Учебное пособие по систематизирующему курсу грамматики английского языка (артикль) Издание второе, дополненное


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Министерство образования и науки Российской Федерации

Государственное образовательное учреждение

высшего профессионального образования

«Нижегородский государственный
лингвистический университет

им. Н.А.Добролюбова»





Издание второе, дополненное

Нижний Новгород 2010

Печатается по решению редакционно-издательского совета ГОУ ВПО НГЛУ. Специальность: ТМПИЯК. Дисциплина: систематизирующий курс грамматики английского языка.

УДК 811.11’367.632 (075.8)

ББК 81.432.1- 933

У 912

Учебное пособие по систематизирующему курсу грамматики английского языка (Артикль). Издание второе, дополненное. – Нижний Новгород: Нижегородский государственный лингвистический университет им. Н.А. Добролюбова, 2010 - 133 с.

Предлагаемое пособие включает материалы, необходимые для успешного овладения одним из разделов систематизирующего курса грамматики английского языка (Артикль), в том числе сборник упражнений, расположенных по степени трудности, тесты для самоконтроля. Предложения и отрывки, которые служат материалом упражнений, отобраны из современной английской и американской литературы, словарей, учебных пособий, и представляют собой образцы современного английского языка, типичные для него как по лексическому наполнению, так и грамматическим структурам. Материалы предназначены для самостоятельной и аудиторной работы студентов очного и заочного отделения.

УДК 811.11’367.632 (075.8)

ББК 81.432.1- 933

Составитель И.Н. Кабанова, канд. филол. наук, (кафедра английской филологии)

Рецензент Л.М. Отрошко, канд. филол. наук, доцент (кафедра английской филологии)

© ГОУ ВПО НГЛУ, 2010

Article Use with Countable Concrete and Uncountable Abstract Nouns

Exercise 1. In the following sentences insert articles where necessary and comment on their functions.

  1. “Elliot Templeton speaking.”

“Elliot? I thought you were in Paris.”

“No, I’m visiting with my sister. We want you to come along and lunch with us today.”

“I should love to.”

He named __ hour and gave me __ address. (W.S. Maugham)

  1. Mrs. De Vries was __ widow
    . She was __ short stout woman with __ fine Jewish nose and __ fine Jewish eyes, __ great deal of energy, __ manner at once effusive and timid, and a somewhat virile air. She had __ passion for __ stage. (W.S. Maugham)

  2. Sir Alec nodded. “Yes. __ things have changed since Voltaire said, ‘The British have __ hundred religions and only one sauce.’ ” (S. Sheldon)

  3. He had __ pleasantly malicious tongue and there was no scandal about these exalted personages that did not reach his ears. (W.S. Maugham)

  4. Henry is __ best type
    of __ American businessman. (W.S. Maugham)

  5. For me __ rhododendron was a homely, domestic thing, strictly conventional, mauve or pink in colour, standing one side beside the other in __ neat round bed. (D. du Maurier)
  6. “Where is __ post office?” – “On Field Street, opposite __ church.”

  7. __ rose was one of few flowers that looked better picked than growing. (D. du Maurier)

  8. “Poor Daph. What a waste of __ good heart.” (K. Saunders)

  9. I’ll be __ perfect mother, like I’ve been __ perfect wife. (D. du Maurier)

  10. __ bowl of roses in __ drawing-room had __ depth of colour and scent they had not possessed in __ open. (D. du Maurier)

  11. __ husband is not so very different from __ father after all. (D. du Maurier)

  12. What __ idiot I had been not to think of it before. I always loved the girl in white, with a hat in her hand. It was a Raeburn, and __ portrait was of Caroline de Winter, __ sister of Maxim’s great-great-grandfather. She married __ great Whig politician, and was __ famous London beauty for many years, but this portrait was painted before that, when she was still unmarried. (D. du Maurier)

  13. __ artist who is worth a damn can handle any crowd. (J.H. Chase)

  14. Of course you were lucky to have __ farther to leave you something, weren’t you? (J.H. Chase)

  15. There are more important things in life than __ dollar. (J.H. Chase)

  16. There was __ usual short delay before __ door opened and __ tall, fat man wearing __ English butler’s outfit raised __ white eyebrows at me. (J.H. Chase)

  17. When Maxim spoke again I did not recognize his voice. It was still and quiet, icy cold, not __ voice I knew. (D. du Maurier)
  18. That evening I went to dine at __ great stone house on Lake Shore Drive which looked as though __ architect had started to build __ medieval castle and then, changing his mind in __ middle, had decided to turn it into __ Swiss chalet. (W.S. Maugham)

  19. __ archeologist is __ best husband any woman can have: the older she gets, the more interested he is in her. (A. Christie)

  20. Never speak loudly to one another, unless __ house is on fire. (H.W. Thompson)

  21. They did not seem to think __ motive was necessary. (D. du Maurier)

  22. “Frank Crawley,” said Maxim, and I turned to __ agent, __ colorless, rather thin man with __ prominent Adam’s apple, in whose eyes I read relief as he looked upon me. (D. du Maurier)

  23. We got in latish in the morning and towards the middle of the afternoon I landed and walked along __ quay, looking at __ shops, at __ people who passed me, and at __ people sitting under the awning in __ cafes. (W.S. Maugham)

  24. Anyhow he had enough to live in what he considered was the proper style for __ gentleman without trying to earn money, and __ method by which he had done so in the past was a matter which, unless you wished to lose his acquaintance, you were wise not to refer to. (W.S. Maugham)

  25. Early in the morning __ doctor laid his table carefully for three, studying it from different angles with __ tip of his finger beside his nose, changed candlesticks twice and went from his damask place mats to a gathered tablecloth to reduce to more manageable size __ oval dining table. (Th. Harris)

  26. __ day came when I went into Tarleton for __ haircut and ran into __ nice fellow named Bill Knowles, who was in my time at Harvard. (F. Sc. Fitzgerald)

  27. We passed __ cold month on Long Island, marched aboard __ transport with steel helmets slung at our sides and then marched off again. (F. Sc. Fitzgerald)
  28. John T. Unger came from __ family that had been well known in Hades –__ small town on the Mississippi River – for several generations. (F. Sc. Fitzgerald)

  29. He was critical about __ women. __ single defect – __ thick ankle, __ horse voice, __ glass eye – was enough to make him utterly indifferent. And here for the first time in his life he was beside __ girl who seemed to him __ incarnation of physical perfection. (F. Sc. Fitzgerald)

  30. If one can’t be __ great artist or __ great soldier, the next best thing is to be __ great criminal. (F. Scott Fitzgerald)

  31. She took __ nail scissors. (F. Sc. Fitzgerald)

  32. I’m __ romantic – __ sentimental person thinks things will last – __ romantic person hopes against hope that they won’t. (F. Sc. Fitzgerald)

  33. Someone mentioned that __ famous cabaret star was at __ next table. (F. Sc. Fitzgerald)

  34. There was always __ risk he would receive __ prison sentence. (J.H. Chase)

  35. At this moment __ telephone bell rang and when Blackie answered it, __ voice asked excitedly if Tung Whu was there. (J.H. Chase)

  36. I am going to __ war. (F. Sc. Fitzgerald)

  37. Tommy needs __ good war. (F. Sc. Fitzgerald)

  38. __ well-known general came in. (F. Sc. Fitzgerald)

  39. It was __ damp April day, with __ long diagonal clouds over the Albishorn and water inert in the low places. (F. Sc. Fitzgerald)

  40. It’s __ confession of weakness for __ scientist not to write. (F. Sc. Fitzgerald)

  41. He was thirty-eight – still declining __ beard, he yet had __ more medical aura about him than he had worn upon the Riviera. (F. Sc. Fitzgerald)

  42. __ Englishman spoke to him from across __ aisle but he found something antipathetic in the English lately. (F. Sc. Fitzgerald)
  43. __ danger to __ actress is in responding. (F. Sc. Fitzgerald)

  44. Mungo McSween said to Lara, “Dinna let it bother ye, lassie. __ Scotsman wi’ start __ fight in __ empty house.” (S. Sheldon)

  45. __ good husband and father would have spent it on a dress for Hilda and boots for the kids. (G. Orwell)

  46. __ chap like me is incapable of looking like __ gentleman. (G. Orwell)

  47. __ hardboiled eye, __ chiselled nose, __ severely controlled mouth, __ masterful chin, all these were missing.

  48. That a man of the world so subject to the vicissitudes of fortune as Montague Dartie should still be living in __ house he had inhabited twenty years at least would have been more noticeable… (J. Galsworthy)

  49. And he was white-skinned with fine, silky hair that darkened from fair, and __ slightly arched nose of __ old country family.

  50. He sensed __ secret they did not want him to know.

  51. __ voice, the housekeeper’s husband’s, shouted.

  52. She held three pink chrysanthemum heads, removed from __ pot David had seen in __ fireplace.

  53. He avoided taking her to see his aunt until __ week before __ wedding.

  54. Near him were two men in evening dress conversing in __ tones which just rose above the general murmur of talk and the high, penetrating tinkle of glass from the bar behind the promenade. (J. Galsworthy)

  55. But before I am run away with by my feelings on this subject, perhaps it will be necessary for me to state my reasons for marrying and for coming here with the design of selecting __ wife, as I did. (J. Austen)

  56. You are as suspicious of me as __ cat is of __ dog. (D.H. Lawrence)
  57. __ bachelor never quite gets over __ idea that he is a thing of beauty and __ boy forever. (H. Rowland)

  58. __ traveler sees what he see, __ tourist sees what he has come to see. (G. K. Chesterton)

  59. Lunaday, the 31st of June, brought to Peradore __ kind of summer morning we all remember from years ago but seem to have missed ever since. (Priestley)

Exercise 2. Decide whether the two nouns underlined in each sentence refer to the same thing or not. If you can change the second noun group to ‘it’, ‘him’, or ‘her’ without changing the meaning, the two nouns do refer to the same thing. Use an appropriate article with the second noun.

  1. She knew it was because of Paul Martin, and disturbingly, she found herself thinking more and more about __ ugly-attractive man with the strangely compelling voice. (S. Sheldon)

  2. By the time Rhys Williams was fourteen, he had saved enough money to pay for his passage to London. He spent the first three days simply walking around __ huge city, staring at everything, hungrily drinking in __ incredible sights and __ sounds and __ smells. (S. Sheldon)

  3. On that first night … he kissed Dorothy… Then he went out to camp, and he wrote a long letter to Gloria, a glowing letter, full of … tenderness – these things he had learned again for a moment in __ kiss given and taken under a rich warm moonlight just an hour before.

  4. In the middle of his second year at school, a quiet, handsome boy named Percy Washington had been put in John’s form. __ newcomer was pleasant in manner and exceedingly well dressed even for St. Midas’, but for some reason he kept aloof from the other boys. (F. Sc. Fitzgerald)
  5. In that book I took a famous painter, Paul Gauguin, and, using the novelist’s privilege, devised a number of incidents to illustrate the character I had created on the suggestions afforded me by the scanty facts I knew about __ French artist. (W.S. Maugham)

  6. My car has broken down again. I’ll have to check __ engine.

  7. What do you think of the director? Personally I can’t stand __ woman.

  8. I can’t understand this text; __ language is very difficult.

  9. When I switched on your dishwasher, __ machine made a loud noise.

  10. You’ve never been to London before so how do you know __ place so well?

Exercise 3. Complete the sentences below using a noun that is associated with the noun which is underlined. Use an appropriate article with the second noun.

  1. We went into shops which had absolutely nothing on ………….. .

  2. You shouldn’t ask a question if you already know ………….. .

  3. I’ve never taught a class where ………….. are so lazy.

  4. It was a lovely house but ………….. were too steep for old people.

  5. In a test ………….. should not be too difficult or too easy.

  6. It’s a newspaper where ………….. aren’t covered with pictures.

  7. I’m not surprised you can’t walk in those shoes. ………….. are much too high.

  8. Before you go on a long journey in your car, check to make sure ………….. have enough air in them.

  9. I bought the radio in a sale. ………….. had been slashed by 50%.

  10. What’s the point in buying an expensive television if ………….. isn’t clear?

Exercise 4. Complete these sentences with words appropriate to the situation.
  1. The room was completely empty so some of us sat down on ………….. while others leaned against ………….. . It was hot so I tried to open …………..; they were stuck. It started getting dark so I turned on …………..; it didn’t work. Then we realized that ………….. was locked.

  2. You’ll find the garden chairs in ………….. at the bottom of the garden. Bring them up and we’ll have a drink on ………….. and watch the sunset.

  3. “I think there’s somebody at ………….. now.”

  4. When I go to the doctor, I tell ………….. my name and take a seat in ………….. .

  5. Many people’s idea of relaxation is to sit on a sandy beach gazing at ………….. or watching ………….. roll in one after the other.

Exercise 5. Find and link each sentence in the column on the left with a suitable situation on the right. Pay attention to the use of articles.

  1. Could we have the menu, please?

  2. The music isn’t very good, is it?

  3. I hope the film is going to be good.

  4. Ow! The sand is really hot!

  5. Doesn’t the bride look beautiful?

  6. Switch on the television.

  7. The judge has fallen asleep.

  8. The grass needs cutting.

  9. Where’s the soap?

  10. Who’s been writing on the blackboard?

    1. in a garden

    2. in a living room

    3. at a wedding

    4. in a classroom

    5. in a restaurant

    6. on a beach

    7. in a cinema queue

    8. in a bathroom

    9. in a courtroom

    10. at a concert

Exercise 6. In the following sentences insert articles where necessary and comment on their functions.
  1. She had acquired __ ease, __ self-possession, and __ assurance. (W.S. Maugham)

  2. He’s twenty and he has __ charm. (W.S. Maugham)

  3. He was quite radiant and gave off __ peculiar brightness and charm. (F. Sc. Fitzgerald)

  4. The gathering, which of course did not include residents at the Eglantine or the Beeches, was conventional enough at first sight, but over it brooded always __ heavy melancholy. (F. Sc. Fitzgerald)

  5. Because American women expect to find in their husbands __ perfection that English women only hope to find in their butlers. (W.S. Maugham)

  6. It was like an old forgotten nightmare, something remembered months afterwards with __ doubt and disbelief. (D. du Maurier)

  7. He was filled with __ violent disgust that was not like __ anger. (F. Sc. Fitzgerald)

  8. Her lovely face was twisted with __ grief she didn’t care to hide. (W.S. Maugham)

  9. I had known Elliot Templeton for fifteen years… He had __ taste and __ knowledge. (W.S. Maugham)

  10. Each day, inside Starling __ grim knowledge grew: The federal service would never be the same for her again. (Th. Harris)

  11. I don’t know what it is – __ tension, __secret, __ aspiration, __ knowledge – that sets him apart. (W.S. Maugham)

  12. __ tact was a quality unknown to her, __ discretion too, and because __ gossip was __ breath of life to her this stranger must be served to her dissection. (D. du Maurier)

  13. “That’ll be wonderful. We’ll just sit about the villa and grease our faces and have __ good old gossip”. (W.S. Maugham)

  14. Eventually, as it was bound to do, despite Lily’s efforts to shield him, __ local gossip reached the ears of Pa. (K. Saunders)
  15. I have little story to tell and I end neither with __ death nor __marriage. __ death ends all things and so is the comprehensive conclusion of a story, but __ marriage finishes it very properly too and the sophisticated are ill-advised to sneer at what is by convention termed a happy ending. (W.S. Maugham)

  16. __ punishment could range from a broken arm or leg to __ slow and painful death. (S. Sheldon)

  17. As the result of thirty years’ experience I may tell you that __ marriage arranged with proper regard to __ position, __ fortune, and __ community of circumstances has every advantage over __ love match. (W.S. Maugham)

  18. It takes two to make __ marriage just as it takes two to make __ quarrel.

  19. It had never occurred to me that __ life I offered Isabel was __ life that filled her with dismay. (W.S. Maugham)

  20. He felt that __ life had rejected him. (F. Sc. Fitzgerald)

  21. In one day he had taken __ life and saved __ life. (S. Sheldon)

  22. Get on with building a career and __ life that no one can take away from you. (H. Fielding)

  23. Larry was strong enough to refuse to sacrifice for Isabel’s sake __ life that he thought was __ life for him, but it may be that to lose her was bitterer to endure than he had expected. (W.S. Maugham)

  24. It was bleak and cold when I got there and __ thin rain was falling. (W.S. Maugham)

  25. He wrote with __ sincerity and __ emotion. I should never have thought him capable of expressing himself with such __ dignity, __ real feeling, and __ simplicity, had I not long known that notwithstanding his snobbishness and his absurd affectations Elliot was a kindly, affectionate, and honest man. (W.S. Maugham)

  26. I had __ curious inexplicable feeling that I must go back and look in my room again. (D. du Maurier)
  27. He had __ feeling I have noticed in some Americans who have lived many years abroad that America is a difficult and even dangerous place in which __ European cannot safely be left to find his way about himself. (W.S. Maugham)

  28. Lily stared at her, willing herself to beat off __ feeling that she was drowning in __ unreality. (K. Saunders)

  29. It gave me __ feeling that I’d bitten into the modern world and discovered what it was really made of. (G. Orwell)

  30. __ passion doesn’t count __ cost. Pascal said that __ heart has reasons that __ reason takes no account of. He meant that when __ passion seizes __ heart it invents reasons that seem not only plausible but conclusive to prove that the world is well lost for __ love. It convinces you that __ honour is well sacrificed and that __ shame is a cheap price to pay. __ passion is destructive. (W.S. Maugham)

  31. He fell in love with himself at first sight and it is __ passion to which he has always remained faithful. (A. Powell)

  32. “Well”, said Mrs. Danvers with __ sudden passion, “and what if she did?” (D. du Maurier)

  33. I was like a little scrubby schoolboy with __ passion for a sixth-form perfect, and he kinder, and far more inaccessible. (D. du Maurier)

  34. __ happiness is not __ possession to be prized; it is a quality of thought, a state of mind. (D. du Maurier)

  35. It was __ quiet, still happiness. (D. du Maurier)

  36. These were two obviously suspected something, he thought, but with __ inevitable, dim-witted Asian patience they were waiting to see what happened. (J.H. Chase)

  37. __ hatred and __ anger are not luxuries we can afford anymore. (J. Fowles)

  38. His eyes, grown suddenly pitiful, struck a deep, unsounded chord in Evylyn – and simultaneously __ furious anger surged in her. (F. Sc. Fitzgerald)
  39. And that the rest of the servants, in __ blind ignorance, would follow her example and swear too? (D. du Maurier)

  40. The thought of repeating it turned him cold with __ horror. (F. Sc. Fitzgerald)

  41. She looked tense and there was __ terror in her eyes that frightened me. (J.H. Chase)

  42. She started to run straight forward, and then turned like lightning and sped back the way she had come, enveloped in __ sudden icy terror. (F. Sc. Fitzgerald)

  43. He had taken a step forward, his last doubt melting away at __ constricted terror in the woman’s face. (F. Sc. Fitzgerald)

  44. I went after him. __ rage gave me added speed, but __ darkness of the moonless night hindered me. (J.H. Chase)

  45. He felt __ sudden vicious rage take hold of him. (J.H. Chase)

  46. Anna had expected her father to be overjoyed. Instead, he had flown into __ rage. (S. Sheldon)

  47. What if your marriage isn’t founded on __ mutual love? (F. Sc. Fitzgerald)

  48. We can’t possible have __ summer love. (F. Sc. Fitzgerald)

  49. He had __ power of arousing __ fascinated and uncritical love. (F. Sc. Fitzgerald)

  50. If __ death was a cure for __ unrequited love, we’d all be murderers. (K. Saunders)

  51. “But Pa uses it to illustrate his belief that our state, arising from love and harmony, was somehow exalted. That we are joined, like the angels, in __ love which knew no possessiveness on earth, and shall know none when we all meet in heaven.” (K. Saunders)

  52. She had arrived at __ wonderful truth: if she were fat and ugly, no one would expect her to look like her mother. (S. Sheldon)

  53. __ simple truth was that Elizabeth Roffe had no protective shield, no armour against __ terrible loneliness that engulfed her. (S. Sheldon)
  54. When I am in Hollywood I am ashamed – not of my ancestry, but of the world I see around me: __ arrogance, __ ignorance, __ vanity, __ stupidity, __ greed, __ salivating worship of flesh and youth, __ flaunting of sexuality for __ fame and __ financial grain, __ lust for the new in the absence of respect for the old. (H. Fielding)

  55. Being alone in __ body and __ spirit begets __ loneliness, and __ loneliness begets more loneliness. (F. Sc. Fitzgerald)

  56. Very gradually, as the shadows lengthened around her, __ velvet stillness took possession of her. (K. Saunders)

  57. He won everyone quickly with __ exquisite consideration and __ politeness that moved so fast and intuitively that it could be examined only in its effect. (F. Sc. Fitzgerald)

  58. He would look up at her and be filled with __ deep, ineffable pride. (S. Sheldon)

  59. This proved of no avail: the American Woman, aroused, stood over him; __ clean-sweeping irrational temper that had broken the moral back of a race and made a nursery out of a continent, was too much for him. (F. Sc. Fitzgerald)

  60. There was __ energy about her that was almost overpowering. (S. Sheldon)

  61. Swithin reddened, __ resemblance to a turkey-cock coming upon his old face. (J. Galsworthy)

  62. I felt as though were suddenly released from my body and as pure spirit partook of __ loveliness I had never conceived. (W.S. Maugham)

  63. Not for me __ languor and __ subtlety I had read about in books. __ challenge and __ chase. __ sword-play, __ swift glance, __ stimulating smile. __ art of __ provocation was unknown to me and I would sit with his map upon my lap, __ wind blowing my dull, lanky hair, happy in his silence, yet eager for his words. (D. du Maurier)

  64. The day would lie before us both, long no doubt, and uneventful, but fraught with __ certain stillness, __ dear tranquility we had not known before.

(D. du Maurier)
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Составитель И.Н. Кабанова, канд. филол. наук, (кафедра английской филологии)

Рецензент Л.М. Отрошко, канд. филол. наук, доцент (кафедра английской филологии)

© ГОУ ВПО НГЛУ, 2010


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