The Path Through the Cemetery

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The Path Through the Cemetery

by Leonard Q. Ross




Ivan was a timid little man – so timid that the villagers called him ‘Pigeon’ or mocked him with the title, “Ivan the Terrible.” Every night Ivan stopped in at the saloon which was on the edge of the village cemetery. Ivan never crossed the cemetery to get to his lonely shack on the other side. That path would save many minutes, but he had never taken it - not even in the full light of noon.

Late one winter’s night, when bitter wind and snow beat against the saloon, the customers took up the familiar mockery. “Ivan’s mother was scared by a canary when she carried him.” “Ivan the Terrible - Ivan the Terribly Timid One.”

Ivan’s sickly protest only fed their taunts, and they jeered cruelly when the young Cossack lieutenant flung his horrid challenge at their quarry.

“You are a pigeon, Ivan. You’ll walk all around the cemetery in this cold – but you dare not cross it.”

Ivan murmured, “The cemetery is nothing to cross, Lieutenant. It is nothing but earth, like all the other earth.”

The lieutenant cried, “A challenge, then! Cross the cemetery tonight, Ivan, and I’ll give you five rubles – five gold rubles!”

Perhaps it was the vodka. Perhaps it was the temptation of the five gold rubles. No one ever knew why Ivan, moistening his lips, said suddenly: “Yes, Lieutenant, I’ll cross the cemetery!”

The Saloon echoed with their disbelief. The lieutenant winked to the men and unbuckled his saber. “Here Ivan. When you get to the center of the cemetery, in front of the biggest tomb, stick the saber into the ground. In the morning we shall go there. And if the saber is in the ground – five gold rubles to you!”

Ivan took the saber. The men drank a toast: “To Ivan the Terrible!” They roared with laughter.

The wind howled around Ivan as he closed the door of the saloon behind him. The cold was knife-sharp. He buttoned his long coat and crossed the dirt road. He could hear the lieutenant’s voice, louder than the rest, yelling after him. “Five rubles, pigeon! If you live!”

Ivan pushed the cemetery gate open. He walked fast. “Earth, just earth…like any other earth.” But the darkness was a massive dread. “Five gold rubles…” The wind was cruel and the saber was like ice in his hands. Ivan shivered under the long, thick coat and broke into a limping run.

He recognized the large tomb. He must have sobbed – that was the sound that was drowned in the wind. And he kneeled, cold and terrified, and drove the saber through the crust into the hard ground. With all his strength, he pushed it down to the hilt. It was done. The cemetery…the challenge…five gold rubles.

Ivan started to rise from his knees. But he could not move. Something held him. Something gripped him in an unyielding and implacable hold. Ivan tugged and lurched and pulled – gasping in his panic, shaken by a monstrous fear. But something held Ivan. He cried out in terror, then made senseless gurgling noises.

They found Ivan, next morning, on the ground in front of the tomb that was in the center of the cemetery. He was frozen to death. The look on his face was not that of a frozen man, but that of a man killed by some nameless horror. And the lieutenant’s saber was in the ground where Ivan had pounded it- through the dragging folds of his long coat.

VOCABULARY

Cossack – a member of the Czar’s army

jeerto make fun of or taunt

mockery – a subject of laughter; insulting speech

ruble – a form of Russian money

sabera type of sword

timid – shy

ANALYZING LITERARY ELEMENTS



  1. The exposition of the story gives the reader important background information. What do you learn about Ivan’s character at the opening of the story?




  1. What type of character was Ivan (round, flat, dynamic, static)? Describe his character (what kind of person is he) and how it is revealed.




  1. Why is learning about Ivan’s character in the beginning crucial to the story? How does it impact Ivan’s motivation later?




  1. In this short story, what are the different events leading up to the climax? What do you consider the climax of the story?




  1. What information do we learn during the falling action and resolution?




  1. The author used allusion in the story to describe Ivan. What was this example of allusion? What well-known person/place/thing/event was the author referring to?

GOING FURTHER


Irony


  1. Why is the nickname, “Ivan the Terrible,” which was given to Ivan by the villagers ironic? Explain your answer using details from the story.

  2. Examine the ending of the story. Why is the ending ironic? Explain your answer with details from the story.


  3. Why is the ending unpredictable, yet logical? Explain your answer with details from the story.

Conflict


  1. What is the conflict between Ivan and the lieutenant? Explain using details from the story.

  2. How is this conflict related to the conflict between Ivan and the villagers? Explain using detail from the story?

  3. In what way are both of these conflicts related to Ivan’s internal struggle with fear? Explain using details from the story.

Foreshadowing


  1. What evidence of foreshadowing is there in the story that gave you clues to the climax and resolution? Explain using details from the story.







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