Process analysis: To explain a process step-by-step.
Narrative: To tell an interesting story.
Informative: To share / teach facts to listeners.
Cause/Effect: To explain EITHER the reason for something, OR the way something affects the world.
Persuasive: To affect listeners so that they will agree with your point of view.
Specific Purpose: This is what your main points must support or prove. Tell me in one sentence what the purpose of your speech is–for example: “I will persuade my audience to take aikido lessons” or “I will inform my classmates about the rate of skin cancer.” Though all members of a class might have the SAME “purpose”, their “Specific Purpose” is individual.
Central Idea: Summarize your speech/outline in one sentence. This should clearly sum up all of your main points. For example: “Aikido teaches you to respect other people, makes you fit and strong, and connects you to Japanese culture” or “This graph will show us who is at risk, what places are most dangerous, and make us think about how to protect ourselves, ” or “Rumi is an important poet to people of the Sufi religion but his poems are meaningful to everyone, because everyone experiences love.”
1. Source(s): Include websites, magazines, books and so on. Generally, you will use the Internet for EVERY prepared speech, and you’ll need to let the instructor know what websites you used. Give exact websites.
2. Visual Aid(s): If you use a picture, where did you locate it? Same thing as above:
(Attention Getter) This could be a story, a joke, a question, or anything you know will GRAB your audience's attention. Try starting your speech this way instead of saying “Hello…”. For example, you could walk to the front of the class, smile, and ask: “Do you want to make a million dollars?” They will probably pay attention to you!
Notice the big difference between:
“Hi, how are you today.”
“Will you get cancer in your lifetime?”
(Reveal Topic) Reveal your topic to your audience. Just give your topic–not a preview.
(Credibility Statement) Answer the question "Why should we trust YOU?" Give some type of factual information or some reference that will show that you know what you are talking about. This could be the fact that you had a class on the topic, or that you have done a lot of research, or that you have first hand experience with your topic, or you are an expert, etc.
(Relevancy Statement) Tell your audience how your topic is meaningful to them. Answer the question “Why should we care?” You will probably use sentences like “We all need to …” or “Someday, you may need to …” or “Even though you don’t know it, this affects you!”
(Preview) State what your main points will be. Your Preview is your central idea – like a thesis statement. You could copy your central idea from above and paste it into this spot. VERY IMPORTANT SECTION. You will use the words “First, … Next, … Finally, …”(or similar transition words).
TRANSITION: Transitions are used to go smoothly from one part/point of the speech to another. The first one is from the Intro to the Body. Here, write the exact wording you will use in your speech. There are VERY FEW transitions! And, they are all very short! You’ll probably use:
“OK, let’s start.”
“Here we go.”
“Time to start.”
“I’ll begin now.”
“All right, let’s go.”
(MAIN POINT 1) Your first main point goes here. It MUST be one complete sentence. Write the exact sentence you will say during the speech in this outline!
(SUBPOINT) You MUST have at least two subpoints under each main point. This could be one complete sentence or a phrase of fragment.
(SUB-SUBPOINT) This is where the specific examples from your research are included to support your main points. You can use quotes, examples, stories, facts, statistics, analogies, and so on.
2. (SSP) More of the above. If you have a ‘1.’ you must have a ‘2.’
B. (SP) You must have a ‘B.’ You must include at least 2 subpoints for each Main Point
(TRANSITION: Another connecting sentence. You might use: “Well, what’s next?” “But, what about (next point)?” “Now, for (next point.”) or something similar. These transitions are also very short, but there is more variety. Please write, word-for-word, what you plan to say during the speech.)
II. (MP 2) Your second MAIN POINT goes here. Follow the same style that you used for the first one.Write the exact sentence you will say during the speech in this outline!
A.(SUBPOINT) Again, at least two subpoints under each main point.
1. (SUB-SUBPOINT) Specific examples …
2. (SSP) More of the above.
(TRANSITION between II and III. As above – introducing the next idea In the outline, write the exact wording of your transition)
III. (MP 3) Your third MAIN POINT goes here. (The total number of main points is optional, however, three main points seems to be the number easiest to manage as a speaker, and the easiest to remember for your audience.) Write the exact sentence you will say during the speech in this outline!
B. (SUBPOINT …)
TRANSITION: (From Body to Conclusion. Write the exact words you will say in the speech here in the outline: a full sentence. Usually very brief again: “OK, that’s it.” “That’s all for now.” “I’m out of time now.” “Time to finish now.”)
(Summary Statement) Summarize your main points. Be specific and SHORT. Give an example from each main point rather than saying the abstract ideas, if possible.
(Memorable Closing Statement) Leave your audience with something to think about. A memorable close that refers back to the attention getter creates psychological unity for your audience. Think of the way the Conclusion of an essay restates the thesis statement. This creates “closure” – we’re back at the beginning. so we must be DONE!