Law & Border (history theme packet)
Written by: Mike Bentley
All of the answers in this packet deal with either law, such as Supreme Court cases, or the history of border countries with the United States, like Mexico, Canada and Russia.
Before we start, a quick reminder of the rule regarding giving answers for Supreme court cases. As per the new ACF Rules, you only need to give one named party in a case. For example, if we were looking for the case of Bentley v. Drube, you could give either Bentley or Drube as an answer and it would be accepted. It is also acceptable to reverse the order of the answers, by saying something like Drube v. Bentley. In cases where it is one party versus a state, like Bentley v. Virginia or Bentley v. United States, you would have to give the named party, Bentley.
Tossups: 1) An ambiguous decision in United States v. Knights regarding this amendment was cleared up in 2006's Samson v. California which involved its application to parolees. In 1985, the Supreme Court found that it did not apply in schools in the case of New Jersey v. T.L.O. Chimel v. California established a namesake rule regarding this amendment, while a loose definition of it was provided in Wolf v. Colorado. A Cleveland Police raid that arrested a woman based on her having pornographic material on her premises was the basis of one of the most famous cases regarding this amendment, Mapp v. Ohio. When the guidelines set forth by this amendment are violated, the exclusionary rule usually applies. FTP, identify this Bill of Rights amendment that requires warrants and prohibits illegal search and seizure.
2) Early in his career, he served under Sir Jeffrey Amherst in the capture of the French fort of Louisbourg on Cape Breton Island. His namesake manifesto, decreed in 1759, warned citizens of French heritage not to take up arms against British forces, or there would be "fatal consequences". The battle he is best remembered for saw him landing troops at Anse-aux-Foulons and having some of his troops climb a cliff to get behind Captain Vergor, ultimately defeating the enemy forces. FTP, identify this British general best known for his victory over the French forces led by the Marquis de Montcalm at the Battle of the Plains of Abraham which secured British control of Canada, whose death was memorialized in a Benjamin West painting.
ANSWER: General James Wolfe
3) The primary negotiator for this lent his name to a Franklin County, Florida fort he rebuilt while serving under Andrew Jackson in 1818. A 1927 Supreme Court decision resolved a conflict over the shifting of the course of a river in an incident known as the Country Club dispute stemming from ambiguity in the treaty for this action. Article 8 of the treaty negotiating this prohibits either party from inhibiting traffic on a canal to be built on the Isthmus of Tehuantepec, and that treaty was signed by men including Manuel Diez de Bonilla and William L. Marcy. Serving to provide land for a trans-continental railroad and expanding on the Treaty of Guadlupe-Hidalgo, FTP, identify this territorial expansion that added Mexican land in modern day southern Arizona and New Mexico to the United States.
ANSWER: Gadsden Purchase (also accept Venta de La Mesilla)
4) This state withheld a plea from Boblit, an accomplice to a defendant who became the namesake of evidence obtained by a prosecutor that would exonerate a defendant, Brady Material. A city in this state was a party in an 1833 case where a John Marshall written opinion ruled that a certain citizen's rights under the Bill of Rights were not violated because they did not apply to the state government. That case, which involved a citizen of this state, centered on the wharf of John Barron. The most famous case in which this state was a party to involved the "necessary and proper" clause and saw the state unsuccessfully attempting to tax the Second Bank of the United States out of existence. FTP, identify this state involved in an 1819 case with McCulloch.
5) Recently, he filed a writ of certiorari against the student who unfurled the Bong Hits 4 Jesus banner in Juneau, Alaska. He was a potential candidate to replace Justice William Brennan but was passed over in favor of David Souter. Working pro bono, he convinced Mark Warner to commute the death sentence of Robin Lovitt. Vince Foster was the chief contributer to a document he issued that agreed with a Robert Fiske report concluding that Vince Foster had died of suicide. The most well known document he produced contained sections on the role of Betty Currie, an offer for a UN job to a certain woman, and discussions with Linda Tripp. FTP, identify this special prosecutor best known for his namesake report issued in the Monica Lewinsky affair.
ANSWER: Kenneth Winston Starr
6) After the possible death by poison of his first wife, this ruler remarried a woman Britannica called "fat and ugly", Zoe Paleologus, who would change her name to Sofia upon marriage to him. Like Stefan Dusan of Serbia and Ivan Alexander of Bulgaria, he proclaimed his capital to be the Third Rome, attracting intellectuals like Aristotle Fioravanti to it. He captured Kazan in 1487 and installed his nephew as tsar of the region, and this Prince of Bulgaria earlier refused to pay tribute to Kahn Ahmed. The son of Vasily II, FTP, identify this first grand duke of Russia who constructed the Kremlin and was the grandfather of Ivan the Terrible.
ANSWER: Ivan III (also accept Ivan The Great, Ivan Veliky, and Ivan Vasilyevich)
7) The majority decision in this case stated that one side's arguments were almost exactly the same as in the Providence Bank v. Billings and Pittman case. John Marshall's opinion in Dartmouth v. Woodward was cited by one party in this case, who argued that because charters were contracts, the state legislature had violated the Contract Clause of the Constitution. Originally argued in 1831, Joseph Story would author a passionate dissent when this case was re-argued that supported the side led by lawyers Warren Dutton and Daniel Webster. Justice Taney ultimately delivered the majority opinion stating that losses incurred by the building of a new structure did not apply to the 1785 charter granted by the State of Massachusetts in this case. FTP, identify this case about monopoly rights for a certain structure over a Boston waterway.
ANSWER: The Proprietors of Charles River Bridge, Plaintiffs in Error v. The Proprietors of Warren Bridge, and others
8) In one battle in this conflict, the soft walls of a tower known as the Caballero being defended by troops under General Rincon quickly fell to a naval bombardment. Failed measures to avert this conflict included a conference at Jalapa with Rear Admiral Charles Buadin. In a battle that also saw the taking of forts Concepcion and Santiago, troops under the Prince de Joinville in this conflict took La Merced Barracks. The war was eventually resolved when Bustamante agreed to pay the 600,000 pesos demanded by the European power involved, but not before Santa Anna got his left leg wounded. Started after Monsieur Remontel claimed some Mexican army officers had roughed up his restaurant, FTP, identify this 1838-39 conflict between the Mexican and the French named for a type of baked good.
ANSWER: Pastry War (also accept Guerra de los pasteles)
9) WARNING, PLAINTIFF'S NAME REQUIRED IN ANSWER. The majority opinion in this case relied on Congress not drafting legislation forbidding the court from hearing the case, and it also overruled a lower court's interpretation of Johnson v. Eisentrager forbidding the court from having jurisdiction in it. The appeals court ruling in this case cited Ex parte Quirin in not finding any separation of powers objections for the proceedings in question in this case. That Appeals Court decision in this case was co-authored by John Roberts, a justice who would recluse himself from the case when it moved up to the Supreme Court he got promoted to. Justice Stephen's majority opinion notably asserted that the Geneva Convention was violated by the Bush Administration in, FTP, this case regarding detainees at Guantanamo Bay, the driver of Osama Bin Laden, and Bush's first Secretary of Defense.
ANSWER: Salim Ahmed Hamdan, Petitioner v. Donald H. Rumsfeld, United States Secretary of Defense; John D. Altenburg, Jr., Appointing Authority for Military Commissions, Department of Defense; Brigadier General Thomas L. Hemingway, Legal Advisor to the Appointing Authority for Military Commissions; Brigadier General Jay Hood, Commander Joint Task Force, Guantanamo, Camp Echo, Guantanamo Bay, Cuba; George W. Bush, President of the United States (moderator: Make sure that people give at least "Hamdan" for this to be correct)
10) While serving as the Minister of Justice, this man was able to bring about stricter gun control laws despite trouble with Daniel Johnson, Sr. After he left politics, he still occasionally spoke out against amendments like the Charlottetown Accords while serving at the Heenan Blaikie law firm. During his time as prime minister, he used the War Powers Act during the October Crisis to resolve the kidnapping of James Cross. His rule as prime minister was temporarily interrupted after a no confidence vote and the ascendancy of Joe Clark, and he was eventually succeeded by John Turner. FTP, identify this Liberal Prime Minister of Canada of the '70s and early '80s.
ANSWER: (Joseph Philippe Pierre Yves Elliott) Pierre Trudeau
11) One man to refuse nomination as a vice presidential candidate in this election was a New York Senator and Finance Committee Chair, Silas Wright, Jr. Sidney Rigdon was the planned running mate of Mormon leader Joseph Smith in this election before, you know, Smith got murdered. In Baltimore, the National Democratic Tyler Committee unsurprisingly nominated John Tyler as its candidate. Seeing the defeat of Vice Presidential candidate Theodore Frelinghuysen and running mate Henry Clay on the Whig ticket, FTP, identify this election where "54 40 or fight" became a central issue of James K. Polk's successful presidential bid, four years before a bunch of revolutions broke out in Europe.
ANSWER: United States Presidential Election of 1844
12) Some critics have observed that his summers spent teaching at the McGeorge School of Law in Salzburg, Austria have added an international consideration to his rulings, such as when he joined Justice Steven's majority in rejecting the execution of mentally retarded inmates in Atkins v. Virgina. He was appointed to the court to replace Lewis Powell after the failed nominations of Douglas Ginsberg and Robert Bork, and he voted with the majority in gun control cases like US v. Lopez. However, this justice has taken the liberal position in cases like Roper v. Simmons, and with the departure of Sandra Day O'Connor is now considered by many critics to be the court's key swing vote. FTP, identify this current Supreme Court Justice, who shares a surname with the president who appointed Byron White to the bench in 1962.
ANSWER: Anthony McLeod Kennedy
13) After interviewing people like Jan Frankel, a commission including men like Benjamin Stolberg and Otto Ruehle concluded that these events were corrupt. Despite the Dewey Commission's condemnation of them, a statement in 1938 by some "American Progressives" like Langston Hughes actively supported them. The last one was named for the 21 people involved, while the first one of these was conduced under the authority of Genrikh Yagoda and involved the fate of Sergey Mironovich Kirov. A 1956 "Secret Speech" by Khrushchev confirmed that they were fabricated by the NKVD. FTP, identify these proceedings, part of Stalin's Great Purge.
ANSWER: Stalin's Show Trials (also accept Moscow Trials, Purge Trials, The Great Purge, and other clear knowledge equivalents)
14) This man was heavily influenced by a critique of one of his opinions by Zechariah Chaffee in the Harvard Law Review, leading him to move from the majority to the minority in a similar case decided later in the year. Ignominiously, he wrote a majority opinion that ruled that, for their own protection, states could mandate the forced sterilization of mentally retarded people in Buck v. Bell. This Theodore Roosevelt appointee concluded that a "silly leaflet" written in Yiddish did not break the standards set by his amended test in Abrams v. US, but his most famous opinion was in a case concerning a Socialist arrested under the Espionage Act in 1917. FTP, identify this justice who laid out a "clear and present danger test" in his majority opinion in Schenck v. US.
ANSWER: Oliver Wendel Holmes Jr.
15) This group took part in the Lachine Raid that killed 24 Frenchmen outside of Montreal, and was on the receiving end of a campaign led by the Marquis de Tracy down the Richelieu River that captured one of their leaders, Canaqueese. Those conflicts were part of a namesake war that was ended with the generically named "Great Peace" of 1701. In the Treaty of Canadaigua, they agreed not to encroach on the land of the United States, while ten years earlier most of their political power was effectively lost as the Second Treaty of Fort Stanwix. They added the Tuscarora tribe to their ranks in the early 18th century, and early on their history they were influenced by the prophets Dekanawidah and Hiawatha. FTP, identify this confederacy of Five or Six Nations of Native Americans, once dominant in southern Quebec and New York State.
ANSWER: Iroquois Confederacy (also accept Iroquois League and Haudenosaunee, prompt on "Five Nations" or "Six Nations" before mentioned)
16) His final ukaz expanded rights to forests and fisheries without the obrok, and also declared exemptions from the soul tax and the draft. After his return from the siege at Bendery, this man became influenced by the Old Believers but wound up imprisoned in Kazan for deserting the army. He would later burn that city after being defeated by General Bibikov, a man his troops would go on to kill. He was eventually betrayed and then captured by Aleksander Suvorov and delivered to Moscow in an iron cage. Proclaiming the abolition of serfdom in the early 1770s, FTP, name this peasant from the Cossacks and leader of a namesake rebellion, who pretended to be Peter III in order to usurp the power of Catherine the Great.
ANSWER: Yemelyan Ivanovich Pugachev (also accept Emelian Pugachev, or people who say his last name Pugachov, prompt on "Peter III" until mentioned)
17) Their language was isolated from Papabuco, but not the Chatino language, by Francisco Belmar, and they possibly referred to themselves as the Ben Zoa or "cloud people". At their best known site, the Temple of the Danzantes serves as the earliest remaining structure, and notable leaders of this people include Pitao. Their lightning and rain god was called Cocijo, and their capitals included Yagul and Teozapotlan. Aztec ruler Ahuizotl fought these people at one point ruled by King Cosijoeza. They're not the Olmecs, but their most famous archaeological site was Monte Albán. FTP, name these people displaced by the Mixtecs as the dominant force in the Oaxaca region of ancient Mexico, contemporaries of the Teotihuacan, the Maya, and the Toltecs.
18) One man with this last name wrote the majority in the securities fraud case, TSC Industries v. Northway, as well as weighing in on the Seventh Amendment in a case about jury trials and labor union duties, Teamsters v. Terry. Another man with this last name handed down a ruling that 16 random slaves from the Antelope slave ship should go free in addition to writing an opinion on a gambling case in Cohens v. Virginia and a case about Cherokee Indians, Worcester v. Georgia. Two men with this middle name were the only father and son pair on the Supreme Court, with the senior man with this middle name giving a dissent in Plessy v. Ferguson. FTP, identify this shared name that also identifies the last name of a Chief Justice who established judicial review in Marbury v. Madison and the first African American appointed to the Supreme Court.
19) The first man to hold this position was Samuel Irving Rosenman, and he also doubled as a speech writer for both FDR and Truman. The current US ambassador to the European Union, C. Boyden Gray, served in this position under George H. W. Bush where he introduced market changes into the Clear Air Act. Fred Fielding currently holds this position, and Leonard Garment was the second man to hold this position under Richard Nixon. Garment's predecessor was convicted of obstruction of justice for administering hush money to guys like E. Howard Hunt. FTP, identify this position held by John Dean during the Nixon administration and by Harriet Meyers and Alberto Gonzalez during the Bush administration.
ANSWER: White House Chief Counsel (accept clear knowledge equivalents)
20) Payment issues in an amendment to this legislation were dealt with in the case of Embry v. US. The case of Humphrey's Executor v. United States, which involved a non-enthusiastic supporter of the New Deal, partially invalidated this legislation, as did the more famous case of Myers v. United States. Despite this measure, General Grant and later Lorenzo Thomas would be installed in a position earlier held by a former Attorney General of James Buchanan. The most famous trial resulting from the violation of this legislation was presided over by Salmon P. Chase and included jurors like Edmund Ross. FTP, identify this act that was violated by Andrew Johnson when he fired Secretary of War Edmin M. Stanton, leading to his impeachment trial.
ANSWER: Tenure of Office Act
21) Controversial sections in this document include Chapter 11, which holds governments responsible in the form of cash payments for activities they would typically have common law immunities to. It was extended to include 5 additional members in 2005. The original document, an expansion of a 1987 bilateral agreement, affirmed the protection of intellectual property, while further agreements were necessary to promote cooperation on environmental and labor issues. Credited with spawning the rise of the Maquiladoras, FTP, identify this 1994 agreement that established free trade relations between Canada, Mexico and the United States.
ANSWER: NAFTA (also accept North American Free Trade Agreement)
22) Claude Ribbe has written a book about the supposed use of a primitive form of this by Napoleon's troops in the bowels of ships during the slave rebellion in Haiti. Nevada unsuccessfully attempted to use this against Gee Jon, and the last person in the United States who faced this by the state was Walter LaGrand in 1999. Elongated stethoscopes are often used by physicians in this method, and after the person is pronounced dead, their hair is typically ruffled as a safety precaution. FTP, identify this method of execution most notoriously used with Zyklon B and Carbon Monoxide by the Nazis.
ANSWER: Gas Chamber (accept clear knowledge equivalents)
23) One man to hold this position earlier in his career was the namesake of a case involving a presidential pardon by Andrew Johnson and being in the employ of the Confederacy, a case called Ex parte Garland. Former Ambassador to the Ottoman Empire Wayne MacVeagh assumed this role for President Garfield, while another man to hold this position was Harlan Fiske Stone, who set up J. Edgar Hoover as FBI director. The first woman to hold this position was criticized for her policy against some Branch Davidians and for launching the antitrust case against Microsoft. Michael Mukasey recently faced confirmation hearings to fill, FTP, this position, the head of the justice department, formerly held by Janet Reno and Alberto Gonzalez.
ANSWER: Attorney General of the United States
1) Let's identify some of these cases that are often considered grave errors in the court's history, FTPE.
 This 1856 case infamously ruled that people of African descent weren't citizens of the United States and that just because a certain slave was brought to free territory didn't mean that he was legally a free citizen
ANSWER: Dred Scott Case or (Dred Scott v John F. A. Sandford
 Recently, some scholars have argued against placing this 1905 case about restricting a New York law on minimum wages for bakers in the "anti-canon" of the Supreme Court.
ANSWER: Joseph Lochner, Plaintiff in Error v. People of the State of New York
 In a book on this case between a Secretary of the Interior and a chief of the Kiowas tribe, Blue Clark argues that this 1903 Supreme Court case "made it legal to destroy tribes' land base in violation of treaty promises". The plaintiff shares his name with a provision in the 2004 amendment of FISA covering alleged terrorists acting without strong links to a foreign power.
ANSWER: Lone Wolf, Principle Chief of the Kiowas, et al., Appts., v. Ethan A. Hitchcock, Secretary of the Interior, et. al
2) Questions about a revolutionary group in Russia, FTPE.
 This revolt, comprised mainly of Russian military officers who joined the Union of Salvation, opposed the succession of Nicholas I during the namesake time period in 1825.
ANSWER: The Decembrists or Decembrist Revolt
 This commander of the Russian forces in Poland and heir apparent to Alexander I mysteriously gave up his claims to the throne to Nicholas.
ANSWER: Grand Duke Constantine Pavlovich Romanov
 Palgrave Macmillan has written a book about this leader of the Decembrists, calling him "Russia's First Republican". He advocated executing the royal family in his Russkaya Pravda or Russian Truth.
3) Answer some questions about the Scopes Monkey Trial, FTPE.
 This longtime Democratic loser who gave the Cross of Gold Speech in 1896 and who resigned from Secretary of State after the Lusitania incident served as counsel to the World Christian Fundamental Association at the trial.
ANSWER: William Jennings Bryan
 This Tennessee legislation, which prohibited the teaching that man evolved from other organisms, was violated by John Scopes to start the trial.
ANSWER: Butler Act
 The Foundation for Thought and Ethics, the company behind this Intelligent Design textbook, attempted to become a co-defendant in the modern day Scopes Monkey Trial over Intelligent Design in Kitzmiller v. Dover Area School District.
ANSWER: Of Pandas and People
4) Identify some of these scrumptious Supreme Court cases, FTPE.
 Notoriously referred to as the "Sick Chicken Case", the decision in this case ruled that the National Industrial Recovery Act exceeded the limits of Executive Power and that of the Congress and was thus unconstitutional.
ANSWER: A. L. A. Schechter Poultry Corp., et al v. United States
 The Slaughter-House Cases were the first Supreme Court cases to rule on issues regarding this Civil War amendment, which provides "equal protection" and "due process".
ANSWER: Fourteenth Amendment to the United States Constitution
 It'd be too easy to have you identify E.C. Knight as the "Sugar Trust Case" for a third part to this bonus. Instead, name the Chief Justice who delivered the majority opinion in the case, a Cleveland appointee who also ruled that the income tax was unconstitutional in his majority opinion in Pollock v. Farmer's Loan and Trust.
ANSWER: Melville Weston Fuller
5) Identify these things from the mighty military history of Canada, FTPE.
 The Canadian 3rd Infantry Division that landed at this beach on D-Day was able to proceed farther into France than troops at any other beach. It shares its name with a certain Roman goddess.
 Essentially an "Irish Invasion of Canada", this offensive by a certain Irish society into Canada included the battles of Fort Erie and Ridgeway during a sub-campaign known as the Niagara Raid.
ANSWER: Fenian Raids
 The Canadians were the second international force to arrive after a conflict broke out in this nation in 1963. Later, Archbishop Makarios III would be overthrown in a 1974 coup and a Dead Zone established between the north and south.
6) FTPE, answer these questions about the Mexican Revolution of 1910, FTPE.
 Abandoning his earlier pledge to not seek reelection, this Mexican president's second term lasted from 1884 to 1911. After he rigged an election against Francisco I. Madero he was finally overthrown.
ANSWER: Porfirio Díaz (also accept José de la Cruz Porfirio Díaz Mori)
 Emiliano Zapata criticized Madero's departure from the policy Madero laid out in the Plan de San Luis in this other plan. Named for the Morelos town it was written in, it memorably called for land, freedom and law.
ANSWER: Plan of Ayala (also accept Plan de Ayala)
 The United States got involved in the conflict by seizing this Mexican port city for seven months in 1914. In the Mexican-American War, Winfield Scott took it after a siege in 1847.
7) Long Dong Silver, a.k.a. Clarence Thomas, insisted that he had never thought about this case during his controversial confirmation hearing. FTPE:
 First, identify this 1973 Supreme Court case where Harry Blackmun argued that the Constitution's right to privacy prohibited states from banning abortions.
ANSWER: Jane Roe, et. al v. Henry Wade, District Attorney of Dallas County
 In this case, the majority opinion found a provision in a Pennsylvania law requiring women seeking an abortion to inform their spouses of their decision to be paternalistic and sexist.
ANSWER: Planned Parenthood of Southwestern Pennsylvania, et al v. Robert P. Casey, et al (prompt on just "Planned Parenthood", but accept just "Casey")
 In his dissent in this case, Scalia stated one day, it "will be assigned its rightful place in the history of this Court's jurisprudence beside Korematsu and Dred Scott." This 2000 case concerned a Nebraska law banning partial birth abortions.
ANSWER: Don Stenberg, Attorney General of Nebraska, et al. v. LeRoy Carhart
8) Name some of these not-so-great ideas in Soviet policy, FTPE.
 After Deputy Prime Minister Halizullah Amin overthrew and killed Nur Muhammad Taraki in 1979, the Soviets invaded this country to much international protest.
 The invasion of Afghanistan started under the rule of this Soviet Leader, who also drew international flak for putting down the Prague Spring and issuing his namesake doctrine that stated that Soviets would intervene in any country trying to abandon communism.
ANSWER: Leonid Ilyich Brezhnev
 Relations with China were not helped when Soviet and Chinese forces directly clashed at this river along the Russia-China border in 1969. The Zhenbao Island in the middle of it was an ongoing source of border tensions between the two countries.
ANSWER: Ussuri River (also accept Wu-su-li Chiang)
9) Identify the following relating to US tariffs, FTPE.
 The Revenue Act of 1913 is usually known as this tariff named for an Alabama House Majority Leader. It significantly reduced the tariff rates set by the 1909 Payne-Aldrich Tariff.
ANSWER: Underwood Tariff
 One of the reasons that the Underwood Tariff was able to reduce import duties was due to the passage of this legislation ratified in 1913 that authorized Congress's power to levy an income tax.
ANSWER: Sixteenth Amendment to the United States Constitution
 The Underwood Tariff was upheld in the case of this man v. Union Pacific Railroad. This French immigrant, a stockholder in the company, sued to prevent the railroad from "volunteering" its income to the tax.
ANSWER: Frank R. Brushaber
10) Name some of these cases relating to the death penalty, FTPE.
 Over concerns of violating the fifth amendment and the arbitrariness of its application, this 1972 Supreme Court case temporarily struck down the use of the Death Penalty until the Gregg v. Georgia case in 1976.
ANSWER: William Henry Furman v. State of Georgia
 The criminal at the center of this case would often refer to himself as "John Paul III" and made up some crap about the KKK. Because he was mentally insane, the court upheld the prohibition on executing him in this 1986 case.
ANSWER: Ford v. Wainwright
 In Walton v. this state, the court ruled that juries didn't need to agree that a crime was "heinous, cruel, or depraved" to make someone eligible for the death penalty. You may know it better for being involved in a case that ruled that suspects must be read their rights before interrogation.
11) Pretend you're at VETO and answer some questions about Canadian labor unrest, FTPE.
 Kind of like the Canadian Bonus Army, a massive group of unemployed Canadian workers marched "on to" this locale in 1935. For you trash players dragged into playing this academic packet, this city is home to hockey players Martin Gerber and Daniel Alfredsson.
 Like all good labor movements, the On To Ottawa Trek disbanded when it was savagely fired on by the government. Name the city where this happened, the modern day capital of Saskatchewan.
 Prime Minister R.B. Bennett ordered the On To Ottawa trek to be put down, and was preceded and succeeded in office by this man, a Liberal Prime Minister who established the CBC and guided Canada through World War II.
ANSWER: William Lyon Mackenzie King (he's usually called Mackenzie King, but Mackenzie isn't really a surname of his)
12) This bonus addresses the exciting world of modern Mexican politics. Answer some questions, FTPE.
 He has enacted policies such as the Tortilla Price Stabilization Pact to help curb runaway prices on the food. Oh yeah, he was also recently elected to the presidency of Mexico by a razor thin margin over Andrés Manuel López Obrador.
ANSWER: Felipe de Jesús Calderón Hinojosa
 Felipe Calderón is a member of this political party, with a socially conservative and economically liberal philosophy. Vicente Fox formed a coalition between this party and the PVEM, or Mexican Green Party, to win in 2000.
ANSWER: PAN (also accept Partido Acción Nacional and National Action Party)
 Before Vicente Fox and the PAN party took power, this political party had dominated Mexican politics since the Revolution. Ernesto Zedillo is credited with running it into the ground.
ANSWER: PRI (also accept Institutional Revolutionary Party and Partido Revolucionario Institucional)
13) Name some of these Supreme Court Justices serving in the first half of the 20th century, FTPE.
 Although this justice enlisted the support of the Klan to win a senate seat from Alabama, this FDR appointee and supporter of Court Packing wrote the majority opinion in Chambers v. Florida, which threw out evidence against three black men because it was obtained by coercion.
ANSWER: Hugo La Fayette Black
 Before he became a Supreme Court Justice and namesake of a university, this man compiled an extensive report of amount of primary and empirical data when serving as a lawyer in the case of Muller v. Oregon, a document known as this first Jewish justice's namesake brief.
ANSWER: Louis Dembitz Brandeis
 One of the "four horseman of reaction" serving as stalwarts against New Deal legislation, this one-time Wilson Attorney General and anti-Semite wouldn't speak to Brandeis for three years after his appointment. He'd write the majority in the noted Second Amendment case, United States v. Miller, in 1939.
ANSWER: James Clark McReynolds
14) Identify the following about a certain trial, FTPE.
 The media gave the nickname of "The Eaglet" to this person, who was kidnapped on March 1st, 1932 from the Englewood, New Jersey home of his grandparents.
ANSWER: The Lindbergh Baby (or Charles Augustus Lindbergh Jr.)
 This man was ultimately executed for kidnapping and murdering the Lindbergh Baby. If you believe the prosecutor's story, he used a homemade ladder to climb into the child's window and then left a ransom note on the window sill.
ANSWER: Bruno Richard Hauptmann
 If you're a serial trash player, you might know that this actor played Bruno Hauptmann in the HBO adaptation of the trial, Crime of the Century. More famously, this actor earned an Oscar nomination for playing Fergus in The Crying Game.
ANSWER: Stephen Rea (also accept Graham Rea)
15) Stuff about a certain Russian tsar, FTPE.
 After getting rid of that sucker Ivan V, this tsar went around Europe under an assumed name on his Grand Embassy.
ANSWER: Peter the Great (also accept Peter I, Pyotr Alekseyevich, and Pyotr Veliky)
 Later in his reign, Peter the Great would make peace with Sweden after the Great Northern War by this treaty, signed in a Finnish city that Peter subsequently gained control of.
ANSWER: Treaty of Nystad (prompt on Uusikaupunki)
 This son of Peter with Eudoxia fled to Vienna after his dad remarried and had another son. When he came back to Russia, Peter tortured and executed him for treason.
ANSWER: Alexis Petrovich
16) Identify these things relating to intellectual property law in the modern music industry, FTPE.
 Last year, the packet author errantly got a letter from this evil conglomerate currently headed by CEO Mitch Bainwol saying he was being sued for sharing music. Turns out the letter was for the guy who lived in his apartment before him. They're still fuckers.
ANSWER: RIAA (also accept Recording Industry Association of America)
 This non-profit group, which advocates free speech online and which was founded by John Perry Barlow, John Gilmore, and Mitch Kapor, defended the makers of the Morpheus file sharing program in MGM v. Grokster.
 One of the arguments of the EFF in Grokster was for the court to uphold the doctrine it issued in the 1984 case of Sony Corp. of America v. Universal City Studios, a case nicknamed for this now obsolete technology.
ANSWER: Betamax Case
17) Stuff about a particular piece of legislation, FTPE.
 Abrogating the restrictions placed on Catholics due to the Test Act, this 1774 legislation by the British Parliament was considered one of the Intolerable Acts because it granted religious freedom and political power to French Canadians.
ANSWER: Quebec Act of 1774
 The Quebec Act also expanded the province to include more of the Indian Territory, placing it in closer proximity to this land mass that encompassed the drainage area of the Hudson Bay. It got its name from a cousin "of the Rhine" of Charles II.
ANSWER: Prince Rupert's Land
 One of the reasons that the Quebec Act pissed prominent American colonists off so much was that it annexed Indian lands set up in a proclamation of this year. Many Americans had speculated on land that had been proclaimed in that year, hoping it would be awarded to them.
18) Try your hand at a recent, but important, Supreme Court case, FTPE.
 This 2005 case, centering on the New London Development Corporation's actions in taking the namesake plaintiff's land, extended the right to use eminent domain for private development.
ANSWER: The Kelo Case (also accept Susette Kelo v. City of New London, Connecticut, et al.)
 In the majority opinion in the Kelo Case, the Supreme Court ruled that the New London Development Corporation's actions did not violate the "Takings Clause" of this amendment. More famously, this amendment forbids double jeopardy and self incrimination.
ANSWER: Fifth Amendment to the United States Constitution
 The dissent in the Kelo Case was written by this justice, a pivotal swing vote who wrote for the majority opinion upholding the affirmative action policies of the University of Michigan in another recent case, Grutter v. Bollinger.
ANSWER: Sandra Day O'Connor
19) Identify the following about some economic and labor systems used in Mexico, FTPE.
 Essentially a form of New World feudalism, Spanish Conquistadors would be given grants to control up to 300 Indians in this system. The Law of Burgos unsuccessfully tried to reform this system where Spanish lords were supposed to protect and Christianize the Indians in exchange for taking tribute and taxes from them.
ANSWER: Encomienda System
 Similar to the estancias in Argentina, these big agricultural plantations in Mexico consisted of, in theory, free laborers working on the ranches of powerful land holders.
 Mexican Indians never got to experience the repartimiento system, a Spanish extension of this Inca system of extracting forced labor from a village.
ANSWER: Mita (prompt on "Cuatequil"; this is not the same as "mitma", so don't accept that)
 The case of Loving v. Virginia appropriately struck down these type of laws in in 1967 by invalidating Virginia's Racial Integrity Act of 1924.
ANSWER: Anti-Miscegenation Laws (accept equivalents like "anti-inter racial marriage laws")
 This case's name works because the man charged in the case was busted for sodomy. Byron White wrote a majority opinion finding that the Constitution granted no explicit right for homosexual activity, so the Georgia law in question was upheld.
ANSWER: Michael J. Bowers, Attorney General of Georgia v. Michael Hardwick, et al.
 The connection in this one comes from a line in Full Metal Jacket. This 2003 decision overruled Bowers v. Hardwick and struck down a certain state's Homosexual Conduct law on the grounds that it violated a citizen's privacy rights.
ANSWER: John Geddes Lawrence and Tyron Garner v.Texas
21) Name some stuff about these overseas regions on the fringes of US territory, FTPE.
 The Chamorros people make up the majority ethnic group on this island, which has a high point at Mt. Lamlam and a capital at Agana.
ANSWER: Territory of Guam (also accept Guåhan)
 Readers of the crime novel And the Sea Will Tell will know that the book was set here. This member of the Northern Line Islands and noted atoll used to be called Samarang and was once a possession of the Kingdom of Hawaii. It has no indigenous residents and is currently leased by the Nature Conservatory.
ANSWER: Palmyra Atoll
 Joseph J. Urusemal is the current president of this territory, which holds a Compact of Free Association with the United States. Its capital is located at Palikir, and consists of islands like Yap, Truk and Pohnpei.
ANSWER: Federated States of Micronesia