The Chandra x-ray Observatory (cxo) Research Program Call for Proposals Cycle 14 Due Date: 15 March 2012, 6 p m. Edt



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The Chandra X-ray

Observatory (CXO)

Research Program

Call for Proposals



Cycle 14


Due Date: 15 March 2012, 6 p.m. EDT

Prepared by:



Chandra X-ray Center

60 Garden Street,

Cambridge, MA 02138

15 December 2011

The Chandra X-ray Center is operated for NASA by the Smithsonian Astrophysical Observatory

Table of Contents


The Chandra X-ray i

Observatory (CXO) i

Research Program i

Call for Proposals i



Chapter 1 - General Information 2

1.1 The Chandra Program: Call for Proposals (CfP) 2

1.2 Proposal Review Process: Deadlines and Schedule 2

1.3 Summary of the CfP 3

1.4 Cancellation of the CfP 4

1.5 What’s New in Cycle 14 4

1.6 Proposal Submission 4

1.7 How to Get Help 4

1.8 Relevant Documents and Web Addresses 5

Chapter 2 - Overview of Chandra Mission 8

2.1 Overview 8

2.2 Science Payload 8

2.3 Operation 9

2.4 The Chandra X-ray Center (CXC) 10


Chapter 3 - Proposal Submission and Observing Policies 12

3.1 Who May Propose 12

3.2 Observing Policy 12

3.3 Non-U.S. Participation 18

3.4 Proposal Confidentiality 18

3.5 Chandra Observation Catalog: Checking for Duplicate Targets 18

3.6 Supporting Ground-Based Observations 19

Chapter 4 - Proposal Types 20

4.1 General Observing (GO) Projects 20

4.2 Large Observing Projects 20

4.3 X-ray Visionary Projects 21

4.4 Target of Opportunity Projects 21

4.5 Joint Observing Projects 22

4.6 Theory/Modeling Projects 27

4.7 Archival Research Projects 28

4.8 Proposals for Director’s Discretionary Time 29

Chapter 5 - Proposal Preparation and Submission Instructions 31

5.1 Overview and Schedule of Process 31

5.2 Stage 1 Research Proposal Details 31

5.3 Proposal Submission Instructions 38


Chapter 6 - Resources for Proposers and Proposal Submission 40

6.1 On-line Resources 40

6.2 Proposal Preparation Software 41


Chapter 7 - Stage 1: Scientific and Technical Proposal Evaluation, Selection and Implementation 44

7.1 Evaluation of Research Objectives 44

7.2 Selection 46

7.3 Implementation 46



Chapter 8 - Stage 2: Cost Proposal Submission, Evaluation and Allocation 48

8.1 Overview 48

8.2 Content and Submission of Cost Proposals 48

8.3 Eligibility for Grant Funds 53

8.4 Evaluation of Budgets 53

8.5 Selection 54

8.6 Grant Award 54

8.7 Processing of Cost Proposals 55

8.8 Contact Information for Cost Proposals 56

A.1 Certification Regarding Debarment, Suspension, and Other Responsibility Matters 56

A.2 Certification Regarding Lobbying (Applicable to Awards Exceeding $100,000). 58

A.3 Assurance of Compliance with the NASA Regulations Pursuant to Nondiscrimination in Federally Assisted Programs 59



Tables

The Chandra X-ray i

Observatory (CXO) i

Research Program i

Call for Proposals i



Chapter 1 - General Information 2

1.1 The Chandra Program: Call for Proposals (CfP) 2

1.2 Proposal Review Process: Deadlines and Schedule 2

1.3 Summary of the CfP 3

1.3.1 Types of Science Research Proposals: 3

1.4 Cancellation of the CfP 4

1.5 What’s New in Cycle 14 4

1.6 Proposal Submission 4

1.7 How to Get Help 4

1.8 Relevant Documents and Web Addresses 5

Table 1.2. Useful Documents 5

Table 1.3. Web Addresses 6



Chapter 2 - Overview of Chandra Mission 8

2.1 Overview 8

2.2 Science Payload 8

2.3 Operation 9

2.4 The Chandra X-ray Center (CXC) 10

Chapter 3 - Proposal Submission and Observing Policies 12

3.1 Who May Propose 12

3.2 Observing Policy 12

3.2.1 Chandra Observing Policy 12

3.2.1.1 Introduction and Scope 12

3.2.1.2 Distribution of Data 12

3.2.1.3 Distribution of Observing Time 13

3.2.1.4 Target Selection and Phasing 13

3.2.1.5 GTO Proposals 13

3.2.1.6 Conflict Resolution 13

3.2.1.7 Large Projects 14

3.2.1.8 X-ray Visionary Projects 14

3.2.1.9 Targets of Opportunity (TOOs) 14

3.2.1.10 GO Time Allocation 14

3.2.1.11 GTO Time Allocation 14

3.2.1.12 Director’s Discretionary Time (DDT) 14

3.2.1.13 Time-Constrained Targets 15

3.2.1.14 Multi-cycle Observing Proposals 15

3.2.2 Procedures Concerning TOOs and DDTs 15

3.2.2.1 Pre-Approved TOOs 15

3.2.2.2 Unanticipated TOOs 16

3.2.2.3 Director’s Discretionary Time (DDT) 16

3.2.3 Criteria for Completeness and Data Quality 16

3.2.3.1 Completeness 16

3.2.3.2 Data Quality Due to High Background 17

3.2.3.3 Data Quality - Telemetry Saturation Due to X-ray Sources 17

3.3 Non-U.S. Participation 18

3.4 Proposal Confidentiality 18

3.5 Chandra Observation Catalog: Checking for Duplicate Targets 18

3.6 Supporting Ground-Based Observations 19


Chapter 4 - Proposal Types 20

4.1 General Observing (GO) Projects 20

4.2 Large Observing Projects 20

4.3 X-ray Visionary Projects 21

4.4 Target of Opportunity Projects 21

4.5 Joint Observing Projects 22

4.5.1 Chandra/Hubble Space Telescope (HST) Observations 23

4.5.2 Chandra/XMM-Newton Observations 23

4.5.3 Chandra/National Optical Astronomy Observatory (NOAO) Observations 24

4.5.4 Chandra/National Radio Astronomy Observatory (NRAO) Observations 25

4.5.5 Chandra/Suzaku Observations 27

4.6 Theory/Modeling Projects 27

4.7 Archival Research Projects 28

4.7.1 Archive Proposals and the Chandra Source Catalog (CSC) 29

4.8 Proposals for Director’s Discretionary Time 29

Chapter 5 - Proposal Preparation and Submission Instructions 31

5.1 Overview and Schedule of Process 31

5.2 Stage 1 Research Proposal Details 31

5.2.1 Proposal Content 31

5.2.2 Cover Pages 32

5.2.3 Target Forms 32

5.2.4 Science Objectives 33

5.2.5 Technical Feasibility 33

5.2.6 Archival Research and Theory/Modeling 33

5.2.7 Joint Proposals 34

5.2.8 Constrained Observations 34

Table 5.1. Grading Scheme for Constrained Observations 35

5.2.9 Other Observing Facilities Being Used for the Research 36

5.2.10 Previous Chandra Programs (Required) 36

5.2.11 PI/CV Bibliography (Optional) 36

5.2.12 Observation Preferences 36

5.2.13 Proposal Formats and Page Limits 36

5.2.14 Proposal Preparation Tools 37

5.3 Proposal Submission Instructions 38

5.3.1 Electronic Submission Required 38

5.3.2 Remote Proposal System (RPS) 38

5.3.3 Help After Submitting: When You Have Discovered A Mistake 39

5.3.4 Color Figures 39


Chapter 6 - Resources for Proposers and Proposal Submission 40

6.1 On-line Resources 40

6.1.1 The Proposers’ Observatory Guide (POG) 40

6.1.2 The HelpDesk 40

6.1.3 Searching the Chandra Archives and Downloading Data 40

6.1.4 Instrument Response Functions 41

6.2 Proposal Preparation Software 41

6.2.1 Precess, Colden, Dates, ObsVis, PRoVis, PIMMS, and Effective Area and PSF Viewers 41

6.2.2 Software Helpfiles and Proposal Threads 42

6.2.3 MARX 42

6.2.4 CIAO 43

6.2.5 XSPEC 43



Chapter 7 - Stage 1: Scientific and Technical Proposal Evaluation, Selection and Implementation 44

7.1 Evaluation of Research Objectives 44

7.1.1 Observing Efficiency/Slew Tax 45

7.1.2 Grid Surveys and Slew Tax 45

7.2 Selection 46

7.3 Implementation 46

7.3.1 Early Observation of Summer Targets 47

Chapter 8 - Stage 2: Cost Proposal Submission, Evaluation and Allocation 48

8.1 Overview 48

8.2 Content and Submission of Cost Proposals 48

8.3 Eligibility for Grant Funds 53

8.3.1 Switching Institutions 53

8.4 Evaluation of Budgets 53

8.5 Selection 54

8.6 Grant Award 54

8.7 Processing of Cost Proposals 55

8.8 Contact Information for Cost Proposals 56

A.1 Certification Regarding Debarment, Suspension, and Other Responsibility Matters 56

A.2 Certification Regarding Lobbying (Applicable to Awards Exceeding $100,000). 58

A.3 Assurance of Compliance with the NASA Regulations Pursuant to Nondiscrimination in Federally Assisted Programs 59


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