Shawsheen river watershed 2000 water quality assessment report



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83-AC-2


SHAWSHEEN RIVER WATERSHED
2000 WATER QUALITY ASSESSMENT REPORT

Bend in the river near Ballardvale





COMMONWEALTH OF MASSACHUSETTS

EXECUTIVE OFFICE OF ENVIRONMENTAL AFFAIRS

ELLEN ROY HERZFELDER, SECRETARY



MASSACHUSETTS DEPARTMENT OF ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION

ROBERT GOLLEDGE JR., COMMISSIONER



BUREAU OF RESOURCE PROTECTION

CYNTHIA GILES, ASSISTANT COMMISSIONER



DIVISION OF WATERSHED MANAGEMENT

GLENN HAAS, DIRECTOR




View from the Steven's Street Bridge in Andover

NOTICE OF AVAILABILITY

LIMITED COPIES OF THIS REPORT ARE AVAILABLE AT NO COST BY WRITTEN REQUEST TO:
MASSACHUSETTS DEPARTMENT OF ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION

DIVISION OF WATERSHED MANAGEMENT

627 MAIN STREET

WORCESTER, MA 01608

This report is also available from MADEP’s home page on the World Wide Web at:


http://www.state.ma.us/dep/brp/wm/wqassess.htm

Furthermore, at the time of first printing, eight copies of each report published by this office are submitted to the State Library at the State House in Boston; these copies are subsequently distributed as follows:




  • On shelf; retained at the State Library (two copies);

  • Microfilmed retained at the State Library;

  • Delivered to the Boston Public Library at Copley Square;

  • Delivered to the Worcester Public Library;

  • Delivered to the Springfield Public Library;

  • Delivered to the University Library at UMass, Amherst;

  • Delivered to the Library of Congress in Washington, D.C.

Moreover, this wide circulation is augmented by inter-library loans from the above-listed libraries. For example a resident in Rehoboth can apply at their local library for loan of any MADEP DWM report from the Worcester Public Library.


A complete list of reports published since 1963 is updated annually and printed in July. This report, entitled, “Publications of the Massachusetts Division of Watershed Management – Watershed Planning Program, 1963-(current year)”, is also available by writing to the DWM in Worcester.

DISCLAIMER


References to trade names, commercial products, manufacturers, or distributors in this report constituted neither endorsement nor recommendations by the Division of Watershed Management for use.
SHAWSHEEN RIVER WATERSHED
2000 WATER QUALITY ASSESSMENT REPORT

Prepared by:

Stella D. Kiras
Department of Environmental Protection

Division of Watershed Management


Report Number:


83-AC-2

DWM Control Number:


86.0

Massachusetts Department of Environmental Protection

Division of Watershed Management

Worcester, Massachusetts

July 2003


ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS

The Massachusetts Watershed Approach is a collaborative effort between state and federal environmental agencies, municipal agencies, citizens, non-profit groups, businesses and industries in the watershed. We would like to thank William Dunn, Executive Office of Environmental Affairs and the Shawsheen River Watershed Team.


Data and information used in this report was provided in part by the following agencies and organizations:
State

  • Massachusetts Executive Office of Environmental Affairs Shawsheen River Watershed Team

  • Massachusetts Department of Environmental Protection (MADEP):

  • Division of Watershed Management (DWM)

  • Bureau of Resource Protection

  • Bureau of Strategic Policy and Technology, Wall Experiment Station

  • Massachusetts Department of Public Health (MDPH)

  • Massachusetts Department of Fisheries, Wildlife, and Environmental Law Enforcement (DFWELE)

  • Division of Fisheries and Wildlife

  • Riverways Program

  • Massachusetts Department of Environmental Management (DEM)


Federal

  • United States Environmental Protection Agency (EPA)

  • United States Army Corps of Engineers (ACOE)

  • United States Geological Survey (USGS)

  • Water Resources Division

Much appreciation is also extended to several MADEP employees for their contributions: Mark Casella, Jane Colonna-Romano, Ken Dominick, Laurie Kennedy, Rick McVoy, and Arthur Screpetis.

It is impossible to thank everyone who contributed to the assessment report process: field, laboratory, data management, writing, editing, and graphics, as well as meetings, phone calls, and many e-mails. All of these contributions are very much appreciated.
Cover photo credit: KD Talbot Photography Inc.

Table of Contents





Table of Contents i

List of appendices iii

Appendix A - SHAWSHEEN WATERSHED DWM YEAR 2000 WATER QUALITY MONITORING DATA iii

appendix B - 2000 MA DEp DWM baseline lake surveys in the shawsheen river watershed iii

appendix C - MA DEp OWM/DWM fish toxics monitoring in the shawsheen river Watershed 1995, 1999, and 2000 iii

appendix D - 1995 MA DEp DWM water quality monitoring in the shawsheen river Watershed iii

APPENDIX F - DEP GRANT AND LOAN PROGRAMS iii

List of Tables and Figures iv

List oF Acronyms v

List of Units v

Executive Summary vi

SHAWSHEEN RIVER WATERSHED xi

SHAWSHEEN RIVER WATERSHED xiii

NOTE: MDPH Statewide Advisory xiii

SHAWSHEEN RIVER WATERSHED xv

SHAWSHEEN RIVER WATERSHED xvii

SHAWSHEEN RIVER WATERSHED xix

Introduction 1

Assessment Methodology 1

Shawsheen River Watershed Description and Classification 12

Summary of Existing Conditions and Perceived Problems 13

Sources of Information 15

Total Maximum Daily Loads (TMDL) 18

Objectives 19

Report Format 20

Shawsheen River Watershed - River Segment Assessments 21

Shawsheen River (Segment MA83-08) 22

Kiln Brook (Segment MA83-10) 28

Shawsheen River (Segment MA83-01) 30

Elm Brook (Segment 83-05) 35

Shawsheen River (Segment MA83-17) 40

Vine Brook (Segment MA83–06) 44

Long Meadow Brook (Segment MA83-11) 48

Sandy Brook (Segment MA83-13) 49

Spring Brook (Segment MA83-14) 50

Shawsheen River (Segment MA83-18) 52

Content Brook (Segment MA83-09) 58

Strong Water Brook (Segment MA83-07) 61

Meadow Brook (Segment MA83-12) 64

Pinnacle Brook (Segment MA83-15) 66

Shawsheen River (Segment MA83-19) 68

Unnamed Tributary (Segment MA83-16) 73

Rogers Brook (Segment MA83-04) 75

Shawsheen River Watershed - Lake Assessments 78

Literature Cited 89

List of appendices, tables, and figures 94

Appendix A - SHAWSHEEN WATERSHED DWM YEAR 2000 WATER QUALITY MONITORING DATA 94

appendix B- 2000 MA DEp DWM baseline lake surveys in the shawsheen river watershed 94

appendix C- MA DEp OWM/DWM fish toxics monitoring in the shawsheen river Watershed 1995, 1999, and 2000 94

appendix D- 1995 MA DEp DWM water quality monitoring in the shawsheen river Watershed 94

APPENDIX E – SUMMARY OF NPDES AND WMA PERMITTING INFORMATION, SHAWSHEEN RIVER WATERSHED 94

APPENDIX F- DEP GRANT AND LOAN PROGRAMS 94

Introduction and Project Objectives 2

QUALITY CONTROL AND METHODS 2

PRECIPITATION AND DISCHARGE DATA 4

Appendix A: 2000 Data Symbols and Qualifiers (excerpted from CN 83.0) 12

appendix B- 2000 MA DEp DWM baseline lake surveys in the shawsheen river watershed 1

appendix C- MA DEp OWM/DWM fish toxics monitoring in the shawsheen river Watershed 1995, 1999, and 2000 1

Introduction 1

project objectives 1

METHODS 2

Results 3

1995 Fish Toxics 3

1999 FISH TOXICS 5

summary 6

6


REFERENCES 9

appendix D- 1995 MA DEp DWM water quality monitoring in the shawsheen river Watershed 1

SHAWSHEEN RIVER 1

Pipe/Discharge to SHAWSHEEN RIVER 2

SHAWSHEEN RIVER 2

SHAWSHEEN RIVER 2

SHAWSHEEN RIVER 2

SHAWSHEEN RIVER 3

SHAWSHEEN RIVER 3

SHAWSHEEN RIVER 3

SHAWSHEEN RIVER 3

SHAWSHEEN RIVER 3

SHAWSHEEN RIVER 4

SHAWSHEEN RIVER 4

SHAWSHEEN RIVER 4

ROGERS BROOK 5

ROGERS BROOK 5

STRONG WATER BROOK 5

VINE BROOK 5

VINE BROOK 5

VINE BROOK 5

ELM BROOK 6

ELM BROOK 6

KILN BROOK 6

SHAWSHEEN RIVER 7

SHAWSHEEN RIVER 7

Pipe/Discharge to SHAWSHEEN RIVER 7

SHAWSHEEN RIVER 7

SHAWSHEEN RIVER 8

SHAWSHEEN RIVER 8

SHAWSHEEN RIVER 8

SHAWSHEEN RIVER 9

SHAWSHEEN RIVER 9

SHAWSHEEN RIVER 9

ROGERS BROOK 10

ROGERS BROOK 10

STRONG WATER BROOK 10

VINE BROOK 10

ELM BROOK 11

SHAWSHEEN RIVER 12

SHAWSHEEN RIVER 13

SHAWSHEEN RIVER 13

ELM BROOK 14

APPENDIX E – SUMMARY OF NPDES AND WMA PERMITTING INFORMATION, SHAWSHEEN RIVER WATERSHED 1

APPENDIX F- DEP GRANT AND LOAN PROGRAMS 1

RESEARCH AND DEMONSTRATION GRANT PROGRAM 3

SOURCE WATER PROTECTION TECHNICAL ASSISTANCE/LAND MANAGEMENT GRANT PROGRAM 3

COMMUNITY SEPTIC MANAGEMENT PROGRAM 3

MASSACHUSETTS DRINKING WATER STATE REVOLVING FUND PROGRAM 3







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