StateReport Massachusetts Grades 4 and 8 Public Schools



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Table

2-B

The Nation's Report Card 2009 State Assessment
Percentage of eighth-grade public school students at or above NAEP reading achievement levels, by assessment year and jurisdiction: Various years, 1998–2009




Year and jurisdiction

Below At or above At or above At

Basic Basic Proficient Advanced

19981 Nation (public) Massachusetts

1998 Nation (public)

Massachusetts

2002 Nation (public) Massachusetts

2003 Nation (public)

Northeast2

Massachusetts

2005 Nation (public) Northeast2

Massachusetts

2007 Nation (public) Northeast2

Massachusetts

2009 Nation (public) Northeast2

Massachusetts


28

20

29 *



21 *

26

19



28 *

23 *


19

29 *


22 *

17

27 *



22

16

26



20

17


72

80

71 *



79 *

74

81



72 *

77 *


81

71 *


78 *

83

73 *



78

84

74



80

83


31

36 *


30

38 *


31

39

30



36 *

43

29 *



36 *

44

29 *



36 *

43

30



38

43


2

3 *


2

3 *

2

3 *



3

4

5



3

4

5



2

3

4



2

4

5



* Value is significantly different (p < .05) from the value for the same jurisdiction in 2009.

1 Accommodations were not permitted for this assessment.

2 Region in which jurisdiction is located. Regional data are not provided for years prior to 2003 to be consistent with the U.S. Census Bureau defined regions.

NOTE: The NAEP grade 8 reading scale ranges from 0 to 500. Achievement levels correspond to the following points on the NAEP reading scales: below Basic, 242 or lower; Basic, 243–280; Proficient, 281–322; and Advanced, 323 and above. At or above Basic includes Basic, Proficient, and Advanced. At or above Proficient includes Proficient and Advanced. Detail may not sum to totals because of rounding.

SOURCE: U.S. Department of Education, Institute of Education Sciences, National Center for Education Statistics, National Assessment of

Educational Progress (NAEP), various years, 1998–2009 Reading Assessments.

Page 16 of 61


NAEP 2009 Reading Report for Massachusetts (Embargoed)
Comparisons Between Massachusetts, the Nation, and Participating

States and Jurisdictions
All 50 states, the District of Columbia, and the Department of Defense Schools participated in the 2009 reading assessment at grades 4 and 8. For the first time in 2009, grade 12 reading results are also available for 11 states that met the reporting criteria. References to "jurisdictions" in the results statements may include states, the District of Columbia, and/or Department of Defense Schools.
Comparisons by Average Scale Scores
Figures 2-A and 2-B compare Massachusetts' 2009 overall reading scale scores at grades 4 and 8 with those of public schools in the nation and all other participating states and jurisdictions. The different shadings indicate whether the average score of the nation (public), a state, or a jurisdiction was found to be higher than, lower than, or not significantly different from that of Massachusetts in the NAEP 2009 reading assessment.
Grade 4 Scale Score Comparison Results
 Students' average score in Massachusetts was higher than the scores in 51 jurisdictions.

Grade 8 Scale Score Comparison Results

 Students' average score in Massachusetts was higher than the scores in 45 jurisdictions, and not significantly different from those in 6 jurisdictions.

Page 17 of 61


NAEP 2009 Reading Report for Massachusetts (Embargoed)



Figure

2-A

The Nation's Report Card 2009 State Assessment
Massachusetts' average scale score in NAEP reading for fourth-grade public school students compared with scores for the nation and other participating jurisdictions: 2009




Focal state/jurisdiction (Massachusetts)
Higher average scale score than Massachusetts (0 jurisdiction) Not significantly different from Massachusetts (0 jurisdiction)

Lower average scale score than Massachusetts (nation and 51 jurisdictions)
1 Department of Defense Education Activity schools (domestic and overseas).

NOTE: Significance tests used a multiple-comparison procedure based on all jurisdictions that participated. SOURCE: U.S. Department of Education, Institute of Education Sciences, National Center for Education Statistics,

National Assessment of Educational Progress (NAEP), 2009 Reading Assessment.

Page 18 of 61



NAEP 2009 Reading Report for Massachusetts (Embargoed)



Figure

2-B

The Nation's Report Card 2009 State Assessment
Massachusetts' average scale score in NAEP reading for eighth-grade public school students compared with scores for the nation and other participating jurisdictions: 2009




Focal state/jurisdiction (Massachusetts)
Higher average scale score than Massachusetts (0 jurisdiction) Not significantly different from Massachusetts (6 jurisdictions)

Lower average scale score than Massachusetts (nation and 45 jurisdictions)
1 Department of Defense Education Activity schools (domestic and overseas).

NOTE: Significance tests used a multiple-comparison procedure based on all jurisdictions that participated. SOURCE: U.S. Department of Education, Institute of Education Sciences, National Center for Education Statistics,

National Assessment of Educational Progress (NAEP), 2009 Reading Assessment.

Page 19 of 61



NAEP 2009 Reading Report for Massachusetts (Embargoed)
Comparisons by Achievement Levels

Figures 3-A and 3-B permit comparisons of all jurisdictions (and the nation) participating in the NAEP 2009 reading assessment in terms of percentages of grades 4 and 8 students performing at or above Proficient. The

participating states and jurisdictions are grouped into categories reflecting whether the percentage of their students performing at or above Proficient (including Advanced) was found to be higher than, not significantly different from, or lower than the percentage in Massachusetts.

Note that the selected state is listed first in its category, and the other states and jurisdictions within each category are listed alphabetically; statistical comparisons among jurisdictions in each of the three categories are not included in this report. However, statistical comparisons among states by achievement level can be calculated online by using the NAEP Data Explorer at http://nces.ed.gov/nationsreportcard/naepdata/.
Grade 4 Achievement-Level Comparison Results

 The percentage of students performing at or above the Proficient level in Massachusetts was higher than the percentage in 51 jurisdictions.

 The percentage of students performing at or above the Basic level in Massachusetts was higher than the percentage in 49 jurisdictions, and not significantly different from those in 2 jurisdictions (data not shown).
Grade 8 Achievement-Level Comparison Results

 The percentage of students performing at or above the Proficient level in Massachusetts was higher than the percentage in 44 jurisdictions, and not significantly different from those in 7 jurisdictions.

 The percentage of students performing at or above the Basic level in Massachusetts was higher than the percentage in 37 jurisdictions, not significantly different from those in 13 jurisdictions, and lower than those in

1 jurisdiction (data not shown).

Page 20 of 61


NAEP 2009 Reading Report for Massachusetts (Embargoed)



Figure

3-A

The Nation's Report Card 2009 State Assessment
Average scale scores in NAEP reading for fourth-grade public school students, percentage within each achievement level, and Massachusetts' percentage at or above Proficient compared with the nation and other participating states/jurisdictions: 2009




1 Department of Defense Education Activity schools (domestic and overseas).

NOTE: The bars above contain percentages of students in each NAEP reading achievement level. Achievement levels corresponding to each population of students are aligned at the point where the Proficient category begins, so that they

may be compared at Proficient and above. Detail may not sum to totals because of rounding. The shaded bars are graphed using unrounded numbers. Significance tests used a multiple-comparison procedure based on all jurisdictions

that participated.

SOURCE: U.S. Department of Education, Institute of Education Sciences, National Center for Education Statistics, National Assessment of Educational Progress (NAEP), 2009 Reading Assessment.

Page 21 of 61


NAEP 2009 Reading Report for Massachusetts (Embargoed)



Figure

3-B

The Nation's Report Card 2009 State Assessment
Average scale scores in NAEP reading for eighth-grade public school students, percentage within each achievement level, and Massachusetts' percentage at or above Proficient compared with the nation and other participating states/jurisdictions: 2009




1 Department of Defense Education Activity schools (domestic and overseas).

NOTE: The bars above contain percentages of students in each NAEP reading achievement level. Achievement levels corresponding to each population of students are aligned at the point where the Proficient category begins, so that they

may be compared at Proficient and above. Detail may not sum to totals because of rounding. The shaded bars are graphed using unrounded numbers. Significance tests used a multiple-comparison procedure based on all jurisdictions

that participated.

SOURCE: U.S. Department of Education, Institute of Education Sciences, National Center for Education Statistics, National Assessment of Educational Progress (NAEP), 2009 Reading Assessment.

Page 22 of 61


NAEP 2009 Reading Report for Massachusetts (Embargoed)

Reading Performance of Selected Student Groups
This section of the report presents trend results for public school students in Massachusetts and the nation by demographic characteristics. Student performance data are reported for
 race/ethnicity

 gender


 student eligibility for the National School Lunch Program

 type of school location (for 2007 and 2009 only)

 parents' highest level of education
Results for each of the variables are reported in tables that include the percentage of students in each group in the first column, and the average scale score in the second column. The columns to the right show the percentage of students below Basic and at or above each achievement level.
Two sets of results from the 1998 reading assessment are included in the tables for grades 4 and 8: one obtained from student samples for which accommodations were permitted and one for which accommodations were not permitted. Comparisons to the 1998 results made in the summary statements, however, are based solely on the sample for which accommodations were permitted.
Results by students' race/ethnicity and gender include statements about score point differences between student groups (e.g., between White and Black or White and Hispanic students, or between male and female students) in 2009 and in the first assessment year. Because these differences are calculated using unrounded values, they may differ slightly from what would be obtained by subtracting the rounded values that appear in the tables. Statements indicating a narrowing or widening of the gap in students' scores are only made if the change in the gap from the first assessment year to 2009 was found to be statistically significant.

The reader is cautioned against making simple causal inferences about group differences, as a complex mix of educational and socioeconomic factors may affect student performance. NAEP collects information on many additional variables, including school and home factors related to achievement. This information is in an interactive database available on the NAEP website http://nces.ed.gov/nationsreportcard/naepdata/.

Page 23 of 61


NAEP 2009 Reading Report for Massachusetts (Embargoed)
Race/Ethnicity
Schools reported the race/ethnicity that best described each student. The six mutually exclusive categories are White, Black, Hispanic, Asian/Pacific Islander, American Indian/Alaska Native, and Unclassified. Black includes African American, Hispanic includes Latino, and Pacific Islander includes Native Hawaiian. Race categories exclude Hispanic origin. Tables 3-A and 3-B show average scale scores and achievement-level data for public school students at grades 4 and 8 in Massachusetts and the nation, by race/ethnicity.
Grade 4 Scale Score Results by Race/Ethnicity

 In 2009, White students in Massachusetts had an average scale score that was higher than the scores of

Black and Hispanic students, but not significantly different from the score of Asian/Pacific Islander students.

 In 2009, the average scale scores of White, Black, Hispanic, and Asian/Pacific Islander students in

Massachusetts were higher than their respective scores in 1992, 1994, 1998, and 2003, but not significantly different from their respective scores in 2002, 2005, and 2007.

 In 2009, Black students in Massachusetts had an average score that was lower than that of White students by

25 points. In 1992, the average score for Black students was lower than that of White students by 26 points.

 In 2009, Hispanic students in Massachusetts had an average score that was lower than that of White students by 30 points. In 1992, the average score for Hispanic students was lower than that of White students by 34 points.

Grade 4 Achievement-Level Results by Race/Ethnicity

 In Massachusetts in 2009, the percentage of White students performing at or above Proficient was greater than the corresponding percentages of Black and Hispanic students, but not significantly different from the percentage of Asian/Pacific Islander students.

 In 2009, the percentage of Hispanic students in Massachusetts performing at or above Proficient was greater than the percentages of their respective peers in 1992, 1994, 1998, and 2005, but not significantly different from the percentages of their respective peers in 2002, 2003, and 2007.

 In 2009, the percentage of White students in Massachusetts performing at or above Proficient was greater than the percentages of their respective peers in 1992, 1994, 1998, and 2003, but not significantly different

from the percentages of their respective peers in 2002, 2005, and 2007.

 In 2009, the percentages of Black and Asian/Pacific Islander students in Massachusetts performing at or above Proficient were greater than the percentages of their respective peers in 1992, 1994, and 1998, but not significantly different from the percentages of their respective peers in 2002, 2003, 2005, and 2007.



Page 24 of 61

NAEP 2009 Reading Report for Massachusetts (Embargoed)


Table

3-A

The Nation's Report Card 2009 State Assessment


























































































































































































































































































































































Percentage of fourth-grade public school students, average scale score, and percentage at or above achievement levels in NAEP reading, by race/ethnicity, year, and jurisdiction: Various years, 1992

2009






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