Sentence starters and useful vocabulary 15 styles of writing



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Sentence starters and useful vocabulary

15 styles of writing


  • Advertisements

  • Biography

  • Descriptive writing

  • Diary writing

  • Discursive writing

  • Explanatory texts

  • Information texts (non-chronological reports)

  • Instructions and procedures

  • Invitations

  • Letter writing

  • Narratives

  • Newspaper reports

  • Persuasive writing

  • Playscript

  • Recounts


25 great sentence starters

  • Although . . .

  • As . . .

  • As I see it . . .

  • At one point . . .

  • Despite the fact that . . .

  • Even though . . .

  • Finally . . .

  • For example . . .

  • Furthermore . . .

  • Gradually . . .

  • I believe that . . .

  • If . . .

  • In addition . . .

  • In conclusion . . .

  • In general . . .

  • In my view . . .

  • In spite of . . .

  • I would like to . . .

  • Meanwhile . . .

  • Moreover . . .

  • Nevertheless . . .

  • So . . .

  • Subsequently . . .

  • Therefore . . .

  • Whilst . . .


1) Advertisements
Rhetorical questions

  • Do you think that . . ?

  • Don’t you think that . .?

  • Isn’t it time to . . ?

  • Have you ever thought about . . ?

  • Why not . . ?

  • Need a . .?

  • Need to . . ?
  • Fancy . . . ?


  • Fed up with . . . ?

  • Bored by . . . ?

  • Haven’t you always longed for a . . ?

  • Thought about . . ?

  • Worried about . . ?


Starting sentences with a verb

  • Don’t . . .

  • Go on, .

  • Try a . . .

  • Enjoy the . . .

  • Imagine . . .

  • Consider . . .

  • Take a moment to . . .

  • Find out . . .

  • Guaranteed to . . .


Persuasive statements

  • You will be . .

  • It will . . .

  • You’ll never need to . . . again.

  • Just think how . . .

  • Now you can . . .

  • For the rest of your life . . .


Useful adjctives

  • extraordinary

  • remarkable

  • amazing

  • astonishing

  • incredible

  • phenomenal

  • unbelievable

  • startling

  • tantalising

  • attractive

  • unmissable

  • unique

  • sensational

  • outrageous


2) Biography
Words and phrases to use at the start of sentences
Time connectives

  • As a child . . .

  • During his early life . . .

  • At a young age . . .

  • In his early years . . .

  • As a teenager he . . .

  • Shortly after this . . .

  • Soon afterwards . . .

  • The time came for . . .

  • By the time he had . . .

  • Many years later . . .

  • In 1878, at the age of . . . he . . .

  • In his later years . . .
  • Towards the end of his life . . .


  • In his final years . . .


Other starters

  • Either by chance or by design . . .

  • As it happened . . .

  • Sometimes he . . .

  • Once he had . . .

  • What is clear is that . . .

  • Nobody is sure why . . .


Making statements

  • One of the interesting things about . . . was . . .

  • One of the most remarkable facts about . . .

  • Strangely . . .

  • Another unusual thing about . . . was . . .


Complex sentence starters

  • Even though . . .

  • Although . . .

  • Despite the fact that . . .

  • In spite of . . .


Expressing a viewpoint

  • In my view . . .

  • As I see it . . .

  • I believe that . . .

  • In many ways . . .

  • It’s difficult to understand why . . .


Speculating

  • He might have been . . .

  • If he hadn’t . . . he would have . . .


Legacy statements

  • His one regret was that . . .

  • His dying wish was that . . .

  • He will probably be best remembered for . . .

  • His greatest achievement was . . .

  • He will be remembered most of all for . . .

  • His life was . . .

  • His lasting legacy is that . . .


3) Descriptive writing
Some adjectives to introduce children to
Describing characters

aggressive


blunt

charitable

deranged

elegant

ambitious

bold

chivalrous

determined

energetic

amiable

boisterous

compliant

deceitful

enigmatic

anxious

bombastic

conceited

decent

entertaining

arrogant

caring

conscientious

defiant

enthusiastic

assertive

carefree

confident

diligent

feeble

astute

candid

considerate

dishonest

flippant

avaricious

cantankerous

contrary

disrespectful

formidable

bashful

capricious

convincing


dour

frank

belligerent

casual

cranky

dynamic

frugal

benevolent

cautious

creative

eccentric

gallant




generous

hyperactive

knowledgeable

narrow minded

patient

genial

ignorant

level headed

neurotic

persistent

gentle

immature

loathsome

obdurate

pessimistic

gregarious

impatient

malicious

obedient

phlegmatic

grotesque

inconsiderate

malingering

obliging

placid

heroic

independent


mature

obstinate

pompous

hostile

insensitive

meek

obnoxious

precocious

humane

irritating

modest

optimistic

prickly

humble

jaunty

miserly

outspoken

proud

humourous

jovial

mournful

overbearing

pugnacious




pusillanimous

responsible

sensitive

surly

unpredictable

quarrelsome

rowdy

sharp

sympathetic

unruly

reckless

ruthless

spiteful

temperamental

unscrupulous

repulsive


sarcastic

squeamish

tenacious

vain

resilient

scheming

stern

thoughtful

valiant

resourceful

self-centred

stubborn

treacherous

vicious

respectful

self-conscious

sulky

truculent

violent


Some adjectives to describe settings in a narrative


attractive

crowded

glittering

peaceful

secluded

barren

deserted

gloomy

picturesque

sedate

beautiful

desolate

glum

placid

shaded

bleak

dingy

isolated

polluted

spacious


built-up

drab

lively

pulsating

stunning

cluttered

dreary

luxurious

quaint

tranquil

colourful

dusty

magnificent

remote

vibrant

cosmopolitan

eerie

modern

restful

warm

cosy

exquisite

mysterious

rural

welcoming

cramped

extravagant

old fashioned

scenic

windswept


Some adverbs to describe actions in narratives


accidentally

bravely

courageously

energetically

gallantly

admiringly

carefully

courteously


equisitely

generously

adoringly

carelessly

decisively

erratically

gently

aggressively

caringly

defiantly

excitedly

gingerly

angrily

casually

desperately

expressively

gracefully

anxiously

cautiously

determinedly

ferociously

graciously

assuredly

clumsily

disrespectfully

firmly

gratefully

awkwardly

confidently

ecstatically

foolishly

harshly

beautifully

continually

eloquently

forcefully

hesitantly

boldly

convincingly

emphatically

frankly


hysterically



imaginatively

menacingly

persistently

sarcastically

thoughtlessly

impatiently

modestly

persuasively

sensitively

timidly

impressively

needlessly

promptly

spitefully

urgently

insensitively

negatively

proudly

surreptitiously

vaguely

instantly

nervously

pessimistically

suspiciously

viciously

instinctively

nonchalantly

rapidly

sympathetically

violently

lazily

optimistically

reluctantly

tantalizingly

willingly

loosely

painstakingly


resentfully

tenderly

wisely

maliciously

patiently

resourcefully

theatrically

wistfully

majestically

perilously

respectfully

thoughtfully

worriedly


4) Diary writing
Adverbs to start a diary sentence with:

  • Hopefully

  • Fortunately

  • Unfortunately

  • Fortuitously

  • Luckily

  • Unluckily

  • Thankfully

  • Lately

  • Recently

  • Incidentally

  • Curiously

  • Eventually

  • Anyway



Conversational manner with ‘speech like phrases’


  • By the way . . .

  • To tell you the truth . . .

  • I must tell you about . . .

  • Right now I’m . . .

  • You will never believe it but . . .

  • I hope that . . .

  • To be honest . . .

  • I imagine that . . .

  • I should have told you that . .

  • I have been looking forward to . . .

  • I am looking forward to . . . (I am not looking forward to . . .)

  • I am worried about . . . (I am not worried about . . .)

  • I was looking forward to . . .

  • I expect that . . .

  • I think that . . .

  • As it happened . . .
  • I didn’t expect . . .


  • I don’t expect . .

  • In truth . . .

  • The best bit is . . . (The best bit was . . .)

  • The worst part is . . . (The worst part was . . .)

  • Worst of all . . .

  • Best of all . . .


Rhetorical questions

  • You’ll never guess what happened?

  • You know what?

  • Do you know what?

  • Can you imagine it?

  • Have you ever . . ?


Speculative sentence starters

  • Perhaps

  • I wonder if . . .

  • I wonder whether . . .

  • Maybe . . .


Other sentence starters

  • Even though . .

  • For once . . .

  • At least . . .

  • At times . . .

  • Sometimes . . .

  • I felt so . . .

No matter what . . .
5) Discursive texts
Openings

  • This piece of writing will . . .

  • I intend to . . .

  • My intention is to . . .

  • I am going to . . .

  • I will present . . .

  • I will begin by . . .

  • To do this I will . . .

  • Following that I will . . .


Useful phrases

  • In fact . . .

  • AsI see it . .

  • It appears to me . . .

  • It seems to me that . . .

  • One argument for this is that . .

  • I would counter this view because . . .

  • On the other hand . . .

  • It seems plausible to . . .

  • Therefore . . .

  • In addition . . .

  • Moreover . . .

  • Furthermore . . .

  • Nevertheless . . .
  • Subsequently . . .


  • Consequently . . .

  • However . . .

  • In point of fact . . .

  • It is precisely because . . .

  • The evidence I would use to support this is . . .

  • Naturally . . .

  • Doubtless . . .

  • It is surprising that . . .

  • It surprises me that . . .

  • It is no surprise that . . .

  • It would seem logical to . . .

  • Let us now turn to . . .

  • Let’s consider . . .

  • An example of this is . . .

  • My next point concerns . . .


Concluding remarks

  • In conclusion . . .

  • It is my conviction that . . .

  • It is clear that . . .

  • Finally I would like to add . . .

  • To sum up . . .

  • My overall feeling is . . .

  • On balance . . .

  • The evidence presented leads me to conclude that . . .


6) Explanatory texts
Opening statements

  • This article will . . .

  • The purpose of this article is to . . .

  • This explanation is intended to . . .

  • This article is designed to . . .

  • The following information . . .

  • I will try to . . .

  • I will attempt to . . .

  • It can be difficult to . . . so . . .

  • Firstly I will . . .

  • Following that I intend to . . .

  • I am going to . . .

  • The purpose of this explanation is to help . . .


Time connectives

  • To begin with . . .

  • Next . . .

  • After that

  • Following that . . .

  • After a while . . .

  • Wait a moment before . . .

  • Before long . . .


  • After a minute . . .

  • First . . .

  • First of all . ..

  • Firstly . . .

  • Next . . .

  • After . . .

  • Afterwards . . .

  • After that . . .

  • When . . .

  • At this point . . .

  • Lastly . . .

  • Finally . . .

  • Subsequently . . .


Causal connectives

  • So . . .

  • This causes . . .

  • As a result . . .

  • This results in . . .

  • This leads to . . .

  • This is because . . .

  • This was because . . .

  • Because . . .

  • Therefore . . .

  • Furthermore . . .


Other useful phrases

  • In addition . . .

  • Everyone understands that . . .

  • Nobody knows why . . .

  • Many people believe . . .

  • I believe that . . .

  • It is true to say that . . .



7) Information texts (non-chronological reports)
Opening statements

  • This article will . . .

  • The purpose of this article is to . . .

  • The information presented will . . .

  • This article is designed to . . .

  • The following information . . .

  • I will try to . . .

  • I will attempt to . . .

  • It can be difficult to . . . so . . .

  • Firstly I will . . .

  • I am going to . . .

  • Each paragraph . . .


Factual sentence starters for information texts


  • _____ are . . .
  • _____ is . . .


  • They are . . .

  • They are also . . .

  • They like to . . .

  • They don’t like . . .

  • They avoid . . . because . . .

  • They don’t . . .

  • It doesn’t . . .

  • They can . . .

  • It can . . .

  • Instead they . . .

  • In addition, . . .

  • Usually . . .

  • Generally . . .

  • Normally . . .

  • As a rule . . .

  • Frequently . . .

  • They can be . . .

  • They are usually . . . (It is usually . . .)

  • They are rarely . . . (It is rarely . . .)

  • They are never . . . (It is never . . .)

  • They are a very . . . (It is a very . . . )

  • Like many . . .

  • Unlike . . .

  • This is a . . .

  • Although . . .

  • Even though . . .

  • Despite . . .

  • Despite the fact that . . .

  • Sometimes . . .

  • Often . . .

  • Frequently they . . .

  • Be careful if you . . .

  • More than half . . .

  • Less than half . . .

  • Most . . .


8) Instructions and procedures


  • First . . .

  • First of all . ..

  • To start with . . .

  • Firstly . . .

  • Next . . .

  • After . . .

  • Afterwards . . .

  • After that . . .

  • When . . .

  • At this point . . .

  • Lastly . . .

  • Finally . . .

More advanced language constructions
  • To begin with . . .


  • Begin by . . .

  • Secondly . . .

  • The next step is to . . .

  • Continue by . . .

  • Carry on . . .

  • Do this until . . .

  • Stop when . . .

  • When you have done this . . .

  • Try to . . .

  • Try not to . ..

  • Avoid . . .

  • Don’t forget to . . .

  • Be careful of . . .

  • Don’t worry about . . .

  • Concentrate on . . .

  • Focus on . . .

  • Try to make sure that . . .

  • Whatever you do, don’t . . .

  • I would suggest that . . .

  • To conclude . . .

  • Before . . . remember to . . .

  • Whilst you are . . .

  • Use the time you are waiting to . . .

  • If you find that . . .then . . .

  • If . . .doesn’t . . .


9) Invitations

Polite directives

  • Please come to . . .

  • It will be . . .

  • It will take place at . . .

  • It starts at . . .

  • It finishes at . . .

  • I am having a party because . . .

  • I’m looking forward to . . .


More advanced language constructions

  • I would like to invite you to . . .

  • During the afternoon we will be . . .

  • At two O’ clock there will be . . .

  • There will also be . . .

  • The easiest way to get here is . . .

  • At around . . .

  • I think that . .

  • I expect that . . .

  • The thing I am looking forward to most is . . .

  • It is anticipated that we will finish at around . . .
  • If you would like you can . . .


  • It would be good if . . .

  • I hope that you will . . .

  • Try to/try not to . . .

  • Don’t forget to . . .

  • If it’s okay with you . . .

  • If you can remember to . . .



Ten time connectives


  • First of all . . .

  • Later . . .
  • Afterwards . . .


  • After that . . .

  • Next, we will . . .

  • Soon after . . .

  • At about . . .

  • Following that . . .

  • Finally . . .

  • At the end of the afternoon/evening . . .


10) Letter writing
Openings

  • I would like to inform you that . . .

  • It has come to my attention that . . .

  • I am grateful to you for . . .

  • I wish to . . .

  • I wish to express . . .

  • I would like to . . .

  • Thank you for . . .

  • It is with much pride that I can confirm that . . .

  • It is with regret that . . .

  • I am delighted to inform you that . . .

  • I write to you because . . .


Useful expressions

  • Please accept my . . .

  • I hope that . . .

  • I trust that . . .

  • It concerns me that . . .

  • I wonder if you would be kind enough to . . .

  • I would be grateful if . . .

  • It would be helpful if . . .

  • I wonder if . . .

  • As I see it . . .

  • I would rather not . . .

  • I appreciate that . . .

  • It is for this reason that . . .


Closing remarks
  • I look forward to hearing from you in due course


  • An early response would be greatly appreciated

  • I trust that this is all in order

  • Thank you once again for . . .

  • Please do not hesitate to contact me if I can be of any further assistance.


11) Narratives
Words/phrases signifying the passage of time

  • Instantly

  • Immediately

  • Just at that moment

  • Before long

  • So

  • Presently

  • Soon

  • Later

  • Afterwards

  • After a while

  • Much later

  • At last

  • In a flash

  • In next to no time

  • Within seconds

  • Next day

  • The next evening

  • Eventually

  • Towards nightfall

  • At dawn

  • At dusk

  • As the sun set

  • Simultaneously

  • Finally


Words/phrases that create more complex sentence constructions

  • Sometimes

  • Moreover


  • However

  • In spite of

  • Nevertheless

  • Surprisingly

  • Strangely

  • Similarly

  • Incidentally

  • Ironically

  • Despite the fact that

  • Even though

  • Whilst

  • Although

  • Unusually

  • In contrast

  • Unknown to . . .

  • Unable to . . .

  • Without noticing that . . .


Words/phrases to change the focus of the story



12) Newspaper reports
Using indirect speech (no speech marks needed)

  • He reported that . . .

  • He also claimed that . . .

  • He went on to state that . . .

  • He confirmed that . . .

  • She claimed that . . .

  • He disputed that . . .

  • She refused to accept that . . .

  • He agreed that . . .

  • He went on to tell us that . . .

  • He continued by informing us that . . .

  • In addition to this . . .

  • He also spoke of how . . .

  • He refused to accept that . . .

  • He reputed . . .

  • He emphasised . . .

  • He continued by . . .

  • A spokesman stated that . . .


Using connectives in reports

  • Shortly before daybreak . . .

  • Later that day . . .

  • Before long . . .

  • As evening fell . . .

  • As the sun set . . .

  • Soon after . . .

  • Hours later . . .

  • Unfortunately . . .

  • Fortunately . . .

  • Soon

  • So

  • Afterwards

  • After that

  • Later on

  • Next

  • Moments later

  • Seconds later

  • Much later

  • Within minutes

  • Suddenly

  • Without any warning . . .

  • At that very moment . . .

  • Presently

  • In a flash

  • Eventually

  • Simultaneously



14) Persuasive writing

Phrases using that


  • I believe that . . .

  • I think that . . .

  • It seems to me that . . .

  • It is clear that . . .

  • It strikes me that . . .

  • There is no doubt that . . . (There can be no doubt that . . .)

  • I am convinced that . . .

  • It appears that . . .
  • It is obvious that . . .

Rhetorical questions


  • Is it any wonder that . . . ?

  • Don’t you think . . . ?

  • Isn’t it clear that . . . ?

  • Isn’t it the case that . . . ?

  • How can anyone believe this to be true?

  • Does anyone really believe that . . .?



Other phrases to start a sentence with


  • In my opinion . . .

  • As I see it . . .

  • As everyone knows . . .

  • Clearly . . .

  • Obviously . . .

  • Inevitably . . .

  • My own view is . . .



Initial phrases followed by a comma


  • Surely,

  • Firstly,

  • Secondly,

  • Thirdly,

  • In addition,

  • Furthermore,

  • Moreover,



Phrases to use when providing evidence


  • For example,

  • I cite, as an example . . .

  • My evidence to support this is . . .

  • I would draw your attention to . . .

  • I would refer to . . .


Phrases to finish off with

  • My last point is . . .


  • My final point is . . .

  • Finally,

  • In conclusion,

  • In summary,

  • To conclude I would like to say . . .

  • On the basis of the evidence presented . . .

  • On balance . . .

  • The evidence presented supports the view that . . .

  • It is my sincere belief that . . .


15) Recounts
Useful language constructions
  • Last week we . . .

  • First . . .

  • Next . . .

  • After . . .

  • Afterwards . . .

  • After that . . .

  • When . . .

  • Suddenly . . .

  • Just then . .

  • Soon . . .

  • Meanwhile . . .

  • Finally . . .

  • So

  • Later on

  • Before long

  • Next

  • Moments later

  • Seconds later

  • Much later

  • Within minutes

  • At that very moment

  • At precisely

  • Presently

  • In a flash

  • When this was complete . . .

  • Eventually



More advanced language constructions


  • To begin with . . .

  • Before long . . .

  • Eventually . . .

  • As it happened . .

  • As a result of . . .

  • Consequently . . .

  • Subsequently . . .



Evidence of viewpoint


  • I found it interesting when . . .

  • My favourite activity was . . .

  • It was funny when . . .

  • I liked the part when . . .

  • I didn’t enjoy . . .


  • The best part was . . .

  • The worst part was . . .

  • I was surprised that . . .

  • I was pleased that . . .

  • I didn’t expect that . . .

  • It was difficult to . . .











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