The Divine Acquittal of Our Beloved Mother Link to the Hadeeth PDF:
The slander against Aisha (radhiyallaahu ‘anhaa) is from the most aggravating and painful accusations of that time. However, the study of this ordeal, and to look at the story as it happened, from beginning to end, and to see the Qur’aan that Allah revealed about the events that took place and the ruling of Allah from above the heavens on the people who spoke on this issue. It is indeed important and very beneficial for every Muslim. And it is something that can touch his heart and create a better bond between him and his mother, Ummul-Mu’mineen, ‘Aisha (radhiyallaahu’anhaa). It is a hadeeth that is full of benefit in terms of fiqh, full of benefit in terms of admonition and lessons for your life as a Muslim.
The great scholar, Abu Zar’a al-‘Iraaqi, the Shaykh of Ibn Hajar, He has a book called “Tarfut-Tadhreeb”, a nice expansive book giving lots of long detailed explanations to some short hadeeth. While this hadeeth is not short, he gives this hadeeth explanation that other scholars have not.
This hadeeth is NOT limited to Saheeh al-Bukhari, rather it is found in many other books of hadeeth.
“Whenever Allah's Apostle intended to go on a journey, he used to draw lots amongst his wives…”This shows the permissibility of drawing straws or lots when you have to take care of your wives and you’re going on a trip, and the obligation to be fair includes that you draw straws and it doesn’t matter even if one of the wives wins constantly. It does not mean that you draw straws and then the next time the other one goes. Drawing lots is from the Sunnah, and some scholars say that this method (drawing lots between multiple wives) is obligatory. But there doesn’t seem to be any evidence to support that this is an obligation.
So when the women traveled they traveled in a way that kept them discreet and covered, and didn’t expose them to the people.
The hadeeth shows that women had been allowed to accompany the military and it’s in the best interest of the military for some of them to have their wives with them.
The Istirjaa (innaa lillaahi wa innaa ilayhi raji’oon) is said sometimes when you are upset or in circumstances that could have been better.
She covered her face immediately after hearing him (he was from the most noble of the companions) because this happened after the order of Hijaab was brought down and the women of the Sahaaba used to cover their faces.
Saying ammaa ba’du is a Sunnah even with a small address.
The prophet (sallallaahu ‘alayhi wasallam) did not tell ‘Aisha that she did it (what she was accused of), and he didn’t say that she didn’t do it either and this proves that he did not know the unseen and that he was unsure about the incident also.
And it is a sunnah that when our friends are accused of something without 4 witnesses, but there is a circumstance that this incident might be true, then we shouldn’t declare them innocent without knowledge based on the idea of them being good, like how the prophet knew how good ‘Aisha was but he didn’t say that she was innocent, and didn’t accuse her either, and if we find out that our friend did sin, then we should advise them.
The reason why ‘Aisha said that she won’t go to the prophet is because of her tawheed, and not because she was disrespecting her husband.
Some of the benefits from the verses Allaah revealed:
The ayah talks heavily about never accusing others of sexual lewdness without 4 witnesses who have seen the act.
People who love that kind of speech (qeel wa qaal) being spread about the Muslims will have a painful punishment in this world and the hereafter.
Even if there is a Muslim who is guilty of this lewd act, if there aren’t 4 witnesses, then don’t speak about it.
You must remain silent about it unless you have 4 witnesses, and if you have 4 witnesses then you must speak about it only in the Muslim court.
If you accuse (Qadhaf has a hadd which is a prescribed punishment) another Muslim of this without 4 witnesses then you are to be lashed, your shahadah is never to be accepted, and you are considered to be a liar.
Our religion protects the people from hearing about things like this.
If something becomes so obscene that 4 witnesses have seen the act, then it is a problem in society and it must be dealt with.
If it is just you who saw it, then don’t speak about it except to advise the person who you saw and your advice can be sharp.