Sundara Kandam1



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Sundara Kandam1

(The beautiful Section)

Translated by P.R.Ramachander


First Chapter 2

Dealing with crossing of the sea by Hanuman


( This chapter describes how Hanuman crossed the great ocean to reach Sri Lanka in search of Sita.On the way first the God of Ocean and Mainaka mountain respected him. Later the devas tested his capability by sending Surasa Devi to test him. After this Simhika dragged his shadow and tried to eat him. Crossing all these hurdles he reached the other shore safely)
Afterwards Hanuman, the slayer of his enemies, desired to travel by the paths that the Charanas (The devas who travel in the sky) travel, to find out the place where Sita who has been abducted by Ravana. is kept in hiding.. 1
(It is clear from this sloka that our ancients knew that even in sky you have to travel by certain chartered pathways)
With a desire to perform the incomparable and difficult job, he extended his head and neck and resembled a bull. 2
Then the valorous, strong and wise Hanuman started traveling as he liked, similar to a lion in zest, creating terror to the birds, felling trees by his immense chest, glowing like a diamond and killing various animals in the grass, like the torrential flow of water.

3-4
Hanuman stood like an elephant calf in a forest, in the mountain, which had many special elephants and which are fit to be worshipped and endowed, possessing the natural colours of blue, red, yellow and pink, decorated by the strange reddish (laterite) stones and also thickly populated by Yakshas, Kinnaras, Gandharvas (all the three are communities of minor devas) and Devas with their families along with Pannagas who can take any form or shape they like. 5-7

That reddish vanara (monkey), saluted the Sun God, the king of devas Indra, The Wind God Vayu, The progenitor Lord Brahma and all great and holy ones and then turned to the eastern direction and saluted his own father Vayu again. He then thought of Rama and Lakshmana and offered them his prayers and bowed before all the holy rivers and the sea. After this he embraced his manes and offered pradakshina (perambulation) to them and concentrated his mind on the travel that he intended to make. 8-10

(As soon as he was born to Anjana Hanuman felt very hungry. He was told by his mother to eat any fruit, which is red. He jumped towards the Sun in the dawn, who complained to Indra about this attack. Indra hit baby Hanuman with his Vajarayudha who fell down. His father the Wind God went in hiding creating a crisis in the world. Then the devas led by Brahma blessed the baby Hanuman and gave him several boons.)
Being blessed by all vanaras assembled there with a wish made by them for his safe return journey, he stood facing the path in which the wind travels. 11
He stood facing the south and started growing in his physical stature, after requesting the other monkeys to wait for him in the same place. 12
Being watched by the great and elderly monkeys, Hanuman who is the greatest among those who can jump and cross, grew like the ocean in high tide for completing the work of Rama. 13
With his forelegs extended, he with an enormous stature stood facing Sree Lanka, with a wish to jump and cross the sea and pressed the mountain by his fore legs. 14
The mountain in spite of this pressure was stable but tottered for a few minutes. As a result the trees shook and flowers of different colours were strewn all over the mountain.

15
Strewn by the thick flower clusters all over, the mountain was covered fully by flowers. It appeared more like a mountain of flowers. 16


Pressed heavily by the strong Hanuman, The Mahendra Mountain resembled an elephant in heat and water flowed out of it. 17
Pressed by the great Hero Hanuman, that mountain revealed deposits of Gold, Mica and silver through the openings and sparkled. 18

Not only that but also that mountain which had lot of laterite stones, threw out medium size fire flames all over and pushed out dense smoke. 19

Because of the pressure exerted by the Vanara, the animals, which lived in the caves, were pressed and made sad and painful sounds. 20
That horrendous noise made by the big animals spread in all directions all over the world and also in gardens through out. 21
Snakes with shining white Swastika marked hoods spit out poison from their mouth and hit at the stones with their poisonous teeth. 22
Stuck by the angry and poisonous snakes those big stones burnt as if they were on fire and broke in to thousands of pieces. 23
Those herbs in the mountain, which were supposed to cure the poison bite of the snakes, were not able to remove the poison from the mountain itself. 24
Some of the snakes with big body were spitting fire and came out from the caves and were trampled by Hanuman’s feet. 25
Trampled heavily those trees of the mountain with new growths, gave out a smell of sandal, and gave rise to a rain of flowers. 26
Those stones of the mountain, which were deep red, yellow and light red broke in to pieces and were strewn all over. 27
With the colour of reddish sandal and with ochre coloured deposits that mountain shone like a fire and was broken. 28

Vidhyadaras (demi gods who wear garland and live in the sky) who had brought golden vessels to drink alcoholic drinks left behind the costly vessels and mugs, various types of flavored and cooked meat, shields made of the hide of a bull and swords with golden handles and rose up along with their women folk thinking that the mountain is being broken along with sages occupying it. 29-31

Not only that, some other Vidhyadharas who wore garlands in their neck and who had eyes like white lotus and some others who were intoxicated and also who were decorated by red paste and red garlands and red eyes reached the sky. 32

Their ladies who wore chains, armlets, shoulder bangles, stood with a smiling face along with their lovers, in the sky. 33
Empowered by the manthras that they knew these Vidhyadharas and sages were able to float in the sky and watch the mountain. 34
Others heard the following words spoken by those great sages, the demi gods Charanas and saints of great reputation, 35
“The very strong Hanuman who is the son of wind God Vayu who is as big as a mountain is going to cross the sky like the sharks cross the ocean.” 36
“For the sake of Lord Rama, and for the sake of his monkey friends, he is attempting to the impossible job of crossing the ocean. “ 37
The Vidhyadharas who heard these words of the sages stood in the sky and watched Hanuman who had an enormous form. 38
Hanuman who was like a small mountain shook his body, shed some of the hair from his body and like a big cloud made a very loud trumpeting sound. 39
Making up his mind to jump to a great height, Hanuman rotated his big round tail, which is covered by hair all over, like a eagle rotating a snake. 40
Swiftly being rotated behind him , his thick tail, resembled an enormous snake being drawn hither and thither by Lord Garuda. (Eagle on whom Lord Vishnu rides) 41
Hanuman stood stiff with his forelegs, which resembled huge iron pillars, made his belly as small as possible and readied his hind legs for a big jump. 42
That great Hero, shortened his arms and neck and increased his virility, stature and power to the maximum extent possible. 43

Looking above, staring afar and staring in to the sky he controlled his breath for the big jump. 44

Standing firm on his two legs, extending his ears to catch all the sound , making up his mind to travel fast in the sky, that Great monkey who is very strong, faced the other monkeys and spoke to them as follows. 45
“I would travel to Sri Lanka which is protected by Ravana like the holy arrow sent by Lord Rama with the speed of the torrential wind.” 46
“If I am not able to find Sita in Sri Lanka, I would then go to the heavens with the same speed.” 47
“If I am not able to locate her there also, with great ease , I will tie Ravana and bring him here.” 48
“Whatever may happen, I would return after fulfilling the task and return along with Sita and if not I would bring the whole Sri Lanka along with Ravana.” 49
After talking like to this to the other monkeys, the great monkey Hanuman, without any worry and with great speed resembling that of Garuda, rose up in the sky. 50

When he rose up in the sky, the trees in that mountain along with their branches also rose along with him. 51


Along with him , he took away flower-laden trees with white fat cranes using the speed of his thighs and traveled in the clear paths of the sky. 52
Those trees which traveled along with him by the speed of his thighs, returned back after some time like the relatives who go with the guests and return after some time after the send off. 53
Those sala (possibly pine trees) trees which rose to the sky by the speed of the thigh of Hanuman accompanied him like the soldiers who accompany their king. 54

Surrounded by many types of fully flower-laden trees, the mountain like Hanuman was looking surprisingly wonderful. 55

Those well mature trees fell in the sea like the mountains slain by Indra3 and drowned deep. 56
Hanuman who was similar to a cloud and looked like a mountain surrounded by different type of flowers, buds , tender leaves and fire flies. 57
Those trees along with heaps of flowers from them which were uprooted by the speed of the thighs of Hanuman returned back to the water like the friends after a send off. 58
The multi coloured and different kinds of flowers which were light by nature which fell of due to the fast movement of Hanuman, fell in to the sea. 59
Because of them the great sea glittered like a sky full of stars 60
In addition , decorated by the series of multi coloured mountains which were falling behind, Hanuman looked like a streak of lightning in front of clouds which travel at a great height. 61
Strewn by the great speed of Hanuman the flowers which fell on the water looked like the sky strewn with millions of stars. 62
The great storm generated by his travel attracted greatly the clouds, which were shining once in a while due to lightning. 63
The sky with clouds which were rising high, and the water filled ocean moving by tides of great speed looked alike. 64
Pointing high towards the sky, those two hands of Hanuman looked similar to two five headed snakes coming out of the peak of mountains. 65

That great monkey appeared as if he was preparing to drink the great ocean full of high tides and also as if he was wishing to drink the sky also. 66

( since he was moving up and down, it appeared at one moment that he was trying to drink the sea and at another moment the sky)

The two eyes of Hanuman who was traveling in the sky appeared as if they were shining like two mountain fires at two different points. 67
The two big yellow eyes of the chief of the monkey , shined like the moon and sun in the solar system. 68
His face which appeared reddish by his large red nose, looked similar to the sky with a red setting sun. 69
His tails, which were held aloft in the sky, looked like Indra’s flag held aloft in the sky.

70
With his white sparkling teeth ,the famous and wise son of Wind god in the round created by his tail, looked similar to the sun framed by his halo. 71


His reddish behind appeared as if it is a reddish laterite split mountain. 72
The wind passing through the armpits of the monkey who was crossing the sea made thunderous swooshing sound made by the clouds. 73
That monkey hero appeared like a comet with a tail traveling through the sky. 74

(This was a bad omen to the people of Sri Lanka)
The great statured monkey who was equal to the rising sun shined with his waistcloth like an elephant. 75
With his great body floating in the sky and its reflection in the depths of the ocean, the monkey looked like a ship being driven by the wind. 76
Whichever part of the atmosphere he traveled , that portion appeared greatly agitated by the speed of his body. 77
That monkey who was traveling with great speed was beating away the high tides of the sea by his immense chest. 78

The speed of the wind generated by the moving monkey as well as the moving clouds twisted the sea greatly. By their great sounds. 79

That monkey who was dragging with him the great tides of the salty sea, traveled as if he was separating the land and the sky. 80
Moving with immense speed and crossing the mountain(resembling the mount Meru) like high tides he appeared as if he was counting those tides while crossing them. 81
The seawater thrown towards the clouds by the monkey traveling at great speed mixed with the clouds and appeared like clouds of the autumn. 82
Those whales, crocodiles, fishes and tortoise which appeared above the water looked like human limbs when the cloths was removed from them. 83
At that time the big snakes living in the sea seeing the flying chief of monkeys mistook him to be ,Garuda the eagle. 84
His shade ,which was ten yojanas4 broad and thirty yojanas long ,appeared pretty over the water. 85
Broadly placed over the sea his shadow in the water appeared as if it was a were a huge crowd of fish following him . 86
Hanuman who was very powerful , very huge and a great monkey appeared as if he was a winged mountain floating in the sky without any support. 87
That monkey who was very powerful caused the sea to look like a mountain pass because of the high speed he was traveling in his path. 88

(because of his great speed the water parted below him and was like a mountain pass)


He traveled like the king of birds through the route in which the birds flew and appeared as if a fast moving wind was dragging the clouds. 89
The huge clouds attracted by the monkey shined with colours of white, red , blue and yellow . 90

He appeared as if he was a moon which is traveling through the cloud being hid at times and being seen at times. 91

The Devas, gandarwas and Danavas5 rained flowers on the fast flying monkey. 92
Then as if to aid the work of Lord Rama, the sun did not scorch him and the wind made a pleasant atmosphere round him. 93
The sages praised the monkey who was traveling with great speed and also the Devas and Gandharvas sang in praise of the great one. 94
Seeing the monkey did not appear tired by his exertions, Rakshasas and Nagas, Yakshas and devas praised him with glee. 95
When the great monkey was traveling thus the God of the ocean thought of methods of honoring the descendent of Ikshu Vaku. 96

(One of the well-known forefathers of Lord Rama)


He thought that if he did not help Lord Hanuman in his effort all those who can talk would speak ill of him. 97
Since the Sagara kings belonging to the Ikshu Vaku clan raised him and Hanuman was helping their descendent , The God of Ocean thought that Hanuman should not get tired.

98


( Bhageeratha one of the forefathers of Lord Rama brought water from the head of Lord Siva to the dried up sea so that Bhageeratha’s ancestors should get salvation from their sins and thus filled up the sea)
He thought that he should take suitable action, which would refresh Hanuman and also provide him with rest so that he can cross the remaining distance easily. 99
Thinking properly like this, the God of the ocean spoke to the mountain Hiranya Nabha(Golden bellied) also called as Mainaka (son of Mena)who was hiding within him.

100


(He was the son of Himalayas and his queen Mena)

“Hey1 mountain chief, you have been appointed over here to monitor the entry of Asuras living in Patala6 by Indra, the king of Devas”. 101

“You are standing here closing the way to prevent them from come up by those powerful ones living in the vast Patala “. 102
“Oh! Mountain , only you have the power to grow sideways and also bottom to the top. Hey, mountain chief, it is because of this I have come here to speak to you, please get up.” 103
“This monkey chief Hanuman is flying in the sky with great valor for doing a dangerous errand to Lord Sri Rama. He is now going to come just above you”. 104
“ I need to help him for all the descendents of Ikshu Vaku are worth worshipping by me and therefore they are fit to be worshipped by you also.” 105
“We have to do good and we should not leave it undone for duties performed at the correct time brings bad name to good people. “ 106
“ Raise up above the water level and let the great monkey who is our guest who is fit to be worshipped stand on you for some time.” 107
“Oh mountain with golden peaks, which are served by devas and Gandharvas., let Hanuman take rest on you and go refreshed his remaining way”. 108
“You should know the good qualities of Lord Rama, the parting pangs of his wife Sita and also tiredness of Lord Hanuman, and try to raise up fast.” 109
The Mainake Mountain which was full of forests, climbers and golden peaks listening to the words of the ocean rose up fast. 110
That Mainaka Mountain which was rising very high looked like the glittering Sun God with his rays coming out piercing a thick cloud. 111

That mountain which had great fame, ordered to thus by the God of ocean within a very short time exhibited its peaks outside the water. 112

Those peaks which were golden, pointed and very great ,resembled the rising Sun God and appeared as if they were rubbing the sky, and the deep blue sky tinted by the sparkling golden peaks looked as if it has become golden in colour. 113-114
The mountain which had several peaks of innate glitter and of sparkling gold colour resembled hundreds of Suns. 115
Rising above by itself in the middle of salty ocean and standing in front of him, Hanuman thought that it was an obstacle. 116
That fast moving monkey chief easily brushed off its tall peaks as if wind brushes of the cloud. 117
That mountain which was pushed aside by the monkey, was astonished by his strength and also became happy because of it. 118
That mountain which stood tall in the sky, became happy and took a human form, stood on his own peak and said as follows to the valorous monkey:- 119
“Hey great monkey you have done some thing which other people cannot do.” 120
“Please get down on to my peaks and relax.” 121
“The ocean was remade by the ancestors of Lord Rama, and the Ocean God worships you who is engaged in the job of helping Rama as an act of gratefulness.” 122
“We always have to repay, the good done to us. This is the perennial duty of our religion. So he wants to help you and make you beholden to him.” 123

“He requested me with respect to provide a resting place to you in my pleasant valley so that you need not jump at a stretch the one hundred yojanas and then easily jump the rest of the way. And so hey, great monkey you please stay on me for some time, take rest and then proceed. “ 124-125

“Hey monkey chief, savour the very tasty roots and fruits lovingly offered by the God of Ocean , and you can proceed very much refreshed soon.” 126
“ Hey monkey chief, you know that receiving and showering hospitality on good people is a blessed act in all the three worlds and apart from that, you do have another connection with me.” 127
“Hey monkey chief, I consider you the greatest among all those monkeys who can move fast and jump very high.” 128
“It is well known that those learned ones who desire to perform right full acts , that even if a guest is not a great one he is fit to be worshipped. Then what to say when the guest happens to be a great person like you.” 129
“Hey great monkey, you are the son of Vayu (the wind god) who is great among the devas and equal in speed to him. 130
“Hey holy one, if you are worshipped the Wind God receives it himself and please also hear about another reason why you are fit to be worshipped by me,” 131
“Hey son, during Krutha Yuga Mountains also had wings and they were traveling to all places like Wind and Garuda.” 132
“Because the mountains were traveling all over the great sages and society of devas who were with them as well as all living beings, were terror struck because of the fear that these mountains may fall on them.” 133
“Because of this reason, Devendra who had done one hundred fire sacrifices, became enraged and starting to cut the wings of the mountains in to pieces in different places using his Vajrayudha7 (Diamond equipment literally). “ 134

“That angry Devendra intent on cutting my wings neared me but the great wind god blew me away fast from that place. “ 135

“Your father pushed me inside this salt sea without any harm coming to my wings and thus, I alone was saved.” 136
“And so I worship you because I should have worshipped the God of wind. And Monkey chief , you know that this connection between both of us is really great.” 137
“And so Monkey chief , because of this accept the hospitality provided by me and the Ocean God and bless us.” 138
“Hey chief of monkeys, relax and take rest and accept our worship, and also accept our love. and I have become happy by meeting with you. “ 139
Thus told by the great mountain the great monkey said” I am pleased with your hospitality. You have provided all the hospitality to me and I have accepted it.” 140
“The time for performance of my duty is getting over and also the day light hours are nearing to an end. Apart from this I have given my word that I will not tarry in between doing this great work.” 141

(See the 46th stanza of this chapter)
Thus telling the valorous monkey chief Hanuman patted the mountain on its peaks and with a smile re entered the sky and recommenced his journey. 142
That monkey who was the son of wind God was seen off with respect by the mountain as well as the ocean and was worshipped by them by suitable wishes. 143
After this he left the mountain and ocean and traveled high and started to go forward by the path of his father and started traveling in the clear sky. 144
The son of Wind God further rose up and moving in the right direction and started traveling without any support in the clear sky. 145

Witnessing this almost impossible second act being performed, all Sidhas, devas and sages appreciated him. 146

Seeing the great act of the golden peaked Mainaka mountain, all the devas and Devendra who were there in the sky, became extremely happy. 147
The great Indra with his ebbing happiness and with stuttering voice due to that told the following words to Mainaka ,the mountain chief. 148
“ Hey golden peaked king of the mountains, I have become very pleased with you.” 149
“Hey , pleasant one I have given you my protection.” 150
“You have provided help in the right time to valorous Hanuman who is fearless even when there was a need to be afraid.“ 151
“This monkey is going in the service of Lord Rama who is the son of Dasaratha and because of your hospitality to him, I am extremely pleased. “ 152
Because of these words, the mountain chief understood that even Indra the king of devas was pleased with him and became very happy. 153
Thus the mountain chief stood there firmly and Hanuman was moving extremely fast over the ocean. 154
At that time the devas ,gandarwas , siddhas and the great sages seeing the fast moving monkey chief in the sky, told Surasa the mother of Nagas (serpents) who had the splendor of the Sun thus. 155
.”This great Hanuman who is the son of the god of Wind is flying over the sea. Please take a ferocious rakshasa form which touches the sea, which is like mountain and with red eyes and vampire like teeth and delay his progress.” 156-157

“ We want to know (test) for the second time, his strength and virility and also would like to see whether he will win you over by trick or become dejected.” 158

(though they had an inkling of this from his behavior with Mount Mainaka, they wanted to reconfirm)

Thus requested and respected by the devas, Surasa devi took an unusual ugly fear creating form which is more suitable to the rakshasas and stood in the middle of the sea and neared Hanuman and spoke to him thus:- 159-160
“Hey monkey, you have been allotted as food to me by the devas and so I am going to eat you. Enter my open mouth.” 161
Thus spoken to the great Hanuman, saluting her and with a pleasant face spoke to her thus:- 162
“Rama the son of Dasaratha came to the Dandakaranya forest along with his brother Lakshmana and his wife Sita and was living there.” 163
“He earned the enmity of Rakshasas and when he was otherwise engaged, Ravana abducted his wife the renowned Sita.” 164
“As per the orders of Rama I am going as an emissary in search of her. You who are a citizen in the kingdom of Rama are also bound to help him out.” 165
“Or else I promise you that after seeing Sita and also Rama who is very much worried, I would come to you and reach your mouth.” 166
Thus requested by Hanuman, Surasa Devi who could take any form she wished , said to him” None can cross me and this is a boon given to me by the devas.” 167
With a desire to know the strength of Hanuman, Surasa Devi the mother of Nagas further said” You can only go from here after entering my mouth. This is a boon given to me by Lord Brahma. “Saying this she enlarged the size of her mouth greatly opened it wide and stood before him. 168-169
Angered by the words of Surasa, Hanuman told her “ Make your mouth suitably big so that you can swallow me.” 170

Telling her thus, Hanuman became ten Yojanas big as Surasa was at that time ten yojanas big. 171

Observing that he has grown to ten Yojanas Surasa enlarged her mouth to twenty yojanas. 172
The very intelligent Hanuman seeing that she has opened her mouth to twenty yojanas, became angry and took up the form of thirty yojanas. 173
Seeing this Surasa made her mouth forty yojanas wide. 174
The valorous Hanuman became fifty yojanas big. 175
Surasa made her mouth sixty yojanas wide and Hanuman became seventy yojanas big.

176


Surasa made her mouth eighty yojanas wide. 177
The mountain like Hanuman made himself ninety yojanas big. 178
Surasa Devi made her mouth one hundred yojanas wide. 179
Very intelligent and wise Hanuman seeing the wide open mouth of Surasa with protruding toungue , very fearful and similar to hell, instead of increasing his size further, started reducing himself fast and like a wind driven cloud became as big as a thumb.

180-181
With great speed, the great one entered her mouth and suddenly came out and standing in the sky itself told the following words:- 182


“Hey Dakshayani(daughter of Daksha) my salutations to you. I have entered your mouth and so taking this as the truth, allow me to go to the place where Sita lives.” 183

(These words bring out the fact that Hanuman knew about her divine origin. This also is indicated by the fact that he saluted her-see Stanza 162)

Seeing Hanuman like the moon which has come out of the mouth of Rahu, Surasa took her real form and told him, “ Hey, son, Her monkey chief, Let you have a pleasant journey and let your errand be successful.. Please become happy after reuniting Rama and Sita.” 184-185

All beings witnessing the third and impossible task of Hanuman and praised the monkey chief and said “Great, great.” 186
Equivalent in speed to Garuda , he left the sea which is the abode of Varuna and which was very difficult to cross, and rose above to the sky and traveled further. 187

( Some commentators believe that Hanuman descended in to the sea, took bath and rose up, because he entered the mouth of Surasa.


Hanuman then traveled like Garuda in the sky which is served by the rain drops, in which the birds live, peopled by Gandharwas like Thuumburu8 who sing ragas like kaisika, in which rainbows exist, in which aero planes which travel high on vehicles such as lion, elephant, tiger, birds snake and crocodile exist, which is well decorated, which is being lit by fire of Vajrayudha , thunder and lightning, Which is populated by people who do good deeds and those great ones who have won over heavens, Which is being constantly served by Agni the fire God who is being fed by the portions to be given to devas, Which is full with Sun, moon, planets and stars. Which is filled by sages, Yakshas, Gandarwas and Nagas, Which is really great, which is very clear, which is full, In which Viswavasu the king of Gandarwas travels, in which the elephant of Devendra travels, Which is the way of Sun and the moon, which does always good, Which is the roof constructed by Lord Brahma for all living beings and Which is populated by great valorous vidhyadaras.

188-194
Like the wind he also dragged the clouds with him. 195


Attracted by the monkey chief the clouds shined in black and also red, yellow and white

colours. 196

That monkey who was entering and coming out of the clouds looked like the moon of the rainy season which is completely invisible and visible at different times. 197

Hanuman the Son of God of wind, looked like a winged mountain visible from all places in the support less sky. 198
A Rakshasi(ogress) called Simhika who can assume any form she likes saw the fast moving Hanuman and thought in her mind thus. 199
“ In the very long time which has past , only today I am going to eat proper and sufficient food for after a long time an animal of this size has come my way.” 200
Thinking thus in her mind she dragged Hanuman’s shadow and once his shadow was caught Hanuman started thinking thus. 201
“ Like a torrential wind of the sea blowing against , a big ship slows it down, my strength has reduced and I am being stopped. “ 202
Then the monkey peered all round, to the top, below and saw a very large being floating in the sea. 203
Examining it carefully, he thought, “This must be the fearsome and big being , as told by the king of Monkeys Sugreeva, which can drag one’s shadow and I do not have any doubt about it.” 204

(In Kishkinda Kanda in the forty first chapter Sugreeva describes about this Rakshasi to Hanuman)


That wise and intelligent monkey recognized her as Simhika and started increasing his size like the black cloud in rainy season. 205
Seeing the increasing size of monkey chief’s body, She opened her mouth ,which was like Patala and the sky very wide. 206
Thundering like a series of clouds she started chasing the monkey. 207
That wise monkey saw her throat through her widely open mouth , he also saw the big size of her body and her Achilles Heel9. 208

Slightly reducing his body’s size, he fell with lot of force and like thunder in to her wide-open throat. 209

The Siddhas and Charanas (celestial beings) saw him vanish in his throat like the moon vanishing on full moon, eclipse days 210
With his sharp nails he tore her Achilles heel and with the speed of wind and mind came out of it . 211
The fearless monkey chief Hanuman thus killed her by his quick power of thinking, valor. and capacity to take right decisions at right time and started increasing in his size.

212


Because the monkey tore apart her chest she fell down dead in to the sea. Is it that Hanuman was created by Brahma to kill her! 213
Seeing how fast he killed Simhika, those beings who live in the sky told monkey chief thus:- 214
“Hey , great monkey , you have now done a very great deed . A great animal is dead. We all wish you to complete the job that you have undertaken without any problems. 215
“Hey monkey chief, if any one has your four qualities of valor, wisdom, intelligence and quick thought process, he would never face any problems in completing his job. 216
Understanding the meaning of their words, respected by all of them, he reached the sky again and moved forward. 217
Once he completed traveling one hundred Yojanas, he almost reached the other shore and seeing in all directions he saw a very big forest. 218
Traveling in the sky itself he saw the island decorated by very many kinds of trees, the Malaya Mountain and its sub forests. 219

That heroic and intelligent Hanuman, examined the sea, seashores, the trees on the sea shore, the rivers, which were the wives of the sea and ports as also his big cloud like body, which was hiding the sky and thought. 220-221

“ Seeing the big growth of my body and its torrential speed, the Rakshasas would get curious about me”. Thus thought the monkey chief. 222
He then reduced his mountain like size of his body, and took his real form like, the great sage from whom ignorance has been removed. 223
He further reduced his size and resembled the great Vamana who destroyed the pride of King Mahabali by measuring three steps. 224
That Hanuman who can assume many pretty forms reached the sea shore examined his stature himself and thinking about the job that he has to do , assumed a form that is suitable for the job and became one who cannot be defeated by others. 225
From there the great Hanuman who was like a big mountain range landed in the Lamba (hanging) mountain, which had pretty fertile peaks full of pandanus , coconut and Karnikara (some herb) plants. 226
That Hanuman reached the seashore and saw the city of Lanka, which was on the Trikoota(three spire) mountain and reduced his stature to the minimum required size and bullying the animals and birds jumped from the mountain. 227
Hanuman with his immense strength crossing the great ocean, which was populated, by Danavas and Pannagas jumped on the other shore and saw The city of Lanka which was similar to the city of Amaravathi, the capital of Indra. 228
Thus ends the first chapter of Sundara Kanda which,

is in the Ramayana which is the first epic written by Valmiki.

Second Chapter

Entering in to the city of Sri Lanka at night

(In this chapter the musings of Hanuman on seeing the city of Sri Lanka, his first impressions about it and his thinking on the strategy he has to adopt is described)
It is wonderful that the great one crossed the great ocean, which was impossible to cross, and stared at Sri Lanka situated on the top of Trikoota Mountains. 1
By the rain of flowers shed by the different trees here and there, Hanuman who was decked by flowers all over after completing the task he has undertaken looked as if he was a victorious hero. 2
The truly heroic Hanuman though he had crossed one hundred yojanas did not know what is tiresomeness. Not only that he was not even breathing with effort.. 3
“I can jump and cross several more hundred yojanas and so reaching the other shore of a sea which is only one hundred yojanas is not a great job!” He thought. 4
The great one among heroes and the fastest among those who can jump, crossed the sea and neared the city of Sri Lanka. 5
He walked in to the center of gardens which had light bluish lawns, strewn with stones here and there and with dense population of trees 6
That very resplendent monkey chief Hanuman, went by the side of mountains full of trees and forests in full bloom. 7
That son of wind God , stood on a mountain with several peaks and saw the city of Sri Lanka laden with the gardens and minor forests . 8

He , the monkey chief , saw pine trees, Karnikara10 trees , date palms, Priyala trees, lemon trees, wild jasmine trees, panadanus bushes(Thazham poo) , incense filled long pepper trees, kadamba trees , seven leafed banana trees, fully flowered asana trees, Kovidara trees, karavira trees, and also many trees bent with heavy load of flowers which were full of birds and whose tips were being shaken by the breeze that was blowing all around, ponds full of swans and ducks , lotus and lily flowers and many, many tree filled gardens which flowered and fruited all round the year, many swimming pools specially constructed for play and also several pretty flower gardens. 9-12

The great Hanuman then saw the beautiful city of Sri Lanka which resembled the city of Amaravathi of the devas and which was being ruled by Ravana . protected on all the four sides by Ravana himself, fearsome archers, and ever roaming Rakshasas because Sita was abducted and kept in the city, and which was also protected well by moats full of lotus and lily flowers and gold like tall walls all around. It also had mansions which resembled the planets the autumn sky, dazzling white elevated long wide avenues, strange golden tower gates decorated by climbers and other decorative items, many spires used to keep watch on the enemies from out side, flags and other banners..

13-18.
That monkey chief thought the city, which was built on the mountain as a city with white and regal houses , which were floating in the sky. 19


He saw the city built by Viswa Karma(the architect of Devas) and ruled by Ravana was flying in the sky. 20

He approached the northern gate of Sri Lanka whose fort aments appeared as if they were the waist, whose moats appeared as if they were dresses, whose guns and spears appeared as if they were the hairs and whose spires appear as if they were the ear studs and which was constructed by Viswa Karma after deep thought, which appeared as tall as the Kailasa mountain(abode of Lord Siva) and which appeared as if it was touching the sky, and whose buildings are constructed one over another so that it appeared as if the whole city was flying, which was thickly populated by terrible Rakshasas like the city of Bhogavathi which was populated by Nagas, which is strongly built, which does not have dirt, which was once occupied by Lord Kubera, which is protected by several valorous Rakshasas who were armed with spears and long swords similar to a cave being protected by serpents and which can never be evaluated as to what it is and started thinking.

21-25

Observing the fierce security , the sea and the terrible enemy Ravana, the monkey started thinking. 26


“Even if the monkey army reaches here it would not be of any use, for even devas cannot wage a war and win over Lanka.” 28
“Even if Rama reaches the very peculiar city of Sri Lanka which is really impossible to enter and is ruled by Ravana, what possibly can the great warrior do?” 29
“In case of Rakshasas, there is no point in talking to them in a friendly manner or with sweet words nor can they be corrupted by money and nor is it possible to make them fight against each other and the only option of war cannot even be thought of as a possibility. “ 30
“This is because only Angadha the son of Bali, Neela the monkey chief , the heroic king Sugreeva and myself can enter this city.” 31
“:Let me find out whether Sita the daughter of Janaka is alive or not and after seeing her I can thinking of a strategy.” 32
“I can not enter this city of Rakshasas and which is protected by them in the present form” 33
“These Rakshasas are highly valorous, very strong and greatly heroic and so can only be deceived by me who am searching Sita.” 34
“ I should search the city of Sri Lanka with an almost invisible form and that too in the night because for completing this great deed , it is the most appropriate time.” 35
Knowing that , even Devas and Asuras would find difficult to enter that city, Hanuman took several deep breaths and started thinking. 36
“What trick should I employ to search so that I would not be visible to Ravana the bad Rakshasas?” 37

“The job which I have taken oath to complete should certainly be done and also I should be able to talk with the daughter of Janaka alone” thought he. 38

“When a job has to be done , sending a messenger who is unstable and who cannot do the proper thing at the proper time, is like having darkness at dawn.” 39
“Even after knowing well as to what has to be done and what should not be done, there is no possibility of completing the job if the messenger is over confident and thinks that he only can complete the job.” 40
“How will the job be completed properly? How no problems will crop up preventing its completion? And what should be done so that crossing of the great ocean does not become a waste?” 41
“Suppose I am seen by the Rakshasas then the wish of Lord Rama to Kill Ravana can definitely not be done. “ 42
“Even if one takes the form of Rakshasa is it possible to hide from these Rakshasas and if it is in any other form this task would definitely not be done.” 43

“I know the fact that even the God of Wind cannot move here unhindered.. Is there anything that these powerful Rakshasas do not know?” 44


“If I remain here with my present form I will be destroyed and Lord’s mission will surely fail.” 45
“So I will go as a dwarf but in my present form and enter the city at night to complete the mission of Sri Rama.” 46
“After entering the unapproachable city of Ravana, then I can search all houses and buildings for the daughter of Janaka.” 47
At that time thinking thus , anxious to see Sita (daughter of King Videha) He started waiting for the sunset. 48
After sunset and in the night Hanuman the Son of God of wind, assumed a very minute strange form as big as a cat. 49

That valorous Hanuman jumped and entered with lot of speed the beautiful city with clearly demarcated avenues . 50

That monkey saw that big city which resembled the city of Gandarwas which was full of palatial buildings built on pillars inlaid with silver and gold, having windows made of gold, having seven to eight stories and having floors decorated by gold and crystal.

51-52
Diamonds and other precious stones decorated those grounds of the houses of Rakshasas and several garlands of pearls were used to decorate them. 53


The strange wall hangings made of gold , which was used to decorate all over, the city by the Rakshasas made the city glitter in eminence. 54
Though the Great monkey became happy on seeing the city which had very big white buildings which had windows made of gold of the purest quality, which was surrounded by very powerful night patrol, which was being protected by the great valor of Ravana, which cannot be described by ones thought process and which is surprisingly beautiful.

he felt dejected because he was mainly interested in seeing Sita.. 55-56


The moon also making up his mind to help Hanuman, rose up along with its thousands of rays ,decorating the roof of the world with moonlight , in the middle of the stars and along with them. 57

(note: that before this the ocean, God of wind and Sun were trying to help Hanuman)


That monkey hero saw the moon who was having the luster of a conch, having the colour of milk and lotus stem and who was shining above as if he was a swan swimming in the lotus pond. 58

Thus ends the second chapter of Sundara Kanda which

is in the Ramayana which is the first epic written by Valmiki.

Third Chapter

Victory over the goddess of Sri Lanka

( The stopping of Hanuman by the Goddess of Lanka and his victory over her)
Hanuman the monkey chief who is the son of the God of Wind , who is remarkably intelligent and strong, and who was on the Lamba mountain which was as big as a cloud ,prepared with courage to enter the city of Lanka which had pretty gardens and lakes and which was also protected by Ravana . 1-2
Hanuman saw the city which was shining like the clouds of autumn, which had the booming sound of ocean, where sea breeze wafts continuously, , which was similar to Alakapuri the capital of Kubhera11, which was full of enthusiastic army, which had very regal and pretty tower gates, which had a white decorated gate way, which was protected like Bhogawathi the city of serpents, which was great, which was having clouds like the streak of lightning, which reached up to the path of stars, which was similar to Amaravathi the city of Devendra, which had cool breeze, which was surrounded by big golden walls, which had the jingling sound of bells, and which was decorated by flags,

again and again and with thoughtful surprise neared it and with happiness and force jumped and climbed its walls. 3-8

Hanuman saw with pleasure the city of Sri Lanka .which had Gates made of gold, which had floors on which precious gems were embedded, which had majestic towers that appeared to fly and were made of gold in which diamonds, crystals, pearls and other precious gems were embedded, which had courtyards and houses made of molten gold and decorated by silver and thus appearing white , which had steps made of precious gems interspersed with powder of crystals through which swans walked hither and thither, which was filled with sounds of Krouncha (mythical birds) birds and pea cocks , which had many musical instruments which when played were making reverberating sounds and which was like the city of Indra touching the sky . 9-12

That heroic Hanuman seeing the splendorous , rare and richly endowed city of the chief Rakshasas thought like this. 13
“Protected by the army of Ravana which has kept all arms in readiness, this city can not be conquered by anyone using his strength.” 14
“This perhaps can be entered only by the famous Kumuda, Angadha, the great monkeys Sushena, Mainda and Dwividha . 15
“This could be entered possibly by Sugreeva the son of Sun, Kusa Parva the monkey, Jambhavan the bear, Kethumala and myself.” 16
“He then remembered about the great valor and masculinity of the great heroes Rama and Lakshmana and became pleased.” 17

(Though the above monkeys were capable of entering the city, he was not sure that they would be able to conquer it and so the thought of these heroes pleased him)


Hanuman saw that famous decorated city which had palace like buildings from which darkness was removed , which was complete and which did not have any deficiencies and which looked like a young lady who wore the glitter of gems as her dress, the pretty stables as ear studs and who had the workshops of the city as breasts. 18-19
Then the city goddess took her actual form and saw the very strong, monkey chief who was the son of the wind god entering the city. 20

(This goddess called Lanka Lakshmi was earlier called Vijaya Lakshmi and was the keeper of the treasury of Lord Brahma. She was once careless and did not do her work properly. Brahma cursed her to become the watch woman of Ravana He also told her that on the day she is defeated by a monkey, she will regain her original form)

That Goddess of Lanka City who was looked after by Ravana saw the monkey chief and appeared with a grotesque face. 21

She stood in front of the valorous son of wind god and with a booming loud voice spoke to the son of wind. 22
“Who are you? Why have you come here? Tell that which is the truth ,for then only your soul will continue to exist” 23
“This city of Lanka is protected on all the four sides by the invisible soldiers of Ravana and so definitely you cannot enter it.” 24

(this Sloka also indicates that the Goddess of Lanka is immortal and hence would continue protecting it even if the soldiers were defeated)
Then the valorous Hanuman replied to her who was in front of him,” I would tell the truthful answer to what you have asked.” 25
“By the way who are you? Why are seeing me cruelly? Why are you dangerously bullying me? But also why are you standing near the gate?” 26
That lady of Lanka who was capable of taking any form she liked hearing the words of Hanuman, addressed the son of wind God with hatred thus:- 27
“I am one who obey the orders of Ravana , the all powerful king of rakshasas and . I cannot be won over by anybody and I protect this city.” 28
“Hey monkey, you cannot enter here disregarding me. Now itself you are going to sleep after loosing your soul after I kill you.” 29
“ Monkey, I am the city of Lanka and I alone guard it with utmost care and I am telling this to you only.” 30
Hearing the words of Sri Lanka, Hanuman the monkey chief who was the son of Wind God, became sad and stood like another mountain. 31

He who is an expert and the greatest among those who can jump facing her who has taken a feminine form, spoke to her softly like this:- 32

“I am going to see this city which has forts, spires and towers. I have come here only for this as I am interested in it.” 33
“My coming to this city of Lanka is to enable me to see the gardens, forests ,fields and mansions.” 34
That Lanka Rakshasi who can take any form she likes, even after hearing the words of Hanuman, still spoke to him in a harsh manner. 35
“Hey bad monkey , without winning over me who am guarding this city , you cannot enter in to it.” 36
Then the great monkey facing the Rakshasi told her, “Lady, I will just see the city and go away.”. 37
Then the Goddess of Lanka shouted uproariously and with great strength beat the chief of the monkeys. 38
Having been beaten by the lady of Lanka, that monkey chief who was a hero and also the son of wind God roared in a very high pitch. 39
Then Hanuman forgetting himself because of anger, folding his fingers hit her strongly with his left fist. 40
Because he knew that she was a lady he did not show his anger too much. 41
That Rakshasi because of the fist punch suddenly fell down on the ground with broken limbs, horrible face and showed her real form. 42
Because of the knowledge that she was a woman, seeing her fallen on the ground Hanuman looked at her with mercy. 43
After this that Goddess of Lanka with stuttering voice and devoid of pride told him the following words. 44

“Hey, great hero, please show mercy on me. Hey ,Monkey chief who is soft by nature, please save me. Good people of great strength always are stable in showing justice.“ 45

(She indicates that the just people who are strong do not kill a woman)
“Hey, very strong monkey chief, I am myself the Goddess of the city of Lanka and a great hero, and you have defeated me by your prowess.” 46
“Hey, Lord of the monkeys, I am telling you truly about the boon given to me by Brahma himself. And so please hear.” 47
“The day when a monkey defeats you by his prowess, then you please understand without doubt that bad time has come to the Rakshasas.” 48
“ Hey graceful one, by your sight, I surely understand that the time has come to me.. Whatever has been told by Brahma is the truth for no change can come to it.” 49
“The final end has come near to the bad soul Ravana and his rakshasas due to Sita.” . 50
“And so monkey chief, enter this city protected by Ravana and do there whatever you wish to do.” 51
“So you who are the Lord of the monkeys, please enter this good town ruled by the Rakshasa king, which is badly affected by the curses, and search for the daughter of Janaka properly..” 52

(This clearly indicates that Sita was present in the city. The curse refereed to above is given by the bull Nandi Deva the vehicle of Lord Shiva when he was jeered at by Ravana)




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