The Changing Lives of Older Couples Study

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IF NO TO P9q/P15q] Did you feel so low you thought


about committing suicide?
1. YES

5. NO
8. DK

9. NA
0. Inap, 5, 8-9 in 5702; 1 in 5733

5735 P16. You told me that you have had (another spell/other spells)

5736 during the last 6 months. In what month(s) did (it/they)

5737 start? (PROBE FOR OTHER SPELLS)


Code up to 3 mentions of MONTH (01-12), except:
98. DK

99. NA
00. Inap, 5, 8-9 in 5702; 1 in 5704; no further MONTH

given


[V5738: BUILD = 0]



SECTION P: DEPRESSION




VAR #

5801 P17. (READ SLOWLY) I have already asked you about the past 6 months. Now, please think about the time between when we interviewed you last and 6 months ago. That would be between (MONTH, YEAR [SEE COVERSHEET]) and (MONTH, YEAR [6 MONTHS AGO]). During that time, did you have any period of two weeks or more when you felt sad, blue or depressed most of the time, or lost all interest and pleasure in the



things you usually care about or enjoy?

┌─────────┐

│0 in 5802├────────1. YES

└─────────┘

5. NO
8. DK

9. NA

5802 P17a. During that time period, was there a time lasting two weeks or more when you felt irritable, easily annoyed and

really down in the dumps?

1. YES

┌──────────────┐

│0 in 5803-5843├───5. NO

└──────────────┤

├───8. DK

└───9. NA

0. Inap, 1 in 5801

5803 P18. How many periods or spells like that did you have between when we interviewed you last and 6 months ago (that is, between [MONTH, YEAR ON COVERSHEET] and [MONTH, YEAR])



that lasted two weeks or longer?
Code NUMBER (01-30), except:

┌──────────────┐

│0 in 5804-5811├───97. ALL THE TIME

└──────────────┘

98. DK

99. NA
00. Inap, 5, 8-9 in 5802



5804(MO) P19. Could you tell me about when (that spell/those spells)

5805(YR) started? That is, in what month and year? (PROBE FOR

OTHER SPELLS)

5806(MO)


5807(YR) Code up to 4 mentions of MONTH and YEAR using following

codes:


5808(MO) ┌──────────────────────────────────────────────────┐

5809(YR) │NOTE: For multiple mentions, code in order from │

│earliest to most recent period. │

5810(MO) │00 in the first unused MONTH field will pad 0's in│

5811(YR) │the remainder of question. │

└──────────────────────────────────────────────────┘


Code MONTH (01-12)
98. DK

99. NA
00. Inap, 5, 8-9 in 5802; 97 in 5803; no further mention


Code YEAR (1910-1995)


9998. DK

9999. NA

0000. Inap, 5, 8-9 in 5802; 97 in 5803; 00 in 5806, 5808

or 5810; no further mention

5812 P20. INTERVIEWER CHECKPOINT

┌──────────────┐

│0 in 5813-5843├───1. R HAD ONE OR MORE DEPRESSIONS IN LAST 6 MONTHS

└──────────────┘

2. ALL OTHERS


0. Inap, 5, 8-9 in 5802

5813 P20a. INTERVIEWER CHECKPOINT

┌─────────┐

│0 in ├────────1. R HAD ONLY ONE SPELL BETWEEN LAST INTERVIEW AND 6

│ │ MONTHS AGO

│5820-5821│

└─────────┴────────2. R WAS DEPRESSED "ALL THE TIME" BETWEEN LAST INTERVIEW

AND 6 MONTH AGO


3. ALL OTHERS
0. Inap, 5, 8-9 in 5802; 1 in 5812


5814 P21/P26. Basically, what made you become depressed (at that time)? 5815 (OBTAIN COMPLETE DESCRIPTION OF SITUATION AND PROBE IF

5816 NECESSARY: What about the situation made you feel

5817 depressed?) IF R SAYS "A COMBINATION OF THINGS," PROBE

5818 FOR MOST DIFFICULT ASPECT OF EACH.

5819

01. Death of spouse, R


02. Health of R

03. Interpersonal problems of R: divorce, disagreements, problems with children, etc.

04. Other specified problems of R: financial or legal problems; references to work/employment; other specified problems, n.e.c.

5814 P21/P26. Continued

5815

5816 11. Death of other relative or friend


5817 12. Other problems of other relative or friend: e.g.,

5818 "my friend's daughter got pregnant"; "my son went

5819 bankrupt"

96. NOTHING CAUSED DEPRESSION

┌─────────┐

│Make Card├────────97. Other

└─────────┘

98. DK


99. NA
00. Inap, 5, 8-9 in 5802; 1 in 5812; no further mention

5820 P27. In what month and year did this worst period or spell



start?--MONTH
Code MONTH (01-12)
98. DK

99. NA
00. Inap, 5, 8-9 in 5802; 1 in 5812; 1-2 in 5813


5821 P27. In what month and year did this worst period or spell



start?--YEAR


Code YEAR (1910-1995)
9998. DK

9999. NA
0000. Inap, 5, 8-9 in 5802; 1 in 5812; 1-2 in 5813

5822 P22/P28. How long did the period or spell last?--# WEEKS
Code number of WEEKS (01-52)
96. No time period given but R indicates chronic/ intermittent problem, e.g., "all my life," "since I was 15"
98. DK

99. NA
00. R answered in months or years; Inap, 5, 8-9 in 5802;

1 in 5812

5823 P22/P28. How long did the period or spell last?--# MONTHS

Code number of MONTHS (01-60)
96. No time period given but R indicates chronic/ intermittent problem, e.g., "all my life," "since I was 15"
98. DK

99. NA
00. R answered in weeks or years; Inap, 5, 8-9 in 5802;

1 in 5812

5824 P22/P28. How long did the period or spell last?--# YEARS


Code number of YEARS (01-80)
96. No time period given but R indicates chronic/ intermittent problem, e.g., "all my life," "since I was 15"
98. DK

99. NA
00. R answered in weeks or months; Inap, 5, 8-9 in 5802;

1 in 5812

5825 P23/P29. INTERVIEWER QUESTION

DID R SPECIFY "OFF AND ON" OR USE OTHER WORDS


INDICATING THAT FEELING WAS INTERMITTENT?
1. YES

5. NO
9. NA


0. Inap, 5, 8-9 in 5802; 1 in 5812

Rev. 11/2/90

5826 P24/P30. What happened to make the depression go away? (OBTAIN

5827 COMPLETE DESCRIPTION OF SITUATION AND PROBE IF NECESSARY:

5828 What was it about the situation that helped end the

depression?)

02. R's health improved/resolved

03. R's interpersonal situation improved/resolved

04. Other specified problem of R improved/resolved--n.e.c.

05. Got counseling, therapy

12. Problems of other relative/friend resolved/improved



5826 P24/P30. Continued

5827


5828 21. (Another) bad event displaced depression or put things in perspective; other problems diverted R's attention/made R realize (cause of) depression not so serious

22. Kept busy; went to work; visited (with) relatives, friends


31. Acceptance/resignation; learned to live/deal with situation; "it was meant to be"

32. Prayer; asked God for help

41. Positive view of spouse's death; death seen as end to suffering; other positive outcomes (e.g., R has more time, less work, etc.)

96. NOTHING HAPPENED; WENT AWAY WITH TIME

┌─────────┐

│Make Card├────────97. Other

└─────────┘

98. DK

99. NA
00. Inap, 5, 8-9 in 5802; 1 in 5812; no further mention



P25/P31. Now I have some questions about things that may have

happened during (this/that) period or spell. Did you...


5829 P25a/P31a. ...lose your appetite?
1. YES ┌──────────────┐

5. NO │USE SAME CODE │

│FOR V5830-5841│

8. DK └──────────────┘

9. NA
0. Inap, 5, 8-9 in 5802; 1 in 5812

5830 P25b/P31b. Did you lose or gain weight without trying to--as much

as two pounds a week for several weeks, or as much as ten

pounds altogether?

5831 P25c/P31c. Did you have trouble falling asleep, staying asleep, or


with waking up too early?

5832 P25d/P31d. Did you talk or move more slowly than is normal for


you?

5833 P25e/P31e. Did you have to be moving all the time; that is, you



couldn't sit still or paced up and down?

5834 P25f/P31f. Were you less interested in the things that normally



interest you?

5835 P25g/P31g. Did you feel worthless, sinful or guilty?

5836 P25h/P31h. Did you have a lot more trouble concentrating than is

normal for you?

5837 P25j/P31j. Did your thoughts come more slowly than usual or seem



mixed up?

5838 P25k/P31k. Were you sleeping too much?

5839 P25m/P31m. Did you feel tired out all the time?

5840 P25n/P31n. Did you think a lot about death--either your own,



someone else's, or death in general?

5841 P25p/P31p. Did you feel like you wanted to die?


5842 P25q/P31q. Did you attempt suicide?



┌─────────┐

│0 in 5843├────────1. YES

└─────────┘

5. NO
8. DK

9. NA
0. Inap, 5, 8-9 in 5802; 1 in 5812
5843 P25r/P31r. [IF NO TO P25q/P31q] Did you feel so low you thought

about committing suicide?
1. YES

5. NO

8. DK

9. NA

0. Inap, 5, 8-9 in 5802; 1 in 5812; 1 in 5842


SECTION Q: LIFE EVENTS




VAR #
USE THE FOLLOWING CODING FORMAT FOR QUESTIONS Q1-Q19, USING Q1-Q1a AS EXAMPLE:

┌───────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────┐

│5901 Q1. Now I would like to ask you about some other things that│

│ may have happened in the last 6 months. During the last│

6 months, have you been a victim of a serious physical │

attack or assault?

│ │

1. YES │



│ ┌─────────┐ │

│ │0 in next├──────5. NO │

│ │2 vars. │ │

│ └─────────┼──────8. DK │

│ └──────9. NA │

│ │


│ │

│5902 Q1a. In what month did that happen? (IF DK MONTH, PROBE FOR │

SEASON)--MONTH

│ │

01. January; "Winter" │

02. February │

03. March │

04. April; "Spring" │

05. May │

06. June │

07. July; "Summer" │

08. August │

09. September │

10. October; "Fall" │

11. November │

12. December │

│ │

98. DK │


99. NA │

│ │


00. Inap, 5, 8-9 in previous question │

│ │


│ │

│5903 Q1a. In what month did that happen? (IF DK MONTH, PROBE FOR │

SEASON)--YEAR

│ │


│ Code YEAR (1987-1995) │

│ │


9998. DK │

9999. NA │

│ │

0000. Inap, 5, 8-9 in previous question │



└───────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────┘



5904 Q2. Have you had a life-threatening illness or injury in the

past 6 months?

5905 Q2a. In what month did that happen? (IF DK MONTH, PROBE FOR



SEASON)--MONTH

5906 Q2a. In what month did that happen? (IF DK MONTH, PROBE FOR



SEASON)--YEAR

5907 Q3. Have you had a serious but not life-threatening illness in



the last 6 months?

5908 Q3a. In what month did that happen? (IF DK MONTH, PROBE FOR



SEASON)--MONTH

5909 Q3a. In what month did that happen? (IF DK MONTH, PROBE FOR



SEASON)--YEAR

5910 Q4. Were you robbed or was your home burglarized in the past 6



months?

5911 Q4a. In what month did that happen? (IF DK MONTH, PROBE FOR


SEASON)--MONTH

5912 Q4a. In what month did that happen? (IF DK MONTH, PROBE FOR



SEASON)--YEAR

5913 Q5. Did you involuntarily lose a job for reasons other than



retirement in the past 6 months?

5914 Q5a. In what month did that happen? (IF DK MONTH, PROBE FOR



SEASON)--MONTH

5915 Q5a. In what month did that happen? (IF DK MONTH, PROBE FOR



SEASON)--YEAR


5916 Q6. Did you have any serious financial problems or

difficulties in the past 6 months?

5917 Q6a. In what month did that happen? (IF DK MONTH, PROBE FOR



SEASON)--MONTH

5918 Q6a. In what month did that happen? (IF DK MONTH, PROBE FOR



SEASON)--YEAR

5919 Q7. Did a parent, brother or sister die in the past 6 months?

5920 Q7a. In what month did that happen? (IF DK MONTH, PROBE FOR

SEASON)--MONTH

5921 Q7a. In what month did that happen? (IF DK MONTH, PROBE FOR



SEASON)--YEAR

5922 Q8. Since we interviewed you in (MONTH, YEAR [on coversheet])


has a son or daughter of yours died?

5923 Q8a. In what month did that happen? (IF DK MONTH, PROBE FOR

SEASON)--MONTH

5924 Q8a. In what month did that happen? (IF DK MONTH, PROBE FOR


SEASON)--YEAR

5925 Q9. In the last 6 months, did anyone (else) you felt very



close to die?

5926 Q9a. In what month did that happen? (IF DK MONTH, PROBE FOR



SEASON)--MONTH

5927 Q9a. In what month did that happen? (IF DK MONTH, PROBE FOR



SEASON)--YEAR

5928 Q10. Have you moved to a new residence in the last 6 months?


1. YES

┌──────────────┐

│0 in 5929-5932├───5. NO

└──────────────┤

├───8. DK

└───9. NA


5929 Q10a. In what month did that happen? (IF DK MONTH, PROBE FOR



SEASON)--MONTH
01. January; "Winter"

02. February

03. March

04. April; "Spring"

05. May

06. June


07. July; "Summer"

08. August

09. September

10. October; "Fall"

11. November

12. December


98. DK

99. NA
00. Inap, 5, 8-9 in 5928


5930 Q10a. In what month did that happen? (IF DK MONTH, PROBE FOR



SEASON)--YEAR
Code YEAR (1987-1995)
9998. DK

9999. NA

0000. Inap, 5, 8-9 in 5928

5931 Q10b. (RB, P. 35) What was the main reason you moved? (READ

5932 SLOWLY) Was it to save money, to be closer to your family, because your other home was too big, to move in with your son or daughter or another reason? (IF OTHER REASON: What


was your main reason for moving?)
01. SAVE MONEY ┌──────────────┐

02. CLOSER TO FAMILY │NOTE: If more │

03. HOME TOO BIG │than one │

04. MOVE IN WITH SON/DAUGHTER │response, code│

│only one men- │

│tion if I'wer │

│has indicated │

main reason; │

│otherwise code│

│in order of │

│mention. │

└──────────────┘


┌─────────┐

│Make Card├────────97. Other

└─────────┘

98. DK

99. NA
00. Inap, 5, 8-9 in 5928; no further mention


5933 Q11. During the last 6 months, has anything (else) bad happened to you that upset you a lot and that you haven't already



told me about?
1. YES

┌──────────────┐

│0 in 5934-5937├───5. NO

└──────────────┤

├───8. DK

└───9. NA


5934 Q11a. What was that?

5935


PHYSICAL ATTACK, ASSAULT; ROBBERY
01. Physical attack or assault, R

02. Physical attack or assault, other person

03. Burglary, robbery, mugging, R

04. Burglary, robbery, mugging, other person




HEALTH/ACCIDENTAL INJURY
11. Life-threatening illness or accidental injury, R

12. Life-threatening illness or accidental injury, other person

13. Serious but not life-threatening illness or accidental injury, R

14. Serious but not life-threatening illness or accidental injury, other person

15. Mental health problems, R (incl. alcohol and drug abuse)

WORK/EDUCATION

21. Job loss (exc. retirement), R

22. Job loss (exc. retirement), other person

23. Retirement mentions (exc. financial), R

24. Retirement mentions (exc. financial), other person

25. Other work related problem, R

26. Other work related problem, other person

27. School/educational problem, R

28. School/educational problem, other person

5934 Q11a. Continued

5935


INTERPERSONAL PROBLEM/LOSS

31. Divorce/separation from spouse or partner, R

32. Divorce/separation from spouse or partner, other person

33. Other marital/love relationship problems, R

34. Other marital/love relationship problems, other person

35. Other interpersonal loss, R; child left home, ran away; friend moved away

36. Other interpersonal loss, other person

37. Other interpersonal problem, R

38. Other interpersonal problem, other person
39. Death of spouse, R

40. Death of spouse, other person

41. Death of child, R

42. Death of child, other person

43. Death of other relative or friend, R

44. Death of other relative or friend, other person


49. Other problems of R's children--not codeable in

31-44; daughter got pregnant


FINANCIAL AND LEGAL PROBLEMS/WORRIED--Any person in FU

51. Low(er) income (incl. self-employment); reduction in pay/benefits; concern about income at retirement; bankruptcy

52. Higher expenses/debt; more bills; spending more; "hard to make ends meet"

53. Loss of assets/property; foreclosure, repossession; loss or destruction of property, goods

54. Legal problems: arrested; involved in law suit
MISCELLANEOUS

71. Residence change, R


81. Death/illness of pet
┌─────────┐

│Make Card├────────97. Other

└─────────┘

98. DK


99. NA
00. Inap, 5, 8-9 in 5933; no further mention

5936 Q11b. In what month did that happen? (IF DK MONTH, PROBE FOR



SEASON)--MONTH

Code MONTH (01-12)

98. DK

99. NA
00. Inap, 5, 8-9 in 5933


5937 Q11b. In what month did that happen? (IF DK MONTH, PROBE FOR



SEASON)--YEAR
Code YEAR (1987-1995)
9998. DK

9999. NA
0000. Inap, 5, 8-9 in 5933




SECTION R: RELIGION


VAR #

6001 Q12. Have you remarried?


1. YES

┌──────────────┐

│0 in 6002-6025├───5. NO

└──────────────┤

└───9. NA

6002 Q13. Did your friends approve of your marriage to this



(man/woman)?
1. YES

5. NO
8. DK

9. NA
0. Inap, 5 or 9 in 6001

6003 Q14. INTERVIEWER CHECKPOINT


1. R HAS CHILDREN

┌─────────┐

│0 in 6004├────────2. ALL OTHERS

└─────────┘

0. Inap, 5 or 9 in 6001

6004 Q14a. Did your (son/daughter/children) approve?


1. YES

5. NO
8. DK

9. NA
0. Inap, 5 or 9 in 6001; 2 in 6003

6005 Q15. Were your friends or relatives worried that you were



getting married too soon?
1. YES

5. NO

8. DK

9. NA


0. Inap, 5 or 9 in 6001

Q16. INTERVIEWER:

┌──────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────┐

│IT IS BEST FOR YOU AND R TO BE ALONE FOR THIS SECTION. IF AT ALL │

│POSSIBLE, ASK FOR PRIVACY WITH R. │

│ │

│BE AWARE OF THE PRESENCE OF R'S SPOUSE WITHIN LIKELY HEARING RANGE│



│DURING THIS SECTION. YOU WILL BE ASKED TO REPORT ON IT AT Q31. │

└──────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────┘


6006 Q17. Next, I have some questions about your marriage and your relationship with your (husband/wife). In what month and year did you and your (husband/wife) get married? (IF DK:



How long have you been married?)--MONTH
01. January; "Winter"

02. February

03. March

04. April; "Spring"

05. May

06. June


07. July; "Summer"

08. August

09. September

10. October; "Fall"

11. November

12. December


98. DK

99. NA
00. MONTH not given; Inap, 5 or 9 in 6001


6007 Q17. YEAR


Code YEAR (1987-1995), except:
9998. DK

9999. NA
0000. YEAR not given; Inap, 5 or 9 in 6001

6008 Q17. # MONTHS OF MARRIAGE
Code # MONTHS OF MARRIAGE (01-95), except:
98. DK

99. NA
00. # MONTHS not given; 5 or 9 in 6001

6009 Q18. (RB, P. 36) How much does your (husband/wife) make you feel loved and cared for? Would you say a great deal, quite a bit, some, a little, or not at all? Just give me


the number from the booklet.
1. A GREAT DEAL

2. QUITE A BIT

3. SOME

4. A LITTLE



5. NOT AT ALL
8. DK

9. NA
0. Inap, 5 or 9 in 6001


6010 Q19. (RB, STILL ON P. 36) How much do you feel (he/she) makes too many demands on you? (Would you say a great deal,



quite a bit, some, a little, or not at all?)
1. A GREAT DEAL

2. QUITE A BIT

3. SOME

4. A LITTLE



5. NOT AT ALL
8. DK

9. NA
0. Inap, 5 or 9 in 6001


6011 Q20. (RB, STILL ON P. 36) How much is (he/she) willing to listen when you need to talk about your worries or problems (--a great deal, quite a bit, some, a little, or



not at all?)
1. A GREAT DEAL

2. QUITE A BIT

3. SOME

4. A LITTLE



5. NOT AT ALL


8. DK

9. NA


0. Inap, 5 or 9 in 6001
6012 Q21. (RB, STILL ON P. 36) How much is (he/she) critical of you or what you do? (Would you say a great deal, quite a bit,

some, a little, or not at all?)
1. A GREAT DEAL

2. QUITE A BIT

3. SOME

4. A LITTLE



5. NOT AT ALL
8. DK

9. NA
0. Inap, 5 or 9 in 6001


6013 Q22. (RB, STILL ON P. 36) How much do you think you make your (husband/wife) feel loved and cared for (--a great deal,



quite a bit, some, a little, or not at all?)

1. A GREAT DEAL

2. QUITE A BIT




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