Skoleeksamen 2008/HØst eng1111: Innsikt og ferdighet I skriftlig engelsk


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ENG1111: Innsikt og ferdighet i skriftlig engelsk (En innføring)

4 timer/hours Onsdag, 10. desember 2008

The questions must be answered in English, and the answers must be given in complete sentences.

Candidates may use 1 - one – English-English dictionary.

Candidates must receive a pass mark on both questions.
Question 1 (50%)

The following text contains 10 errors of grammar. Correct them and explain your corrections with reference to rules of grammar and/or contextual clues.

Murder on the English Riviera

The year is 1996, the place is The Agatha Christie Room in Torre Abbey, Torquay, and the exhibits, including an original copy of A Caribbean Mystery, who every crime fiction buff ought to read, are well-worn Christie possessions, reminding us of a time when a Remington typewriter could turn out mystery storys that a modern PC might find difficult to surpass. Known as an ardent Agatha Christie fan, I have come here to see for myself where the universally acknowledged Queen of Crime Writing was spending her childhood. Though living for years in other part’s of England and travelling as far afield as Iraq and Syria, Agatha loved returning home. Devon inevitably influenced her characters and settings, and I am now to look for clues that will enable me to trace any of this influence.

Being a writer often incurs loss of privacy, which Agatha obviously resented. Nevertheless, when asked about her early years, she freely admitted that they were happily and carefree. The life would involve trips to the theatre and to the concert halls. The days was spent walking along the promenade, picnicking at Anstey’s Cove and indulging her passion for ice-cream at Addison’s Royal Café.

Although she had little interest in sailing and yachts, Agatha would enthusiastically save up for the annual Torquay Regatta. However, as she growed older found she garden parties and golf to be far more of an attraction.


The examples below contain language choices that may not be definitely wrong, but they are awkward, unidiomatic, or inappropriate. First, explain what is wrong with them; second, suggest ways of improving them, and indicate what you have done.
a Having been told that bad weather was on the way, our attempts to climb Mount Everest were postponed until the following week.

b Our association tries to improve the rights of queers and Negroes, as well as of the dumb and the handicapped.

c You can’t not have heard that they didn’t split up after all.


The ultimate target audience of the following text would be children, but the text seems to be more fitting for their parents. First, rewrite it so that it is suitable for children aged 9-13; you should address the children directly. Second, account briefly (2-3 paragraphs) for the most important changes you have made, including syntactic, grammatical, and lexical aspects.

The Scholastic Children’s Encyclopedia

This fact-filled, full-colour encyclopedia is the ultimate research tool, encouraging kids to question, to explore, and to learn. With more than 600 entries ranging from Aircraft to the Korean War, the Respiratory System to Walt Whitman, this book will serve as an indispensable reference for students.

This comprehensive, but completely child-friendly structure allows young researchers to find the information they are seeking quickly and easily, and leads them to even more through “See Also” boxes and cross references. Bonus features include maps of the world, time zones, as well as easy-to-use colour-coded boxes and sidebars. It's the one encyclopedia every family should own.

Question 2 (50%)

Read the two texts below.

Identify the similarities and differences between the two texts as regards field, tenor, mode, purpose and style, and describe how any differences in these areas are reflected in lexical and grammatical choices. Provide examples from both texts to support your claims. Your answer should be in the form of an academic essay. Write approximately 500 words.

Text 1

Once upon a time

Once upon a time” is a stock phrase that has been used in some form since at least 1380 (according to the Oxford English Dictionary) in storytelling in the English language, and seems to have become a widely accepted convention for opening oral narratives by around 1600. These stories often then end with “... and they all lived happily ever after”, or, originally, “... and they all lived happily until their deaths”. These are examples of the narrative form, and occur most frequently in the narratives produced by children aged between 6 and 8.

It is particularly apparent in fairytales for younger children, where it is almost always the opening line of a tale. It was commonly used in the original translations of the stories of Charles Perrault, as a translation for the French il était une fois, and of Hans Christian Andersen’s Danish det var en gang, or the Brothers Grimm, as a translation for the German es war einmal (literally “it was once”).

The phrase is also frequently used in oral storytelling, such as retellings of myths, fables, and folklore. There are also modern variants: Don McLean's movie American Pie begins with the phrase “A long, long time ago...”, and each of the Star Wars films begins with the phrase “A long time ago, in a galaxy far, far away...”.

Narrative production has been used extensively to investigate developmental differences in children’s story knowledge and their ability to produce structurally coherent and linguistically cohesive stories (e.g. Applebee, 1978; Peterson & McCabe, 1983). This body of work demonstrates considerable change during the early school years. Conventional features of stories such as formal openings, e.g. “once upon a time”, and endings, e.g. “and they all lived happily ever after”, indicate knowledge of the narrative form. These story conventions occur more frequently in the narratives produced by 6- and 8-year-olds than in those produced by preschoolers (Applebee, 1978; Spinillo & Pinto, 1994).

Text 2

Once Upon a Child

Kids’ stuff with previous experience

Our Mission

Once Upon A Child will provide a fun and convenient way to buy and sell gently used and new kids’ stuff focusing on quality, safety and value.

Welcome to OUAC Canada

At Once Upon a Child, we buy and sell new and gently used kids’ stuff – clothing, toys, furniture, equipment and lots more.  With more than 200 stores in North America we are Canada’s largest chain of children’s resale stores.
When you sell to us we’ll pay you on the spot for items that we accept – no more consignment waiting. You can bring us as many items as you want, anytime you want. You never need an appointment at Once Upon a Child!
We care about your children’s safety so you can always be sure that all items in our stores meet current Canadian Safety Standards.
All of our stores are individually owned franchises, so selection and special events may vary at each location. The things that will always be the same are the great service, outstanding prices and selection, and a shopping experience that is always fun! 
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