The Real "End of Poverty"



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How to end Poverty in Tanzania (Africa)


The Real “End of Poverty” in Africa by 2025 through Africans for Africans using a BOTTOM-UP Approach”





http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=_WBwgNXQtjY&feature=relmfu

How you can JOIN this movement!

By Dr. Askwar Hilonga (hilonga@gmail.com)

Table of Contents

Executive Summary…..…………………………………………………………………………4

Biography………………………………………………………………………………………….6

Fundamental concepts in this book………………………………….……………………..8

BIG THREE (3) ENERMIES OF AFRICA………………………………………………….…9

Eye witness in Korea……………………………….………………………………………….12

How to Solve the Africa’s Challenge? ………………………………………….………….12

What does the GONGALI Community do? (THE GONGALI MODEL) …….………..14

Sustainability of The Gongali Model…………..……………………….………………….15

Foundation of the Gongali Model………………………………………….……………….16

Unique approach of the Gongali Model…………………………………….………….….17

Establishment of the gongali elites organization (GEO) ……..……………………….17

Establishment of the gongali microcredit bank (GCM bank) …….…….……..…….20

Mobilization techniques that attracts the whole community…….………….……….22

Encourage participatory approach……………………………….……………….……….22

Setting high goals and “unrealistically” minimum implementation period……....23

Maximum utilization of networks…………………………….…………………………….23

Evaluation, appreciation, and celebration……………………………….……………….24

How to spread the Gongali Model………………………………………………….……….24

Many ways in which you can JOIN the gongali model…….……….………………….25

Appendix 1: Something about the African historical challenge (statistics)……….27

Appendix 2: The end of poverty………………………………………………….………….28

Appendix 3: World’s effort to reduce poverty within our generation………..………30

Appendix 4: Current “Western” NGOs movement to lift Africa out of poverty (The Millennium Promise)…………………………………………………..………………………31

Appendix 5: Contradicting views from the renowned celebrities: Paul David Hewson (Bono)……………………………………………………………………………….….35

William Russell Easterly …………………………………………………………………..…37

Dambisa Moyo…………………………………………………………………………….…….39

Jeffrey David Sachs……………………………………………………………………………41

Appendix 6: What are “people saying” (blogs) about why Africa is poor…………..45

How to tackle these problems……………………………………………………………….46

Why is Tanzania (Africa) so poor? …………………………………………………………47

Why is our country poor? .................................................................................48

Why is Africa poor? ………………………………………………………………..………….50

Appendix 7: Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) …………………………..…….70

Debate surrounding the MDGs……………………………………………………………..80

Appendix 8: About Tanzania (statistics)…………………………………………………107


EXACUTIVE SUMMARY

The available literature on African Poverty and how to end it in “our generation” is full of “brainwashing ideas”. In this book we want to: (i) express our concern against Western mentality that has not been helpful to Africa for decades since African “flag independency in 1960s” – They have PARALYSED/Injured/Diseased Africa; (ii) challenge the majority of African leaders and professionals (elites) who have KILLED Africa; (iii) resurrect common African Citizens who have BURRIED Africa.





The Gongali Model provides an ALTERNATIVE SOLUTION FOR

LIFTING AFRICA OUT OF POVERY and ending poverty in Africa by 2025!!!

The Gongali Model is a visionary movement initiated by passionate and enthusiastic pioneers who are responding to a special calling to lift Africa out of poverty through a bottom-up approach. It is named after a small village in Karatu-Tanzania, called Gongali, where the community accepted the vision aggressively and promptly put it in ACTION. The model promotes holistic sustainable transformational development in all human aspects based on a BOTTOM-UP approach (from individual level, family, village level, District, region, ….. to higher levels). The final goal is to transform people’s life holistically!

The MISSION and activities under the Gongali Model include, but not limited to, a PARTICIPATORY approach, encouraging the whole community to cultivate the spirit of self-reliance; aiming high – fight POVERTY, IGNORANCE, DISEASES, AND SIN…….. and change their mindset ….; Establish income generating projects in collaboration with the government and other development partners. We emphasize strong Educational Institutions (from Kindergarten) and investment in various industries (in collaboration with other relevant institutions). We are determined to STOP dependency on DONATIONS from “rich people/countries” and encourage our country to put a deadline (shortest possible duration) to receiving “DEAD AID” (a small/insignificant or non-strategic aid/donations provided by the rich countries to poor countries. This kind of “aid” has MANY NEGATIVE impacts to recipients).

………………………………………..CALL…………………………………………………

Consider the words of Mwalimu J.K. Nyerere:

Those who receive this privilege [of being educated] therefore, have a duty to repay the sacrifice which others have made. They are like the man who has been given all the food available in a starving village in order that he may have strength to bring supplies back from a distant place. If he takes his food and does not bring help to his brothers [and sisters], he is a TRAITOR.”

………………………………………………………………………………………………………

BIOGRAPHY

Dr. Askwar Hilonga (born in 1976), African (Tanzanian), is a reputable Lecturer of the Nelson Mandela Institute of Science and Technology in Arusha where he is responsible to provide various services: teaching, research, and consultation. He currently lives in Korea and works with environmentally responsible R&D Company - E&B Nanotech Co. Ltd in conjunction with the Hanyang University to disseminate modern nanotechnologies desired for large-scale inexpensive commercial/industrial production. He served as Chief Coordinator for Technology and Global business for E&B Nanotech Co. Ltd in 2010.

Askwar Hilonga was born to a family that was living in coffee plantation owned by “Westerners” in the small district of Karatu in Arusha, Tanzania. His family immigrated to Gongali village while his was about two years. Askwar attended his primary, secondary, and high school education at Gongali Primary School (1985 - 1991), Karatu Secondary (1992-1995), and Moshi Secondary (1996-1998), respectively. He attained his higher education at the University of Dar es Salaam (M.Sc - Chemistry and BSc. Education – Chemistry and Biology – 2000 – 2007), Hanyang University (Ph.D Chem. Eng. 2007 - 2010), and Sahmyook University (MPH – 2010 - 2012).

Dr. Hilonga has an overwhelming experience after working as a middle and high school teacher, lecturer, and researcher in various schools and universities within Tanzania and in South Korea. He has a “global-mind” after performing various activities in multi-cultural societies in several countries such as Rwanda (2004), Kenya & Namibia (2005), China (2006), Belgium (2008), Vietnam (2010), Thailand (2011), and South Korea (2007-Todate). Moreover, he has connections with professionals from many different countries. Hilonga actively contributed to the success of E&B Nanotech Co. Ltd. by facilitating the company to received grants for several big projects supported by Korean Government (Ministry of Commerce). Also through his endeavor the E&B Nanotech has received various recognitions/certifications. For instance, he played a significant role in enabling the E&B Nanotech Co. Ltd. to receive an award (after competing with more than 100 companies and became among the best 12 companies selected) to be supported by the Korean government in collaboration with Texas University, USA, to enter the American silica market in 2010. He has published 21 scientific articles in internationally recognized journals (until 2011). Moreover, he has presented incredible scientific works in various conferences within Tanzania and in several other countries around the world.

Dr. Hilonga received his Ph.D in Chemical Engineering with an unprecedented performance (many publications, First class GPA, graduated in shortest possible time, 60 credits, and a reward for the best Thesis (Gold Medal in 2010 – as shown in the picture) - from Hanyang University. He fluently speaks four languages, namely, English, Swahili, Korean, and Iraqw. He is a member of the Journal of Materials Science Professionals, Mesoporous Materials Society, and a devotee of Christian faith as described in another book with a similar mission but specifically intended for the SDA Church members; “why most of the SDA Churches in Africa are poor”?

Hilonga and his wife Ruth Elineema Lukwaro (B.Com, MBA International Business/Korea) have two children (Son, Gidqusberg - born in 2008 and Daughter, Tabea - born in 2010). They work as volunteers to the SDA Church in Korea in Multicultural Family Service Center. Through this ministry, Hilonga and his family have worked for foreigners from about 20 different countries who are living in Korea. Hilonga and his family enjoy watching and highly cherish faith-based media: Hopetv.org, 3ABN, Amazing Facts, Voice of Prophecy, It is written, and many others. They also keep in touch frequently with ippmedia.com to get “home news”. Hilonga is a footballer and enjoys making friends!



FUNDAMENTAL CONCEPTS IN THIS BOOK

This is a very simple book that is suitable even for lay people and it is written “unprofessionally” by a professional Ph.D holder with several publications in internationally renowned journals. The author has decided NOT to follow the common path of authorship partly to revolt against the culture of “brainwashing”. He suggests that some of the renowned and popular development strategies might be effective in USA, Europe and elsewhere BUT are NOT necessarily suitable for Africa. If those strategies were also suitable for Africa, then why are they not producing commendable results? The Gongali Model encourages the new African generation to think in novel/new ways without concentration on western mentality and traditional African ways of doing things and concentrate with new revelations – FREE HONEST MIND. Free thinking! Do it the way it works better for you and for your community! Nevertheless, the Gongali Model encourages its followers to know well their history and the history of Africa and all their adversaries and friends.

The Gongali Model is based on bottom-up approach which is scientifically proved to be the most stable structure/system in the universe. Several literatures referred in this book (in one way or another) are listed in Appendices. The reader of this book is advised and encouraged to refer to those literatures which, by the way, are written professionally. We feel that Africans can do their things in their own way, even on how to write a book “professionally”!




BIG THREE (3) ENERMIES OF AFRICA

After reading diverse literature on African poverty (summaries available in Appendices), the author of this book summarizes the reasons for AFRICAN POVERTY as due to its BIG THREE (3) ENERMIES:


  1. Colonial countries (Europe, America, and Arabs). These countries have PARALYSED Africa IN ALL ASPECTS (economically, physically, emotionally, and even spiritually). They “historically” dehumanized Africans through slave trade, degradation of African dignity, colonialisms, flag independence, structural adjustment, unfair trade, dead aid, “free-market”, burden of national debts/debt repayment, some heartless NGOs that discourage self-reliance/encourage dependency, foreign companies that are stealing African wealth, and questionable policies of the world organizations such as World Bank, IMF, and WTO. The list goes on and on……even now (in 2011) there are many questions than answers on some actions of Western countries to/in Africa!



  1. Most of the African leaders and professionals (African elites) – They have KILLED Africa. Most of these people have closed their eyes and pretend not to see or ignore the plight of the majority of the common African Citizens. They are very selfish, corrupt, and myopic (not visionary). Most of them are just thinking of little “petty” things like buying a car, building a house, getting married and having children, getting a second wife or a hidden lover – somewhere else, drinking alcohol - ………, end of story! Majority have no SIGNIFICANT passion for helping the needy (orphans, widows, sick, old people) and the poor!




  1. Common African Citizens (less educated and uneducated) – They have BURRIED Africa. Most of the common citizens of Africa are lazy, not innovative, lost creativity, ONLY complaining, embraced and loved their historical enemies (diseases, ignorance, poverty, and sin). They have allowed divisions in their society and are interested in finding more reasons for entertaining divisions. They encourage tribalism, religious divisions, wrong approach of political multiparty system (based on envy and rivalry), globalization (diverted attention), and dependency – expecting help from elsewhere! They are expecting government, NGOs, and few blessed individuals to do everything for the needy community. Some religions have also misled their communities by leading people to directly or indirectly believe that God will perform miracles even though they don’t work hard and that believers should not be materialistic. They insist that believers should NOT look for worldly pleasures and this means they can just “accept” poverty – after all, they claim, “blessed are the poor, for they will inherit the Kingdom of Heaven”. The same pastors and/or religious leaders who preach those hypocritical things are themselves almost living in “small heaven” on earth. They are exceedingly rich and famous, yet they suppress their communities and do not even care for the needy people in their congregations. These concerns and many other related issues are described in a book entitled “The Gongali Model - Does the Religious Community care about African Poverty? (Call for the RELIGIOUS communities to LIFT Africa out of POVERTY”).

EYE WITNES IN KOREA!

After living in Korea for five years (until 2012) I have learned fascinating lessons which have transformed my life for good. Korea is amazingly developed to the extent that it is “almost” impossible to believe its recent history of poverty. They have giant buildings, amazing roads, abundant electricity, more than enough clean water, high literacy level, many universities and countless other institutions, numberless factories, extended life span, ……., …….., just imagine “next to perfect” system compared to horrible situation in Africa. My question is how is this possible? Why is it NOT possible for Africa? The current situation of Africa is described elsewhere in this book. There are things that are already in museum in Korea since 1970’s though in 1960’s Korea and Africa was at the same level. What is wrong in Africa? This is the time for Africa to learn something special from the rapid development of Korea. Otherwise, we will find ourselves in more pathetic conditions in near future for reasons that might be so obvious to many insightful people. I understand that this observation is not unique to me; any insightful person will concur with me. My main intention is to point out the African’s weakness and suggest possible solutions through the Gongali Model.





How to Solve the Africa’s Challenge?

50 years (half a century) after independence African countries are still under the extreme poverty. This awakes most people to ask a question, WHY? A wealth of literature with diverse views is available to explain why Africa is poor and what should be done to LIFT Africa out of poverty. This book is therefore not intended to “re-invent the wheel” to re-write what is already available in the literature. Thus, the reader of this book is encouraged to be acquainted with the available literature on African Poverty. One mysterious thing that the reader will agree with the author of this book is the fact that, although many solutions were proposed several decades ago, “AFRICA IS STILL POOR”! Then the question is, “BUT WHY”? Is there ANY FUTURE HOPE?

There are many historical “attempts” to solve Africa’s challenge. Some of those endeavors are listed in Appendices. The current brilliant attempt is the brain-child idea of an American Professor of economics (Prof. Jeffrey Sachs) who is strongly supporting the Millennium Development Goals through his NGO called the “Millennium Promise” and the grass-root movement called the Millennium Village Projects (MVP). One of those “experimental” villages is the Mbola village in Uyui district, Tabora – Tanzania. The movement is supported by giant world-class Philanthropists such as Bill Gates, George Soros, Bono, and many others. A brief description of this movement is available in Appendices. Although we (Africans) should highly appreciate the efforts of Prof. Sachs and his colleagues (westerners), the question is “where are our own African people? Where are our elites/educated/professionals? Where are our business people and leaders? What are they doing? If they are really doing something, why don’t we see significant changes in Africa? Prof. Sachs and his colleagues are also constantly challenged by their opponents who are also well-educated people such as Prof. William Easterly and Dr. Dambisa Moyo, among others. These opponents insist that the Africa’s solution cannot come from America or elsewhere but from Africa itself. In fact this is the motive behind the Gongali Model, which is the brain-child of Africans for Africans.

We understand that there is no overnight solution for the existing challenges in Africa. Nevertheless, God has revealed to me and several other pioneers of the Gongali Model an amazing vision that the existing challenges in Africa can be solved using a MODEL that is based on a BOTTOM-UP approach. The first community to receive this vision is the GOGALI SDA church and, thereafter, the whole Gongali Community – thus the model is named after their village name, “THE GONGALI MODEL”. The model is expected to spread speedily in Karatu District, Arusha Region, Tanzania, and Africa at large within shortest possible time.




What does the GONGALI Community do? (THE GONGALI MODEL)

Gongali community is highly convinced that Africans can free themselves from poverty without begging donations from rich people or developed countries; Common citizens can cooperate to facilitate the growth of their community and make MANY people’s life better; Without depending on sponsors we can improve our lives spiritually, physically, mentally, and economically (Holistic Sustainable Transformational Development). Based on the GONGALI MODEL, the whole Gongali Community has decided to put their hands together and implement various projects; the first one being to build a high school. They put a shortest deadline to finish the construction and launch the GONGALI HIGH SCHOOL! Is it possible? At this challenging beginning the Gongali community will solicit funds for supporting its movement under the GONGALI MODEL. Resource mobilization will be done AGGRESSIVELY within the Gongali community, in nearby communities/villages, distant areas (including development partners from foreign countries), higher level of government authorities, and from generous individuals. ALL in ALL, the whole community is determined to implement its planned/desired activities.


SUSTAINABILITY and the FUTURE of the GONGALI MODEL

The Gongali Model is a movement that is self-reliant. The pioneers of this movement will sustain themselves using their innovative income-generating activities. Of course, financial support from individuals and institutions will be encouraged particularly for establishing new projects under the model. It should be noted that the Gongali Model is not based on begging (ombaomba) though we treasure any valuable support at the initial stages (consider the FOUNDATION OF THE GONGALI MODEL, below). Something like Marshall Plan works well for the Gongali Model. (Marshall plan:  A massive program of aid ($12,500,000,000) from the United States to sixteen western and southern European countries aimed at helping economic renewal and strengthening democracy; it was started in 1948 and was officially known as the European Recovery Program, or ERP, but is more commonly known as the Marshall Plan, after the man who announced it, US Secretary of State George C. Marshall).

 


FOUNDATION OF THE GONGALI MODEL

Seven (7) principles of the Gongali Model:

1. It is based on faith in GOD as the Creator and it RESPECTS HUMAN DIGNITY.


2. It believes in “ACTION speaks louder than words”. So it IMPLEMENTS good practices suggested/promoted by others
3. It emphasizes Entrepreneurship, Innovation, Creativity, HARD WORK and encourages working for MANY HOURS day and night
4. It is TRANSPARENT and works through PARTICIPATORY approach - intermingling with people; be part of the community – in all circumstances; and promotes SELF-RELIANCE. Discourages “DEAD AID” (donations that harm the recipient) – Ref. Dambisa Moyo
5. It highly promotes PATRIOTISM/UZALENDO (to genuinely love OUR country, OUR people – Ref. J. K. Nyerere). Unity in diversity is encouraged (various tribes, religions, etc).
6. It reduces the socio-economic GAPS within the community. Extra consideration to the poor and the vulnerable, particularly, orphans, widows, sick, and old people. Accepts strategic significant (short term) donations/support – similar to Marshall Plan when USA helped Europe significantly in 1948 for short specific period! Also it promotes financial interventions through MICROCREDIT, based on the “seven (7) decisions” adapted from Grameen Bank – Ref. Prof. Yunus - Bangladesh.
7. It aims for HOLISTIC SUSTAINABLE TRANSFORMATIONAL DEVELOPMENT but it is also FLEXIBLE, provided that its goals are achieved. It is strategically organized to be a prototype suitable for other poor communities worldwide!




UNIQUE APPROACH OF THE GONGALI MODEL

To the best of their knowledge, the pioneers of the Gongali Model have reviewed various development strategies that are used world-wide but no single approach was found to be “directly” suitable for the Gongali Community. In fact some of the highly popularized development strategies which are summarized in Appendices are not only infective but also HARMFUL for the Gongali community. Thus, we have decided to apply these seven (7) “experimental” approaches:

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