The purpose of a stand-up is to show the audience who the reporter actually is, but there is much more. The stand-up can take the viewer from one place or concept to another place or concept. When a reporter does a stand-up in the middle of a story it is called a "bridge". You are helping the viewer make the transition from one concept or place to another concept or place. The stand-up bridge is difficult because when you are shooting in the field, you must have a very clear idea of what the story is going to be about. If you do a stand-up bridge and then interview people and then come up with a different story when you get back to school to write it, your stand-up might not be appropriate. (That is why it is always good to have a VERY clear idea of what your story is going to be about before you go out in the field.)
Here is an example:
You are doing a story on high school students and their part-time jobs. The idea is to demonstrate different types of jobs. So, the reporter may do their stand-up bridge starting at the check-out counter and walking over to where the student is actually doing the job. If the story is about how part-time jobs take up too much time and the students doesn't have time to do sports, the reporter can either do a stand-up at the sporting event if the story started at a job site, or vice versa. Remember, you are trying to tell people a story and it is important to take people on a journey with you.
Another purpose for a stand-up can be to tell the part of a story that doesn't have any good pictures to go with it. Remember, TV does not do complex issues well. So, if you are trying to explain a complex issue, maybe a stand-up will help do that. The viewer won't be distracted by the pictures, they can focus on the reporter and really listen to what is being said. An example of this is "The school that was on this site burned down in 1865." Obviously, there is no school, so the reporter can be on-camera at the site.
If you do a walking stand-up you must walk with a purpose. Your job is to show the audience something or demonstrate something. You don't just walk to walk. You walk to show people a relationship between something or someone, or to demonstrate something. Also, always walk toward the camera. Never walk sideways. You will get a much better shot if the camera stays in focus and doesn't have to follow you.
These are the necessary elements for a stand-up:
The reporter should be in front of some sort of action or in front of a sign.
The reporter's audio must be clear and audible if shot in front of action.
The best type of shot for a stand-up is a head-and-shoulder shot. We don't want to
see any long microphone cords in the shot.
If the reporter ends the story with a stand-up, the reporter must summarize the story in some way and not just tag out the story by saying "From location, I'm Amanda Gumbs reporting... (1 second pause)"
We will need the reporter to tag out in a specific way in-order for the Fox 61 Post Production team to insert the new Fox 61 Student News and WB20 Student News wrapper onto your stories. Without the wrapper we will be unable to broadcast your story!
"From location, I'm Amanda Gumbs reporting... (1 second pause)"