Sleep Health – Classroom Lesson Plan

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Sleep Health – Classroom Lesson Plan

Grade Level

Early Elementary – grades K-2

Lesson Title

What sleeps in the biomes?

Learning Objectives

Students will be able to define the term “biome.”
Students will be able to identify at least two different biomes.
Students will be able to compare and contrast two different biomes.


The following book would be a good introduction to a science unit on biomes or ecosystems.
The teacher should begin by reading the title, author and illustrator names, and publisher name to the students while showing them the outside front and back covers of the book, “The Animals Sleep: A Bedtime Book of Biomes.” The students should be guided in making predictions about the story they will hear. Predictions can simply be shared verbally or written on a whiteboard for everyone to see and refer to later. The teacher will then read the story, pausing as needed to insert checks for understanding. At the conclusion of the book, the teacher will lead a whole class discussion comparing what the story was actually about and what the students had predicted earlier.

Students should be guided in making connections between biomes and their plant and animal inhabitants. The following questions can be posed to the students for discussion.

  • What are some unique characteristics of each biome?

  • How are the plants and animals different in each biome? In other words, what special characteristics have been adapted in order to survive?

  • How are the biomes similar to one another?

  • Where in the world is each biome located? Use a colored pencil to mark the locations on a world map.

  • Which biome do you live in?

  • What other biomes have you visited?

A variety of activities can be paired with this lesson to further engage the students in learning about biomes and the animals that typically inhabit the areas. They are listed below.

  • Create a word wall of unknown and new terms identified in the story.

  • Complete a crossword puzzle using terminology from the story (attachment).

  • Instruct the students to work individually or in groups to create an imaginary animal for one of the biomes and draw a picture of it.

  • Using a Venn diagram (attachment) students will compare and contrast two biomes.

  • Write a short story about their favorite biome.

  • Draw a picture of their favorite biome.


Students may be assessed informally by the teacher for reading comprehension during the read-aloud of the book.
The teacher can formally assess students using the activities listed above.


Student differences can be accommodated through a variety of techniques based on the needs of the students and the awareness of the teacher.



“The Animals Sleep: A Bedtime Book of Biomes” available at

Illinois State Standards

IL: 12.B.1a

Describe and compare characteristics of living things in relationship to their environments.

IL: 12.B.1b

Describe how living things depend on one another for survival.

IL: 1.A.1a

Apply word analysis skills (e.g. phonics, word patterns) to recognize new words.

IL: 1.A.1b

Comprehend unfamiliar words using context clues and prior knowledge; verify meanings with resource materials.

IL: 1.B.1a

Establish purposes for reading, make predictions, connect important ideas, and link text to previous experiences and knowledge.

NSTA Standards

(Copyright 1996 by the National Academy of Sciences. All rights reserved.)

Content Std. C: As a result of activities in grades K-4, all students should develop understanding of

  • The characteristics of organisms

  • Life cycles of organisms
  • Organisms and environments

Content Std. G: As a result of activities in grades K-4, all students should develop understanding of

  • Science as a human endeavor


Jennifer Barrett

American Academy of Sleep Medicine

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