The Real "End of Poverty"

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Review Summit 2010

A major conference was held at UN headquarters in New York on 20–22 September 2010 to review progress to date, with five years left to the 2015 deadline. The conference concluded with the adoption of a global action plan to achieve the eight anti-poverty goals by their 2015 target date. There were also major new commitments on women's and children's health, and major new initiatives in the worldwide battle against poverty, hunger and disease.



Challenges

Although developed countries' aid for the achievement of the MDGs has been rising over the recent year, it has shown that more than half is towards debt relief owed by poor countries. As well, remaining aid money goes towards natural disaster relief and military aid which does not further the country into development. According to the United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs (2006), the 50 least developed countries only receive about one third of all aid that flows from developed countries, raising the issue of aid not moving from rich to poor depending on their development needs but rather from rich to their closest allies. Many development experts question the MDGs model of transferring billions of dollars directly from the wealthy nation governments to the often bureaucratic or corrupt governments in developing countries. This form of aid has led to extensive cynicism by the general public in the wealthy nations, and hurts support for expanding badly needed aid.


Controversy over funding of 0.7% of GNI

Over the past 35 years, the members of the UN have repeatedly made a "commit[ment] 0.7% of rich-countries' gross national income (GNI) to Official Development Assistance." The commitment was first made in 1970 by the UN General Assembly.


The text of the commitment was:

Each economically advanced country will progressively increase its official development assistance to the developing countries and will exert its best efforts to reach a minimum net amount of 0.7 percent of its gross national product at market prices by the middle of the decade. However, there has been disagreement from the US, and other nations, over the Monterrey Consensus that urged "developed countries that have not done so to make concrete efforts towards the target of 0.7 per cent of gross national product (GNI) as ODA to developing countries."



Support for the 0.7% Target

The UN "believe[s] that donors should commit to reaching the long-standing target of 0.7 percent of GNI by 2015". The European Union has recently reaffirmed its commitment to the 0.7% aid targets. The EU External Relations council says that, as of May 2005, "four out of the five countries, which exceed the UN target for ODA of 0.7%, of GNI are member states of the European Union."

Many organizations are working to bring U.S. political attention to the Millennium Development Goals. In 2007, The Borgen Project worked with Sen. Barack Obama on the Global Poverty Act, a bill requiring the White House to develop a strategy for achieving the goals. As of 2009, the bill has not passed, but Barack Obama has since been elected President.

Challenges to the 0.7% Target

However, many Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) nations, including key members such as the United States, are not progressing towards their promise of giving 0.7% of their GNP towards poverty reduction by the target year of 2015. Some nations' contributions have been criticized as falling far short of 0.7%.


John Bolton argues that the U.S. never agreed in Monterrey to spending 0.7% of GDP on development assistance. Indeed, Washington has consistently opposed setting specific foreign-aid targets since the U.N. General Assembly first endorsed the 0.7% goal in 1970. The Australian Government has committed to providing 0.5% of GNI in International Development Assistance by 2015-2016, without noting the long-standing 0.7% goal.

Related organizations

The United Nations Millennium Campaign is a UNDP campaign unit to increase support to achieve the Millennium Development Goals and seek a coalition of partners for action. The Millennium Campaign targets intergovernmental, government, civil society organizations and media at both global and regional levels.

The Millennium Promise Alliance, Inc., or Millennium Promise, is a U.S.-based non-profit organization dedicated to the achievement of the Millennium Development Goals and founded in 2005 by renown international economist and Special Advisor on the MDGs to the UN Secretary General, Professor Jeffrey Sachs, and Wall Street leader and philanthropist, Ray Chambers. Millennium Promise coordinates a project, the Millennium Villages Project, in partnership with Columbia University's Earth Institute and the UNDP that aims to demonstrate the feasibility of achieving the Goals through an integrated and community-led approach to holistic development. The Millennium Villages Project currently operates in 14 sites across 10 countries in sub-Saharan Africa.

The Global Poverty Project is an international education and advocacy organization using its multimedia presentation 1.4 Billion Reasons to educate people about the Millennium Development Goals and our capacity to end extreme poverty within a generation. They travel to workplaces, schools, universities, community groups and churches around Australia, New Zealand, the United Kingdom and the United States to equip people with the knowledge and resources they need to encourage the achievement of the MDGs.

The Micah Challenge is an international campaign that encourages Christians to support the Millennium Development Goals. Their aim is to "encourage our leaders to halve global poverty by 2015."


8 Visions of Hope is a global art project that explores and shows how art, culture, artists & musicians as positive change agents can help in the realization of the eight UN Millennium Development Goals.

The Development Education Unit of Future Worlds Center envisions, designs and implements development education awareness campaigns, trainings, conferences and resources since 2005. Leads a number of European-wide projects such as the Accessing Development Education and TeachMDGs.



MDG related projects

Accessing Development Education

Accessing Development Education is a web portal developed by Future Worlds Center within an EU funded project (ONG-ED/2007/136-419). It provides relevant information about Development and Global Education and helps educators share resources and materials that are most suitable for their work.



TeachMDGs

The Teach MDGs European project led by Future Worlds Center aims to increase awareness and public support for the Millennium Development Goals by actively engaging teacher training institutes, teachers and pupils in developing local oriented teaching resources promoting the MDGs with a particular focus on sub-Saharan Africa and integrate these into the educational systems.



UNgoals

UNgoals is a global project dedicated to spreading awareness of these millennium goals through many different means in and outside of the internet.


DEBATE

The motion: "Aid to Africa is doing more harm than good" Moderator: Brian Lehrer Speaking for the motion: George Ayittey, William Easterly and David Rieff Speaking against the motion: C. Payne Lucas, John McArthur and Gayle Smith IQ2US marks the launch of Oxford-style debating -- one motion, one moderator, three advocates for the motion, three against -- in New York City. Each evening begins at 6:00P with a complimentary cocktail period. As you enter the theater before the debate starts at 6:45P, you cast your vote for or against the evening's motion. Those results are displayed midway through the debate as each side makes its statements. After all six panelists speak, the audience has a chance to ask the speakers questions and vote again. The debate finishes with brief summations from the panelists, the votes are tallied and a winning side is declared. badb0y251 (1 week ago)

Dr.John H. Clarke said 'it is a world war,a war that will prepare the people of the world for the re-enslavement of Africans.and world will say serves em' right'.Gold,diamond,oil,petroleum,vanadium,chromite and many other precious things of the earth,some necessary for your super high-tech devices,that's why they're in Africa. randomdude5640 (5 months ago)
Africa doesn't need aid. They need trade. Before that they need to get rid of the Western Selected leadership and re-evaluate the western drawn borders. Europeans are the reason for the state of Africa and us "savages" were just fine before they arrived. They're bent on messing us up. Making Africa dependent on "aid" and ultimately the people will be enslaved to work off the "aid" that's given. If nothing is done the whole continent will be enslaved with no hope of progression. MrConquerdeath (5 months ago)

Africa don’t need aid we have the most abundant resources in the world, take ur bribes and guns and give them to ur own people if u want make money, and to all u sell out bitch made African people who take bribes from racist muthafukas in western nations, ur gonna get it worse u and ur seed. How do u think Africa saw slavery it wasn’t because of guns it was because of willingness to take bribes and later on u realize it wasn’t worth it. BITCHASS NIGGAZ, FIGHT THE POWER! donbyro1 (7 months ago)

Please don’t send aids to African governments. They use it to buy weapons from the same people that gave them those aids and then oppress anybody that opposes them. Please keep your aids to urselves. You are sponsoring terrorism in Africa. I love Africa like shit and hate to see anybody try to claim credit to helping people they are in fact indirectly torturing. Don’t sell weapons to African governments; don’t send aids to African governments. Africans can raise the money themselves. beeqool (1 year ago)

Europeans are pesky with their help TheVanessa52 (1 year ago)
I am from Africa, and the poor people never get the aid. It goes into the back pockets of the government. Just like Haiti. Oh and BTW the NWO would hate Africa to prosper. Less people less to feed 5a55y5a55 (2 years ago)
Swiss chocolate is the best in the world..where does the beans come from? Belgium diamonds are the best in the world.. Where do stones come from? Aid is another way for the world to pretend it isn't obviously keeping Africa down intentionally, to remain 3rd world. Government organizations and NGO’s are perpetuating subordination and dependence on foreign aid, and they continue to distract us with AID/HIV crisis there to avert the obvious inequality and modern day colonialism. Tony63efc (2 years ago)
I agree that there is a continuum when it comes to corruption and repressive regimes and if a list was drawn up of those we find unacceptable it would be somewhat arbitrary. petemillner (2 years ago)
I agree, but I think of it more as a relative issue than that. If you are going to politicise / moralise access to banks and bank accounts, then under what basis do you do it? Would you accept money from Mugabe? No? How about Zuma? Putin? What must inevitably follow is the running of banks along national interest, and if it's free market liberalism you want, then I'm not sure it's possible under such a system. Tony63efc (2 years ago)

Africans can redeem control over their land and resources by accumulating and ministering capital, organize industry catering to under-served [low -income i.e the global majority] markets by way of commercial enterprise in the form of: Social Enterprise --(Social Programs that are turn into businesses) Small and Medium Enterprise -- (Businesses that use a franchise model) Co-operative Corporation -- ( Integrates: credit unions, worker co-op and R&D) In this way Africans can be self-reliant. donbyro1 (7 months ago)

Aid money == terrorism sponsorship. Most dictators unleashed terrible suffering to its citizens are backed by some kind of foreign government (especially Europeans, Americans and most recently the Chinese). Stop sponsoring terrorism in Africa. Remember karma is a bitch. 633390 (1 year ago)
@oakmeal53 I am judging you from what you write! My arguments are not off topic at all. The dollar has lost 95% of its value since 1913! Inflation is rampant in some major sectors of society (Healthcare, education, even housing!). The military is over-extended in useless conflicts (The Japanese prime minister has just resigned because of the US military bases in their country). The US used to be the most respected country in the world, it is now the most hated! continuing! oakmeal53 (1 year ago)
"I stay in my country crap"????? uh... haha ok. ignorant? my my you are an excellent judge of character based on youtube comments. Please explain how its ignorant to love my safety and high standard of living? and how its ignorant that my goods are made in china? your arguments make no sense you are always off topic. cars and olympics now? come on. you suck at arguing! oakmeal53 (1 year ago)
I couldn’t be blinder eh? I live here bub and trust me were not going under. debt? of course every country has debt. our debt as a % of GDP is not uncommon in any of the developed countries. show me a country that has NOT had bank failures recently. I have been to war and its not "taking a toll" in fact military recruiting is up! Never even heard of your "secessionist movements"; your generalities sound great in your bigoted brain but they are invalid in real life.

  • Africans can redeem control over their land and resources by accumulating and ministering capital, organize industry catering to under-served [low -income i.e the global majority] markets by way of commercial enterprise in the form of: Social Enterprise --(Social Programs that are turn into businesses); Small and Medium Enterprise -- (Businesses that use a franchise model); Co-operative Corporation -- (Integrates: credit unions, worker co-op and R&D). In this way Africans can be self-reliant. charbonelle 2 months ago




  • @charbonelle Thank. People in Africa do not want to wait to be feed. They want to work and provide for their families. AID has destroyed Africa. 1970 10% in poverty but today 80%. The best way is to give a time line and stop it after that. Just like what happened after World War 2. AfroSunGoddess 1 month ago

  • @AfroSunGoddess

The best way is to give a time line and stop it after that.

They will do no such thing, because they are operating on the premise that one needs to exercise external restriction a.k.a property rights in order to secure economic advantage. If African were to collectively control it's vast resources then the European will be at the mercy of the African Collective in terms of access. charbonelle 1 month ago



  • Typical liberal... since the fact aren't on her side she has to obfuscate the dialogue by vaguely insisting "well it's really complex... uh what about our dignity?"

Gayle is preoccupied with the emotional aspects - too focused on asserting her self-righteous humanity to consider a more pragmatic approach. She is more concerned with how her initiatives are perceived by colleagues and/or the general public than she is with addressing the failure of current policies.

Aid is not an end in itself. bobshenix 4 months ago





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  • Africa doesn't need AID. They need trade. And they need the Europeans to get the hell off of their land and trade fairly for the resources that they are sucking up.


As long a Europeans are exploiting Africa they'll always be poor, broke, uneducated and dependent on foreign aid. randomdude5640 4 months ago 2

  • Our forefathers did not need Billions of dollars in aid to make this country great. Africa has had so much longer to advance itself, why would they pull it together now with money? Africans can redeem control over their land and resources by accumulating and ministering capital, organize industry catering to under-served [low-income i.e the global majority] markets by way of commercial enterprise in the form of :

Social Enterprise --(Social Programs that are turn into businesses)

Small and Medium Enterprise -- (Businesses that use a franchise model)

Co-operative Corporation -- (Integrates: credit unions, worker co-op and R&D). In this way Africans can be self-reliant. charbonelle 2 months ago


  • Its pathetic that Aid givers are the engine of development in Africa. What about Africans autonomy over their own affairs? What about people other then Westerners donating money to Africa? polutc 7 months ago



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  • Living standards depend as much on trade policy as on aid.

  • Africa's wealthy in natural resources. We don't want them to develop. Same goes for South America. randomdude5640 4 months ago


  • what results is this monkey talking about? africa is a cess-pool, end of argument. why does a bad government not squander aid again? oh an 600 Billion dollars is "all the money" that is being wasted? good thing thats only pocket change....


and even with any achievments accomplished, why is it our concern again what happens in africa? oakmeal53 1 year ago

  • @TorBarstad True. But life is not fair, thats just how it is. No-one gave our great-grandparents aid or a handout. And they made this country the greatest that has ever been. oakmeal53 1 year ago



My great grandparents did actually recieve aid through the marshall plan (I'm from Norway). That's not relevant though. Sure, Africa eventually get out of poverty also with no aid. But with the right types of aid they can get get out of povery faster.

Life isn't fair, but that's not an argument for not taking the needs of others into account. "That’s just how it is" doesn't mean that it should be - or that we should accept it. TorBarstad 1 year ago 5



  • Your right we likely well never agree! Would you argue that Aid is NOT hurting Africa? They are the cradle of civilization if they have not figured things out by now will they ever, especially with BILLIONS in aid? Use "feeding the stray cat" example. Yea you can feed it and feel good about yourself, but it will come to rely on you and become worthless. It is a little idealistic to want to change things that have always been and will always be, you might as well devote your life to world peace.oakmeal53 1 year ago


  • Interesting that he asks why all the Asian countries are doing better than African countries with better governance. Isn't a perfectly fitting conclusion that it's because the Asian countries don't take aid money? agawefda425 1 year ago




  • Aid to Africa is a BAD idea. The best thing we can do for Africa is to trade and prevent people from exploiting Africa. Aid creates dependency. enyawix 2 years ago



  • Yes. All of what he said is true, but the same accomplishments that aid has achieved in Africa can be said about the Soviet Union and Soviet planning in Russia and the republics. Aid is good for some things and a general litmus test is to look at the Soviet Union, see where it succeeded (they did do some good) and extend that to the West's efforts in Africa. It will help with health, maybe agriculture in a limited way, but no permanent and self-sustaining changes will likely be made. ivanmikhailov 2 years ago



  • Wow. I have never heard a more illogical, ill-thought out, and poorly pieced together argument in my life. Not to mention the extremely racist comments at the end. Jakesonaplane 4 months ago

  • OMG! Hey man, polease if you do not know much about Africa You better read and live with Africans do not vomit on us... I hate lies and propoganda... what Dr, Ayittey said is the genuine truth we must reform... African need radical change... chnage in Ideas not of leaders... let we go back ... hence please do make a real fact matter of dychotomy... I hate all your speech... specially to hear such poor speach from such aged man...

jemahika 8 months ago


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  • again why the crap does this side keep saying that 600 BILLION is not much?? but he does have some good points....although he did not address the current corruption problem...oakmeal53 1 year ago




  • America never work for poor and needy ppl! tell me about military aid pls? Is this for needy ppl? cutegual 2 years ago



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  • Aids to africa === terrorism.

Africa doesn't need your help.

Just do the right thing

Don't sell weapons to african governments

Time would come when all truth would be known

The truth cantt be hidden

donbyro1 7 months ago



  • Thank you so much Ayttey, the truth makes you some how emotional,... thus you are doing well but try to reduce your emotions... the rest you are the best speaker and truth revealer... I love you Professor!!! jemahika 8 months ago



  • I thanks you people for doing such a debate. Thanks alot!!!

comsv4 3 years ago 2

  • The days when everybody in the world will like to be a son or daughter of my mother Africa is very close. The divinely cropped leaders will rise up very soon! Long life my Mother Africa; it is high time we made your name proud-we promise!!!

comsv4 3 years ago 2

  • I felt bad all the time because the name of my dear mother Africa who is well blessed is being mocked and tarnished by people that are depending on her resources, but what soothes me is that God is cropping new leaders in Africa who are gonna put everything in the right order.

comsv4 3 years ago 2


  • It is high time westerners should stop exploiting our richly blessed continent Africa! Whenever they talk about aid, they are targeting another thing to take from Africa. It is high time our leaders should have insight seeing what others cannot see if they really wanna see Africa stand independent of this mess. Almost almost all the natural things that sustain world are from Africa. We can exist independently without aid because what makes a rich heritage is resources, not dollar, Pounds and Euro.

comsv4 3 years ago 2

  • How can you say that a continent of abundant resources is poor while they do come to Africa and steal our resources through our stupid and blind leaders, and build their countries. Could someone tell me what happened to Gold in Ghana? Thieves stole it to build their country in the name that they wanna help Ghana. What about Nigeria oil sector? thieves are now thiefing the oil in the name of offering aid to Nigeria to develop their oil.

comsv4 3 years ago 2

  • the problem is that our leaders are rotten. They do not have insight to see tomorrow; they are so interested in dancing in the cirlce of today while that of tomorrow is not well planned for, and moreover their being selfish is often used by conspicuous thieves to rob Africans of their resources in the name of "Africa is poor, and need aid".

comsv4 3 years ago 2


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  • Good video! That's great video because it is quite educative, but everything

  • No aid made a country leave alone a continent developed. No country developed by aid... what to do guys? If our enemies are we ourselves the solutions for it also must be we not others... I am sad to be African when I look at corrupt, vampire and sacking leaders of Africa,...

jemahika 8 months ago

  • why do they keep downplaying the BILLIONS spent? screw how much that is per person - that is ALOT of money, with pathetic results.

oakmeal53 1 year ago

  • What they want to provide to Africa in the form of aid will only make the continent unproductive. If these aid advocates really wanted to help, they would understand that Africans need to produce their own goods and necessities, and not simply receiving them.

bluecafe22 3 years ago

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  • George Ayittey is right. The flight of African capital needs to be stopped. If Africa simply maintained its own capital and reinvested it in its own economies then it's problems would be solved. Foreign aid does little more than feed people for a day, and most of the time these people are politicians. bluecafe22 3 years ago



  • Consider these two cases:

- aiding a sick man by giving him medicine

- aiding a beggar by giving him food

The first case has a *finality* -- you give him medicine until he gets well. The second, on the other hand, does not -- you have to give him food *indefinitely*, if not addressing the underlying problem that is *poverty*

creepiestdani 2 years ago



  • So there are two distinct types of aid. I think anyone would agree that the second type of aid clearly does no good in the larger picture, because it does not solve anything, unlike the first type of aid which does. The successful application of the first type of aid has been given by those against the motion as evidence in favour of their position. But what if the sickness in the first case has poverty as one of its causes?...

creepiestdani 2 years ago

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  • This has been flagged as spam   show hide

Giving medicine in this case does *not* have finality if not addressing the underlying problem that is poverty, so it's actually the second case in disguise...

The second type of aid only creates *dependence* if you wanted to exploit Africa's resources, is it not the best thing you could possibly wish for?



creepiestdani 2 years ago


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