The implications of


For Casa Alianza, at the cutting edge of both ends of the process, this case has shown

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For Casa Alianza, at the cutting edge of both ends of the process, this case has shown

“[t]hat justice can prevail. The Inter-American system is slow, inefficient and hardly perfect. But it is there and should be used by more and more agencies. This case took us 10 years from start to finish and it’s still not over... and, if we added up all the expenses involved, probably cost us over US$ 100,000. But these were five children who deserved better...[...] It is a lesson to human rights defenders that they should not give up. That systems can be changed. That our loyalty should be to the children we serve rather than to the organisation that employs us. That children do matter and are important and should never be forgotten”132.

BIBLIOGRAPHY



Documentary sources




Amnesty International, ‘Guatemala: Breaking the Wall of Impunity: Prosecution for Crimes Against Humanity’, AMR 34/20/00, June 2000.

http://www.amnesty.org/ailib/aipub/2000/AMR/23402000.htm [4 Aug 2000].
Amnesty International, Guatemala: Extrajudicial Executions and Human Rights Violations Against Street Children, AMR 34/37/90, July 1990.
Amnesty International, ‘Guatemala: Human Rights Violations and Impunity’, AMR 34/08/97, March 1997. http://www.amnesty.org/ailib/aipub/1997/AMR/23400897.htm [4 Aug 2000].
Amnesty International, ‘Guatemala: The Right to Truth and Justice’, AMR 34/26/96, Oct 1996. http://www.amnesty.org/ailib/aipub/1996/AMR/23402696.htm [4 Aug 2000].
Amnesty International, ‘New President should fulfill his London human rights promises’, AMR 34/02/00, 14 Jan 2000. http://www.amnesty.org/news/2000/23400200.htm [17 April 2000].
Amnesty International, Newsletter, Vol. XX, No. 8, Aug 1990. ‘Guatemala: Children Abused by Police’.
Amnesty International, Newsletter, Vol. XX, No. 10, Oct 1990. ‘Guatemala: Street Children Killed’.
Amnesty International, Report 1990.

Casa Alianza, ‘Casa Alianza Celebrates After Inter-American Court on Human Rights Condemns the State of Guatemala for the Brutal Murder and Torture of Five Street Youths’, 3 Dec1999. http://www.casa-alianza.org/EN/lmn/docs/19991203.00360.html [7 Feb 2000].

Casa Alianza, ‘The Case of Bosques de San Nicolás: Application of the IACHR’, http://www.casa-alianza.org/EN/human-rights/violations/bosquescidh/application.shtml [7 Feb 2000].
Casa Alianza, ‘The Case of Bosques de San Nicolás: Background of the Case’, http://www.casa-alianza.org/EN/human-rights/violations/bosquescidh/background.shtml [7 Feb 2000].
Casa Alianza, ‘The Case of Bosques de San Nicolás: The Court Hearings’, http://www.casa-alianza.org/EN/human-rights/violations/bosquescidh/chearings.shtml [7 Feb 2000].
Casa Alianza, ‘The Case of Bosques de San Nicolás: Entrevista a la Madre de una de la Víctimas’, http://www.casa-alianza.org/EN/human-rights/violations/bosquescidh/interview2.shtml [7 Feb 2000].
Casa Alianza, ‘The Case of Bosques de San Nicolás: Interview with Bruce Harris, Regional Director of Casa-Alianza Latin America’, http://www.casa-alianza.org/EN/human-rights/violations/bosquescidh/interview1.shtml [7 Feb 2000].
Casa Alianza, ‘The Case of Bosques de San Nicolás: Interview with Viviana Krsticevic, Executive Director of CEJIL’, http://www.casa-alianza.org/EN/human-rights/violations/bosquescidh/interview3.shtml [7 Feb 2000].
Casa Alianza, ‘The Case of Bosques de San Nicolás: The Legal Process of Casa Alianza’, , http://www.casa-alianza.org/EN/human-rights/violations/bosquescidh/process.shtml [7 Feb 2000].

Casa Alianza, Inter-American Court to Decide Damages for Murder of Five Guatemala Street Youth by Police’, 21 Jan 2000 http://www.casa-alianza.org/EN/lmn/docs/2000121.00369.html [7 Feb 2000].

Human Rights Watch, Guatemala’s Forgotten Children: Police Violence and Abuses in Detention, July 2000 http://www.hrw.org/hrw/reports/1997/guat1
Inter-American Commission on Human Rights, Report on the Situation of Human Rights in Guatemala, 12 March 1993, OEA/Ser.L/V/II.83, Doc. 31, 85th Session, Washington, D.C. http://www.cidh.oas.org/countryrep/93GuatS&E/eperu1.htm [4 Aug 2000].
Inter-American Court of Human Rights, Villagran Morales et al Case (The ‘Street Children’ Case), Judgement of 19 November 1999. http://www.casa-alianza.org
Inter-American Court of Human Rights, Villagran Morales et al Case (The ‘Street Children’ Case), Joint Opinion of the Judges A.A. Cancado Trindade and A. Arbeu Burelli of 19 November 1999. [Consortium for Street Children UK, in-house translation].


Books and articles




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Colon-Collazo, J., ‘The Drafting History of Treaty Provisions on the Right to Life’, in B.G. Ramcharan, ed., The Right to Life in International Law (Dordrecht, 1985).

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Eide, A., Krause, C. & Rosas, A., Economic, Social and Cultural Rights:A Textbook (Dordrecht, 1995).
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Ennew, J., ‘Why the Convention is Not About Street Children’ [1999 pending publication].
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Howard, R., ‘The Full-Belly Thesis: Should Economic Rights Take Priority Over Civil and Political Rights? Evidence from Sub-Saharan Africa’, in Human Rights Quarterly, Vol. 5, No. 4, 1983, pp. 467-490.
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McBride, J., ‘The Violation of Economic, Social and Cultural Rights as Torture, Cruel, Inhuman and Degrading Treatment’, in Childhood Abused: Protecting Children Against Torture, Cruel, Inhuman and degrading Treatment and Punishment (Dartmouth, 1998).
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Przetacznik, F., ‘The Right to Life as a Basic Human Right’, Revue des Droits de l’Homme, Vol. 9, 1976, pp. 585-609.
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Robertson, R.E., ‘Measuring State Compliance with the Obligation to Devote the ‘Maximum Available Resources’ to Realising Economic, Social, and Cultural Rights’, in Human Rights Quarterly, Vol. 16, 1994, pp. 693-714.
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Van Bueren, G., ‘The Right of the Child to Survival and Development’, in G. Van Bueren, International Law on the Rights of the Child (Dordrecht, 1995).
Van Bueren, G., ‘Opening Pandora’s Box: Protecting Children Against Torture, Cruel, Inhuman and Degrading Treatment and Punishment’, in Childhood Abused: Protecting Children Against Torture, Cruel, Inhuman and degrading Treatment and Punishment (Dartmouth, 1998).
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