Direction：Handout Day 3 pp.12-13で間違いやすい表現を確認しましょう。
Direction：Handout Day 3 pp. 14-22で4.0と4.0未満の違いについて確認しましょう。
Direction：Handout Day 3 p. 23-27でブレストのコツなどを確認しましょう。
Direction：「Quiz #2 Review」で課題を分析しましょう。
[Integrated Task: Manual Section 1]
(1) Integrated Writingでは何をするのか？
(2) Integrated Writingでは何が問われているのか？
2.Integrated Task 概要 (Manual p. 17, p. 20 一部変更)
You have 20 minutes to plan and write your response. Your response will be judged on the basis of the quality of your writing and on how well your response presents the points in the lecture and the relationship to the reading passage. Typically, an effective response will be 150 to 225 words.
Summarize the points made in the lecture you just heard, explaining how they cast doubt on the contents of the reading. You may refer to the passage as you write.
Summarize the points made in the lecture you just heard, being sure to specifically explain how they support the explanations in the reading passage. You may refer to the passage as you write.
There are several reasons that Earth is the only body in the solar system with the potential for supporting life. One is the content of its atmosphere. Earth is the only planet to have an atmosphere that contains the building blocks for living things. It is mostly made up of nitrogen but also contains molecules called hydrocarbons. Hydrocarbons are chemicals made up of hydrogen and carbon, and some can combine with nitrogen to form amino acids. The proteins of which living things are composed are made up of amino acids.
[Main Theme] [Point #1]
A second reason is Earth’s distance from the sun, which allows it to maintain surface temperatures within a narrow range that ideally suits life. Water, another of the building blocks for living things, naturally exists on Earth in vapor, liquid, and solid form. The planet Venus, for example, orbits close to Earth and is similar in size. It is often considered Earth’s twin. However, at its average surface temperature of 480°C (896°F), water exists only in suffocating vapor form. By contrast, Pluto, which is farthest from the sun of the nine known planets, has an average surface temperature of -230°C (-382°F). It is so cold that even the hydrocarbon methane is frozen on its surface.
Additionally, organisms need sunlight for energy. Earth is relatively near the Sun, so it receives (and its atmosphere traps) a great deal of sunlight. Most bodies in the solar system are much farther from the Sun and receive low levels of sunlight.
Exercise 2：Handout Day 3 p. 5のExercise 1を参考に、E-memoをとりましょう。
(1) 基本構造：Reading-Based Template (RBT) (Manual p. 29)
Direction 1：以下のRBT (Standard Version or Advanced Version) をタイピング練習をして、確実に覚えましょう。
Standard Version (Manual p. 50)
The main point made in the reading passage is that … (A)
Second, the passage mentions that … (E) However, the lecturer claims that … (F) , which the author of the reading might not have predicted.
Third, the reading states that … (G) By contrast, the lecture says that … (H) This is another part that contradicts what the reading says.
Therefore, the main points made by the professor in the lecture cast doubt on the points made in the reading passage.
Advanced Version (Manual p. 51)
The primary position that is taken in the reading passage is that ... (A)
On the other hand, in the lecture, the professor argues that ... (B)
First, in the reading passage, the author states that ... (C)
However, in the lecture, it is argued that ... (D)
This is in (direct) contradiction to what is indicated in the reading passage.
It is also mentioned in the passage that ... (E) Yet, in the lecture, the professor takes the position that ... (F) ... and this is an important point that was not considered by the author of the reading passage.
In addition, the author of the reading argues that ... (G) In comparison, in the lecture, the professor claims that ... (H) This is yet another example of how the professor and the author of the reading passage contradict one another.
In conclusion, the main arguments put forth by the professor in the lecture make the claims of the author of the reading passage more doubtful.
The main point made in the reading passage is that sunlight is good for people’s skin. However, the professor argues that there are many ways in which sunlight is not good for people’s skin.
First, the reading says that exposure to sunlight prevents some cancer and could lower overall cancer rates. On the other hand, the speaker states in his lecture that sunbathing causes skin cancers, which are more common than any other types of cancer. This contradicts what the passage indicates.
Second, the passage mentions that sunlight helps increase vitamin D production. However, the lecturer claims that people only need 15 minutes of sunlight per week to make enough vitamin D and they can also eat foods with vitamin D, which the author of the reading might not have predicted. Third, the reading states that suntans are associated with health, fitness, and attractiveness. By contrast, the lecture says that too much sun makes people look older than they are because of wrinkles and brown spots. This is another contradicts what the reading says. Therefore, the main points made by the professor in the lecture cast doubt on the points made in the passage. (195 words)
(2) Reading Passageの内容は、Paraphrase しなければならない (Manual pp. 30-31)
ex.) The professor has many cars. → The teacher has a lot of automobiles.