Socratic Seminar Unit 1 Week 2 Name_______________________________Date_______________________
For tomorrow you need to have read and INTERACTED WITH the following text. By INTERACTING WITH the text I mean that you have personalized it by marking your questions and reactions in the margin next to the text. Some people think of this as having a dialogue or conversation with the actual words on the page. Things you should consider doing include:
Shahrazad’s Plan Centuries ago, a sultan, whose name was Sahryar, married a woman every night and then had her banished, or sent away, the next morning. Shahrazad, the daughter of the sultan’s vizier, or prime minister, knew she had to stop him. Shahrazad was as clever as she was beautiful. Finally, she thought of a plan and told her father to marry her to the sultan. The father refused knowing it would mean her banishment. But she insisted. Finally, he agreed, hoping she would have a plan.
She did. In the early morning, before the sun had risen, she started telling the sultan a story. But when the dawn broke, she had not finished the story. The sultan, warning to hear the end of it, decided to let her stay another day. That night she finished the story and began a new one. Again, she was careful no to finish this second story before the sun rose. The sultan fascinated by the story, let her stay another day.
Shahrazad told the sultan a total of 1,001 stories. By the end of that time, the sultan had fallen in love with Shahrazad and refused to have her banished from the kingdom.
This story, and the stories Shahrazad is said to have told, became the tales of The Arabian Nights. They include fairy tales, fables, parables, romances, and adventures. They are tales of truth, justice, and fantastic imagination that express the sprit of the civilizations in which they are set.
The Journey of The Arabian Nights What would become The Arabian Nightsstarted as tales told by travelers along the Silk Road from China to Persia and through what is today the Middle East. These tales were told and retold as the year passed. The first known written versions of the stories was found in Syria. It is believed to be from the fourteenth century.
A French writer named Antonie Galland wrote the first European translation, or version, of the tales. He added some of the most well-known tales, including “Aladdin” and “Ali Baba and the Forty Thieves.”
In 1885 and Englishman named Sir Richard Francis Burton penned The Book of The Thousand Nights and Night, what we know today as the stories of the Arabian Nights. The Arabian Nights included these famous tales:
·Aladdin and the Wonderful LampThe famous story of Aladdin, the boy who agrees to find a magical lamp for a wizard. When he sees the wizard has tricked him, Aladdin keeps the lamp and becomes the master of the djini, or genie, who lives inside of it.
·Ali Baba and the Forty Thieves Ali Baba, a poor woodcutter, one day overhears the leader of the Forty Thieves describe the secret location of their loot-a cave that is sealed by magic. He listens further and discovers the cave’s magical password: “Open sesame!”
·The Ebony HorseThe tale of King Sabur, rule of the Persians, his three daughters, and the magical wooden horse that come to life and flied when someone climbs upon it.
·The Seven Voyages of Sinbad the Sailor A cycle of seven stories, each one describing a different journey of Sinbad and his crew. Sinbad and his men set sail for adventure and treasure, but usually find themselves shipwrecked and having to fight villains and monsters to find their way home.