Self-Test Mock Exam (NOTE: this is a shortened version of the real test!)
In the real exam you have three hours to answer 100 questions. 70 of these questions test your language skills. 30 of the questions test your knowledge of the United Kingdom, the U.S.A. and the English language. You will find the correct answers by following this link to “Answer Key”.
Examples of language questions – NOTE: ONE ANSWER ONLY IS CORRECT!
1. Your new haircut ______________.
1) looks well 2) is looking well 3) has good looks 4) looks good
2. If he’s really gone, you _________ him.
1) won’t find 2) wouldn’t find 3) do not find 4) would not have found
3. Where have you __________ the corpse?
1) lay 2) layed 3) laid 4) lain
4. If you _________ me, I could have the work completed by next Thursday.
1) are helping 2) would help 3) had helped 4) will help
5. Where would the phrase “above all” fit best in this sentence?
One could say (1)________ that it is Hemingway (2)__________ who has created stories
(3)__________which seem to be about action (4)___________ but in which in fact almost nothing happens.
6. In which sentence is the word “it” used correctly?
1) At the age of twenty-one he took over the family business, as it was expected of him.
2) Jennifer was quite attractive, and it led many men to fall in love with her.
3) I’m sure of only it: I’ll never be a millionaire.
4) [On the telephone:] “It’s Paula William’s calling.”
7.Which of the following sentences is correct?
1) It was very simple when I was younger – in case I ran out of money my father used to give me some more.
2) The man I’m talking about is the one, who stole all the money from the bank.
3) For he passed his exam, we gave him a big party.
4) It is possible that the work will have to be finished by next Tuesday.
8. The reporters were taken out to see a film ________ on location in the desert.
1) having been shot 2) being now shot 3) being shot 4) while being shot
9. Do you ever go _________ on business?
1) abroad 2) in foreign climes 3) flying 4) in other countries
10. I ___________ it as the most likely ____________.
1) hold … suggestion 2) regard … alternative 3) agree … plan
4) consent with … solution
11.-16. For each word on the left, find the opposite on the right.
Example: heavy 1) easy 2) ponderous 3) light 4) difficult
The opposite of “heavy” is “light”. Therefore 3) is correct.
11. ascertain 1) waver 2) deny 3) forget 4) disprove
12. prompt 1) superfluous 2) unreliable 3) tardy 4) wait
13. considerate 1) stupid 2) reckless 3) fast-thinking 4) thoughtless
14. frail 1) insensitive 2) crude 3) robust 4) sturdy
15. characteristic 1) translucent 2) unusual 3) sullen 4) weak
16. inject 1) throw out 2) extract 3) exile 4) dilute
17.-19. Which dictionary entry fits the underlined word in the passage?
17. In Brigadier Reid there was obviously more sand than the desk-wallahs thought it right for a British officer to show these days. They were getting ready to dish him. It never took long for people to home in like vultures on the reputation of a perfectly decent and competent officer.
1) to make concave or hollow 2) cheat or defraud 3) serve or offer up for consumption
4) to drop, to get rid of
18. Be careful! I’ve turned the switch. Don’t touch the wire. It’s live!
1) seeming to be real 2) making something give light or start burning
3) carrying electric current 4) passing with rapid movements over or against a surface
19. The detective inspected the house. When he heard a noise from above, he ran up two flights and walked the rest on tiptoe.
1) lifts 2) slides 3) sets of stairs 4) U-shaped tubes
20.-22. Some words are composed of two parts – we can refer to them as X and Y. They can be related to each other in different ways:
1) Y is used with an X 2) Y contains an X 3) Y is used for X 4) Y is a part of X
Example: “car door”
The second part of the word, Y, is “door”, which is part of a car. So the word is of type 4).
Now analyse the following:
20. seat belt
21. mountain top
22. writing paper
23. A magnet _________ iron to it.
1) allures 2) adheres 3) draws 4) drags
24. Don’t believe a word of it: he’s just leading you ________________.
1) into the wood 2) by the arm 3) down the slippery slope 4) up the garden path
25.-27. For each word on the left, find the best equivalent in the list on the right.
1) not finding one’s way 2) spending too much 3) advancing society
4) being good at an art
1) pretend 2) copy 3) separate 4) take apart
1) flatter 2) straightforward 3) tasteless 4) whiten by exposure
Cultural Knowledge and Linguistic Questions – NOTE: IN THIS SECTION, ONE ANSWER ONLY IS CORRECT!
28. The President of the United States of America is formally elected by
1) the House of Representatives
2) the Members of the Smithsonian Institute
3) the Supreme Court
4) the Electoral College
29. The Pilgrim Fathers arrived in New England in the year
30. Who had “a dream that one day on the red hills of Georgia, the sons of former slaves and the sons of former slave owners will be able to sit together at the table of brotherhood [. . .]”?
47. Shakespeare’s works are written in
1) Old English
2) Middle English
3) Early Modern English
4) Modern English
48. What is a “cross-reference” in a dictionary?
1) an advice on usage
2) a note that tells you to look at study pages
3) a note that tells you to look at another entry
4) a symbol that refers to the idiom section of an entry
49. In English, future tense can be expressed by
1) modal verbs
2) progressive form
3) relative clauses
50. In the sentence „The book sells well“, the verb is
1) formally passive, but logically active
2) formally active, but logically passive
3) in the present tense, but refers to the past
4) in the simple present, but refers to the progressive
51. The words “government”, “pork” and “pronounce” were taken over into English from which of the following languages?
1) Old Norse
Nick Clegg rails against British class snobbery
'We need an open society, in which people choose their place,' says Liberal Democrat deputy prime minister (Juliette Jowit, The Guardian, 22/05/2012)
Class snobbery is holding Britain back by creating a society divided between those born with a sense of entitlement to succeed and others who are "permanently excluded", the deputy prime minister has warned. Nick Clegg1 quoted the historian Frank Harris saying 80 years ago that "snobbery is the religion of England", adding: "I think that statement still has more than a ring of truth today. [...] We end up with entitlement at one end and exclusion at the other. A closed society, in which people know their place. We need an open society, in which people choose their place. As a nation we have to shake off the outdated, snobbish attitudes of class that are cramping our society and hobbling our economy."
Clegg was speaking on the second day of a conference in London on social mobility, organised by the Sutton Trust foundation [...]. The Sutton Trust also published international research on Tuesday showing children from poorer families in Australia and Canada have a "much greater" chance of doing well at school, getting into university and earning more in later life than their peers in the UK and the US. This was despite similar income gaps in all four countries, and higher spending on education in the US and UK, said the report. One important link identified in the UK was between similar education success – or lack of it – from one generation to the next, said the trust. Quoting similar statistics to the report, Clegg said the lack of social mobility was shown by facts such as: one in five pupils were on free school meals but only one in 100 Oxbridge entrants were, and 7% of children attend independent schools2, but public schools provide more than half the chief executives of Britain's top companies and 70% of high court judges.
"This is a legacy we cannot afford. Morally, economically, socially, whatever your justification, the price is simply too high to pay," said Clegg. "We must create a more dynamic society. One where what matters most is the person you become, not the person you were born." He continued: "For liberals, this is core stuff. It gets to the very heart of our politics. We are a party and a creed that is defined by our belief in a fairer, more open society. For me, it's the reason I do this job." [...] Clegg said class was another issue too often "in the shadows" and "the ghost in the machine", because politicians – especially those from privileged backgrounds, among whom he included himself – were reluctant to discuss it. "I was lucky, but it should not be a question of luck," he said. "At one end of the spectrum, there's almost a sense of entitlement," he said. "Entitlement to the best schools, universities and professions. Advantages are handed down almost automatically, generation to generation. The most fortunate see the horizons of their opportunities stretched far in all directions. And so from day one, they hear a clear, self-confident message. One that says: 'The world is yours. Go for it.' [...]
Task: In your own words, please write one coherent essay composed of three paragraphs, each paragraph answering one of the questions below. The order of the paragraphs is up to you. (200-250 words in total)
According to this text, what are the consequences of class divisions for British society and economy?
Why does Clegg consider a lack of social mobility to be damaging to modern-day Britain?
In what ways are the issues discussed here relevant to what you plan to study at the University of Regensburg?
1 Nicholas William Peter "Nick" Clegg is the British Liberal Democrat Leader (since 2007) and currently the Deputy Prime Minister.
2 Please note: As regards this text the terms “independent schools” and “public schools” can be seen as synonymous (both are funded by private sources rather than financed by the state).