Сборник упражнений по грамматике английского языка для подготовки к тестированию



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РОСЖЕЛДОР

Государственное образовательное учреждение


высшего профессионального образования

«Ростовский государственный университет путей сообщения»

(РГУПС)

Л.Е. Григорьянц, М.М. Сорокина, Л.А. Недоспасова




СБОРНИК УПРАЖНЕНИЙ

ПО ГРАММАТИКЕ АНГЛИЙСКОГО ЯЗЫКА

ДЛЯ ПОДГОТОВКИ К ТЕСТИРОВАНИЮ
Учебно-методическое пособие

Ростов-на-Дону

2010

УДК 42(07)+06



Григорьянц, Л.Е.

Сборник упражнений по грамматике английского языка для подготовки к тестированию: Учебно-методическое пособие Л.Е.Григорьянц, М.М. Сорокина., Л.А Недоспасова.; Рост. гос. ун-т путей сообщения. – Ростов н/Д, 2010. – 34 с.

Пособие содержит упражнения по подготовке к тестированию по грамматике английского языка. Может быть использовано на занятиях в лицее, университете, а также для самостоятельной работы студентов 1-2 курсов.

Рецензент канд. пед. наук О.Б. Симонова (РГУПС)

 Ростовский государственный университет

путей сообщения, 2010



Ex. 1. Use the Past Indefinite or the Past Continuous in the following sentences containing as-clauses and while-clauses:

l They (to talk) little as they (to drive) home.

2 As they (to drink) coffee, Ted (to say): "Now tell me about yourself."

3 She (to sing) softly as she (to beat) the eggs.

4 As the sun (to disappear), a fresh breeze (to stir) the curtains at the window.

5 His steps (to slow) down as he (to mount) the stairs.

6 I (to hear) a telephone ringing as I (to come) up in the lift.

7 He (to come) forward as we (to climb) out of the car and (to hold) his hand to my father.

8 Bernard (to call) up as I (to prepare) to leave the office.

9 He (to give) his father an anxious look as he (to enter).

10 She (to watch) him as he (to walk) to a chair across the room.

11 He (to look) up as Eric (to come) in.

12 Her husband (to stop) her just as she (to get) into the car.

13 While he (to stand) irresolute, the door (to open) and his brother (to come) out.

14 He (to listen) gravely while I (to complain) about my reading.

15 While she (to wait) for the kettle to boil she (to sit) by the table.

Ex. 2. Use the Past Perfect or the Past Indefinite in the following clauses of time:
1 He wanted her to believe that when he (to return) things would change.

2 She knew that he would not speak till they (to reach) their house.

3 She took her manicure set and began to do her nails, waiting till he (to finish) eating.

4 He decided to read nothing but the dictionary until he (to master) every word of it.

5 And then came the great idea — he would write. He would begin as soon as he (to get) back. It would be slowly succeeding at first. He would go on studying. And then after some time, when he (to prepare) himself he would write great things.

6 She asked if Grant would wait until the doctor (to see) the patient.

7 She told him not to come back until he (to talk) to her on the telephone first.

8 He would have to make a decision sooner or later, but he wanted it to be as late as possible, when the other problems (to be) solved.

9 I said we'd better leave this little chat until I (to make) coffee.

10 He did not sign the contract until he (to drag) a formal approval out of me.

11 He said he'd tell me all about it when he (to get) back.

12 I sat there for another five minutes, until my eyes (to begin) to close and my head to nod with sleep.

13 When he (to find) the photo, I took the album back to the shelf.
Ex. 3. Use the required verb forms in the following sentences:

1 As he (to think) for months about leaving his wife and (not to do) it because it (to be) too cruel to deprive her of himself, her departure (to be) a very healthful shock.

2 When she nearly (to reach) the end of the curve she (to see) a figure ahead of her.

3 Mary (to return) to the room. Al (to sit) down beside the gasfire and (to take) off his shoes.

4. Her eyes (to be) puffed, and she obviously (to cry) that afternoon.

5 No sooner I (to arrive) than I (to send) her a letter to say that I (to have) a present for her.

6 I (to get) back as soon as I (to get) through with my business.

7 His cheek (to be) cut. When she (to see) it she (to say): «Oh, you (to fight) again. »

8 He (to have) a son of twenty-seven. He (to farm) in New Zealand.

9 She (to make) me promise to say nothing about it till she (to have) a chance of breaking the news to her father gradually.

10 «How's the baby? » «Frightfully well, thank you, Aunt Em. He (to walk). »

11 As we (to drive), her eyes (to stare) rigidly out of the car window.

12. Before we (to walk) four hundred yards he (to take) his jacket off.

13 She (to become) aware that Tony (to come) back and considerately (to say) nothing.

14 Delany (to sit) up in bed and (to eat) his dinner when Jack (to come) into the room.

15 He (to remain) in his seat, as though studying his programme, till the three (to pass) out into the foyer.

16 Darkness (to fall) when he finally (to return) to the hotel.

17 He (to take) to drink before they (to be) married three years.

18 A little break like this (to be) what she (to need) all these years.

19 She (to look) up at him from where she (to sit). Her makeup things (to lie) in front of her. She (to do) her face.

20 While his wife (to read) the letter, he (to cross) to the window.

21 My mother said: «You hardly (to touch) your food. »

22 As Hugh and I (to come) down the steps we nearly (to run) into my father.

23 I don't know what's the matter with him. He (to act) funny since you (to be) away.

24 I (to sit) there for about ten minutes, pretending to read, when someone (to sit) down at my table.

25 He (to be) sure that there (to be) a serious row when Hugh (to hear) of it.

26 The actress (to stop) in front of their table, smiling widely. He (to stand) up and (to take) her hand. «Hello, » he said. «We (to see) your show tonight. We (to think) you (to be) very good indeed. »

27 Before we (to sit) five minutes in the drawing-room, there (to be) a heavy shuffle outside and the old man (to push) open the door.

28 «I (to take) you out every day, » she promised.
Ex. 4. SuppIy the required passive forms of the verbs in brackets:

l Aunt Dinah (not to like) by my father's family; she (to consider) vulgar.

2 After his brother's departure Paul sat for a long time thinking about what (to say).

3 «I'm not prepared, » my father said, «to listen to your suggestions that you never (to treat) fairly at school. »

4 In the drawing-room the music of Mozart (to play) by an orchestra seen on the screen.

5 «Remember I (to pay) by the hour, » grumbled the driver.

6 But there were signs that order (to restore) in the town.

7 I (to receive) by one of the chiefs and (to take) for lunch to the canteen.

8 Well, what (to do) about it, Ted?

9 He went into the bedroom. The bed (to turn) down for the night by the maid many hours before.

10 I said we yet (not to teach) anything.

11 Please find out if your father (to see) to leave.

12 She could have gone to Cambridge if she had wanted, she (to offer) a scholarship.

13 He arrived just after the electricity (to cut), and Joseph was lighting the oil-lamps.

14 On Friday she (to give) two weeks notice at the Works.

15 Then the voice announced that the passengers (to beg) to pass-through the Customs.

16 I wondered to what extent she (to influence) by his name to accept the offer.

17 Meg (to look) upon as the perfect wife for a clergyman.

18 Such are the matters that (to deal) with in Mr Gimson's book.

19 He (to see) entering the school building just when the first student (to call) upon to read aloud from Beowulf.

20 Ahead of us the port lay in a flood of lights. Two cargo-ships (to unload).

21 I found the idea of going to Hereford very upsetting because I (to promise) a very nice job a couple of weeks before.

22 Not far away she noticed the film manager in whose office she once (to make) to feel so ridiculous.

23 «You must be very prosperous, Eustace, to own a car like that. » «This car (to lend) me by an American woman. »


Ex. 5. Fill in the blanks with have to or be to:
1 At nightfall the ship put in at a small port where they ... to load three hundred bags of coffee.

2 They ... to light a fire to cook their supper.

3 He set off for the school where he ... to write examinations for entry to the University.

4 When I got home I found I had left my olive oil in front of the notice-board and I ... to return in the afternoon to collect it.

5 He made all arrangements for the marriage, which ... to take place on the day of his mother's arrival.

6 The Finnish woman who… work for Finch had not arrived yet.

7 She knew there would be no more vacations for her sons. But she ... (not) to say it. They knew that as well as she.

8 Eden went to the wood where he ... to meet his brother for a ride.

9 Uncle Nick's things ... to be moved out of his room so that it could be re-let.

10 For the next few weeks I ... to stay in bed. Everyone came to visit me, and brought me presents, and I ... (not) to do the cooking.

11 Early in January Maurice returned to Ireland and his brother accompanied him. He ... to remain with him till spring. He then ... to go to the Slade School of Fine Arts in London.

12 They went to inspect Finch's new house. Finch said that only the last touches ... to be added there and he ... to move into it quite soon.

13 That day, however, I had a pupil waiting for an English lesson and I ... to cut my visit short.

Ex. 6. Supply the necessary forms of the verbs in brackets

1 Bill, you're up to something. I wish I (to know) what it is.

2 Mel wished he (to know) earlier what Tom had just told him.

3 He wished that it all never (to happen) at all and that things (to be) as they once had been.

4 I wish I (can) settle down to something.

5 I wish I (to have) a jeep, that's all.

6 «I wish (to have) a cigarette. That's more important to me just now, » said Jack.

7 I wish I (to be) quite sure that she is altogether honest.

8 I wish you (to go) up and (to see) Willy.

9 I now began to wish that I (not to take) Monty into my confidence.

10 I wished he (not to ask) that question.

11 «Have you got my letter? » «Yes. I wish you (not to write) it. »

12 She almost wished it (to be) an ordinary day and that there (to be) no such things as holidays.


Ex. 7. Supply the necessary forms of the verbs in brackets in the follow – ing conditional sentences referring to the future:
1 I (to be) grateful if you (to keep) the news to yourself.

2 I (to be) in the drawing-room in case there (to be) a telephone call for me.

3 Many people ask themselves: «What I (to do) differently if I (to have) another chance? »

4 He wondered how he (to feel) if his former wife (to come) into the room in which he happened to be.

5 I know he is itching to tell me what happened, but I (to be) darned if I (to ask) him.

6 Philip says they (to miss) me if I (to leave) before their wedding.

7 Look here, it (to be) a bore for you if we (to have) tea somewhere?

8 In case any crisis (to arise), let me know.

9 The situation has been bad lately, but everything (to calm) down if you only (to stop) making a fuss.

10 If this (to be) our last meeting for some time, I (not to like) you to remember this talk.

11 It (to be) awkward if she (to refuse) to co-operate.

12 What his mother and father (to think) if they (to hear) of what he has done?

13 If the situation (not to change) by Saturday I (to be) in trouble.

14 I (not to be) surprised if he (to offer) an important post under the next government.


Ex. 8. Use the required form of the infinitive in its function of part of a compound verbal predicate:

1 He seemed ... all the friendliness he had shown at our previous meeting (to lose).

2 «I happen ... her lawyer and she telephoned to me, » I said to the man (to be).

3 It became clear that Charles was still idle. He seemed ... scarcely any law. (to read)

4 The cat seems ... missing for about three weeks (to be).

5 He appeared ... that they had had the first serious difference of opinion in the whole of their married life (to forget).

6 «Dr Salt, what do you think you're doing? » «People seem ... me that for days, » said Dr Salt mildly (to ask).

7 Not going home, in fact, seemed lately ... the pattern of his life (to become).

8 My mother thought that his hobbies would get him nowhere. In this she turned out ... wrong (to be).

9 It seemed ... in the room. The floor, the chairs, the desk were covered in drifts of white. It was torn paper (to snow).

10 She leant far over the banister and strained her ears. All the family seemed ... at once (to talk).

11 The general seemed ... a great deal (to age).

Ex. 9. Supply the necessary prepositions for the ing-forms in the following sentences:
l The man of letters is accustomed ... writing.

2 I became aware of the specific benefit I was capable ... getting from travel.

3 Mrs Attley was very skilful ... directing the table talk away from her daughter.

4 Some people were nice ... turning me down.

5 I'm sick ... doing things for you.

6 You seem upset ... losing Jones.

7 She was set ... helping him.

8 I don't say I'm proud ... cheating him out of 300 dollars.

9 Your colleagues are good ..: keeping a secret, aren't they?

10 He is usually fairly careful ... making his statements.

11 He is quite excited ... being among us again.

12 It was five minutes later than my usual bedtime and I felt guilty ... being still up.

13 She was quick ... finding out things.

14 Dolly seemed relieved ... not having to make a scene.

15 I tried to be as nice as possible ... refusing.

16 You seem very fond ... saying things behind my back.

17 But he was slow ... replying.

18 He selected a dingy little place where he felt sure ... not meeting any acquaintances.

Ex. 10. Supply the appropriate verbals:

l They stared at each other, Dan still ... with his tea cup and Willy ... out in the chair (to stand, to stretch).

2 While ... for a flight, and without ever ... the terminal, a visitor could have his hair ..., suit ... and shoes ... (to wait, to leave, to cut, to press, to shine).

3 The snow never stopped ... that afternoon. It was dreadful...outdoors (to fall, to be).

4 Then we strolled round the place ... preparations up the tent (to watch, to make, to set).

5 The door did not open. She left off ..., and, ... down at the top of the stairs, buried her face in her hands (to ring, to sit).

6 The thought came ... into his mind (to flash).

7... them in so short a time would have been next to impossible (to find).

8 She took up the egg-cup and held it to the light ... if it might be tarnished a little. Then she set about ... the egg (to see, to chip).

9 I spent some time with Tom … maps of the country (to study).

10 He was accustomed to ... through the morning noises of the neighbourhood (to sleep).

11 The confusion that followed would be impossible ... (to describe).

12 He was beyond ... about what was going to happen to him (to care).

13 She could not help ... into her conversation the names of the people she knew (to bring).

14 The state I'm in I'm liable ... out ... (to burst, to cry).

15 It is true that ... is ... and ... (to understand, to pity, to forgive).

16 I sat ... at him (to gaze).

17 «I cannot see what my ... three times has to do with my books, » she said (to divorce).

18 He walked down the street, not ... where ... or what ... (to know, to turn, to do).

19 At the top of the third flight she paused for breath, and ... on to the banisters, stood ... (to hold, to listen).

20 Bob glanced away from his mother so as not ... the tears in her eyes (to see).

21 The girl was only four but it delighted us ... with her (to talk).

22 I had seen too many examples of the process not ... it now (to recognize).

23... gradually his small fortune, he preferred ... on the generosity of others rather than ... (to waste, to live, to work).

24 She tried ... on ... with me, but I finally managed ... her out of it (to insist, to come, to talk).

25 I've seen many a man ... through ... extravagant habits (to ruin, to have).

26 She woke at half past ten in the morning ... her husband ... (to find, to go).

27 They said that Roger had been known ... her between five and seven in the evening, on the dates ... down (to visit, to set).

28 When Hugh came in he found the painter ... the ... touches to a picture of a beggar – man. The beggar himself was standing on a ... platform in a corner of the studio. He was an old man, with a face like ... parchment (to put, to finish, to raise, to wrinkle).

29 There were several ships ... in the harbour (to anchor).



Ex. 11. Choose between a singular or a plural verb to use it in the following sentences:

1 We were at the head of the valley and below us we saw an old house. «This is where my family (to live), » he said.

2 Con's family (to be) in the process of having tea when we arrived.

3 All the family (to be) gathered to see the dog.

4 My family who (to be) occupied each with their particular guest did not notice anything.

5 Monty's family (to be) of about the same social status as my own.

6 When the family (to be) alone she often read to them before going to bed.

7 Do you know what the family (to get) into their heads about this business?

8 The police (to know) about him for years.

9 Everybody says the Swiss police (to be) great at finding people.

10The police (to be) not fools. That man did not believe a word of what I said.

11 The police (to call) and a sergeant and a constable arrived.

12 The public (not to think) so.

13 The public (to request) not to leave litter in these woods.

14 As Alan appeared, the crew had quit their loading and (to be) assembled along the rail.

15 There (to be) two fish in his basket.

16 That evening the net was so heavy that he could hardly draw it into the boat. «Surely I have caught all the fish that (to swim), » he said to himself and laughed.

17 When he came the baseball team (to practise) on the school field.

18 The team (to have) baths at the moment and then (to come) back here for tea.

19 The team (to play) tomorrow morning.


Ex. 12. Use the required form of the adjective:

l He was the (amusing) lad you ever met.

2 He's a far (intelligent) person than my brother.

3 She was the (practical) of the family.

4 When they told me I was cured and could go, I can tell you I was (afraid) than glad.

5 I wanted to ask you both what you thought of my (late) films if you saw them.

6 He is (talkative) than his sister. He won't tire you so much.

7 He turned out to be (angry) than I had expected.

8 Today I'm no (wise) than yesterday.

9 This wine is the (good) I ever tasted.

10 Jack is the (clever) of the three brothers.

11 I don't think it matters in the (little) which seat I choose.

12 He felt (bad) yesterday than the day before.

13 The (near) house is three miles away.

14 Of the two evils let us choose the (little).

15 He was the (late) man to come.

16 She waited until her silence became the (noticeable) thing in the room.

17 The (near) item on the program is a piano sonata.

18 He is the (tall) of the two.

19 She is (amusing) in a small company.


Ex. 13. Supply one of the compounds with some-, any- or no-:
1 At the party you'll see ... you haven't met yet.

2 Will there be ... at the club so early?

3 I'm not going to see him because I have ... important, to report.

4 I was late. I found ... in the house.

5 I think there's ... wrong with my watch.

7 Is there ... at home?

8 The doorbell rang but there was ... there.

9 I know ... at all.

10 Otherwise there was hardly ... to occupy him.

11 «Why don't they do ... about me? » Mr Scot cried out hearing that his friend had got promoted.

12 …can become a member of the club by paying a subscription.

13 When we get there it may be too late to do ... .

14 ... has been here before us.

15 «Why don't you say ...? » he demanded.

16 In the winter he lived without doing....

17 He wondered if he would ever again share ...'s emotion.

18 This is my affair and ... else's.

19 Sometimes he would sit silent and abstracted, taking no notice of ... .

20 …is better than ... in a situation like this.

21 Can't you do ... by yourself now?

22 I took care to ask him ... about his own doings.
Ex. 14. Choose the right adverb:

1 He stood (close/closely) to the door.

2 You can get the book (free/freely).

3 He couldn't explain it (clear/clearly).

4 (hard/hardly) studied at all last term.

5 You guessed (wrong/wrongly).

6 He opened the door (wide/widely).

7 She was (high/highly) praised for her work.

8 He has been working (hard/hardly).

9 I'm getting (pretty/prettily) tired.

10 You can speak (free/freely) in front of him.

11 My friends are (most/mostly) students.

12 I haven't been to the theatre much (late/lately).

13 I (wrong/wrongly) assumed that you were my friend.

14 He (close/closely) inspected the lock.

15 He came back (late/lately).

16 You're doing (fine/finely).

17 Take it (easy/easily).

18 The kite flew (high/highly).

19 The girl was dancing (pretty/prettily).

20 I understood his English (easy/easily).

21 He pulled the strings (tight/tightly).

22 It was (near/nearly) midnight.

23 Of all fruit he loved apples (most/mostly).

24 They differed (wide/widely) in opinions.

25 The car drove up (near/nearly) to the gate.

26 I (clean/cleanly) forgot about it.

27 He loved his parents (dear/dearly).

28 He will be in (short/shortly).

29 He bought it (cheap/cheaply).

30 His refusal cost him (dear/dearly).

31 He turned round (sharp/sharply).

32 They travelled (cheap/cheaply).

33 The foreman cut me (short/shortly).

34 She clenched the letter (tight/tightly) in her hand.

35 She wiped the table (clean/cleanly).
Ex. 15. Put the verbs in brackets into the correct tense, Past Simple or Present Perfect:

A: (1) (you/be) to Paris recently?

B: Yes. It (2) (change) a lot since the last time I (3) (be) there.

A: I (1) (visit) several different countries so far this year.

B: Really! I (2) (not/be) abroad since last winter. Where (3) (you/go) last?

A: To Italy, and I (4) (have) a great time.

A: (1) (you/see) the Eiffel Tower while you (2) (be) in Paris?

B: Yes, I (3) (do).

A: I (1) (send) you a postcard last week. (2) (you/not/receive) it yet?

B: No, but I (3) (get) one from Maryon Monday morning.


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