Учебно-методический комплекс по дисциплине: Английский язык iya 1103 для специальности: 051102 «Общественное здравоохранение»


Grammar: Zero and definite articles with geographical names



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Grammar: Zero and definite articles with geographical names

Aim:to introduce new lexics; to teach the students to use the articles (the, zero) in their speech; to teach the students to use new lexics in their speech.

Basic thematic issues: the students will get aquainted with the sightseeing` s of London: the students should know lexics and grammar material.

Methods of teaching: performing practical classes, work on material: it would help the students to speak about London.

Work on words:



  1. Pay attention to the correct pronunciation and read the words:

River, Westminster, Tower, St. Pauls Cathedral, square, Buckingham palace, Isles, Kingdom.

2.Remember the pronunciation of the following words and learn them

Political-политический

Economic- экономический

Commercial- коммерческий

Divide- делить

Numerous-многочисленный

Fortress- крепость

Palace- дворец

Hotel- отель

Square- площадь

Shop- магазин

Isles- острова

Situate- располагаться

Tower- башня


  1. Give Russian equivalents to:

The river Thames

The City


Westminster

The West End

The East End

St. Pauls Cathedral

The Tower of London

Buckingham Palace

The Queen

The houses of Parliament

The clock Tower

Westminster Abbey

Trafalgar square

The tall Nelson`s Column



  1. Give English equivalents to:

Политический центр

Экономический центр

Коммерческий центр

Самый большой город

Быть разделенным на несколько частей

Самая старая часть Лондона

Финансовый и деловой центр

Многочисленные банки и офисы

Крепость

Знаменитый чем- то

Различные магазины

Work on Grammar:

Put the articles( the, zero)


  • United Kingdom

  • Great Britain

  • Nothern Ireland

  • British Isles

  • England

  • Wales

  • Scotland

  • London

  • Highlands

  • Lowlands

  • Atlantic Ocean

  • Oxford university

  • Cambridge university

  • Europe

  • Thames

  • West End

  • East End

  • Tower of London

  • Trafalgar Square

  • City

  • Oxford street

  • Downing street

  • Westminster

2. Translate into English:

Сити- старейшая часть Лондона, его финансовый и коммерческий центр.

Вестминстер- это наиболее важная часть столицы.

Магазины, театры, музеи находятся в западной части.

Широкие улицы с красивыми домами, парки, сады расположены в центре города.

Оксфорд был торговым центром. Сегодня Оксфорд- лучший образовательный центр.

Лондонский Тауэр был крепостью, сейчас это музей.
Literature:

The text “ London”

Cutting Edge – Elementary

Material of the department

Control:

Variant 1

Fill in missing articles and translate the sentence:

… Tower of London was founded by Julius Caesar and in 1066 rebuilt by William the Conqueror.

Variant 2

Fill in missing articles and translate the sentence:

Traditionally London is divided into… West End and East End.

Variant 3

Fill in missing articles and translate the sentence:

Across the road from… Westminster Abbey is Westminster Palace, the seat of the British Parliament.

Variant 4

Fill in missing articles and translate the sentence:

Westminster is … aristocratic official part of London.

… Tower of London was built in the 15 th century.

Variant 5

Fill in missing articles and translate the sentence:

London is situated on … river Thames. Trafalgar square is the geographical centre of London.



Contact hours- 2

Work- out

Theme:

Lexics: London is the capital of Great Britain
Grammar: Zero and definite articles with Geographical names
Aim: to consolidate new lexics on the theme “London”; to consolidate using zero and definite articles with geographical names; to practice their speech in monologues and dialogues.
Basic thematic issues: the students will get acquainted with the sightseeing` s, realities, phenomena and facts of London as the capital of Great Britain; the students should know lexics and grammar material.
Methods of teaching: performing practical classes, reading and translating texts, compiling dialogues; it would help the students to speak about London.
Work on the text:


  1. Read the text

London

London is the capital of Great Britain, its political, economic and commercial centre. It is one of the largest cities in the world and the largest city in Europe. It`s population is about 8 million.


London is situated on the river Thames. The city is very old. It has more than 20 centuries old history. Traditionally it is divided into several parts: the City, Westminster, the West End and the East End. They are very different from each other.

The City is the oldest part of London. It is a financial and business centre. Numerous banks, offices and firms are concentrated here. Few people live in the City but over a million come to work here. Two architectural masterpieces are situated within the City: St. Paul` s Cathedral and the Tower of London. St. Paul` s Cathedral was built in the 17- th century by Christopher Wren. The Tower of London was built in the 15-th century. It was used as a fortress, a palace and a prison. Now it` s a museum.

Westminster is the aristocratic official part of London. It includes Buckingham Palace where the Queen lives and the houses of Parliament along the north bank of the Thames.

The clock Tower of the Houses of parliament is famous for its big hour bell known as “ Big Ben”. Westminster Abbey is the place where the coronation of all kings and queens has taken place. Many of them are buried here as well as some other famous people of the country.

The West End is the richest and most beautiful part of London. The best hotels, restaurants, shops, clubs, parks and houses are situated there. There are many various shops in it, which attract tourists from different countries of the world.

Trafalgar square is the geographical center of London; it was named in the memory of Admiral Nelson` s victory in the battle of Trafalgar in 1805. The tall Nelson` s Column stands in the middle of the square.

The East End is an industrial district of London. There are many factories there. The region is densely populated by working class families.

2. Translate it
3. Find in the text the sentences with new words and word- combinations and translate them


  1. Find in the text geographical names with articles (the, zero)




  1. Students have to talk about parts of London

What is the City?

What is Westminster?

What is the West End?

What is the East End?




  1. Write each 7-th word of the text. Guess it` s mining according to context.

The United Kingdom of Great Britain _________Nothern Ireland is situated on the __________ Isles. It consists of four parts: England,______ Scotland and Nothern Ireland. The territory of United Kingdom_________ about 244000 square kilometers. The surface of the United Kingdom__________ greatly.


  1. Make up sentences with following word- combinations:

  • with old cultural traditions and customs

  • the most famous educational centers

  • the Head of the State

  • Political parties




  1. Finish the sentences:

London is the capital of Great Britain, it` s political, economic and … . It` s one of the largest cities in the world and largest city … . Traditionally it is divided into several parts: the City, Westminster, the West End and … . Few people live in the City, but over a million come to … . The best hotels, restaurants, shops, clubs, parks and houses are situated … . Trafalgar square is the … .


  1. Translate into Russian:

It is one of the largest cities in the world. It has more than 20 centuries old history. Numerous banks, offices and firms are concentrated here. Two architectural masterpieces are situated within the City: St. Paul` s Cathedral and the Tower of London. The Tower of London was used as a fortress, a palace and a prison.



  1. Translate into English:

Население Лондона составляет около 8 миллиона человек. Лондон расположен на берегу реки Темза. Сити самая старая часть Лондона. Вестминстерское Аббатство- место , где происходит коронация всех королей и королев. Многие из них похоронены там. Ист- Енд- промышленный район Лондона.
Literature:

The text “London”

Cutting – Edge- Elementary

Material of the department


Control: (questions, role- playing game, rendering texts, dialogues)

  1. What is the capital of England and the UK?

  2. What is the City?

  3. When and by whom was the Tower of London built?

  4. Into which parts is London divided?

  5. Where are many famous English peoples buried?

  6. Why Trafalgar Square was named so?

  7. Where is the Tower of London and St. Paul` s Cathedral situated?

Translate into English and dramatize the dialogue between a Londoner and a visitor of London.

А. Доброе утро! Как поживаете ?

Б. Доброе утро! Спасибо, хорошо.

А. Сколько дней вы в Лондоне?

Б. 5 дней.

А. Какие достопримечательности города Вам удалось увидеть?

Б. Я видел Вестминстерский дворец.

А. Это хорошо. Но в Лондоне много других известных мест. Если хотите, давайте посмотрим!

Translate into English and dramatize the following dialogue between two friends. One of them is a Londoner.

А. Привет, как дела?

Б. Привет. Прекрасно.

А. А не пойти ли нам посмотреть достопримечательности?

Б. Хорошая идея!

А. Какие достопримечательности ты хочешь мне показать?

Б. Я бы хотел, чтобы ты увидел здание Парламента, Вестминстерское Аббатство, Собор Святого Павла.

А. Я хотел бы посетить Трафальгарскую площадь.

Role – playing games “Giving directions”

Questions

Excuse me, can you tell me…



  • how to get to…

  • the way to …

  • how far it is to ….

  • If this the right way to…

Responses



  • go straight ahead …

  • turn left

  • turn right

  • go towards

  • go away

  • walk along


Contact Hours (3)

Work-out

Theme: Lexics: My motherland – Kazakhstan
Grammar: 1. Articles

2. Degrees of Comparison

3. Present Simple Tense

Aim: to enlarge students’ awareness about their own country – Kazakhstan; to build students’ knowledge on new lexical and grammar materials to use it in their speech.

Basic thematic issues:

Lexics: The text ‘My motherland – Kazakhstan’ gives the students an opportunity to be able to read texts about their own country. It is very important to develop their general knowledge about the country and to risen their patriotic sense. Using the new lexics from the text students will then be able to make their own speech in order to tell something more about Kazakhstan.

Grammar: The English speech is impossible without its Articles, so the elementary study of it will help students to understand the wide range of its usage. For instance: if to use definite or indefinite article before the names of places and rivers, and etc. Concerning Degrees of comparison it is of great importance to know the rules of comparative and superlative adjectives, thus, proper usage of it will certainly flourish and make student’s speech richer. And finally, there is no way to learn English if you do not know the proper use of the Present Simple tense. Whether you want to express a fact that stays the same for a long time, or you want to express an action that happens every day, you use the Present Simple.

Methods of teaching:

Contact Hour № 1

1) Look through the words given below and remember their pronunciation:

a. stretch [stretʃ] – тянуть, вытягивать, натягивать

b. quarter [`kwɔtә] – четверть

c. ethnic [`eөnik] – этнический, племенной

d. instill [in`stil] – постепенно внушать

e. feature [`fi:tʃә] – особенность, характерная черта

f. cuisine [kwi`zi:n] – кухня (кушанья и способы их приготовления)

g. currency [`kʌrәnsi] – денежное обращение в стране; валюта, деньги


2) Translate the following words and define their suffixes.

  1. Southern, Northern, Western, Eastern, West-Siberian

  2. continental, natural, official, local, governmental, national

  3. population, religion, organization, communication, tradition, generation

  4. extremely, carefully


3) Translate the following words into Russian, and the Russian word combinations into English.

a. quarter – четверть, одна четверть земли, четверть пятого (16:15)

b. sharp – резко континентальный, зоркий

c. national – национальные традиций, национальная характеристика

d. reflect – отражать свет, отражать характер (натуру человека)

e. distinctive – отчетливый, отчетливая характерность


4) Make up sentences using the words above.

Contact Hour № 2

    1. What do you know about Articles?

    2. Give as much examples as you can.

    3. What do you know about their usage?

4) When do we usually use definite and indefinite articles?

(if necessary go to the reference on Articles in Maslova A.M., 1983)

5) Do the following exercises.

Complete in the gaps with an appropriate article and explain its usage.


  1. The official language of Kazakhstan is Kazakh, ___ Turkic language.

  2. ____ Republic of Kazakhstan lies right in between Europe and Asia.

  3. When it is spring in ____ south, ____ north area is covered with snow and severe storm.

  4. Kazakhstan is ____ market-economy state.

  5. ____ Kazakhs are ____ extremely hospitable people.

  6. ____ largest ethnic groups are Kazakhs and Russians.

  7. Everybody has ____ right to use their native language and ____ right to choose their language for communication, study and work.


Degrees of Comparison

1) Study these example situations with adjectives:

a. Lake Baikal is the deepest in the world

b. Is Astana as noisy as Almaty? (Are they equally noisy?)

c. America is farther from Kazakhstan than Britain.

d. Summer in Almaty is much hotter than it is in London.

e. The mountains in Kazakhstan are the most exciting of all.
2) When do we usually use comparative and superlative forms of adjectives?

3) What are their rules of their usage: e.g. suffixes –er, -ier are for comparison, what about superlative form?

- Find reference from any book given in the literature section.
4) Write the comparative and superlative forms of these adjectives:

Angry, big, easy, fast, healthy, heavy, pretty, warm, young, small, old, careful, comfortable, delicious, expensive, peaceful, definite, important.


5) Try to give some examples of your own using the comparative and superlative forms of adjectives given above.
Present Simple Tense.

1) Compare the following statements:

a. I am a student. I live in Almaty and study at the Medical University.

(and) I used to be a student. I lived in Almaty when I was 20 and used to study at the Medical University till I graduated it.

- Which statement describes Present and which one describes Past Simple Tenses?

2) Make a short report telling something about yourself: hobby, interests, occupation, what do you usually do or like doing, etc.

Contact Hour № 3


  1. Read the text called ‘Kazakhstan’ and try to translate it using new words and phrases given on the lexical introduction

Kazakhstan

The Republic of Kazakhstan lies right in between Europe and Asia. It stretches from the east of the Caspian Sea and Volga plains to the mountainous Altay and from the foothills of Tien Shan in the south and southeast to the West-Siberian lowland in the north. The size of the territory places Kazakhstan ninth in the world, after Russia, Canada, China, USA, Brasil, Australia, India and Argentina. The capital of Kazakhstan is Astana.

More than a quarter of the land consists of a portion of the gentle steppes that stretch from central Europe to Siberia. The rest of the republic reflects the beauty of forests, mountains, rivers, lakes and reservoirs.

Kazakhstan has the sharp continental climate. In separate years spring stretches from the south to the north during 1,5-2 months. When it is spring in the south, the north area is covered with snow and severe storm. July is the hottest season, and February is the coldest month.

The land of Kazakhstan is rich by different soils and natural resources.
Kazakhstan's population includes many ethnic groups with their own language and culture brought together through their history. The largest ethnic groups are Kazakhs and Russians. The main religions are Islam and Christianity.

The official language of Kazakhstan is Kazakh, a Turkic language. State organizations and local governmental bodies also use Russian. The government encourages citizens to study and speak several languages. Everybody has the right to use their native language and the right to choose their language for communication, study and work.

The Kazakhs are an extremely hospitable people. If you come to a Kazakh home unexpected you will be received as if you had been invited. Since early childhood principles of respect of guests and older people as well as peacefulness and tolerance are instilled in every Kazakh and these are the national features of Kazakh culture and tradition.
Since ancient times the Kazakhs have carefully preserved and passed down the generations their tradition of hospitality, respect for the elders, peace and tolerance.
Kazakh national cuisine reflects the nature of its people, its history, customs and traditions. Since old times hospitality has been the most distinctive feature of the Kazakh people.
Kazakhstan is a market-economy state. The national economic policy aims to create the conditions for the socio-economic development of the country. The currency is the Tenge which is equal to 100 tyins. It was introduced on 15th November 1993.


  1. Set several topics to make a plan according to the importance of the information given in each reasonable paragraph (approx. 5-6 paragraphs)

  2. Add some more information of your own. Work in groups of 3-4, and tell the whole class.




  1. Answer the questions (T/F)

  1. Kazakhstan has the largest territory in the world.

  2. Spring is warm and winner is not so cold in Kazakhstan.

  3. Kazakh and Russian are the largest ethnic groups.

  4. Peacefulness and tolerance are the national features of Kazakh culture.

  5. Kazakhstani people aim to create the conditions for the socio-economic development of the country.

5) Make a short report using the plan you already have, or try to follow these questions:

a. Which place does Kazakhstan take with its territory?

b. What does its land consist of?

c. What can you say about its climate?

d. What kind of groups does its population include?

e. What are its official language and the language of communication?

f. How can you describe Kazakh people? (their distinctive features)

g. What can you tell about its economy?



    • Mind the usage of the articles and the Present Simple tense


Literature:

1. Printed text: ‘Kazakhstan’

2. Maslova A.M. ‘Essential English for Medical Students’. Moscow, 1983

3. Murphy R. English Grammar in Use. – Cambridge, 1988

4. Bonk N.A. ‘Учебник английского языка’. Saint-Petersburg, 1997

5. Bonk N.A. ‘English step by step’. Moscow, 1999


Control: questions to the theme

    1. What is the territory of Kazakhstan?

    2. What is its winter and summer like?

    3. What is their main religion?

    4. Do the people of the country have the right to choose their

for communication, study and work?

    1. What are the principles of people’s hospitality?

    2. What does the national economic policy aim to create?


Contact Hour (3)

Work out 1
Theme: Education in Kazakhstan

Lexics: words and word - combinations of the theme

Grammar: Future Perfect Tense
Aim: - to introduce new lexics and grammar material

- to practice student’s speech and grammar skills



Basic thematic issues:

Lexics: There are different types of education in our country. They are: pre – school education, general education, primary and secondary education, other educational programmes and higher education. It is necessary to introduce students with new lexical material in order to know about the process of education in Kazakhstan. The text is full of special words and word – combinations which prepare students to the reading and understanding them.


Grammar: Future Perfect Tense
Methods of teaching: performing practical classes, including key themes of discipline, reading and translating texts, compiling topics, dialogues, doing lexico-grammatical exercises, working with book and computer programs.

1. Remember:

The letter c is read [s] before e, i, y : century, cycle, cent;

in other cases [k] : education, contain, cut.

The letter g is read [] before e, i, y: surgery, gin, technology;

in others cases [g]: gums, games, egg.

2. Read and explain the rules of reading.



cell, extraction, face, science, prescription, certain, since, code, cure, page, good, gums, college, surgery, grow, green, large, glad, game, gap.

3. Group the words from ex. 2 according to the sounds:

[s] []



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Кафедра - иностранных языков

Курс: первый Семестр: 1-2

Лекции: - нет

Практические

(семинарские) занятия – 45 часов

Самостоятельная работа

под руководством преподавателя (СРСП) – 45 часов

Всего аудиторных: - 90 часов (2 кредита)

Внеаудиторная самостоятельная

работа студентов (СРС) - 45 часов (1 кредит)

Всего кредитов – 3 (135 часов)

Форма контроля: экзамен – 2 семестр



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