The Royal Story 2 1 Kings Revelation


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The Royal Story 2

1 Kings - Revelation

  1. Principles

The Bible is God’s word, which means:

  1. It’s one story

  2. There’s one main character

  3. It’s for all people in all places

  4. It’s all we need

  5. We need all of it

  6. It’s always right

  1. The Royal Story so far

  • The King of the world

  • The kings of the world

  • The wrong king of the world

  • A future king of the world

  • Kings promised

  • God is the King

  • Kings promised

Deuteronomy 17:15-20

  • Kings needed

  • The people’s king: Saul

  • God’s king: David

  • God’s king’s eternal kingdom

2 Samuel 7

Some questions still to answer...




  1. The end of Kings

1 Kings 12:16-20 The Split into two kingdoms

2 Kings 17:6-8 The northern kingdom goes into exile
2 Kings 25:8-11 The southern kingdom goes into exile
How Kings ends is

  1. The purpose of Kings

a. The situation in exile

b. The situation after the exile...
Ezra 1:1-4

Nehemiah 1:2-4

Ezra 3:12
Haggai 2:3
Nehemiah 4:3, 6

Nehemiah 9:36-37


 So why was a book all about kings written?

c. The type of literature
1 Kings 15:23



The message of the prophets is not, “Israel has sinned; therefore, Israel needs to get its act together or it will die.” The message is, “Israel has sinned, therefore, Israel must die and its only hope is to entrust itself to a God who will give it new life on the far side of death.” Or even, “Israel has sinned; Israel is already dead. Cling to the God who can raise the dead.”1

 What was the mistake of the monarchy?
God’s good gifts to people fail...

  • W

  • L

  • T

The purpose of Kings is:


 What vital thing haven’t we mentioned for some time?


Isaiah 9:1-7

Isaiah 11:1-10

Ezekiel 34:11-31

11 'For this is what the Sovereign LORD says: I myself will search for my sheep and look after them. 12 As a shepherd looks after his scattered flock when he is with them, so will I look after my sheep. I will rescue them from all the places where they were scattered on a day of clouds and darkness. 13 I will bring them out from the nations and gather them from the countries, and I will bring them into their own land. I will pasture them on the mountains of Israel, in the ravines and in all the settlements in the land. 14 I will tend them in a good pasture, and the mountain heights of Israel will be their grazing land. There they will lie down in good grazing land, and there they will feed in a rich pasture on the mountains of Israel. 15 I myself will tend my sheep and make them lie down, declares the Sovereign LORD. 16 I will search for the lost and bring back the strays. I will bind up the injured and strengthen the weak, but the sleek and the strong I will destroy. I will shepherd the flock with justice. 17 'As for you, my flock, this is what the Sovereign LORD says: I will judge between one sheep and another, and between rams and goats...See, I myself will judge between the fat sheep and the lean sheep. 21 Because you shove with flank and shoulder, butting all the weak sheep with your horns until you have driven them away. 22 I will save my flock, and they will no longer be plundered. I will judge between one sheep and another. 23 I will place over them one shepherd, my servant David, and he will tend them; he will tend them and be their shepherd. 24 I the LORD will be their God, and my servant David will be prince among them. I the LORD have spoken. 25 'I will make a covenant of peace with them and rid the land of wild beasts so that they may live in the desert and sleep in the forests in safety. 26 I will bless them and the places surrounding my hill. I will send down showers in season; there will be showers of blessing.27 The trees of the field will yield their fruit and the ground will yield its crops; the people will be secure in their land. They will know that I am the LORD, when I break the bars of their yoke and rescue them from the hands of those who enslaved them. 28 They will no longer be plundered by the nations, nor will wild animals devour them. They will live in safety, and no-one will make them afraid. 29 I will provide for them a land renowned for its crops, and they will no longer be victims of famine in the land or bear the scorn of the nations. 30 Then they will know that I, the LORD their God, am with them and that they, the house of Israel, are my people, declares the Sovereign LORD. 31 You my sheep, the sheep of my pasture, are people, and I am your God, declares the Sovereign LORD.'

 Highlight what God is going to do.
 What promises will God fulfil?

 Who is going to shepherd the flock?

Ezekiel 36:25-28

Ezekiel 37:23-28
3. Summary
See also, for example: Isaiah 16:5; 22:22; Jeremiah 23:5; 30:9; 33:15; Hosea 3:5; Amos 9:11; Zechariah 13:1

  • In the midst of the kings’ failure

  • In the midst of the kings’ failure

  • In the midst of the kings’ failure


  1. Meet the King

Matthew 1:1

Mark 1:1

Luke 1:26-33

John 1:17

John 1:49
Luke 1:68-75

The Royal Gospel:

Jesus as the true Solomon




2 Samuel 7:14


Matthew introduces Jesus as the Son of David in his opening sentence. The whole book points us to Jesus as the true son of David, the true Solomon.

1 Kings 8:41ff


Jesus is king over the nations, receiving gifts like Solomon.

1 Kings 11:38-40


Herod in trying to kill the Lord’s anointed, reminds us, not only of Pharaoh, but also Solomon after his fall. Solomon wants to kill the Lord’s chosen king for the northern kingdom.

2 Samuel 7:14; Psalm 2


God says “This is my Son”

1 Kings 11


Jesus only worships the Lord, unlike Solomon who give into temptation to worship idols.

1 Kings 3:1-15; 4:29-34, cf Proverbs 8


Listening to Jesus’ teaching is the wise thing to do...that of course means Jesus’ teaching is wise.

1 Kings 22:17


Bad kings after Solomon mean that the people are helpless, like sheep without a shepherd, but Jesus has come to be that shepherd

1 Kings 3:1-15; 4:29-34, cf Proverbs 8


Solomon is the wise king, but Jesus calls himself wisdom. He is the personification of wisdom.

1 Kings 3:28


Jesus will rule with justice over the Gentiles

1 Kings 10


“Something greater than Solomon is here”

1 Kings 3:1-15; 4:29-34, cf Proverbs 8


Solomon is the wise king. When Jesus goes to His home town they cannot understand where Jesus got his wisdom

2 Samuel 7:14; Psalm 2


God says “This is my Son”

1 Kings 10:1


People come to test Jesus with hard questions, like they did Solomon

1 Kings 2:38


Jesus rides into Jerusalem on a donkey – yes fulfilling Zechariah, but that’s also what Solomon did on his way to be crowned.

1 Kings 3:28

22:22, 33

Jesus’ teaching brings astonishment as Solomon’s did.

1 Kings 10


Jesus is king over the world – all authority has been given to him.

2. The king bringing the kingdom...
Mark 1:15

3. dying
Mark 8:31

Mark 7:20-23

Mark 2:17
Mark 10:45

4. ...and rising

Romans 1:1-4

5. ...and ascending
Acts 2:33-35

6. Life in King Jesus’ kingdom now
The overlap of the ages

Ephesians 1:20-22

Acts 2:33

Acts 2:42-47

7. The Return of King Jesus
Philippians 2:9-11
Acts 10:42-43
Revelation 22:1-5

See also 2 Tim 2:12; Romans 5:17


Why read Kings?



Luke 24:44-45

See also Luke 24:25-27; John 5:37-47; Acts 3:24; 10:43. (Also: Acts 3:18, 21; 7:52; 8:28-30; 13:27, 40-41; 26:22; 28:25).

2 Corinthians 1:20

2 Timothy 3:15-17

“Story-telling is as old as the world. Human beings...have always told stories...Believers too have told stories since the dawn of time. Israel lived by telling and re-telling the story begun between God and his people.”2

Questions for each week:

  • What do we learn about God’s character?

  • What do we learn about God’s King?

  • What do we learn about God’s King’s Kingdom?

1 Peter Leithart, 1 & 2 Kings, (London: SCM Press, 2006), 18.

2 Daniel Marguerat and Yvan Bourquin, How to Read Bible Stories, (London: SCM Press, 1999) ix.


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