resolved to try his own fortune. He (8) … his countrymen and attacked the invaders. And though he had never before won a (9) …, he never afterwards had any considerable or decisive defeat.

1) victory; 2) counted; 3) defeated; 4) position; 5) trying; 6) gathered; 7) resolution; 8) end; 9) luck.

291. Заповніть пропуски в тексті словами, поданими нижче.

Dolphins


Dolphins living in the Mediterranean Sea and other (1) … waters, sometimes, playing and diving very gracefully, follow the ships into harbour usually when the sea is warm and the sun is high and bright in the sky.

The people of the early Rome and Greece knew a lot about the dolphins, they put (2) … of them on coins and vases. They (3) … dolphins to be friends of man and, in particular, friends of fishermen and sailors.

There are, indeed, a great number of stories how dolphins have shown their friendship for men, especially for children. Cases have been reported of dolphins saving people’s lives.

New Zealand once had a dolphin which became very (4) … and people from all over the world came to see it. It played, especially with children, allowing them to sit on its back. It (5) … to be stroked with a boat oar.

Dolphins are from six to eight feet long, they jump out of the sea as beautifully as a (6) … .Baby dolphins are especially playful - just like kittens - and just as kittens they become (7) … playful when they grow older.

Dolphinology as a science came into being in 1948, when it was first discovered that the dolphins (8) … in the water with the help of natural radar. It is also known that they are very (9) … They can see a small fish from a far off distance. Dolphins talk among themselves. Their conversation is a series of whistles. There are a lot of things we have to learn about these animals.

1) famous; 2) warm; 3) long-sighted; 4) pictures; 5) believed; 6) loved; 7) oriented; 8) ballet-dancer; 9) less.

292. Заповніть пропуски в тексті словами, поданими нижче.

English Characteristics

In a nation of many millions of people, there are many different kinds: good and bad, honest and dishonest, happy and unhappy.

The British people, who live in other countries are not fully typical of their nation. As usual they live a completely different life from the life in Britain. However, we can talk about some (1) … things. The best-known (2) … of the English, for example, is reserve. A reserved (3) … is one who does not talk very much of strangers, does not show much emotion. He never tells you anything about himself. If English people are making a journey by train, they will try to find an empty compartment. If they have to share the compartment with a (4) …, they may travel many miles without starting a conversation. If a conversation does start, (5) … questions like “How old are you?” or even “What is your name?” are not easily asked. Questions like “Where did you buy your watch?” or “What is your salary?” are impossible.

Closely related to English reserve is English (6) … . If a person is, let us say, very good at golf, and someone asks him if he is a good player, he will probably give an answer like “I’m not (7)… ” or “I think I’m quite good”, or “Well, I’m very keen on golf.”

The famous English sense of humour is similar. Its ideal is the (8) … to laugh at oneself - at one’s own faults. “He is a man of humour” or “He has no sense of humour” is often heard in Britain, where humour is so (9) … prized.

1) ability; 2) general; 3) personal; 4) stranger; 5) highly; 6) modesty; 7) bad; 8) quality; 9) person.

293. Заповніть пропуски в тексті словами, поданими нижче.

Men from Mars?

Professor Zaitsev in his article “Visitors from Outer Space” supposes that many (1) … with crews from Mars and other distant planets landed on the surface of the Earth in the past - perhaps some 12000 years ago.

To support this view he gives the following facts. On the walls of a Yugoslav monastery there are old (2) … which show some strange objects in the sky. They resemble our present-day space-ships. In the Alps and in Central Asia (3) … have found primitive pictures of human beings. They have big circles around their heads, which are very much like the transparent helmets of spacemen.

In Peru in South America some Indian tribes tell a very old legend about big golden and silver (4) … which came to the Earth from the sky and people were born out of them.

Some very strange statuettes have been found in Japan. The figures are dressed like (5) … and must be several thousand years old.

(6) … in the Tibetan mountains have been found about 700 stone disks which resemble our gramophone records. They have deep spiral lines (7) … into them. The disks were studied and the lines were found to be a mysterious kind of writing. The writing was deciphered. It told a (8) … of many beings with big heads and very small bodies landing on the Earth. Some of these beings were killed by the local inhabitants.

So it is possible that “Visitors from Outer Space” did come to our (9) … after all.

1) high; 2) eggs; 3) planet; 4) rockets; 5) story; 6) cut; 7) spacemen; 8) paintings; 9) scientists.

294. Заповніть пропуски в тексті словами, поданими нижче.

A Nice Cup of Tea

The English (1) … of afternoon tea, it is said, goes back to the late eighteenth century when Anne, wife of the 7th Duke of Bedford, decided that she suffered from a “sinking feeling” around 5 p.m. and needed tea and cakes to bring back her strength. Before long, complaints were heard that “the labourers lose time to come and go to the tea-table”. Tea had arrived. Fashionable Tea Rooms were opened for high society, and soon tea became the national drink of all classes.

Today the British drink more tea than any other nation. They drink it in (2) … in the morning, round the (3) … on winter afternoons and out in the (4) … on sunny summer days. In times of trouble the kettle is quickly put on, the tea is made and comforting cups of the warm brown liquid are passed round.

Tea has even played its part in wars. The Duke of Wellington sensibly had a cup of tea before starting the battle of Waterloo, “to clear my head”. In peace time (5) … approval of the national drink came from the Victorian Prime Minister, Gladstone, who remarked: “If you are cold, tea will, (6) … you, if you are heated, it will cool, if you are depressed, it will (7) …, if you are excited, it will calm you”.

What exactly is tea? Basically it is a (8) … made from the dried leaves of a plant that only grows in hot countries. The British first heard of tea in 1598, and first tasted it in 1650. For nearly two centuries all tea was imported from China, until in 1823, a tea plant was found growing (9) … in Assam in India. Sixteen years later the first eight chests of Indian tea were sold in London, and today, London’s tea markets deal in tea from India, Sri Lanka and Africa more than from China.

1) naturally; 2) fire; 3) official; 4) bed; 5) drink; 6) garden; 7) warm; 8) custom; 9) cheer.

295. Заповніть пропуски в тексті словами, поданими нижче.

Lewis Armstrong

The black man with a wonderful smile finished (1) …, wiped his forehead with a huge white handkerchief, raised the gleaming trumpet to his lips and played. The music was jazz and it was exciting and happy music, and soon everyone was smiling and feeling good, clapping and swaying to the (2) … .

That was Lewis Armstrong, one of the most famous and (3) … jazz musicians of all time. Armstrong did a great deal to popularise this type of music which (4) … by black Americans from African drumbeats, work songs, blues and especially the lively marching band tunes so popular right after the Civil War.

The cradle city of jazz was New Orleans, Lewis Armstrong was born there on July 4, 1900. He loved music from a very early age and would (5) … street bands at parades and even funerals just to hear the music.

In 1924 he got his own band, and some of the best music he ever played (6) … during this period. He began travelling all over with his band, music was his whole life.

On his seventieth birthday a great tribute was paid to Lewis, a number of jazz clubs had birthday (7) … . Many famous singers and musicians came and performed in his (8) … Everyone acknowledged that he was truly the “King of Jazz”.

Lewis Armstrong died one year later, but the world will never forget the musician who did so much to make people happy and bring the people of the world (9) … together.

1) was recorded; 2) rhythm; 3) singing; 4) follow; 5) closer; 6) was created; 7) celebrations; 8) honour; 9) best-loved.


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