The passive voice



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THE PASSIVE VOICE
Active Passive
Present Continuous : The cleaning lady is brushing the floors now. à
Simple Present: Millions of people speak English all over the world. à

Where do people grow rice? à

The French make Renault cars. à
Present Perfect: Somebody has robbed me. à

Has the mechanic repaired your car yet? à


Past Simple: Somebody stole my car last night. à

My mother watered the plants last night à

How did he break the window? à
Past Continuous: When I was younger, the radios were playing Duran Duran's songs. à
Modals: Mr Ginger will rule the company. à

Passengers cannot use their cell phones on the plane à

The police should / must ban driving in city centres à

The school may/might give her a scholarship for her success. à



It + Passive

We use the passive phrases such as


It is said / accepted / assumed / believed / claimed / considered / denied / expected / felt / presumed / realized / stated / thought / understood, etc. that …..
Instead of “Everyone says that or People say that …..”
Exercise: Rewrite the following sentences in the passive beginning with “it …..that”.


  1. People know that too much noise causes headache and hearing problems.

…………………………………………………………………………………….

  1. After the election, people naturally thought that the winning party would keep its p-election promises.

……………………………………………………………………………………..
  1. Some people report that Osama bin Ladin is hiding in Afghanistan.


………………………………………………………………………………………

  1. Everyone expects that some sort of life exists on Mars.

……………………………………………………………………………………..
The Use of Passive Voice

  • We choose the active or passive depending on what we are more interested in.

Bill Gates founded The Microsoft in the 1980s. (We are more interested in Bill Gates)

The Microsoft was founded by Bill Gates. (We are more interested in The Microsoft.)


  • Use passive when you don't know who did the action or the doer of the action isn't important.

My car was stolen.

GRAMMAR QUIZ INTERMEDIATE UNITS 3

Name: _____________________

Date: ______________________

THE PASSIVE VOICE

A) Make the following sentences passive.

1. The cleaning lady is cleaning the floors now.

2. Millions of people speak English all over the world.

3. Where do people grow rice?

4. The French make Renault cars.

5. Somebody has robbed me.

6. Has the mechanic repaired our car yet?

7 Somebody stole my car last night.

8. My mother watered the plants last night.

9. How did he break the window?

10. When I was younger, radio stations were always playing Duran Duran's songs.

11. Mr Ginger will control the company.

12. Passengers cannot use their cell phones on the plane

13. The government should / must ban driving in city centres

14. The school may/might give her a scholarship because of her academic success.



B) Read the texts and put the verbs in the correct tense and use either active or passive to fit the meaning of the text.

COCA COLA
Coca-Cola 1 _______________ (enjoy) all over the world. 1.6 billion gallons 2 _______________ (sell) every year in 160 countries. The drink 3 _______________ (invent) by Dr John Pamberton in Atlanta, on 8 May 1886, but it 4 _______________ (give) the name Coca-Cola by his partner, Frank Robinson. In the first year, only nine drinks 5 _______________ (sell).

The business 6 _______________ (buy) by Asa Candler in 1888, and he _______________ (open) the first factory in Dallas, Texas, in 1895. Coca-Cola 7 _______________ (still make) there today. Billions of bottles 8 _______________ (produce) since 1895. and over the years many clever advertisements 9 _______________ (use) to sell the product. It is certain that Coca-Cola 10 _______________ (drink) far into the 21st century.


NYLON
Nylon 1 _______________ (invent) in the early 1930s by an American chemist, Julian Hill. Other scientists _______________ (work) on his invention and finally on 27 October 1938, Nylon

2 _______________ (introduce) to the world. It was cheap and strong and immediately

3 _______________ (become) successful, especially in the manufacture of ladies' stockings.

During World War II, the best present for many women was a pair of nylon stockings, but more importantly, it 4 _______________ (use) to make parachutes and tyres.

Today, nylon 5 _______________ (find) in many things: carpets, ropes, seat belts, furniture, computers, and even spare parts of human body. It 6 _______________ (play) an important parts in our lives for over 50 years. Next year about 36 million tons of it 7 _______________ (manufacture).

C) Put a/an/the into the blanks if necessary.
When viewing 1 _____ heavily cratered Moon, two different types of terrain are visible. 2 _____ brighter and very old highlands or 'continents' cover 80% of 3 _____ lunar surface. 4 _____ darker, smoother and younger areas called 'maria', meaning seas, are actually waterless and more like 5 ______ plains. Most of 6 _____ surface is covered with regolith which is a mixture of fine dust and rock debris produced by 7 ______ meteor impacts.

As on 8 ______ Earth, oxygen is 9 _____ most abundant element on 10 _____ Moon's surface but in the form of oxides. Because of 10 _____ weak gravity of 11 _____ Moon (one sixth of 12 ______ Earth's gravity) it has almost no atmosphere. The lack of gravity and hence atmosphere results in all types of



13 ______ gases escaping form its surface. It also means that there is not enough atmosphere to protect 14 _____ Moon from 15 _____ Sun's rays during 16 _____ daytime leading to temperatures of 123C or keep it warm at night leading to temperatures of -170C.


GRAMMAR






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