The Annals of the Worthy Rev. James Ussher


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643. In those days when Hezekiah was very sick he was told by Isaiah that he would die. He poured out his tears and prayers tod and he was healed. Another 15 years were added to his life. Isa 38:1,5,21 2Ki 2:1,7 2Ch 32:24 He composed a song. First hhowed the seriousness of his illness and the anxiety he had. He told of his prayer to God and then acknowledged the great benefif his recovery received from God. Lastly he testified his faith in God, and promised to be everlastingly thankful to him.
644. It is true that in the scripture this is recorded after the story of the slaughter of Sennacherib and his army. However norecisely but with a general annotation only of the time, "In those days." For this happened before his sickness, these scripturelainly show.
``I will add unto thy days fifteen years and will deliver thee and this city out of the hand of the king of Assyria and I will defend thiity.''
645. Isa 38:5,6 2Ki 20:6 Now if we subtract from the 29 years which Hezekiah reigned, these 15 years, we shall find that thlaughter of Sennacherib and his army happened in the latter end of the 14th year of his reign.
646. The sign of Hezekiah's recovery which God at his request gave to him, was that miraculous going back of the shadow of thun, upon the dial of Ahaz as recorded in Isa 38:8
``Behold I will bring again the shadow of the degrees, which is gone down in the sundial of Ahaz, 10 degrees backward, so the sueturned ten degrees, by which degrees it was gone down.''

647. As Jonathan the Chaldee Paraphraser interprets, "the stone of the hours" and renders it by the hours of the clock. Yet in hiommentary on this passage he observes that the Hebrew word signifies degrees. Also in 2Ki 20:9 he states:

``wilt thou that the shadow ascend 10 degrees, or that it return back 10 degrees?''
648. Nor may we ignore the Greek LXX interpretation of this passage since it is more ancient than any of these writings. It statehat by these words used here, no other thing is meant in this history but the degrees of those scales or stairs which were made bhaz. Since it cannot be shown that until after their return from the captivity of Babylon, there was any observation or use at all oours among the Jews. Others also attribute the invention of the Gnomon in the dial among the Greeks to men of a later date as

Anaximadder or Anaximener. This I shall show later in the note on 3457 AM. However it seems that they received it originallrom the Babylonians as noted by Herodotus, when he says, (lib. 2. c. 109.)
``The pole and the dial and the dividing of the day into twelve hours, all these the Greeks learned from the Babylonians.''

649. As concerning the retrograde motion of the Sun as mentioned in, Isa 38:8 /APC Sir 48:23 it is when the sun stood still at thrayer of Joshua the moon also stood still at the same time. Jos 10:12,13 It is apparent that with the sun the moon also, and all thrame of heaven went backward and that there was as much subtracted from the night, as there was added to the day. There wa miraculous alteration in the parts of the normal day. By divine providence things were so ordered that no harm or hinderance diappen to the constant and ever self like motion and harmony of the heavenly bodies. This is evident by those three solar eclipsesf which I spoke earlier, from Ptolemy. The account of these if calculated from our times backward yields the same result of thimes as was formerly observed by the Chaldeans and in the same manner as if no such retrogradation or going back of the suad ever happened.

650. Now in the beginning of the 15th year of Hezekiah's reign, Merodach, or Berodach Baladan, the son Baladan, the king oabylon, sent messengers with presents to him. They wanted to know the reason for the miraculous retrogradation of the suhich happened in the world. Hezekiah from pride and vain ostentation showed them all his treasures and pomp of riches. Goresently foretold him of the captivity of Babylon which was to happen:
``Behold the days come, that all that is in thine house and that which thy fathers have laid up in store until this day, shall be carrieway into Babylon; nothing shall be left, saith the Lord.''
651. He added further that his sons which were not yet born should also be carried into captivity.
``Thy sons also, that shall issue from thee and which thou shalt beget, shall they take away and they shall be eunuchs in the palacf the king of Babylon,''Isa 39:1 8 2Ki 20:12 19
652. Nevertheless when Hezekiah with the inhabitants of Jerusalem, had humbled himself for his former pride, the fierce wrath ohe Lord fell not upon them in the days of Hezekiah. 2Ch 32:25,26,31

653. Micah also the Morasthite, prophesied to the people in Hezekiah's days:
``That Zion should be plowed and Jerusalem laid in heaps and the mountain itself of the house of the Lord, as the high places in orest'' Mic 3:12 Jer 26:18,19

(The important thing to note is that the earlier eclipse data was not disturbed by the events in Hezekiah's day. Whatever happenedffected at the very least the sun, earth and moon system. God made time go backward not just have the earth rotate backwardtherwise the eclipse data would be thrown off for eclipses that occurred before Hezekiah's event happened. An undesigneoincidence in the sciptures verifies their authority. Of all the people in the world, it is only recorded that the Chaldeans visiteezekiah. They were very careful in noting astronomical events and had noticed something strange as far away as Babylon. Theo doubt heard that Hezekiah had something to do with it and hence they went to him to learn more of this event. In 331 BC theurned over 1903 years of astronomical observations to Callisthenes when Alexander the Great was in Babylon. Editor)

3292 AM, 4002 JP, 712 BC
654. Memnon writes that Astacum in Bithynia, was built by the Megarenses, in the beginning of the 17th Olympiad. (Bibliothotii. p. 347.)
655. Herodotus, (lib. 2. c. 141.) tells us, that Sennacherib invaded Egypt, with a vast army and made war upon Sethon, the priest oulcan. This man was a weak king and famous for nothing except for being devoutly or rather superstitiously addicted to thorship of his petty god, Vulcan. Herodotus also adds that even in his time, there remained a stone image of Sethon holding ouse in his hand. These words were engraved on the statue.
``Let every man that looks on me, Learn godly and devout to be.''
656. For his and their countries and their own priesthood's honour, the priests in that area expound it this way. Sethon who waoth king and priest, had by virtue of his piety and prayers to his god Vulcan prevailed with the god. For when Pelussum, whictands in the very entrance of Egypt was besieged by the enemy, their horse bridles, and buckles of their buckler, were so gnawo pieces by mice that the next day they fled with the loss of many of their men. However, whatever the matter was at Pelusium,

the undoubted word of the prophet assures us, that the Assyrians marched far into the very heart of Egypt and led away a greaany captives.
657. Nahum's prophecy against No was likely fulfilled by this expedition of Sennacherib's. No was a large and strong city in Egypthe prophecy was:

``yet was she carried away; she went into captivity, her young children also were dashed in pieces in the top of every street, anhey cast lots for their honourable men and all her great men were bound in chains'' Na 3:10

3294c AM, 4004 JP, 710 BC
658. The prophecy made by Isaiah 3 years earlier concerning the rest of Egypt was fulfilled at this time. Isa 24:1 23
``The king of Assyria shall carry away a great multitude of the Egyptians captive; and of the Ethiopians young and old prisonersaked and barefoot'':
659. I do not see why the next two verses should not refer to the Jews.
``And they shall be ashamed of Ethiopia their expectation and of Egypt their glory: and the inhabitants of this country shall say ihat day: Behold such is our expectation, whither we flee for help to be delivered from the king of Assyria and how shall wscape?'' Isa 20:5,6
660. The Assyrian messenger had a good reason to remind them of Egypt when he said:
``Now behold, you trust in the staff of this bruised reed Egypt, on which if a man lean, it will go into his hand and pierce it; for eveo is Pharaoh, to all such as trust upon him,'' 2Ki 18:27
661. For we find the same simile used by God of the Egyptians and Israelites, in Eze 29:6,7 and in Isa 30:1 31:9. Here many thingere spoken against the vain hope which the Jews had of help from Egypt.
``Therefore, saith he, shall the strength of Pharaoh be your shame, and your trust in the shadow of Egypt your confusion, for thgyptians shall help in vain and to no purpose: therefore have I cried concerning this, Their strength is to stay at home.'' Isa 30:3,7

662. When Sennacherib returned from Egypt into Palestine, he besieged Lachish with all his forces. 2Ch 32:9 Hezekiah sent to hit Lachish to buy his peace and agreed with him for peace at a certain price. Therefore he drained all his own treasure of whice had formerly been so proud as well as the treasury of the temple. He paid him 300 talents of silver and 30 talents of gold. Whee took the money, he broke his agreement and sent from Lachish to Jerusalem Tartan, who had now taken Azotus and Rabsarind Rabshakeh with a large army. 2Ki 18:14 17

663. When these came to Jerusalem, they stood at the conduit of the upper pool by the highway of the fullers field. After thealled out to speak with the king, Eliakim, the son of Hilkiah and Shebna the recorder went out to them. When they would nourrender the city, Rabshakeh then cried out that Hezekiah did vainly rely on God for help and that he himself was sent by Godfter he reviled the God of Israel and Hezekiah his servant with many reproachful sayings, he tried to make the people rebel anefect to the king of Assyria. This they spoke loudly in the Hebrew language so that the people who stood on the wall might heand understand what they said. This they did to frighten and cause them anxiety so that in the resulting tumult they might easilssault and take the city. Isa 36:1 22 2Ki 18:17 37 2Ch 32:9 18
664. When Hezekiah heard of this, he tore his clothes, put on sackcloth and went into the house of the Lord. He sent Eliakimhebna and the elders of the priests, clothed likewise in sackcloth, to Isaiah the prophet. They asked him to seek counsel of Goor this sad situation and to pray to God for help. The prophet encouraged them. He said that after the king of Assyria heard umour, he would lift his siege and return to his country and be murdered. This all came to pass. Isa 37:1 7 2Ki 19:1 7
665. When Rabshakeh could not take Jerusalem, he returned to Sennacherib. He left Lachish and besieged Libnah. Isa 37:8 2Ki


666. Tirhakah king of Ethiopia did not invade Egypt and Syria as Scaliger groundlessly asserts in his notes on Eusibius (p. 72.) ann his Isagogical Canons, page 311. Rather he sent forces to assist and help the Egyptians and Jews. For the Scripture is clear, thae came to fight against Sennacherib. Isa 37:9 2Ki 19:9 This Tirhakah, Strabo (lib. 1. and 15.) calls, Tearcon the Ethiopian anurther notes from Megasthenes, a writer of the history of India, that he passed over into Europe and went as far as the pillars oercules.

667. When Sennacherib at Libnah heard a report of Tirhakah coming, he sent his commander with railing letters to Hezekiah. Hpoke of the God of Israel as if he were like one of the gods of the nations, mere works of men's hands. Hezekiah took it beforhe Lord in his temple and with many tears sought help and deliverance from God against the Assyrians. God answered him bsaiah the prophet. He said that God would defend that city and that the king of Assyria should not so much as come there, buhould return by the way he came. Isa 37:9 35 2Ki 19:9 34 2Ch 32:17,19,20
668. The very same night after these things happened at Jerusalem and a few days after his victory over the Ethiopians whicappened about this time as some gather from, Isa 18:1 19:25 God sent his angel to their camp. He destroyed every man of valourvery commander, and chief man in the Assyrian army. The next morning there were found 185,000 dead men. After thiennacherib shamefully broke camp and returned into his own land to rest at Nineveh. It came to pass that as he was worshippinefore his god Nisroch, Adrammelech and Sharezer slew him with the sword. They fled immediately into the land of Ararat, ormenia. and Esarhaddon his son reigned in his stead. Isa 37:36 38 2Ki 19:35 37 2Ch 32:21 All this was foretold by the prophetsa 38:1 22 31:8,9

669. In the first chapter of the book of Tobit, there are these things found which belong to this story. When Sennacherib fled froudah, he slew many of the Jews for the hatred he had toward the Israelites. Tobit, or Tobia the elder, stole away the dead bodiend gave them a proper burial. When he was accused of this to the king of Nineveh, he fled into hiding for a time. They plunderend spoiled of all his goods leaving him only Anne his wife and Tobias his son. After 45 days, or as the Greek copy has it, before 55 days, Sennacherib was murdered by his sons. When they fled into the mountains of Ararat, Esarhaddon his son reigned in hitead. Some copies incorrectly call him Achirdon or Sarchedon. The new king set Achiacarus, the son of Hananeel, Tobit'rother, over all his father's affairs and his own. He was his steward and keeper of his accounts and the cupbearer having thrivy seal and was the second man after the king.

670. Hezekiah had his son Manasseh, by Hephzibah, 3 years after his life was lengthened and 12 years before his death.
671. The Medes had up until now lived without a king. After Dejoces would not judge their causes and controversies any longer, civil disorder ensued. The Assyrians used this occasion to take possession of many cities and places in Media as I noted before on 3283 AM. The people did not like the resulting anarchy and they submitted unanimously to Dejoces. This was 150 years beforyrus began his reign as Herodotus in his first book states quoting from Ctesias on this point. Both Dionysius, Halicarnasseus anppianus Alexandrinus, in the beginning of his Roman Histories agree. Though Diodorus Siculus, in his second book, whethehrough faulty memory or poor copying puts Cyazaris for Dejoces. He is said to have been elected king over the Medes, about thecond year of the 17th Olympiad according to Herodotus. For subtracting 150 years from the beginning of the reign of Cyruhich he supposed happened in the beginning of the 55th Olympiad results in the middle of the year 4154 JP or 560 BC. It followhat the 1st year of Dejoces the first king of the Medes must be in the 3rd year of the 17th Olympiad in the middle of the year 400P. This allowed the latter end of the second year of the same Olympiad to have been spent in the transaction of this business anlection of the new king. This is the first epoch or point of the beginning of this new kingdom of the Medes. Herodotus correctletermined and recorded this fact. The precise times of every king's reign when compared with the eclipse of the sun, whicappened in the reign of Cyaxares described later in the 3403 AM. will be shown as we proceed.
3295a AM, 4004 JP, 710 BC

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