Science Pacing Guide Time Frame: September – November First Grade Unit 1: Space Systems: Patterns and Cycles

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Science Pacing Guide

Time Frame: September – November First Grade

Unit 1: Space Systems: Patterns and Cycles (Earth Science)

Science & Engineering Practices

Crosscutting Concepts

Literacy Standards

Mathematics Standards

Analyzing and Interpreting Data

Analyzing data in K–2 builds on prior experiences and progresses to collecting, recording, and sharing observations.

  • Use observations (firsthand or from media) to describe patterns in the natural world in order to answer scientific questions. (1-ESS1-1)


Patterns in the natural world can be observed, used to describe phenomena, and used as evidence. (1-ESS1-1), (1-ESS1-2)

Connections to Nature of Science
Scientific Knowledge Assumes an Order and Consistency in Natural Systems

Science assumes natural events happen today as they happened in the past. (1-ESS1-1)

Many events are repeated. (1-ESS1-1)

W.1.7 Participate in shared research and writing projects (e.g., explore a number of “how-to” books on a given topic and use them to write a sequence of instructions). (1-ESS1-1), (1-ESS1-2)

W.1.8 With guidance and support from adults, recall information from experiences or gather information from provided sources to answer a question. (1-ESS1-1), (1-ESS1-2)

MP.2 Reason abstractly and quantitatively. (1-ESS1-2)
MP.4 Model with mathematics. (1-ESS1-2)
MP.5 Use appropriate tools strategically. (1-ESS1-2)
1.MD.C.4 Organize, represent, and interpret data with up to three categories; ask and answer questions about the total number of data points, how many in each category, and how many more or less are in one category than in another. (1-ESS1-2)

Next Generation Science Standards

Disciplinary Core Ideas

Essential Questions




Students who demonstrate understanding can:

1-ESS1-1 Use observations of the sun, moon, and stars to describe patterns that can be predicted. [Clarification Statement: Examples of patterns could include that the sun and moon appear to rise in one part of the sky, move across the sky, and set; and stars other than our sun are visible at night but not during the day.] [Assessment Boundary: Assessment of star patterns is limited to stars being seen at night and not during the day.]

ESS1.A: The Universe and its Stars

Patterns of the motion of the sun, moon, and stars in the sky can be observed, described, and predicted. (1-ESS1-1)

What objects are found in the sky and how do they seem to move?


KWL Chart

Discussion about what students already know.


Through different simulations students will be observed making conclusions about the objects in the sky and how they seem to move.

Quick Writes
Daily Work


Draw a picture and describe the pattern of movement in their picture.
















Brown, Margaret Wise. Goodnight Moon. ISBN 9780694003617. 2007.

Branley, Franklyn Mansfield. The Sun, Our Nearest Star. Harper & Row. ISBN 9780064450737. 1988.
Owens, L. L. Space Neighbors Series. The Child's World. 2011.
Adamson, Thomas K. (Pebble Plus: Exploring the Galaxy). Capstone Press. 2003.
Appelt, Kathi. I See the Moon. William B. Eerdmans Publishing Co. ISBN 9780802851185. 1997.

Crelin, Bob. Faces of the Moon. Charlesbridge Publishing. ISBN 9781570917851. 2009.

Gibbons, Gail. The Moon Book. Scholastic. ISBN 9780590149051. 1998.
Bang, Molly. My Light. Blue Sky Press. ISBN 9780439489614. 2004.
Henkes, Kevin. Kittens First Full Moon. Greenwillow. ISBN 9780060588281. 2004.
McNulty, Faith. If you Decide to Go to the Moon. Scholastic. ISBN 9780545000857. 2007.
Banks, Kate. And if the Moon Could Talk. FSG Kids. ISBN 9780374302993. 1998.
Turnbull, Stephanie. Sun, Moon and Stars. Scholastic. ISBN 9780439696753. 2004.
Carle, Eric. Papa, Please Get the Moon for Me. Little Simon. ISBN 9780689829598. 1999.
Fowler, Alan. So That’s How the Moon Changes Shape. Children's Press. ISBN 9780516449173. 1992.
Hoban, Tana. Shadows and Reflections. Greenwillow Books. ISBN 9780688070892. 1990.
Emberley, Rebecca. Chicken Little. Roaring Brook Press. ISBN 9781596434646. 2009.
Joyce, William. The Man in the Moon. Atheneum Books for Young Readers. ISBN 9781442430419. 2011.
Mitchell, Melanie. Stars. Lerner Pub Group. ISBN 9780822551386. 2003.
Elphinstone, Dayrell. Why the Sun and Moon Live In The Sky: An African Folktale. Houghton Mifflin Co. ISBN 9780875346519. 1995.
Floca, Brian. Moonshot: The Flight of Apollo 11. Atheneum/Richard Jackson Books. ISBN 9781416950462. 2009.

Aldrin, Buzz. Reaching for the Moon. HarperCollins. ISBN 9780060554453. 2005.

Sterling, Kristin. It’s Sunny Today. Lerner Classroom. ISBN 9780761350224. 2009.
Karas, G. Brian. On Earth. Putnam Juvenile. ISBN 9780399240256. 2005.
Mitchell, Melanie. Sun. Lerner Classroom. ISBN 9780822535935. 2004.
Mitchell, Melanie. Moon. Lerner Publishing Group. ISBN 9780822535911. 2003.
Fowler, Alan. Energy from the Sun. Children's Press. ISBN 9780516262550. 1998.
Branley, Franklyn Mansfield. The Sun, Our Nearest Star. Harper & Row. ISBN 9780064450737. 1988.
Websites / Lessons / Games:

Website for the Next Generation Science Standards. The NGSS is based on the Framework for K–12 Science Education developed by the National Research Council.
Interactive games, video clips, movies, songs, and explorations all aligned by unit and grade levels.
The Sid the Science Kid on-air series and online resources provide many opportunities for teachers to introduce or reinforce early science concepts in the classroom.

The resources found in this collection help you explore each of the Sid concept cycles with activity ideas, video clips, and online games.
Teacher-made activities and lessons, links to science websites.
Computer Lab Favorites for science!

A learning center for young astronomers!
Find a wealth of information about earth, the solar system, and the universe!
Designed to teach kids about the exciting world of outer space!

Free songs that teach facts about astronomy.

Modules for elementary science topics.

Enjoy fun science games for kids while learning more about science and technology. There's a range of free online activities to try with something for everyone whether you're interested in animals, plants, chemistry, biology, physics, space, magnets, electricity, forces, light, sounds, gases or other science related topics.

Free Presentations in PowerPoint format
& Free Activities for Kids

Magic School Bus videos and books. Series is based on books. Magic School Bus books present scientific facts in the form of stories in which fantastic things happen (for example, a bus turns into a spaceship, or children shrink to the size of blood cells), each book has a page at the end detailing in a humorous manner which parts of the book represented scientific fact and which were fanciful storytelling.

Free episodes of the videos maybe found on YouTube.

Free science videos, lessons, and games listed by topic.
Steve Spangler is a teacher, science toy designer, speaker, author and an Emmy award-winning television personality. Spangler is probably best known for his Mentos and Diet Coke geyser experiment that went viral in 2005 and prompted more than

1,000 related YouTube videos.

Spangler is the founder of Steve, a Denver-based company specializing in the creation of science toys, classroom science demonstrations, teacher resources and home for Spangler's popular science experiment archive and video collection.

See more at:
Science Activities for First and Second Grade:

From the kitchen to the playground, and even in the car, science is all around us. Try some of these science activities for first grade or second grade kids and instill a love of science in your child at a young age.

1st Grade Science Projects:

This is selection of ideas for 1st grade science fair projects with short project descriptions or examples as well as links to the actual science fair projects.

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