Signing up for a digital tv service provides you with access to over 200 channels from all over the globe

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2017届高考模拟试题分类汇编之阅读理解

阅读下列短文,从每题所给的四个选项(A、B、C和D)中,选出最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。

A

Signing up for a digital TV service provides you with access to over 200 channels from all over the globe. However, television today is dominated by adult language, making it hard for concerned families to find channels suitable for young eyes. Therefore, most movie channels are automatically removed form the list of TV channels for an entire family. The following are some good ones based on popularity on a global scale.


Discovery Channel

Discovery and its many channels can be considered as the founding father of informative channels on television. What National Geographic does in a scholastic(学术的) manner, Discovery tries to do in an entertaining manner—educating the masses about anything and everything.

Fox Family

Finding a movie channel that broadcasts pictures suitable for teenagers and kids alike is very difficult unless your service operator offers you Fox family movies. This channel screens most movies before it broadcasts them, ensuring that no movie shows unacceptable material for young eyes.

Nickelodeon

A channel very similar to Cartoon Network, it mostly shows US programs. However, their shows are sometimes a bit more mature for younger kids and better suited to kids aged 5and up.

ABC Family

ABC started the ABC family channel in an attempt to introduce family-centered shows and serials to the public in the USA. The need for this channel was felt after ABC observed the lack of proper family type US channels.

Living

If travelling is a family hobby and better living is the motto then there is no better channel than Living. Kids can see never-seen-before sights, learning about new places while adults can practice their cooking and learn amazing things about motorbikes.


21. According to the text, most channels offered by a digital TV service ______.

A. can keep people away from TV violence

B. are welcomed by families with small children

C. are concerned about the proper use of language

D. are unsuitable for the whole family to watch together

22. Which of the following can best describe Discovery Channel?

A. Relaxing. B. Touching. C. Commercial. D. Professional.

23. If people want to know about what a traditional family is like, they can choose ____.

A. Fox Family B. Nickelodeon C. ABC Family D. Living

B

I believe you can do your best. Not being the best but toughing the limits of what you’re capable of. I gained this belief from my third grade teacher, the most special, honored, trustworthy, and loved person in my life.



Mr. Myrus was always perfectly dressed and spoke with the belief that talking to eight-year-olds didn’t mean he had to sacrifice proper statements or grammars. And he was demanding but he wasn’t unreasonable or cruel. He simply felt that no matter what your best was, you should achieve it.

As luck would have it, I met him again as my eighth grade math teacher. I was not, nor ever will be, gifted in math. I remember my struggles in class. “I don’t know the answer,” I would say, “I can’t do it!” “Perhaps you don’t know the answer,” he would say quietly. “Do you think we might figure it out together? How do you know what you can do until you try?”

Mr. Myrus lived around the corner, and I would often stop by to talk while he worked in his garden. I knew there was someone who let me know that if I had really tried, that was enough.

“Don’t be so hard on yourself,” he’d say. “Stop blaming yourself. Did you try your best? Well, then you’re not a failure,” he often told me these words.

Mr. Myrus died in 1978. I had never thought about his death. He was too young. I felt sorry. But when I think about him now, I don’t feel so sorry. He taught me to be kind, not only to others, but to myself. He taught me my own value. He taught me about honor, about truth, and about doing my best—and that all feelings and beliefs have dignity and deserve respect. And of all the things I know, this I believe: We can’t all be “the best”, but we can, each of us, be our best, and I know that’s true because Mr. Myrus told me that.

24. What can we know about Mr. Myrus according to the passage?

A. He usually treats his students in a hard way.

B. He is responsible for his teaching and students.

C. He is a person who isn’t particular about what he wears.

D. He sometimes is cruel and unreasonable to his students.

25. The author thought he was a lucky dog because ______.

A. he had got a great belief from his teacher

B. Mr. Myrus had taught him for eight years

C. Mr. Myrus became his teacher a second time

D. he developed a good relationship with Mr. Myrus

26. It can be concluded from the third paragraph that ______.

A. the author preferred other subjects to math

B. Mr. Myrus thought it was very easy to learn math

C. the author was ashamed to admit his math was poor

D. Mr. Myrus helped the author build up his confidence

27. What can we learn by reading the passage?

A. The author hoped to live a positive life.

B. The author may have become a teacher.

C. The author liked to recall his childhood.

D. The author ended up being a man of self-confidence.

C

In today's world of smart phones and laptops, most people have at least one time-telling thing with them. Since these digital products are so common, is time running out for the 500-year-old watch? According to some consumers, the answer is yes. New Jersey teenager Charlie Wollman says a watch is “an extra piece of equipment with no necessary function.” Many young adults think so and use their smart phones to tell time. It is said that fewer young people wear watches today than ten years ago. As a result, some people say that the watch industry is at a crossroads.



However, watchmakers optimistically say that watches redeem popularity when consumers reach their 20s and 30s. By then, they are willing to spend money on a quality watch that doesn’t just keep good time. Fifty years ago, watchmakers took pride in their products’ accuracy. But in recent years, the watch industry has changed itself into an accessory(配饰) business. And today, the image a watch conveys has become more important than the time it tells.

“Complications” — features that go beyond simple timekeeping — are an important part of a watch’s image. Today’s watches offer lots of features that meet almost any personality. These features include compasses, USB drivers, and even other functions that measure the effectiveness of golf swings!

Creativity also plays a key role in designing today’s watches. For example, Japanese watchmaker Tokyoflash makes watches that don’t even look like watches. The company’s popular Shinshoku model uses different color lights to tell time. It looks more like a fashionable bracelet than a watch.

Whether a watch conveys fashion sense, creative talent or a love of sports, consumers want their watches to stand out. Nowadays, everyone has the same kind of gadget(小玩意) in their bags, so people want to make a statement with what’s on their wrists. Will this interest in wrist fashion last? Only time will tell!

28. What can we know from the first paragraph?

A. As most people see, watches are out of fashion.

B. Some people feel that watches have been of no use.

C. The watch industry will close down sooner or later.

D. There are so many choices of watches for teenagers today.

29. According to the passage, what image does a watch convey nowadays?

A. It simply tells time.

B. It appeals to many teenagers.

C. It has many complex functions.

D. It has an impact on creativity and imagination.

30. Japanese watchmaker Tokyoflash is mentioned in Paragraph 4 to _________.

A. show why Shinshoku watches are popular

B. advertise Shinshoku watches made by Tokyoflash

C. tell that today’s watches need more imagination

D. make a comparison between watches and bracelets

31. What may be the best title for the passage?

A. Watches Tell More Than Time

B. Japanese Watches Stand Out

C. Watch Industry Is in a Bad Situation

D. Watches Are Becoming Less Popular

D

Parents will do anything for their children. Whether it would be the food, clothes, or the place they live, parents will always make sure their children have the best of everything. One of the biggest concerns that parents currently have is educating their children. They are faced with lots of difficulties when it comes to education for their young ones. Choices include private school, charter school, public school or homeschooling.



Fortunately for parents, there are a variety of different strategies that a parent can take in order to increase their child's skills and overall intelligence. According to Ross A. Thompson, PhD, professor of psychology at the University of California at Davis, a child's brain will actually reach 90% of its full size by the time they start kindergarten.

Researchers at Northwestern University in Chicago concluded that playing a musical instrument directly affected the brain stem, the lower section of the brain. Moreover, children that learn an instrument at an early age tend to continue it when they are older. And numerous studies show that a well balanced meal is essential for a child's mental and physical health. It is recommended that parents teach their children two languages at once. Research suggests that a second language should be taught when children are in preschool. Other studies state that three to four years of age is the perfect time. Clearly, any age under four would work perfectly fine for a child.

The average child will learn how to read between kindergarten and second grade. Many parents can give their children a jump start by teaching them to read before they start school. Children could have an adequate background of the alphabet and sounds of words before attending school. This can be done by simply reading to them whenever you want. The more comfortable they get, the easier the process will be.

32. From the first paragraph, we can infer that .

A. parents find it hard to satisfy their kids' various demands

B. parents meet a new challenge when raising their kids

C. parents have more choices in offering education to their kids

D. parents get actively involved in the process of their kids' growth

33. What suggestion may the researchers in the passage make?

A. To train kids as early as possible.

B. To try as many means as possible.

C. To help kids develop as fully as possible.

D. To use as many available resources as possible.

34. What does the third paragraph mainly discuss about?

A. The proper time to teach children to learn languages.

B. The effective ways to help develop children's brains.

C. The vital factors to have a great effect on children's health.

D. The practical steps to arouse children’s interest in study.

35. We can replace the words “jump start” in the last paragraph with .

A. inspiration B. introduction C. suggestion D. promotion

阅读下列短文,从每题所给的四个选项 (A、B、C和D) 中, 选出最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该选项涂黑。

A

Basketball Statistician Help Wanted


The Athletic Department is looking for students to help assist staff during the Fall 2016, Winter 2016-17 and Spring 2017 semesters. Students in this position will be keeping live statistics during basketball games. Students must meet all of the following requirements:


  • Good computer skills

  • Available evenings and weekends

  • Knowing basketball rules and statistics

Students interested in working for the Athletic Department should contact the Athletic Coordinator at their respective(各自的) campuses.

  • TP/SS Athletic Coordinator, Michael Simone,240-567-1308

  • Rockville Athletic Coordinator, Jorge Zuniga,240-567-7589

  • Springfield Athletic coordinator, Gary Miller,240-567-2273

  • Germantown Athletic Coordinator, Gavri Chavan, 240-567-6915

21. When will the job start?

A . In May 2016 B. In September 2016 C. In May 2017 D. In September 2017

22. Who is more likely to get job?

A. Sam, English major, member of the college basketball team

B. Judy, IT staff with night classes, children’s basketball team coach

C. Ted, computer major, basketball fan, free on evenings and weekends

D. Molly, part-time programmer, high school basketball player, new mother

23. Whom should you contact if you want to apply for the job in Rockville?

A. Michael B. Jorge C. Gavri D. Gary

B

Vancouver. B.C.—For six months. Ted Schredd and Deanna Kopel cycled around North America to show others a way to help the environment. “Nobody wants to breathe dirty air—but for the air to change. People have to stop driving cars,” says Ted, “If more people start riding bikes, the air will be cleaner.”

Ted started his trip alone. He had $ 160 in his pocket and plans to cycle around North America. He left his hometown of Vancouver, and when he arrived in San Diego he got the chance to make some extra money for the rest of his 13, 000 km trip. A cyclist he met asked him to speak at an environment meeting in Texas. Within a few hours, Ted was on a plane to the meeting and a big surprise.

When he met Deanna at the meeting, they talked for six hours straight. It was love at first sight. The next day, he called her to ask if she wanted to finish the trip with him. She said yes, sold everything in her flat, gave her notice at work, and was on the road with Ted three weeks later.

Deanna found Ted’s timetable difficult because he got up early in the morning. Deanna was a nurse and usually worked at night. “All of a sudden, I was up at six when I wanted to sleep until noon,” said Deanna.

As the couple cycled to Florida and up to Montreal and then back to Vancouver, every day was an adventure. They got free meals in restaurants, and slept in people’s yards. When they ran out of money, people gave them extra cash. Sometimes people gave away $50 or $100.

And like all good stories this one has a happy ending. On the way back to Vancouver, they stopped in Edmonton to visit Ted’s relatives. During the visit, they got married. People tied ten cans and a “Just Married” sign to the back of their bikes.

They now want to write a book about their trip. “We want people to know that you can protect our earth and still have fun,” Schredd said.

24. What did Ted Schredd believe to be a way to protect the environment?

A. Driving less. B. Breathing clean air.

C. Saving waste tin cans. D. Staying healthy by cycling.

25. Why did Ted speak at an environmental meeting?

A. He could get a big surprise. B. He was in the city of the meeting.

C. He hoped to find someone to help him. D. He wanted more people to know more about his opinion.

26. What difficulty did Deanna meet after starting the trip with Ted?

A. Getting free meals in restaurant. B. Sleeping in people’s yards.

C. Getting up very early. D. Missing her friends.

27. In what way does the story have a happy ending for Ted and Deanna?

A. They got married during their trip. B. They got together with their relatives.

C. They became very famous in America. D. They wrote a book about their experience. ks5uks5uKs5u]

C

We all have ideas about what kinds of foods are good or bad to eat. As a result, people from one culture often think the foods that people from another culture eat are unacceptable. Many people would find it terrible to eat rats, but there are forty-two different cultures whose people regard rats as proper food.



Food likes and dislikes do not always seem related to nutrition. For example, broccoli (花椰菜) is first on a list of the most nutritious common vegetables, but it is twenty-first on a list of vegetables that Americans like most to eat. Tomatoes are sixteenth on the list of most nutritious vegetables, but they are first on the list of vegetables that Americans like most to eat.

But dislikes is not the only reason why some cultures will not eat a certain food. In some cultures, certain foods are taboo. Taboo is a word from the language of the Fiji Islands that is used to describe something that is forbidden. We do not usually think about why certain things are taboo in our culture.

One example is that Americans do not eat dogs, although people from some other cultures regard them as good food. In the United States, dogs are very important to people as pets. They are usually regarded as part of the family, almost like a child in some cases. In addition, dogs have value as protection against criminals (罪犯). Actually, the dog’s place in society as a companion makes the dog taboo as food.

Scientists believe that most food likes and dislikes are a result of the ways of life of different people. People will not eat pets such as dogs. Americans eat a lot of beef because there is plenty of land for raising cattle and their meat can be shipped cheaply for long distances by railroads.

28. The writer uses the example of rat as food to show that_____.

A. some cultures may seem rather strange B. understanding between different cultures is easy

C. people may eat very different things D. eating properly is very difficult

29. What is the second paragraph mainly about?

A. People don’t often consider nutrition as important.

B. Some vegetables are more nutritious than others.

C. Broccoli and tomatoes are common vegetables.

D. Americans like broccoli better than tomatoes.

30. Why is eating dogs a taboo in America?

A. It is a taboo from the Fiji Islands. B. It is against American laws.

C. Dogs are needed by the police. D. Dogs are close to human life.

31. What can be a suitable title for the passage?

A. Nutritions and Beliefs. B. Food and Culture.

C. Taboo about Food. D. Science in Eating.


D

“Heaven (天堂) is where the police are English, the cooks are French, the mechanics are German, the lovers are Italian and everything is organized by the Swiss. Hell (地狱) is where the police are German, the cooks are English, the mechanics are French, the lovers are Swiss, and everything is organized by the Italians.”

Obviously the national stereotypes (模式化的思想) in this old joke are generalizations (普遍化), but such stereotypes are often said to “exist for a reason”. Is there actually a sliver (裂片) of truth in them? Not likely, an international research team now says.ks5uks5uks5u]

“National and cultural stereotypes do play an important role in how people see themselves and others, and being aware that these are not dependable is a useful thing,” said study author Robert McCrae of the National Institute on Aging. “These are in fact unfounded stereotypes. They don’t come from looking around you,” McCrae said.

If national stereotypes aren’t rooted in real experiences, then where do they come from? One possibility is that they reflect national values, which may become known from historical events. For example, many historians have argued that the spirit of American individualism (个人主义) has its origins in the experiences of the pioneers on the Old West.

Social scientists such as psychologist Richard Robins have given several other possible explanations for stereotypes and why they may be incorrect. Robins notes that some stereotypes may have been correct at one point in history and then remained unchanged while the culture changed.

We may be “hard-wired”, to some degree, to keep incorrect stereotypes, since we are less likely to notice and remember information that is different from our stereotypes. Generally, according to Robins, when we meet people who are different from our stereotypes, we see them as unique individuals rather than typical national or cultural groups.

32. The stereotype about Italians is ______.

A. romantic but disorganized B. friendly and good-tempered

C. dreamy and impractical D. strict but thoughtful

33. National stereotypes are not always correct because______.

A. they are formed by individual historians

B. what was true in the past may not be true at the present

C. generalizations are made through personal experience

D. people tend to have false idea about other cultures

34. According to the research team led by McCrae, national stereotypes are ______.

A. interesting B. harmful C. humorous D. unreliable

35. The underlined word “hard-wired” in the last paragraph probably means______.

A. forgetful B. anxious C. fixed D. helpless

阅读下列短文,从每题所给的四个选项(A、B、C和D)中,选出最佳选项。

A

October 21 was a very dark day in Texas. Not only did Hurricane Hanna destroy homes, it caused the largest business damage in Texas’s history. The worst thing is Hanna’s destructive force nearly wiped out(摧毁) most power poles and power lines. According to Center Point Energy, Hurricane Hanna affected 2.15 million customers. Currently, more than 4,000 of them are still in the dark. Crews have worked 16-hour shifts(更换) to restore power to residents.


Most of Houston seems to be returning to normal. Schools, restaurants, retail(零售) stores and gas stations are open. Smiles are back. But harder-hit places, including Galveston, will take much longer to recover. Hundreds of people are still missing, and coastal towns are a mess. Some ruins from storm have drifted(漂流) south to other beaches in Texas. Several public schools in Galveston are closed due to water damage. Parents are registering kids in other area schools which are scheduled to begin class on November 13. Many school supplies were destroyed.

Clara Barton Village is an emergency shelter located at Alamo Elementary School in Galveston, Texas. This is where Paula Reed and her family are staying. Believe it or not, Paula Reed and her family consider this hurricane a blessing. When Paula was a girl, she was an orphan, but was taken in by her stepmum, Antonia Flores. Reed lost contact with Flores and had been trying desperately to locate her for the past few years. Before the hurricane, Reed and her family moved away from Galveston to a San Antonio shelter. There, she reunited with Flores after 30 long years! The moment they saw each other, their lives were changed.

21. What’s the most serious damage caused by Hurricane Hanna?

A. Hundreds of people are still missing.

B. A large number of people are homeless.

C. Power facilities are severely destroyed.

D. Factories are closed and many people are jobless.

22. It can be inferred that the residents in Houston________.

A. have fully recovered from the disaster

B. were the most unlucky people in the disaster

C. need a long time to bring their life back to normal

D. suffered less from Hanna than people in Galveston

23. Kids in public schools in other areas of Houston will have to stay at home for_______

A. at least one month B. at least three weeks

C. two weeks at most D. nearly half a month

24. Paula Reed and her family consider the hurricane a blessing because_______

A. they had nothing lost after Hurricane Hanna

B. they lived a happier life in San Antonio shelter

C. Paula was taken good care of in the shelter

D. Paula reunited with her stepmother after three decades

B

Visitors worry that London is an expensive city but there really are so many free things to do here. The following ideas should get you started.



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