Swiss Family Robinson by Johann David Wyss


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Swiss Family Robinson

by Johann David Wyss

Chapter 1

For many days we had been tempest-tossed. Six times had the darkness

closed over a wild and terrific scene, and returning light as often

brought but renewed distress, for the raging storm increased in

fury until on the seventh day all hope was lost.

We were driven completely out of our course; no conjecture

could be formed as to our whereabouts. The crew had lost heart,

and were utterly exhausted by incessant labour. The riven masts

had gone by the board, leaks had been sprung in every direction,

and the water, which rushed in, gained upon us rapidly.

Instead of reckless oaths, the seamen now uttered frantic cries to

God for mercy, mingled with strange and often ludicrous vows, to

be performed should deliverance be granted. Every man on board

alternately commended his soul to his Creator, and strove to

bethink himself of some means of saving his life.

My heart sank as I looked round upon my family in the midst of

these horrors. Our four young sons were overpowered by terror.

`Dear children,' said I, `if the Lord will, He can save us even

from this fearful peril; if not, let us calmly yield our lives

into His hand, and think of the joy and blessedness of finding

ourselves for ever and ever united in that happy home above.

Even death is not too bitter, when it does not separate those

who love one another.'

At these words my weeping wife looked bravely up, and, as the

boys clustered round her, she began to cheer and encourage them

with calm and loving words. I rejoiced to see her fortitude,

though my heart was ready to break as I gazed on my dear ones.

We knelt down together, one after another praying with deep

earnestness and emotion. Fritz, in particular, besought help

and deliverance for his dear parents and brothers, as though

quite forgetting himself. Our hearts were soothed by the never-

failing comfort of child-like confiding prayer, and the horrors

of our situation seemed less overwhelming. `Ah,' thought I,

`the Lord will hear our prayer! He will help us.'

Amid the roar of the thundering waves I suddenly heard the cry

of `Land! land!', while at the same instant the ship struck with

a frightful shock, which threw everyone to the deck, and seemed

to threaten her immediate destruction. Dreadful sounds betokened

the breaking up of the ship, and the roaring waters poured in on

all sides.

Then the voice of the captain was heard above the tumult, shouting,

`Lower away the boats! We are lost!'

`Lost!' I exclaimed, and the word went like a dagger to my heart;

but seeing my children's terror renewed, I composed myself,

calling out cheerfully, `Take courage, my boys! We are all above

water yet. There is the land not far off, let us do our best to

reach it. You know God helps those that help themselves! Remain

with your mother, while I go on deck to see what is best to be

done now.' With that, I left them and went on deck.

A wave instantly threw me down; another followed, and then another,

as I contrived to find my footing. The ship was shattered on all

directions, and on one side there was a large hole in the hull.

Forgetting the passengers, the ship's company crowded into the

lifeboats, and the last who entered cut the davit ropes to cast

each boat into the sea.

What was my horror when through the foam and spray I beheld the

last remaining boat leave the ship, the last of the seamen spring

into her and push off, regardless of my cries and entreaties that

we might be allowed to share their slender chance of preserving

their lives. My voice was drowned in the howling of the blast,

and even had the crew wished it, the return of the boat was

impossible, for the waves were mountain-high.

Casting my eyes despairingly around, I became gradually aware

that our position was by no means hopeless, inasmuch as the

stern of the ship containing our cabin was jammed between two

high rocks, and was partly raised from among the breakers which

dashed the fore-part to pieces. As the clouds of mist and rain

drove past, I could make out, through rents in the vaporous

curtain, a line of rocky coast, and, rugged as it was, my heart

bounded towards it as a sign of help in the hour of need.

Yet the sense of our lonely and forsaken condition weighed heavily

upon me as I returned to my family, constraining myself to say

with a smile, `Courage, dear ones! Although our good ship will

never sail more, she is so placed that our cabin will remain

above water, and tomorrow, if the wind and waves abate, I see no

reason why we should not be able to get ashore.'

These few words had an immediate effect on the spirits of my

children, for my family had the habit of trusting in my assurances.

The boys at once regarded our problematical chance of escaping as

a happy certainty, and began to enjoy the relief from the violent

pitching and rolling of the vessel.

My wife, however, perceived my distress and anxiety in spite of

my forced composure, and I made her comprehend our real situation,

greatly fearing the effect of the intelligence on her nerves. Not

for a moment did her courage and trust in Providence forsake her,

and on seeing this, my fortitude revived.

`We must find some food, and take a good supper,' said she, `it

will never do to grow faint by fasting too long. We shall require

our utmost strength tomorrow.'

Night drew on apace, the storm was as fierce as ever, and at

intervals we were startled by crashes announcing further damage

to our unfortunate ship. We thought of the lifeboats, and feared

that all they contained must have sunk under the foaming waves.

`God will help us soon now, won't He, father?' said my youngest


`You silly little thing,' said Fritz, my eldest son, sharply,

`don't you know that we must not settle what God is to do for

us? We must have patience and wait His time.'

`Very well said, had it been said kindly, Fritz, my boy. You too

often speak harshly to your brothers, although you may not mean

to do so.'

A good meal being now ready, my youngsters ate heartily, and

retiring to rest were speedily fast asleep. Fritz, who was of

an age to be aware of the real danger we were in, kept watch

with us. After a long silence, `Father,' said he, `don't you

think we might contrive swimming-belts for mother and the boys?

With those we might all escape to land, for you and I can swim.'

`Your idea is so good,' answered I, `that I shall arrange something

at once, in case of an accident during the night.'

We immediately searched about for what would answer the purpose,

and fortunately got hold of a number of empty flasks and tin

canisters, which we connected two and two together so as to form

floats sufficiently buoyant to support a person in the water, and

my wife and young sons each willingly put one on. I then provided

myself with matches, dry tinder, knives, cord, and other portable

articles, trusting that, should the vessel go to pieces before

daylight, we might gain the shore, not wholly destitute.

Fritz, as well as his brothers, now slept soundly. Throughout the

night my wife and I maintained our prayerful watch, dreading at

every fresh sound some fatal change in the position of the wreck.

At length the faint dawn of day appeared, the long weary night was

over, and with thankful hearts we perceived that the gale had begun

to moderate; blue sky was seen above us, and the lovely hues of

sunrise adorned the eastern horizon.

I aroused the boys, and we assembled on the remaining portion of

the deck, when they, to their surprise, discovered that no one

else was on board.

`Hallo, papa! What has become of everybody? Are the sailors gone?

Have they taken away the boats? Oh, papa! why did they leave us

behind? What can we do by ourselves!'

`My good children,' I replied, `we must not despair, although we

seem deserted. See how those on whose skill and good faith we

depended have left us cruelly to our fate in the hour of danger.

God will never do so. He has not forsaken us, and we will trust

Him still. Only let us bestir ourselves, and each cheerily do his

best. Who has anything to propose?'

`The sea will soon be calm enough for swimming,' said Fritz.

`And that would be all very fine for you,' exclaimed Ernest, `for

you can swim, but think of mother and the rest of us! Why not

build a raft and all get on shore together?'

`We should find it difficult, I think, to make a raft that would

carry us safe to shore. However, we must contrive something, and

first let each try to procure what will be of most use to us.'

Away we all went to see what was to be found, I myself proceeding

to examine, as of greatest consequence, the supplies of provisions

and fresh water within our reach.

My wife took her youngest son, Franz, to help her to attend to the

unfortunate animals on board, who were in a pitiful plight,

having been neglected for several days.

Fritz hastened to the arms chest, Ernest to look for tools;

and Jack went towards the captain's cabin, the door of which

he no sooner opened, than out sprang two splendid large dogs,

who testified their extreme delight and gratitude by such

tremendous bounds that they knocked their little deliverer

completely head over heels, frightening him nearly out of his


Jack did not long yield either to fear or anger, he presently

recovered himself, the dogs seemed to ask pardon by vehemently

licking his face and hands, and so, seizing the larger by the

ears, he jumped on his back, and, to my great amusement, coolly r

ode to meet me as I came up the hatchway. I could not refrain

from laughing at the site, and I praised his courage, but warned

him to be cautious and remember that animals of this species might,

in a state of hunger, be dangerous.

When we reassembled in the cabin, we all displayed our treasures.

Fritz brought a couple of guns, shot belt, powder-flasks, and

plenty of bullets.

Ernest produced a cap full of nails, a pair of large scissors,

an axe, and a hammer, while pincers, chisels and augers stuck

out of all his pockets.

Even little Franz* carried a box of no small size, and eagerly

began to show us the `nice sharp little hooks' it contained.

His brothers smiled scornfully.

* Some editions translate this to Francis,

apparently to avoid confusion with Fritz.

I see no reason for the change, and am

retaining the original spelling. Ed.

`Well, done, Franz!' cried I, `these fish hooks, which you the

youngest have found, may contribute more than anything else in

the ship to save our lives by procuring food for us. Fritz and

Ernest, you have chosen well.'

`Will you praise me too?' said my dear wife. `I have nothing to

show, but I can give you good news. Some useful animals are still

alive: a donkey, two goats, six sheep, a ram, and a cow and a

fine sow both big with young. I was but just in time to save

their lives by taking food to them. The goats I milked, though

I do not know how I shall preserve the milk in this dreadful heat.'

`All these things are excellent indeed,' said I, `but my friend

Jack here has presented me with a couple of huge hungry useless

dogs, who will eat more than any of us.'

`Oh, papa! They will be of use! Why, they will help us to hunt

when we get on shore!'

`No doubt they will, if ever we do get on shore, Jack; but I

must say I don't know how it is to be done.'

`Can't we each get into a big tub, and float there?' returned he.

`I have often sailed splendidly like that, round the pond at home.'

`My child, you have hit on a capital idea,' cried I. `That is

certainly worth trying. Now, Ernest, let me have your tools,

hammers, nails, saws, augers, and all; and then make haste to

collect any tubs you can find!'

We very soon found four large casks, made of sound wood and

strongly bound with iron hoops; they were floating with many

other things in the water in the hold, but we managed to fish

them out, and place them on the lower deck, which was at that

time scarcely above water. They were exactly what I wanted, and

I succeeded in sawing them across the middle. Hard work it was,

and we were glad enough to stop and refresh ourselves with goat's

milk, wine,* and biscuits.

* Even as late as this book was written, public

water was likely to be polluted. Children as well

as adults drank alcoholic beverages, often

considerably diluted with water, because it had

been observed that children who did not drink

plain water were more likely to survive childhood.

My eight tubs now stood ranged in a row near the water's edge,

and I looked at them with great satisfaction; to my surprise,

my wife did not seem to share my pleasure!

`I shall never,' said she, `muster courage to get into one

of these!'

`Do not be too sure of that, dear wife; when you see my contrivance

completed, you will perhaps prefer it to this immovable wreck.'

I next procured a long thin plank on which my tubs could be fixed,

and the two ends of this I bent upwards so as to form a keel.

Other two planks were nailed along the sides of the tubs; they,

also being flexible, were brought to a point at each end, and

all firmly secured and nailed together, producing a kind of

narrow boat, divided into eight compartments, which I had no

doubt would float adequately in calm water. But when we thought

all was ready for the launch, we found, to our dismay, that the

grand contrivance was so heavy and clumsy that even our united

efforts could not move it an inch.

`I must have a lever,' cried I. `Run and fetch the capstan bar!'

Fritz quickly brought one and, having formed rollers by cutting

up a long spar, I raised the forepart of my boat with the bar,

and my sons placed a roller under it.

`How is it, father,' inquired Ernest, `that with that thing you

alone can do more than all of us together?'

I explained, as well as I could in a hurry, the principle of

Archimedes' lever; from which he said he could move the world

if he had a point from which his mechanism might operate, and

promised to have a long talk on the subject of mechanics when

we should be safe on land.

I now made fast a long rope to the stern of our boat, attaching

the other end to a beam; then placing a second and third roller

under it, we once more began to push, this time with success, and

soon our gallant craft was safely launched: so swiftly indeed did

she glide into the water that, if the rope had not been well

secured, she would have passed beyond our reach. The boys wished

to jump in directly; but, alas, she leaned so much on one side

that they could not venture to do so.

Some heavy things being thrown in, however, the boat righted

itself by degrees, and the boys were so delighted that they

struggled which should first leap in to have the fun of sitting

down in the tubs. But it was plain to me at once that something

more was required to make her perfectly safe, so I contrived

outriggers to preserve the balance, by nailing long poles across

at the stem and stern, and fixing at the ends of each empty

brandy cask.

Then, the boat appearing steady, I got in; and turning it towards

the most open side of the wreck, I cut and cleared away

obstructions, so as to leave a free passage for our departure,

and the boys brought oars to be ready for the voyage. This

important undertaking we were forced to postpone until the

next day, as it was by this time far too late to attempt it.

It was not pleasant to have to spend another night in so precarious

a situation; but, yielding to necessity, we sat down to enjoy a

comfortable supper, for during our exciting and incessant work

all day we had taken nothing but an occasional biscuit and a

little wine.

We prepared for rest in a much happier frame of mind than on the

preceding day, but I did not forget the possibility of a renewed

storm, and therefore made every one put on the belts as before.

I persuaded my wife (not without considerable difficulty), to

put on a sailor's dress, assuring her she would find it much

more comfortable and convenient for all she would have to go


She at last consented to do this, and left us for a short time,

reappearing with much embarrassment and many blushes, in a most

becoming suit, which she had found in a midshipman's chest.* We

all admired her costume, and any awkwardness she felt soon

began to pass off; then we retired to our hammocks, where peaceful

sleep prepared us all for the exertions of the coming day.

* At the time this book was written, women always

wore long skirts. A woman wearing trousers would

be considered so shocking that if she were so garbed

on a public street she would probably be arrested

for indecency.

We rose up betimes, for sleep weighs lightly on the hopeful as

well as on the anxious. After kneeling together in prayer, `Now

my beloved ones,' said I, `with God's help we are about to effect

our escape. Let the poor animals we must leave behind, be well

fed, and put plenty of fodder within their reach: in a few days

we may be able to return, and save them likewise. After that,

collect everything you can think of which may be of use to us.'

The boys joyfully obeyed me; and I selected, from the large

quantity of stores they got together, canvas to make a tent,

a chest of carpenter's tools, guns, pistols, powder, shot,

and bullets, rods and fishing tackle, an iron pot, a case of

portable soup and another of biscuit. These useful articles of

course took the place of the ballast I had hastily thrown in

the day before; even so, the boys had brought so many things

that we were obliged to leave some of them for a future trip.

With a hearty prayer for God's blessing, we now began to take

our seats, each in his tub. Just then we heard the cocks begin

to crow and the chickens to cackle, as though to reproach us

for deserting them.

`Why should not the fowls go with us!' exclaimed I. `If we find

no food for them, they can be food for us!' Ten hens and a couple

of cocks were accordingly placed in one of the tubs, and secured

with some wire-netting over them.

The ducks and geese were set at liberty, and took to the water at

once, while the pigeons, rejoicing to find themselves on the wing,

swiftly made for the shore. My wife, who managed all this for me,

kept us waiting for her some little time, and came at last with a

bag as big as a pillow in her arms. `This is my contribution,'

said she, throwing the bag to little Franz, to be, as I thought,

a cushion for him to sit upon, or to protect himself from being

tossed from side to side.

All being ready, we cast off, and moved away from the wreck. My

good, brave wife sat in the first compartment of the boat; next

her was Franz, a sweet-tempered, affectionate little boy, nearly

six years old. Then came Fritz, a handsome, spirited young fellow

of fourteen; the two centre tubs contained the valuable cargo;

then came our bold, thoughtless Jack, ten years old; next him

twelve-year-old Ernest, my second son, intelligent, well-informed,

and rather indolent. I myself, the anxious, loving father, stood

in the stern, endeavouring to guide the raft with its precious

burden to a safe landing-place.

The elder boys took the oars; everyone wore a float belt, and

had something useful close to him in case of being thrown into

the water.

The tide was flowing, which was a great help to the young oarsmen.

We emerged from the wreck and glided into the open sea. All eyes

were strained to get a full view of the land, and the boys pulled

with a will; but for some time we made no progress, as the boat

kept turning round and round, until I hit upon the right way to

steer it, after which we merrily made for the shore.

We had left the two dogs, Turk and Juno, on the wreck, as being

both large mastiffs we did not care to have their additional

weight on board our craft; but when they saw us apparently

deserting them, they set up a piteous howl, and sprang into

the sea. I was sorry to see this, for the distance to the land

was so great that I scarcely expected them to be able to

accomplish it. They followed us, however, and, occasionally

resting their fore-paws on the outriggers, kept up with us well.

Jack was inclined to deny them this their only chance of safety.

`Stop,' said I, `that would be unkind as well as foolish; remember,

the merciful man regardeth the life of his beast. God has given

the dog to man to be his faithful companion and friend.'

Our passage, though tedious, was safe; but the nearer we approached

the shore the less inviting it appeared; the barren rocks seemed

to threaten us with misery and want.

Many casks, boxes and bales of goods floated on the water around

us. Fritz and I managed to secure a couple of hogsheads, so as

to tow them alongside. With the prospect of famine before us, it

was desirable to lay hold of anything likely to contain provisions.

By-and-by we began to perceive that, between and beyond the

cliffs, green grass and trees were discernible. Fritz could

distinguish many tall palms, and Ernest hoped they would prove

to be cocoanut trees, and enjoyed the thoughts of drinking the

refreshing milk.

`I am very sorry I never thought of bringing away the captain's

telescope,' said I.

`Oh, look here, father!' cried Jack, drawing a little spy-glass

joyfully out of his pocket.

By means of this glass, I made out that at some distance to the

left the coast was much more inviting; a strong current however

carried us directly towards the frowning rocks, but I presently

observed an opening, where a stream flowed into the sea, and saw

that our geese and ducks were swimming towards this place. I

steered after them into the creek, and we found ourselves in a

small bay or inlet where the water was perfectly smooth and of

moderate depth. The ground sloped gently upwards from the low

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