Учебное пособие по устной практике для студентов IV курса факультета «Референт-переводчик»

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НАРОДНАЯ УКРАИНСКАЯ АКАДЕМИЯ




RELATIONS

MASS MEDIA

Учебное пособие по устной практике

для студентов IV курса

факультета «Референт-переводчик»,

обучающихся по специальности 035 «Филология»

Издательство НУА



НАРОДНАЯ УКРАИНСКАЯ АКАДЕМИЯ


RELATIONS

MASS MEDIA

Учебное пособие по устной практике

для студентов IV курса

факультета «Референт-переводчик»,

обучающихся по специальности 035 «Филология»

Харьков


Издательство НУА

2017


УДК 811.111’271(075.8)

ББК 81.432.1423.7

R 41

Утверджено на заседании кафедры

германской и романской филологии

Народной украинской академии.

Протокол № 10 от 15.05.2017

Составители: канд. филол. наук М.Н. Медведь

канд. филол. наук И.В. Змиева

канд. филол. наук Л.В. Михайлова

Р е ц е н з е н т канд филол. наук Т.М. Тимошенкова

Навчальний посібник містить тексти і вправи з курсу «Усна практика», які сприяють вивченню та закріпленню активної лексики, а також формуванню навичок спонтанного мовлення. Навчальний посібник призначено для студентів четвертого року навчання.

R 41

Relations. Mass media : учеб. пособие по устной практике для студ. IV курса фак. «Референт-переводчик», обучающихся по специальности 035 «Филология» / Нар. укр. акад., [каф. герм, и роман. филол. ; сост.: М.Н. Медведь, И.В. Змиева, Л. В.  Михайлова]. – Харьков : Изд-во НУА, 2017. – 72 с.

Учебное пособие по содержит тексты и упражнения по курсу «Устная практика», которые способствуют изучению и закреплению активной лексики, а также формированию навыков спонтанной речи. Учебное пособие предназначено для студентов четвертого года обучения.

УДК 811.111’271(075.8)

ББК 81.432.1423.7

©Народная украинская академия, 2017


CONTENTS

UNIT 1. RELATIONS …………………………………………………4
VOCABULARY STUDY……………………………………………….4
EXERCISES……………………………………………………………..9
TEXTS FOR DISCUSSION……………………………………………19

UNIT 2. MASS MEDIA…………………………………………………41
VOCABULARY STUDY………………………………………………..41
EXERCISES……………………………………………………………...44
TEXTS FOR DISCUSSION…………………………………………….55


UNIT 1. RELATIONS
VOCABULARY STUDY
Family

The Brown family, the Browns, a Brown; parents, father, Dad, Daddy, mother, Mum, Mummy, children, kids, son, daughter, brother, sister, elder/senior brother, younger/junior sister; ancestors, forefathers, grandparents, grandfather, granddad, grandpa, grandmother, granny, great grandparents, great grandfather, great grandmother; descendants, grandchildren, grandson, granddaughter, great grandchildren, great grandson, great granddaughter.


Relatives

Relation, relative, near/distant relative, uncle, aunt, nephew, niece, relatives-in-law, father-in-law, mother-in-law, son(daughter)-in-law, sister(brother)-in-law, first(second) cousin, step-mother(father), step-child(son, daughter), half-sister, guardian, foster-child, orphan, a relative on one’s father’s side.

Names

First/second/middle name, family name, surname, patronymic, full/short name, (My name is Edward, Ned for short.), to call somebody by his first name, maiden name, nickname, pet name.

Family likeness

To resemble somebody, to have a strong resemblance to each other, to be the image/copy of one’s mother, to be a male/female replica of one’s mother/father, to look alike, to take after someone, to inherit somebody’s features, not to see any physical resemblance.


Age

To turn 20, to be under/over 30, to be about 20, to be on the right/wrong side of 40, to be out of one’s teens (twenties, etc),to be in one’s teens (twenties, etc), to be in one’s early/middle/late thirties, to be 50 odd, to be well past 80, to be under/of age, to be the same age, to be twice as old as, to be born in the same generation. She will never see 20 again. He’s getting on in years. He’s back in his second childhood. She looks her age. He had outlived his wife by over 10 years. He looks young for his age.

Love and marriage

To be married to somebody, to marry somebody, to get married, to marry into the Evans family, to be engaged, engagement, to go out with, to date a girl, to make a date with a girl for 7 o’clock, to court somebody, courtship, to have a steady girl(boy)-friend, to flirt, love at first sight, to fall in love with, to be in love with each other, to ask for a girl’s hand, to propose to, to meet with a refusal, to accept, wedding ceremony, a match, a love match, a marriage of convenience, a wedding, a silver/golden wedding, wedding anniversary, a bridegroom, a fiancй, a bride, a fiancйe, a bridal pair, a best man, a bridesmaid, a witness, the registry office, to sign the register, a married couple, a husband, a wife, a newly married couple= newly weds, a wedding ring/guest/gift/cake, a honeymoon, to honeymoon, a dowry, to live with, to marry somebody for his money, to divorce somebody, to be/get divorced from, to be separated, to get on well with, to be widowed, a widow, a widower, a grass widow, ex-husband/wife, to be/remained single, a single man/woman, a spinster, an old maid, a bachelor.

Friends

An old friend, a friend of mine, a close friend, your best friend, a firm friend, an acquaintance, a ‘bosom’ friend, a colleague.


People

Adult, grown-up, fellow, guy, bloke, girl, lass, boy, lad, child, kid, baby, toddler, teenager, youngster, adolescent, school-leaver, middle-age, elderly person.


Nice

Sweet, attractive, adorable, pretty, good-looking, amusing, efficient, hard-working, sincere, artistic, capable, careful, cheerful, clever, confident, considerate, creative, easygoing, energetic, enthusiastic, flexible, friendly, generous, gentle, good-humoured, good-natured, happy, helpful, honest, humorous, imaginative, intelligent, interesting, kind, lively, loyal, open-minded, organized, patient, perceptive, polite, practical, rational, reliable, sensible, sensitive, sociable, spontaneous, sympathetic, tactful, thoughtful, unselfish, versatile, wise, witty.


Nasty

Selfish, grumpy, grouchy, miserable, stupid, lazy, narrow-minded, cruel, aggressive, violent, rough, dishonest, mean, stingy, disloyal, bad-tempered, ignorant, too clever by half, crazy, cynical, prejudiced, touchy, obstinate, stubborn, arrogant, proud, rude, ruthless, greedy, jealous, nosy.


Neutral

Absent-minded, forgetful, silly, shy, sentimental, emotional, sad, worried, nervous, scared, frightened, cheeky, fresh, naпve, cunning, crafty, quiet, noisy, lonely, lonesome.


Relationships

To like, be fond of, be keen on, grow to like, be friends with, get to know, make friends with; dislike, hate, loathe, go off, detest, quarrel with, argue with, have a row with, fall out with.

Intellectual ability

Ability: intelligent, bright, clever, smart, shrewd, able, gifted, talented brainy

Lacking ability: stupid, foolish, half-witted, simple, silly, brainless, daft, dumb,

dim,(the last four are predominantly colloquial words).

Clever, in a negative way, using brains to trick or deceive: cunning, crafty, sly.

Attitudes towards life

Looking on either the bright or the black side of things: optimistic, pessimistic. Outward-looking or inward-looking (i.e. to the world around one or to one's own inner world): extroverted, introverted.

Calm or not calm with regard to attitude to life: relaxed, tense. Practical, not dreamy in approach to life: sensible, down-to-earth. Feeling things very intensely: sensitive.
Attitudes towards other people

Enjoying others' company: sociable, gregarious.

Disagreeing with others: quarrelsome, argumentative.

Taking pleasure in others' pain: cruel, sadistic.

Relaxed in attitude to self and others: easy-going, even-tempered.

Not polite to others: impolite, rude, ill-mannered, discourteous.

Telling the truth to others: honest, trustworthy, reliable, sincere.

Unhappy if others have what one does not have oneself: jealous, envious.


One person's meat is another person's poison.
Some characteristics can be either positive or negative depending on your point of view. The words in the right-hand column mean roughly the same as the words in the left-hand column except that they have negative rather than positive connotations


thrifty/economical

miserly mean tight-fisted


self-assured

self-important arrogant full of oneself (colloquial)


assertive

aggressive bossy (colloquial)


original

peculiar weird eccentric odd

frank/direct/open


blunt abrupt brusque curt

broad-minded

unprincipled permissive


inquiring

inquisitive nosy (colloquial)


generous

extravagant


innocent

naive


ambitious

pushy (colloquial)



determined

obstinate stubborn pig-headed


Pleasant and unpleasant feelings

Happiness and unhappiness

You feel:



ecstatic when you are madly in love or are spiritually uplifted for some reason.

content(ed) when you are peaceful and satisfied with what you have. Notice that content is not used before a noun. You can say 'She is content' or 'She is contented' but only ‘a contented person’.

cheerful when life is looking quite bright and positive.

grateful when someone has done you a favour.

delighted when something has happened that gives you great pleasure, when you hear news of someone's good fortune, for instance.

miserable when everything seems wrong in your life.

discontented when your life is not giving you satisfaction.

fed-up / sick and tired when you have had enough of something disagreeable. You could be fed up with someone's rudeness, for instance, or sick and tired of someone's behaviour.


depressed when you are miserable over a long period of time. Depression is considered an illness in some severe cases.

frustrated when you are unable to do something that you want to do.

confused / mixed up when you cannot make sense of different conflicting feelings or ideas; mixed up is more colloquial.
Excitement, anger and anxiety

You feel:



excited when you are expecting something special to happen, e.g. before a party or before a meeting with someone special.

inspired when you are stimulated to creative deeds or words. You might feel inspired after listening to some very powerful music, perhaps, or you might be inspired to action by a friend.

enthusiastic when you have very positive feelings about something, e.g. a new project

thrilled when something extremely exciting and pleasing happens - quite a colloquial word. She was thrilled when the film star kissed her.

cross when you are angry or bad-tempered. It is often, though not exclusively, used about small children; quite a colloquial word.

furious/livid/seething when you are extremely angry; livid and seething are more

informal; in a rage/fury are other ways of saying furious or violently angry. anxious when you are afraid and uncertain about the future. I am so anxious about the results of my exams that I can't sleep.



nervous when you are afraid or anxious about something that is about to or may be about to happen. I always feel nervous when I have to go to the dentist. Feeling nervous is a little bit like feeling excited but it is a negative feeling whereas excitement is positive.

apprehensive when you are slightly nervous or anxious about something in the future.

worried when anxious thoughts are constantly going through your head.

upset when something unpleasant has happened to disturb you. It often combines feeling of both sadness and anger.

Words and expressions relating to desiring
Desire is used either as a formal verb to express a sexual wish for someone or else it is quite a formal word for wish.

He desired her the moment he saw her.

I have a strong desire to see the Himalayas before I die.

Looking forward to means thinking about something in the future with pleasant anticipation. The opposite of look forward to is dread.

I am looking forward to going to Fiji but I'm dreading the flight.

Note: 'to' is a preposition here and not part of the infinitive and is followed by a noun or an -ing form.

Long for means to wish for something very much.

As soon as I get back from one holiday, I'm longing for the next.



Yearn for is a more poetic way of saying long for.

He will never stop yearning for his country although he knows he can never return.


Words and expressions relating to disliking
Loathe, detest, hate, cannot stand and cannot bear are all stronger ways of saying dislike and they are all followed by a noun or an -ing form.

I loathe / detest / hate / cannot stand / cannot bear bad-mannered people.



Repel, revolt and disgust are all strong words used to describe the effect which something detested has on the person affected.

His paintings disgust me. I was revolted by the way he spoke. His behaviour repels me.


Ways of addressing loved ones.
dearest sweetheart darling love dear pet

Pet is used mainly to children. Note that the last three words in the list are not confined to use with people who are really loved. It is not uncommon for a London bus conductor, for example, to address any girl or woman as 'love'. (His Glasgow equivalent calls his female passengers 'hen'.) It's best for you, however, to keep such words for people you have a close relationship with!

EXERCISES

Ex. 1. Sort the following words and phrases into the categories below. Add your own words to each category.
BIRTH MARRIAGE DEATH
Cot, grave, nappy, grief, wedding, pram, wreath, bouquet, pregnant, reception, to bury, bonnet, mourners, coffin, funeral, godmother, cemetery, widow, christening, honeymoon, sympathy, to get engaged, to have a baby, best man, maternity leave, bridegroom, to get divorced, to exchange rings.
Ex. 2. Draw your own family tree. Are there any relationships you cannot describe in English? Write a short summary of your family background.

Ex. 3. Put each of the following words or phrases in its correct place in the

passage below.

date approve mature attracted romantic keen break off go out relationship drift apart
Ann was a very _______________ girl who often dreamed of love and marriage. She was especially _______________ to a young man called Michael, who worked in the same office as she did, and he was very ________________ on her too. They became friendly and one day Michael asked her to go out with him. Their first __________________ was a visit to the cinema, and they both enjoyed the evening so much that they decided to _______________ together regularly. Michael was a bit untidy and rather young, and Ann's parents didn't __________________ of him at first, but Ann was a sensible, _________________ girl and they had confidence in her. For a year or so everything went well, but then somehow they slowly began to _________________, until finally they decided to _________________ their ___________ .

Ex. 4. Put each of the following words in its correct place in the passage below.

Bride engaged bridegroom consent wedding civil reception honeymoon propose toast
One evening, although he was nervous, Joe decided to _______________ to his girlfriend, Linda. She accepted his proposal, they became _________________ and he gave her a ring. After a year they had saved enough money to get married (they were both over 18 so they did not need their parents' _______________ ). Some people have a religious ceremony with a priest, but Joe and Linda decided on a _________________ ceremony in a registry office. On the day of the ________________ Linda, the ______________ , was very calm, but Joe, the __________________, was nervous. Afterwards, at the __________________ , speeches were made and the guests drank a _______________ to the happy couple, who finally left for a ______________ in Spain.
Ex. 5. Explain the difference between ...
(a) to be fond of and to be in love with

(b) separated and divorced

(c) a fiancй and a fiancйe

(d) mother and mother-in-law


Ex. 6. Put one of the following words in each space in the sentences below.

In with out to of

· Bob and Lena are going _____ together.

· Bob is going ___ ____ Lena.

· He was too nervous to ask her _____.

· She's very fond _____ him

· We drank a toast _____ future happiness.

· He fell _____ love _____ her at once.

· He's getting married _____ Liz next month.

· She's engaged _____ a policeman.

· His parents don't approve ______ her.

· Have confidence _____ me!

Ex. 7. Each of the fourteen people below is married to one of the others. From the information you are given, find out who is married to whom. Note there are three generations here.

Alan is Caroline's nephew and Larry's cousin.

Barbara is Larry’s mother and Maggie's sister-in-law.

Caroline is Edward's daughter and Maggie's sister-in-law.

David is Gordon's brother-in-law and Alan's uncle.

Edward is Ingrid's grandfather and Maggie's father-in-law.

Fanny is Caroline's mother and Alan's grandmother.

Gordon is Helen's son-in-law and Nigel's brother-in-law.

Helen is Barbara's mother-in-law and Larry's grandmother.

Ingrid is Gordon's niece and David's daughter-in-law.

John is David's father and Gordon's father-in-law.

Karen is Gordon's daughter-in-law and Maggie's daughter-in-law.

Larry is John's grandson and David's son.

Maggie is Larry's aunt and Fanny's daughter-in-law.

Nigel is Ingrid's father and Fanny's son-in-law.

Ex. 8. Choose the most suitable word or phrase to complete the sentences below.
1 Mrs Jones had ... .

a) a trio b) a treble c) triplets
2 Mrs Vine had had ... the week before.

a) quarts b) quads с) a quartet
3 Twins often seem to ... a generation.

a) hop b) skip с) jump
4 There was a case of... twins in our town recently.

a) Japanese b) Chinese c) Siamese
5 There's a ... of twins in our family - on my father's ....
a) story b) geography c) history
d) tree e) side f) line

6 I was ... child, though.

a) an only b) a missing с) a single
7 All the members of our football team are related ... marriage.

a) by b) to с) on
8 When Mother remarried, her second husband, my ..., gave me a new bicycle.

a) forefather b) stepfather с) grandfather
9 He said to me, 'Look, I know you're not my own ..., but let's be friends.'

a) flesh and blood b) blood and guts с) skin and bones
10 My ... originated from a tribe of Red Indians. a) ancestors b) ancients с) antiques
11 Not many of my own ... relatives are still alive.

a) blood b) skin с) heart
12 My ... -grandfather fought at the Battle of Waterloo.

a) grand grand grand b) great grand grand с) great-great-great
13 My brother-in-law inherited Ј500,000 in his uncle's

a) will b) testament с ) wishes
14 I was left Ј50 and a cat by ... relative; I believe it was a ... cousin - or perhaps it was a ... -aunt.

a) a distant b) an unclear с) a long-distance

d) double e) second f ) dual
g) grand h) great i) large

15 Peter is an orphan; he was ... at the age of two.



a) adjusted b) adapted с) adopted
16 Paul comes from a broken home; he has lived with a number of... parents.

a) loan b) foster с) second-hand
17 Mary was from a single-parent family; now she's looked after by her ....

a) keeper b) warden с) guardian
18 I'm off to have Sunday lunch with my ... now.

a) outlaws b) by-laws с) in-laws
Ex. 9. Write the answers to these questions.
1. In what ways do you take after members of your family, in appearance and character?

2. How close are you to the various members of your family?

3. What sort of presents do you normally receive from your relatives?

4. Do most people you know get on with their in-laws?

5. What is the system of adopting and fostering in your country?

6. I wouldn't like to be / have been an only child. Do you agree?



Ex. 10. Give two or more words falling under the same category:


  1. name

  1. family

  1. children

  1. stepparents

  1. stepchildren

  1. people who are not married

  1. ancestors

  1. relatives.

Ex. 11. Match each word combination or idiom in the left-hand column with the best meaning in the right-hand column.



1.marital status

a) newly married couple

2. newly-wed

b) a woman’s surname she bore before she was married

3. common-law marriage

c) man on his wedding day

4. god son (child)

d) legal document between husband and wife outlining domestic responsibilities, material rights and obligations, and the division of property in the event of break-up

5. maiden name

e) agreement to marry

6.marriage portion

f) person who arranges marriages or introduces prospective brides and grooms

7. black sheep of the family

g) wife whose husband is temporarily not living with her

8. Christian name

h) whether a person is single, married, separated, divorced or widowed

9.siblings

i) Similarity of features of the face, such as is often observed in persons of the same family

10. the only child

j) separation of a couple

11.marriage contract

k) chart showing the genealogy of a family

12. engagement


l) person who has bad reputation in a company of people or considered a defect of fault; the worst member of the family

13. bride-maids

m) love in hunter’s cabin made of branches and straw

14. groom

n) brothers and sisters

15.break-up

o) person for whom god-parent acts as a sponsor at baptism

16. blind date

p) non-legalized marriage

17.match-maker

q) name given in church as distinguished from the surname of family name; it is applicable to the one person only

18.family likeness

r) marriage in which both husband and wife are happy

19. golden wedding

s) man habitually snubbed by his wife

20. family tree

t) child without brothers and sisters

21. grass widow

u) child between the ages of one and three, who has learned to walk but is still rather unsteady

22. toddler

v) female attendants of the bride

23. marriage made in heaven

w) bride’s dowry

24. henpecked husband

x) date when husband and wife have lived together 50 years

25. love in a cottage

y) date arranged by a third party for two people who are not acquainted





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