Учебно-методическое пособие по профессионально-ориентированному английскому языку для студентов специальности «Финансы и контроль в сфере таможенной деятельности»


IV. Using the vocabulary from the article role play the dialogue between a businessman and a customs officer

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IV. Using the vocabulary from the article role play the dialogue between a businessman and a customs officer.

UNIT II. CUSTOMS CONTROL


TEXT A. Customs Control

I. Read the article and translate the marked words and phrases.

Customs authorities perform customs controls along the external frontier. As a rule, customs officers check travelers on a random basis without a specific initial suspicion. They thus operate in a preventive way.

In order to be able to carry out necessary controls in a reasonable manner, customs officers have powers, but also obligations. In order to determine whether import or export regulations have been properly observed, customs officers may for example


  • stop persons,

  • ask for identification documents and

  • examine luggage and the means of transport (car).

If there is a reasonable suspicion that a person is illegally hiding goods under his or her clothing, customs officers may also physically search this person.
However, only customs officers of the same sex may carry out this search. A person of the opposite sex may only carry out the search in the event of danger in delay (for example if a person is suspected of hiding a firearm on their body).

Occasionally it happens that articles are found during a customs inspection and it cannot be clarified immediately whether they are subject to prohibitions and restrictions or not.

For example, it is sometimes impossible to determine immediately whether certain souvenirs are made of material from a protected species of animal or plant. In such cases, the articles in question can be seized and submitted to a test by experts.

As a traveller a person have an obligation to provide active assistance during a customs inspection. For example, you must


  • indicate the origin of goods you have with you,

  • tolerate the removal of samples without compensation,

  • at the request of customs officers, provide the assistance required for them to control luggage and means of transport (car).

The forms of assistance that might be requested by customs officers include, for example, opening the boot of your vehicle or opening and unpacking your luggage and its contents.

Furthermore, Customs is entitled to carry out controls in the cross-border movement of cash in order to combat money laundering.



II. Using the words and phrases you have translated give the gist of the article.

TEXT B. RED AND GREEN CHANNELS

Customs procedures for arriving passengers at many international airports, and some road crossings, are separated into Red and Green Channels. Passengers with goods to declare (carrying items above the permitted customs limits and/or carrying prohibited items) should go through the Red Channel. Passengers with nothing to declare (carrying goods within the customs limits only and not carrying prohibited items) can go through the Green Channel. Passengers going through the Green Channel are only subject to spot checks and save time. But, if a passenger going through the Green Channel is found to have goods above the customs limits on them or carrying prohibited items, they may be prosecuted for making a false declaration to customs, by virtue of having gone through the Green Channel.

Canada and the United States do not operate a red and green channel system.

Airports within the EU also have a Blue Channel. As the EU is a customs union, travellers between EU countries do not have to pay customs duties. VAT and Excise duties may be applicable if the goods are subsequently sold, but these are collected when the goods are sold, not at the border. Passengers arriving from other EU countries should go through the Blue Channel, where they may still be subject to checks for prohibited or restricted goods. In addition, limitations exist on various tobacco products being imported from certain newly-joined EU member states and use of the Blue Channel if those limitations are being exceeded would be inappropriate. Luggage tickets for checked in luggage within the EU are green-edged so they may be identified. UK policy is that entry into a particular Channel constitutes a legal declaration.

TEXT C. FACIAL RECOGNITION SYSTEM

Have you ever heard of facial recognition system?

1. Swiss European surveillance: facial recognition and vehicle make, model, color and license plate reader.

2 3


Side View. Close-up of the Infrared Illuminator.

This light is invisible to the human eye but it creates a day-like environment for the surveillance cameras.


I. Look at the words and try to predict why it is used and how it can work.

surveillance

to verify

a digital image

a video frame

eye iris recognition systems

to extract

normalize a gallery of face images

to compress the face data

template matching techniques

previously unseen accuracies

to capture information about smth

distinctive features

notable users

to pass fully automated border controls

mug shot images

to catch card counters and other blacklisted individuals

obstacle


to be credited with a 34% reduction

to underestimate

II. Now read the article and say which of your predictions are true. Be ready to answer the questions.

A facial recognition system is a computer application for automatically identifying or verifying a person from a digital image or a video frame from a video source. One of the ways to do this is by comparing selected facial features from the image and a facial database. It is typically used in security systems and can be compared to other biometrics such as fingerprint or eye iris recognition systems.





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Гладко М.А.

Учебно-методическое пособие по профессионально-ориентированному английскому языку для студентов специальности «Финансы и контроль в сфере таможенной деятельности» = English Reader for Students Majoring in Customs / М.А. Гладко. - БГЭУ, 2010. – 97c.

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