MARCELLO MOGETTA, A New Date for Concrete in Rome, 1–40
HANNAH CORNWELL, The King Who Would Be Prefect: Authority and Identity in the Cottian Alps, 41–72
BRENT D. SHAW, The Myth of the Neronian Persecution, 73–100
DIANA NG, Commemoration and Élite Benefaction of Buildings and Spectacles in the Roman World, 101–123
R. R. R. SMITH and C. H. HALLETT, Troilos and Achilles: A Monumental Statue Group from Aphrodisias, 124–182
HEIDI WENDT, Ea Superstitione: Christian Martyrdom and the Religion of Freelance Experts, 183–202
CHRISTOPHER MALLAN and CAILLAN DAVENPORT, Dexippus and the Gothic Invasions: Interpreting the New Vienna Fragment (Codex Vindobonensis Hist. gr. 73, ff. 192v–193r), 203–226
ANGELOS CHANIOTIS and TAKASHI FUJII, A New Fragment of Diocletian’s Currency Regulation from Aphrodisias, 227–233
ALEXANDER SKINNER, Violence at Constantinople in A.D. 341–2 and Themistius, Oration 1, 234–249
ALAN CAMERON, City Personifications and Consular Diptychs, 250–287
JUSTIN STOVER, Olybrius and the Einsiedeln Eclogues, 288–321 REVIEW ARTICLE
PETER VAN NUFFELEN, Not Much Happened: 410 and All That, 322–329
(in alphabetical order)
Alföldy, G. (Ed.), Corpus Inscriptionum Latinarum, Vol. 2: Inscriptiones Hispaniae Latinae. Pars 14, Conventus Tarraconensis. Fasc. 3, Colonia Ivlia Vrbs Trivmphalis Tarraco (CIL II2/14, 3) (by Francisco Beltrán Lloris), 406
Altmayer, K., Die Herrschaft des Carus, Carinus und Numerianus als Vorläufer der Tetrarchie (by Olivier Hekster), 347
Anguissola, A. (Ed.), Privata Luxuria: Towards an Archaeology of Intimacy: Pompeii and Beyond: International Workshop Center for Advanced Studies, Ludwig-Maximilians-Universität München (24–25 March 2011) (by Eric E. Poehler), 366
Appelbaum, A., The Dynasty of the Jewish Patriarchs (by John Curran), 383
Atkins, J. W., Cicero on Politics and the Limits of Reason: The Republic and Laws (by Matthew Fox), 428
Augoustakis, A. and A. Traill (Eds), A Companion to Terence (by Costas Panayotakis), 444
Aylward, W., Excavations at Zeugma, Conducted by Oxford Archaeology (by Rubina Raja), 379
Baker, P. A., The Archaeology of Medicine in the Greco-Roman World (by Christine F. Salazar), 385
Beck, H., A. Duplá, M. Jehne and F. Pina Polo (Eds), Consuls and Res Publica: Holding High Office in the Roman Republic (by J. W. Rich), 392
Bell, P. N., Social Conflict in the Age of Justinian: Its Nature, Management, and Mediation (by Maria Kouroumali), 475
Bérenger, A. and F. Lachaud (Eds), Hiérarchie des pouvoirs, délégation de pouvoir et responsabilité des administrateurs dans l’antiquité et au moyen âge: Actes du Colloque de Metz, 16–18 juin 2011 (by Alexander Skinner), 394
Berndt, G. M. and R. Steinacher (Eds), Arianism: Roman Heresy and Barbarian Creed (by Jamie Wood), 472
Bernstein, N. W., Ethics, Identity and Community in Later Roman Declamation (by Diederik Burgersdijk), 460
Boislève, J., A. Dardenay and F. Monier (Eds), Peintures murales et stucs d’époque romaine: de la fouille au musée. Actes des 24e et 25e colloques de L’AFPMA, Narbonne, 12 et 13 novembre 2010 et Paris, 25 et 26 novembre 2011 (by Stephanie Pearson), 364
Boudon-Millot, V., Galien de Pergame: un médecin à Rome (by Caroline Petit), 387
Bourdin, S., Les Peuples de l’Italie préromaine: identités, territoires et relations inter-ethniques en Italie central et septentrionale (VIIIe–Ier s. av. J.-C.) (by E. H. Bispham), 331
Boyle, A. J., Seneca: Medea (by Christopher Trinacty), 442
Smith, R. R. R., The Marble Reliefs from the Julio-Claudian Sebasteion (by Diane Atnally Conlin), 357
Spevak, O., The Noun Phrase in Classical Latin Prose (by J. G. F. Powell), 411
Steel, C. (Ed.), The Cambridge Companion to Cicero (by Ingo Gildenhard), 425
Steel, C. and H. van der Blom (Eds), Community and Communication: Oratory and Politics in Republican Rome (by Ingo Gildenhard), 425
Stocks, C., The Roman Hannibal: Remembering the Enemy in Silius Italicus’ Punica (by Raymond Marks), 334
Sutherland, J., Karystian Cipollino Marble: Its Export from Euboea and Distribution (by J. C. Fant), 356
Sweetman, R. J., The Mosaics of Roman Crete: Art, Archaeology and Social Change (by Maria Papaioannou), 361
Teatini, A., Repertorio dei sarcofagi decorati della Sardegna romana (by Fiona Anne Mowat), 360
Terpstra, T. T., Trading Communities in the Roman World: A Micro-Economic and Institutional Perspective (by Candace M. Rice), 395
Toner, J., Roman Disasters (by Neville Morley), 336
Torrance, A. and J. Zachhuber (Eds), Individuality in Late Antiquity (by Susan Wessel), 463
Ulrich, R. B. and C. K. Quenemoen (Eds), A Companion to Roman Architecture (by Penelope J. Goodman), 354
Urbano, A. P., The Philosophical Life: Biography and the Crafting of Intellectual Identity in Late Antiquity (by Jeremy Schott), 462
Valentini, A., Matronae tra novitas e mos maiorum: spazi e modalità dell’azione pubblica femminile nella Roma medio repubblicana (by Sharon L. James), 349
Van Andringa, W., H. Duday and S. Lepetz (Eds), Mourir à Pompei. Fouille d’un quartier funéraire de la nécropole romaine de Porta Nocera (2003–2007) (by John Pearce), 367
Van Ossel, P. and A.-M. Guimier-Sorbets (Eds), Archéologie des jardins: Analyse des espaces et méthodes d’approche (by Elizabeth Macaulay-Lewis), 389
Vesperini, P., La Philosophia et ses pratiques d’Ennius à Cicéron (by Gretchen Reydams-Schils), 430
Watson, L. and P. Watson (Eds), Juvenal: Satire 6 (by Catherine Keane), 439
Whitton, C. (Ed.), Pliny the Younger: Epistles Book II (by Thomas E. Strunk), 449
Zanobi, A., Seneca’s Tragedies and the Aesthetics of Pantomime (by George W. M. Harrison), 443
Zarmakoupi, M., Designing for Luxury on the Bay of Naples: Villas and Landscapes (c. 100 BCE–79 CE) (by Riccardo Olivito), 369
JRS 2015 ABSTRACTS
Marcello Mogetta: A New Date for Concrete in Rome Concrete is regarded as a quintessentially Roman achievement. The spread of the technology is usually dated to the fourth or third centuries b.c., and interpreted as a symptom of Rome’s early expansion in Italy. In this paper I offer a reappraisal of the available evidence for early concrete construction in Rome. On the basis of stratigraphic evidence, I conclude that a later date should be assigned to most of the remains. I situate the origins of the technological innovation within the radical change in architectural styles that unfolded in the middle of the second century b.c., affecting both domestic architecture and public building. The new chronology has an impact on current models of cultural diffusion in Roman Italy, linking the development of Late Republican architecture with the broader debate on the cultural implications of the Roman conquest.
Hannah Cornwell: The King Who Would Be Prefect: Authority and Identity in the Cottian Alps
This paper examines the language of power and authority in the Italian Alps, after the Roman pacification of the area in 14 b.c. The focus of the examination is an arch set up at Segusio to Augustus by a local dynast named Cottius, which allows us to consider how the incorporation of the region into the Roman Empire was perceived and presented from a ‘local’ point of view, and how we might use our interpretations to construct ideas of identity and power relationships integral to early imperial provincial administration.
Brent D. Shaw: The Myth of the Neronian Persecution A conventional certainty is that the first state-driven persecution of Christians happened in the reign of Nero and that it involved the deaths of Peter and Paul, and the mass execution of Christians in the aftermath of the great fire of July 64 c.e. The argument here contests all of these facts, especially the general execution personally ordered by Nero. The only source for this event is a brief passage in the historian Tacitus. Although the passage is probably genuine Tacitus, it reflects ideas and connections prevalent at the time the historian was writing and not the realities of the 60s.
Diana Ng: Commemoration and Élite Benefaction of Buildings and Spectacles in the Roman World Current scholarship on élite munificence in the Roman Empire often sees architectural benefactions as being at least partially driven by the élite desire for personal commemoration. I use juristic opinions from the Digest and other textual evidence related to building gifts to argue that there was an ancient understanding of the physical and symbolic ephemerality of architectural benefactions. In contrast, I present legal and epigraphic evidence to argue that there was an explicit expectation for gifts of spectacles and monetary distributions to be lasting memorials for their donors, and that the perpetuation of identity was also a motivating factor in the euergetic choice of a spectacle.
R. R. R. Smith and C. H. Hallett: Troilos and Achilles: A Monumental Statue Group from Aphrodisias
A remarkable blue-grey marble horse with a white marble rider, found in the Basilica at Aphrodisias, has been a focus of recent research. The article describes the archaeology and history of the monument — how it can be reconstructed, with its base and in its precise setting in the Basilica. The group was a daring composition that had already fallen and been restored once in antiquity. What emerges is firstly a new full-size hellenistic-style statue group whose subject can be identified as Troilos and Achilles, and secondly a striking example of the long second lives of classical statues in Late Antiquity. The horse was a great public monument of the early imperial period that was moved to the Basilica probably in the mid-fourth century a.d., where it has a well-documented context. The subject of the group can be identified both from epigraphy and from its iconographic antecedents, and its version of the subject can be related to a particular strand in the rich later literary representations of the story.
Heidi Wendt: Ea Superstitione: Christian Martyrdom and the Religion of Freelance Experts This paper situates Roman actions undertaken against Christians amidst an unofficial pattern of measures employed throughout the imperial period to manage the expanding influence of freelance religious experts. Questions about the historical circumstances of martyrdom or persecution tend to proceed from the assumption that Christians were perceived and dealt with as a distinct religious community. However, the penalties alleged by writers such as Paul and Justin were more commonly issued against self-authorized individuals (magi, astrologers, prophets, diviners, philosophers, and so forth) than against undifferentiated religious groups. Thus, I propose that Roman motivations for investigating and punishing Christians, at least in the first and second centuries, are best understood in relation to the wider phenomenon of freelance expertise and the range of concerns that it engendered.
Christopher Mallan and Caillan Davenport: Dexippus and the Gothic Invasions: Interpreting the New Vienna Fragment (Codex Vindobonensis Hist. gr. 73, ff. 192v–193r)
This article presents an English translation and analysis of a new historical fragment, probably from Dexippus’ Scythica, published by Gunther Martin and Jana Grusková in 2014. The fragment, preserved in a palimpsest in the Austrian National Library, describes a Gothic attack on Thessalonica and the subsequent preparations of the Greeks to repel the barbarian force as it moved south into Achaia. The new text provides several important details of historical, prosopographical and historiographical significance, which challenge both our existing understanding of the events in Greece during the reign of Gallienus and the reading of the main literary sources for this period. In this article we look to secure the Dexippan authorship of the fragment, identify the individuals named in the text, and date the events described in the text to the early 260s a.d.
Angelos Chaniotis and Takashi Fujii: A New Fragment of Diocletian’s Currency Regulation from Aphrodisias An inscription found in Aphrodisias in 2014 is recognized as a fragment of a dossier concerning Diocletian’s currency regulation. This dossier, probably consisting of two edicts and a letter, was inscribed on two blocks of the civic basilica wall. The new fragment belongs to the letter that accompanied the edicts. The reference to the diocese suggests that the letter was addressed to the rationalis of the diocese of Asia. The new fragment belongs to the bottom right corner of the upper block. Thus, it provides new possibilities for the reconstruction of the fragments of the upper block.
Alexander Skinner: Violence at Constantinople in A.D. 341–2 and Themistius, Oration 1 This article argues that Oration 1 by Themistius was prompted by violence at Constantinople in 341–2, and that the likeliest date for the speech is as early as March 342. Detailed arguments are presented in support of this correlation, which contrasts with the usual assignment of Themistius’ speech to either 347/348 or 350/351. The wider significance of these arguments is also highlighted. In particular, there are implications for our understanding of the chronology and overall trajectory of Themistius’ early career; and implications for the development of imperial ideology in the 340s.
Alan Cameron: City Personifications and Consular Diptychs
This paper takes as its point of departure two much discussed fifth-century artifacts, an uninscribed and undated consular diptych in Halberstadt, and the inscribed and (on the face of it) exactly dated consular missorium of Ardabur Aspar in Florence, both hitherto presumed issued by western consuls and manufactured in western workshops. After calling into question the established criteria for distinguishing western from eastern diptychs, I propose a new set of criteria and a new date and interpretation of both objects, mainly in the light of a more comprehensive examination of the iconography of city personifications, in literature as well as art.
Justin Stover: Olybrius and the Einsiedeln Eclogues
Two ancient pastoral poems were published by Hermann Hagen in 1869 from a manuscript at Einsiedeln and were soon dated to the reign of Nero. In this study, I show that these poems are related to the Bucolicon Olybriilisted in a library catalogue of Murbach from around 850, and demonstrate on internal and external grounds that the poems must have been composed around the end of the fourth century by Anicius Hermogenianus Olybrius, the consul of 395. This attribution enhances our understanding of the literary culture of the age of Claudian and contributes to the on-going debate on the extent and import of Neronian literature.