Aunt Agather phoned my Uncle Bob. She said she wanted to stay for a few days. He said he could make up the spare bed, or make up the futon in the sitting room. She couldn’t make up her mind which she preferred, the futon or the spare bed. After an hour he got a bit annoyed. They had an argument and she hung up. But she likes Uncle Bob so she decided to make up. She drove to see him, but she got held up in a traffic jam. So she drove fast to try to make up time. Then she realised she was being followed. The car had some letters on it, but she couldn’t make them out. Pol...Poli... what was it? Police! The police car stopped her. Aunt Agather panicked; she decided to make up a story to explain why she had been speeding. She made out she was a doctor. “I’m a doctor” She explained “I was going to the hospital. It’s an emergency.” She showed the policeman her licence, but it was a very bad photocopy. He couldn’t make it out. “Bill, can you make this out, what does it say?” His partner couldn’t make it out either. “What do you make of her story?” They eventually decided to let her go. She made for the first pub to have a big drink. She met Uncle Bob. They soon made up. He offered to buy her a drink. “What would you like, beer of wine?” “Oh, beer or wine, I don’t know, beer or wine, hmmme, I can’t make up my mind.” They were there for a long time.
hung up: ended the telephone call held up in traffic: delayed
Exercise 1. Match the phrasal verb with the definition
Read through the story with a partner and see if you can remember which verbs go in each gap.
DO NOT WRITE anything in the gaps. Then you can reuse it again and again
Aunt Agather phoned my Uncle. She said she wanted to stay for a few days. He said he could __________ the spare bed, or make up the futon in the sitting room. She couldn’t __________ which she preferred, the futon or the spare bed. After an hour I got a bit annoyed. They had an argument and she hung up. She decided to__________, so she drove to see him, but she got held up in a traffic jam. So she drove fast to try to __________ time. Then she realised she was being followed. The car had some letters on it, but she couldn’t __________ them __________. “Pol..........Poli....... what was it?” Police! The police car stopped her. Aunt Agather panicked, she decided to __________ a story to explain why she had been speeding. She __________ she was a doctor. “I’m a doctor” She explained “I was going to the hospital. It’s an emergency.” She showed the policeman her licence, but it was a very bad photocopy. He couldn’t __________ it__________. “Bill, can you __________ this__________, what does it say?” His partner couldn’t ____ it out either. “What do you __________ her story?” They eventually decided to let her go. She __________ the first pub to have a big drink. She met Uncle Bob. They soon__________. He offered to buy her a drink. “What would you like, beer of wine?” “Oh, beer or wine, I don’t know, beer or wine, hmmme, I can’t__________.” They were there for a long time.
Exercise 3. In pairs, ask each other these questions. You must use the phrasal verbs in your answer, and you must both answer the question.
Can you make up a story that your classmates will believe?
What do you make of your classmates’s stories?
Are you good at making up your mind?
Do you find it difficult or easy to make up with someone after an argument?
Exercise 4. Add the correct phrasal verb in the correct form, to the following examples. Be careful to add any pronouns where necessary. Write the answer in the margin only so you can reuse this exercise again and again.
It wasn’t true. He was _______ it _______. ………………
He got up and ______________________ the door. ………………
“I don’t know what to ________________ this crime” Sherlock Holmes admitted to Watson. ………………
I’ll _______________ the spare bed when our mother comes to visit. ………………
If you’ve fallen out, you should _________________________. (fall out: stop being friends) ………………
I can’t _________________ what to do. Should I stay or should I go? ………………
Come on, we only have an hour to finish this, we have to ______________________. ………………
The boy tried to __________________ he was ill but the teacher didn’t believe him. ………………
What does this say? The writing is tiny, I can’t ______ it ________. (tiny: very small) ………………
Exercise 5. Key word sentence transformations Rewrite the first sentence so that it means the same as the first sentence, using the key word. You must not change the key word in any way.
Example: Angela started to smoke when she was twelve.
Answer: Angela took up smoking when she was twelve.
The story the robber told the police was invented.
The robber ________________________a story when the police interviewed him.
“Which way did he go?” the policeman asked. “When he left he went in the direction of the forest.”
“Which way did he go?” the policeman asked. “When he left he ___________________ the forest.”
I don’t know which to choose. Strawberry or vanilla?
I can’t _________________________! Strawberry or vanilla?
I think it the number is 713 but it’s very small, it’s not very clear.
I think it the number is 713 but it’s very small, I ________________________________.
We’re late. We need to work fast.
We’re late. We need to ___________________________________________.
Do you have an opinion of her new boyfriend? He seems nice.
What do you _______________________ her new boyfriend? He seems nice.
They had an argument but they are now friends again.
They ___________________ after the argument.
He said he was rich but in fact he wasn’t.
He was poor but he _________________________________________.
AnswersPhrasal verbs with Go Exercise 1: 1a 2b 3h 4d 5j 6c 7i 8e 9f 10g
Exercise 4: 1 went through 2 goes back 3 gone off 4 go on 5 go back 6 go out with
7 go off 8 go through 9 went out 10 gone up
Exercise 5: 1. She is going through a difficult time right now. 2. I’m going on a short trip to Rome
3. When the alarm went off, everyone went out of the shop very quickly. 4. I think this meat has gone off.
5. The price has gone up since last year. 6. Is he really going out with her. 7. We can walk for an hour and then go back. 8. I want to go through this contact carefully before I sign it.
Phrasal verbs with Make Exercise 1: 1b 2g 3f 4a 5e 6c 7h 8d 9i
Exercise 4: 1 making (it) up 2 made for 3 make of 4 make up 5 make up 6 make up my mind
7 make up for lost time 8 make out 9 make (it) out
Exercise 5: 1. The robber made up a story when the police interviewed him. 2. “When he left he made for the forest.” 3. I can’t make up my mind! 4. I can’t make it out. 5. We need to make up (for lost) time
6. What do you make of her new boyfriend? 7. They made up after the argument. 8. He was poor but he made out he was rich.
Phrasal verbs with Put Exercise 1: 1b 2e 3f 4a 5i 6j 7h 8c 9g 10d
Exercise 4: 1. put (some money) by 2. put (it) down 3. putting (it) off 4. put (it) out 5. put up with
6. put up 7. put (him) down) 8. put (you) up 9. put (me) through 10. put (me) off
Exercise 5: 1. I can buy the car if I put money by/aside for a year. 2.You have to do the job before tomorrow so don’t put it off. 3. I don’t want to put you off seeing the film because of what I said about it.
4. The firemen put out the fire. 5. Ok, I’ll put you through to the manager. 6. How do you put up with this heat? It’s boiling! 7. I can put you up if you want to stay the night. 8. We have put up our prices
Phrasal verbs with Turn Exercise 1: 1j 2f 3a 4k 5i 6b and g 7d 8c 9e 10h
Exercise 4: 1 turned away 2 turned it down 3 turned up 4 turn back 5 turned over 6 turned into
7 turned down 8 turn up 9 turned out 10 turn off
Exercise 5: 1 Frank will probably turn down the new offer 2 in the end the film turned out to be
3 If you hear a strange noise, turn off the engine 4 It was so hot they decided to turn back
5 The watch turned up in the bathroom 6 They couldn’t hear the film so they turned up the volume
7 The argument turned into a nasty fight 8 We were dressed too casually so the man on the door turned us away
9 There were too many of us in the boat and it turned over Phrasal verbs with Look Exercise 1: 1i 2b 3g 4c 5f 6h 7j 8d 9e 10a
Exercise 4: 1 look into it 2 look after 3 look at 4 look up to 5 look out for 6 look it up 7 look through 8 looking forward to
Exercise 5: 1 When you buy things in a market, you have to look out for cheap imitations
2 My boss looked over the plans but seemed to think they were ok. 3 The police are looking into it.
4 ….it was my uncle who I really looked up to. 5 you could try to look it up in his address book.
6 The neighbours have said they would look after the dog while we are away. 7 I looked through the catalogue quickly but I didn’t see anything that caught my eye. 8 I’m really looking forward to seeing her after all this time. Phrasal verbs with Take Exercise 1: 1a 2f 3b 4j 5h 6g 7d 8c 9e 10i
Exercise 4: 1 take on 2 take on 3 take in 4 take (it) back 5 takes up 6 took over
7 took down 8 take care 9 take to 10 taken in
Exercise 5: 1 He took down everything we said on a piece of paper. 2 We need to take on more people to work in the factory. 3 He takes care of his father 4 I’m going to take it backthe shop
5 The new promotion means more money but I have taken on a lot more work. 6 I lost my job when a big company took over my company. 7. I was taken inby everything he told me. 8. I can’t take in all the information
Phrasal verbs with Get Exercise 1: 1d 2h 3e 4j 5a 6b 7c 8f 9g 10i
Exercise 4: 1. get round 2. get on 3. get off 4. get away with 5. get (me) down 6. get in
7. getting in trouble/getting up to something 8. get over
Exercise 5: 1. He can get round his dad. 2. I get on with my in-laws. 3. You need to get off the bus when it gets to the park. 4. Rainy weather gets me down. 5. He got into trouble because he broke the window. 6. He got over his illness. 7. You can get in here. 8. He always gets away with it.
Phrasal verbs with Bring Exercise 1: 1e 2f 3g 4c 5h 6a 7b 8d 9i
Exercise 4: 1 bring back 2 brought on 3 brought back 4 brought up 5 bring forward 6 bring in 7 brought up 8 bring round 9 bring out
Exercise 5: 1. The company wants to bring out another issue of the magazine. 2. Increased pollution could bring about catastrophic results. 3. She was brought up by her grandparents after the accident. 4 The boss decided to bring forward the date of the meeting to this Thursday. 5. He brought up the matter in the meeting on Friday. 6. She said she would bring back from England with that strong cheese he so liked. 7. That photograph brings back memories.
8. The job was too difficult so we brought in an expert. 9. After he fainted, Uncle Bob brought him round with some brandy.