Учебно-методическое пособие по профессионально-ориентированному английскому языку для студентов специальности «Финансы и контроль в сфере таможенной деятельности»


Customs Detector Dog Program turns 40



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Customs Detector Dog Program turns 40

Minister for Home Affairs Brendan O'Connor has visited Customs and Border Protection in Sydney to celebrate the 40th anniversary of the Detector Dog Program.

The Minister said that for the last 40 years, the Detector Dog Program has played an important role in protecting Australia from prohibited imports such as drugs, firearms and explosives.

"This is a world-class program and the committed and highly skilled dogs and handlers play a critical role in protecting Australia's border," Mr O'Connor said.

"Detector dogs are trained to find prohibited imports such as narcotics, firearms and explosives hidden in luggage, mail, cargo, vessels, vehicles, aircraft and on people.

"Last year the Customs and Border Protection detector dog teams attended more than 17,000 tasks and directly contributed to the detection of 380 illicit imports and exports."

The detector dogs are bred in the Customs and Border Protection National Breeding and Development Centre in Melbourne and trained at the Detector Dog Training Centre, currently based in Brisbane.

Throughout its history the program has provided dogs and training to other Australian law enforcement agencies and to international customs organisations including the US, China, Indonesia, Malaysia, Guam, Saipan, Samoa, Papua New Guinea, Japan, New Zealand, and Thailand.

Customs Announces Next Step in Anti-Terror Program

Washington, D.C.--U.S. Customs Service Commissioner Robert C. Bonner today announced that Customs will begin taking applications on January 21 from domestic port authorities and marine terminal operators for participation in the Customs-Trade Partnership program. The program, known as C-TPAT, is an initiative between business and government to protect global commerce from terrorism. Unveiled this past April, the program initially sought membership from importers, carriers, and Customs brokers and freight forwarders.

"This marks the next leg in building a comprehensive system to prevent terrorist infiltration of the global trading system," said Bonner. "Ultimately, additional links in the international commercial chain will be covered by C-TPAT."

The program calls upon the trade community to establish policies to enhance their own security practices and those of business partners involved in the supply chain. Once these policies are in effect, imports by these businesses are given expedited Customs processing at ports of entry.

To date, 1600 companies have agreed to participate in the program. Of this number, more than 300 are certified members and eligible for swifter processing benefits. Bonner encouraged all trade-related businesses eligible for membership in C-TPAT to join.

"It is a sound business decision," he said. "Everyone involved in global trade has an obligation to join in the effort to protect the supply chain."




EU has nothing to fear from Customs Union tariff protection

Fears of the European Union regarding stronger tariff protection in the Customs Union of Belarus, Russia and Kazakhstan are exceedingly exaggerated, Belarus Deputy Foreign Minister Andrei Yevdochenko told media on 16 February.

EU experts estimate that the European Union will lose around €60 million per annum from lower exports to Belarus once the Customs Union is in place. “We have already given an official clarification. We believe that the formal losses will be many times less than the losses voiced by the European Commission. They estimate losses in Belarus close at €60 million. But half of the sum is second-hand cars that we ‘sucked’ from Western Europe like a vacuum cleaner. Second-hand clothes make up a lot of the figure,” said the Deputy Foreign Minister. Andrei Yevdochenko explained that for quite some time a lot of third-country second-hand clothes has been imported to Belarus under the guise of European Union second-hand clothes.

The official made it clear that the losses estimated by the European experts are extremely exaggerated. In addition, Belarus’ tariff protection from the European Union is virtually unchanged. Roughly 75% of Belarusian tariffs coincide with the common customs tariff. Europe’s interests may have been affected by the increased duty on cars that corporations import while the European Union will benefit from the large number of other tariffs.

According to Andrei Yevdochenko, the European Union will benefit a lot from Russia’s lower tariff protection. It is the key profit of the European Union judging by the volume of trade between the European Union and Russia.

The Customs Union will present much more advantages for the European Union than disadvantages due to the removal of internal borders between Customs Union countries. “We definitely should keep in mind that European Union producers will earn billions from the fact that internal borders between Customs Union countries will be removed on 1 July,” he concluded.



No big changes for businessmen in Customs Union tax code

The tax legislation within the Customs Union is unlikely to change much for businessmen, Lydia Tsybina, head of the main department for tax methodology of the Ministry of Taxes and Duties of Belarus, stated at a session of the National Board of Directors of the Belarusian Science and Industry Association. The session focused on the business activity within the Customs Union in 2010, BelTA has learnt.

The process of drafting the Customs Union tax legislation will be soon completed, Lydia Tsybina noted. The Special Part of the Tax Code of Belarus has taken effect in 2010. The Special Part of the Tax Code will bring Belarus’ taxation closer to the similar systems used by the other member-states of the Customs Union.

The tax legislation contains a set of measures to stimulate the innovation activity and the export of goods. “The measures will help apply the tax system which is advantageous to a tax-payer,” Lydia Tsybina said.

Besides, the work will be continued to reduce the time spent on paying taxes. This parameter is taken into account by the World Bank while rating Belarus in its annual Doing Business Report. According to Lydia Tsybina, VAT and income tax are paid every quarter in 2010.

In her words, businessmen are, however, concerned on how the VAT rate of 20% will influence the mutual relations within the Customs Union. “The impact will not be serious as proceeding from the country of destination principle we are able to impose zero rate in the export of goods,” she emphasized.

The Customs Union participating countries signed protocols on collecting indirect taxes from the export of goods and services as well as a protocol on the information exchange. According to Lydia Tsybina, these documents envisage more preferential terms.

In her words, the protocols on collecting indirect taxes from the export of goods and services and the protocol on the information exchange will come in force after the ratification.


Belarus, Russia watchdogs to check Customs Union formation procedures

The watchdogs of Belarus and Russia intend to hold simultaneous audits of the measures to form the Customs Union, Chairman of the Audit Chamber of Russia Sergei Stepashin said at a joint session of the State Control Committee (SCC) of Belarus and the Audit Chamber of Russia in Minsk on 9 February, BelTA has learnt.

The valuable experience of the Union State construction can be employed in the Customs Union formation. “In the future the Customs Union should become a global investment and high-tech hub,” Sergei Stepashin underlined. To make the new organization work, the countries should prevent the emergence of back-alley dealers. In this connection, financial watchdogs should spare no effort to identify and resolve the issues related to the formation of the Customs Union.

Sergei Stepashin believes that the establishment of the Customs Union, the single customs territory and the single customs tariff are a new challenge. These structures have “many blanks”, so that a lot will have to be done to enable the successful implementation of large-scale projects within the framework of the Customs Union.


Australian Customs: World's largest ecstasy seizure in Melbourne.

An intense 12-month investigation by law enforcement agencies has smashed an international drug syndicate with 16 arrested across Australia following the world's single largest seizure of 4.4 tonnes of ecstasy.

This morning the Australian Federal Police (AFP) arrested 16 across four states some of whom, it will be alleged, are involved in major distribution and trafficking of drugs in Australia.

AFP and Customs would like to acknowledge the support and assistance provided from AusTrac who committed a member to the operation, Tasmania Police who assisted executing search warrants, Victoria Police, Australian Crime Commission and international law enforcement agencies throughout Asia and Europe.

The arrests follow the detection of the world's largest single seizure of MDMA in June last year triggering the operation which culminated in the seizure of another 150 kilograms of cocaine in the past two weeks and today's arrests.

The joint investigation by the AFP and Australian Customs Service began when intelligence obtained through law enforcement agencies was passed on to Customs. This led to the identification and examination of a shipping container that had arrived in Melbourne on 28 June last year.

An x-ray of the container revealed inconsistencies and was subsequently opened for inspection. Customs officers unpacked the pallets that contained tomato tins which on closer inspection were found to contain ecstasy tablets.

Customs officers and AFP agents examined the container and found more than 3000 tins, each weighing about 1.5 kilograms, containing MDMA tablets with an approximate street value of $440 million. The contents of the container were substituted with an inert substance and monitored by the AFP.

During recent investigation into the syndicate, the AFP and Customs identified another shipping container that arrived in Melbourne on 24 July 2008. Upon examination of the container, three bags of white powder were identified weighing approximately 150 kilograms. Presumptive testing indicated the presence of cocaine.

This investigation has also identified a money laundering operation worth more than $9 million that this syndicate allegedly used to pay for the illegal drugs.

The AFP has executed 45 search warrants across Victoria, South Australia, Tasmania and New South Wales as part of the joint investigation.

AFP Commissioner Mick Keelty said a seizure of this magnitude is a major victory in the fight to stop drug syndicates supplying Australia's youth with extremely harmful substances. "The operation involved the commitment of more than 400 AFP members and demonstrates the dedication and patience of the AFP in ensuring a positive result for the Australian community," the Commissioner said. "Investigations like this one that include targeting the illegal financing of organised criminal syndicates involved in the global trade in illicit drugs are proving highly successful and ensure an economic as well as social return for the community.

"This is an extraordinary outcome for law enforcement as it continues to work together to detect illicit drugs before they reach Australia. International intelligence, combined with the cooperation of local law enforcement agencies, played a big role in the success of the operation."

Customs CEO Michael Carmody said the alleged attempt to beat border controls was sophisticated and well organised, but ultimately unsuccessful. "Customs and its law enforcement partners are working hard to stop shipments like these from reaching Australian streets," Mr Carmody. "This particular detection highlights the excellent work done by our targeters and analysts to identify this shipment and the skilful use of x-ray technology." 


 

New rules to boost shopping at Australian airports

The Australian Minister for Justice and Customs, Senator the Hon. David Johnston, and the Australian Minister for Small Business and Tourism, the Hon. Fran Bailey MP announced changes to Customs Regulations to allow sales of a wider range of duty free goods to inbound passengers coming to Australia.

Previously, inbound passengers were restricted to purchasing alcohol, cigarettes, photographic film and perfume at inwards duty free stores. From today, regulations have been changed to allow a wider range of goods to be sold to inbound passengers.

"This is good news for all travellers as inbound passengers will now be able to purchase goods up to the value of $900 duty free from Australian airport inwards duty free stores," Senator Johnston said.

"This could include handbags, cameras and sunglasses - goods that are no more than $900 in value, weigh no more than 7kg and are no more than 56cm in length, 36cm in height and 23cm in depth."

No change has been made to the passenger duty free concessions, including tobacco products and alcoholic beverages, and any purchases made by passengers at inwards duty free stores will be included in the existing duty free allowance.

Minister Bailey said the new changes will provide a welcome boost for tourists and in-bound duty free stores. "After a long flight to Australia, tourists often enjoy some retail therapy on arrival. These changes will mean tourists will have greater choice in which goods to buy," Fran Bailey said. "Tourists are big shoppers. In fact, the economic value of international tourism to Australia increased by $2.1 billion to reach $22.6 billion over the past 12 months. "International tourists are now spending $2,836 per visitor, that's an extra $262 on average from the previous year. Through initiatives such as this, we are encouraging tourists to spend more money in Australia, helping to create even more jobs for Australians."


Two million pseudoephedrine tablets seized

A joint Customs and Australian Federal Police (AFP) operation in Sydney has resulted in the arrest of four people and the seizure of more than two million tablets containing pseudoephedrine.

Pseudoephedrine is a prohibited precursor chemical which can be converted in clandestine laboratories from its legitimate use to produce amphetamine type substances, (ATS) such as methamphetamine. The seized tablets contain an estimated 120 kilograms of pseudoephedrine which had the potential to produce a large quantity of methamphetamine.

In its purest form, the methamphetamine which could have been produced using the pseudoephedrine had an approximate street value of $22 million.


On 13 June, Customs officers selected for examination a shipping container which had been unloaded at Port Botany in Sydney from a vessel which had arrived from Jakarta, Indonesia.

The contents of the container had been declared as being wooden furniture and accessories. However, when the container was x-rayed at the Customs container examination facility, 139 cartons wrapped in brown paper and plastic were detected behind the furniture.

The cartons were found to be packed with pharmaceutical cold tablets, manufactured in Indonesia, which are a prohibited import unless prior approval has been granted by the Department of Health.

On 17 June, Customs officers and AFP agents monitored the delivery of the container to a business address in Leichhardt in Sydney's inner western suburbs.

It will be alleged in court a 44-year-old Drummoyne woman, assisted by her 47-year-old partner, took delivery of the package.

It will also be alleged that two men from aged 44 and 38 attended the business premises and took possession of the boxes. The two men were later intercepted with the shipment in Chinatown by federal agents.

Late yesterday, AFP and Customs officers conducted five search warrants in the Sydney suburbs of Drummoyne, Leichhardt, Cabramatta, and the CBD. Two warrants were also executed on vehicles.

The woman was last night charged with importing commercial quantities of border controlled precursors contrary to section 307.11 of the Commonwealth Criminal Code Act 1995 and the three men were charged with aiding and abetting the importation of a border controlled precursor contrary to section 307.11 of the Criminal Code Act.

AFP's National Manager Border and International Network, Federal Agent Mike Phelan, said the AFP and Customs used new anti-drug laws brought into effect late last year which target the illegal importation of precursor substances to be used in the manufacture of commercial quantities of illegal drugs. "This seizure and subsequent arrests has proven the new legislation is necessary in the AFP's fight against the importation of these dangerous precursors which can then be used to make very large quantities of illegal drugs for the domestic market," Federal Agent Phelan said. Customs Regional Manager Border Compliance and Enforcement in NSW Graeme Charlwood said Customs and the AFP were committed to preventing dangerous precursor drugs from entering Australia. "This discovery of these tablets demonstrates the effectiveness of Customs analysis techniques and technology in defeating criminal activities at the border."

The men and woman are expected to appear before Sydney Central Local Court this morning. The maximum penalty for these offences is 25 years imprisonment and/or $550,000 fine.



AUD15 million penalty for liquor fraud

One of the longest running and most complex Customs prosecutions ever mounted has come to an end today with the sentencing of a Brisbane-based company, Labrador Liquor Wholesale Pty Ltd, and the two principals of the company over a million dollar duty and excise fraud.

Labrador Liquor Wholesale, Jeffrey Andrew Bryce, 58, and Lawrence Eric Wright, 59, had each been earlier found guilty of 45 offences against the Customs Act and the Excise Act in a fraud case that began in 1997. The company and the two men were today ordered in the Supreme Court to pay $1.01 million in duty evaded and pay fines of $5.06 million for each of the three defendants (a total of $15.18 million).

In the event that Mr Bryce and Mr Wright did not pay the penalties immediately, the Court determined that they each be imprisoned for a total of four years and 345 days.

The imprisonment order has been stayed for 28 days to allow the defendant’s time to make a formal court application for a stay pending the outcome of an appeal application. Labrador Liquor Wholesale operated a licensed Customs warehouse which allows temporary storage of goods that have been imported or manufactured in Australia without having to pay revenue that would otherwise be payable.

Between May 1995 and May 1996, the company exported seven shipping containers, containing goods including alcohol and cigarettes, to Fiji and one container to the Solomon Islands. Documents presented to Customs indicated that certain goods had been exported, when they had, in fact, been entered for home consumption without revenue being paid.

The case took nine years to be heard before the court, mainly due to a lengthy series of appeals before the Queensland Court of Appeal and the High Court of Australia.

The Customs prosecution for the evasion of customs and excise duties of $1.01 million culminated in the trial which took place over 16 days before the Supreme Court in Brisbane in June last year. During the Customs investigation, over 90 witnesses were identified of whom 31 were called to give evidence. These came from both within Australia and overseas - Fiji, the Solomon Islands and the United Kingdom.

Customs Regional Director Queensland Jenny Eutick said the case was a landmark for Customs because, during the course of litigation, a number of important legal precedents were established through the appeals process in the Supreme Court of Queensland and the High Court of Australia. She said, "Achieving a 100 per cent conviction rate after such a protracted litigation process sends a strong message to the commercial community that such frauds will be prosecuted by Customs to the full extent of the law." Ms Eutick also thanked the Customs administrations of Fiji and the Solomon Islands for their vital assistance and cooperation with Australian Customs.

Arming of front-line Customs officers

In a major boost to border security the Australian Government will arm additional frontline Customs officers, the Minister for Justice and Customs, Senator Chris Ellison announced today. These are the first Customs officers to be armed other than those involved in marine patrols. Senator Ellison said the changing environment in which Customs investigated border related crimes required the measure to bolster security at Australia’s borders. “Customs officers carry out border security functions at wharves and remote locations, execute search warrants and board and search vessels in an increasingly hostile environment,” Senator Ellison said.

The use of firearms is governed by the direction of the Customs CEO under the Customs Act. This is consistent with principles that govern the use of force by the Australian Federal Police.

“The Australian Customs Service is more than ever charged with the task of securing our borders from the threat of terrorism and transnational crime,” Senator Ellison said.


Suitably trained officers will be issued with Glock handguns, personal body armour, batons, capsicum spray, and handcuffs. The first deployment of officers will be in Melbourne to assist with the preparation of security for the 2006 Commonwealth Games. Senator Ellison said initially around 80 additional officers in front-line Customs roles would be armed. Customs officers who investigate the import and export of prohibited goods including weapons and non-narcotic drugs will now be armed as well as officers involved in waterfront patrols and the boarding of international vessels when they arrive in Australia. Customs already has almost 300 armed officers engaged in maritime patrol and response functions as part of the National Marine Unit (NMU) and Southern Ocean Maritime Patrol and Response Unit (SOMPRU). “Customs officers must be equipped to handle whatever situations arise during normal operations and when illegal activities are detected,” Senator Ellison said. The training and certification process will be comprehensive and exhaustive. Training will be provided to the same standard as that undertaken by the Australian Federal Police. Customs NMU and SOMPRU officers currently receive this level of training.
1. Retell these pieces of news to the class.
2. Give their annotation in Russian.
3. Get ready with brief customs news of your own.




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Гладко М.А.

Учебно-методическое пособие по профессионально-ориентированному английскому языку для студентов специальности «Финансы и контроль в сфере таможенной деятельности» = English Reader for Students Majoring in Customs / М.А. Гладко. - БГЭУ, 2010. – 97c.



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