Underline the word that is used once as a noun and once as a verb in each sentence. The first sentence has been done for you.
1. Leon won’t trade toys with you unless the toys you offer allow for a fair trade.
2. I’ll show you how to display your food at the food show.
3. I’ll design a silver cup with a cool design engraved into the silver.
4. “A paper tiger can’t roar,” Mr. Smith declared as he put down his paper and listened to the roar of the ocean.
5. I will win honestly, or the win will be of no value.
6. This puzzle may puzzle you if you don’t think harder than you usually think.
7. This fishing permit will permit you to do your fishing in any of our private lakes.
8. The dance would be more successful if everyone would dance.
9. The loud talking in the audience didn’t bother me; the loud snoring was a bother.
10. Her haunting singing is truly haunting me now that she will never be singing again.
Nouns as Adjectives
Sometimes words that are usually nouns can function as adjectives. This happens when the “noun” is used to define a noun. Underline the adjective in each sentence that is often a noun. The first one is done for you.
7. Michelle should never have told her little sister to always wear shoes on her hands.
8. If he’s really innocent, why does he look so guilty?
Synonyms are words that have the same or almost the same meanings.
Underline the three synonyms in each sentence. The first one is done for you.
1. An intelligent dog is smart enough to avoid chasing a clever raccoon.
2. The candidate that you elect to vote for is one that you should feel proud to choose.
3. Paula’s selfish attitude is no more greedy than the stingy behavior of your friend, Ben.
4. I’m totally amazed at how completely wonderful and absolutely brilliant our teacher is!
5. We gave a great sigh of relief after the huge creature took an enormous step over our heads.
6. The battle isn’t over until the candidates cease their fight and let the voters decide the contest.
7. I will endeavor to work with you as you attempt to solve the mystery, but please try to be patient!
8. My candidate’s chief adversary in the race is a tough opponent who will never give an inch to his rival.
Fewer or Less?
The words “less” and “fewer” have similar meanings. However, they cannot be used interchangeably. Use “fewer” when referring to an amount that could be expressed as a specific number. Use “less” when making comparisons that do not lend themselves to numeric amounts.
Here’s an easy rule of thumb:
Use “fewer” to modify a plural noun.
Example: I have fewer papers to write than last year.
Use “less” to modify a singular noun.
Example: You’ll need less paper if you type your report.
Write fewer or less in the blanks. The first two have been done for you.
2. There are fewer bugs in the updated software than in the original version.
3. You’ll make ______________ errors when you take more time.
4. This job is ______________ difficult than I imagined.
5. I would have ordered ______________ alligator nuggets if I had noticed the price.
6. His speech could have had ______________ words!
7. I’ll have a little ______________ water in my cup, please.
8. Which candidate would spend ______________ money on ineffective programs?
9. Which candidate would spend ______________ dollars on ineffective programs? 10. There are ______________ worms in my cream pie than in Angela’s.
Regular and Irregular Verbs
To make the past tense or past participle form of most verbs (regular verbs) we simply add “ed” at the end.
Examples using the verb “walk”:
Past Tense: I walked through the maze.
Past Participle: I have walked through the maze.
(The past participle form is used in the present perfect, past perfect, and future perfect tenses. The above example is written in the present perfect tense.)
Irregular verbs are not that simple. We sometimes need a dictionary to help us write the different forms of irregular verbs.
Examples using the verb “see”:
Past Tense: We saw the secret maps.
Past Participle: We have seen the secret maps.
Look up the word “see” in the dictionary. Notice that the different forms of the word are given. Look up “walk.” Notice that the dictionary doesn’t bother to give the different forms of regular verbs. Change the verb that comes after each sentence to its past tense form and write it in the blank. You may refer to a dictionary. The first sentence has been completed for you.
1. I did all my homework in study hall.do
2. She ____________ of a better way to do it.think
3. Sam ____________ us to lock the doors.remind
4. They ____________ their names on the list.put
5. Who ____________ my new shoes?borrow
6. We never ____________ his real name.know
Change the verb that comes after each sentence to its past participle form and write it in the blank. You may refer to a dictionary. The first sentence has been completed for you.
1. I have never driven such a wonderful car!drive
2. Frank had ____________ the whole pizza before we arrived.eat
3. They’ve ____________ and trusted her for years.know
4. Osgood has always ____________ others for his mistakes.blame
5. The candidates have ____________ their opinions on our site.write
6. He’s ____________ his favorite song for the ceremony.pick
There are two or more plural nouns in each sentence. Only one of them is an irregular plural noun. Underline the irregular plural noun in each sentence and write the singular form. The first sentence has been done for you.
1. Vincent helped the women choose their costumes. woman 2. The hunters never noticed the two deer by the apple trees.
3. Are the geese chasing the other farm animals?
4. Do turtles have teeth?
5. The children told their parents about the matches.
6. You should place the knives and spoons to the left of the plates.
7. The children stood on boxes to see the parade.
8. We took pictures of the oxen as they pulled the wagons.
9. Sandy knew that many mice were living in the walls of the old houses.
10. Please keep your hands and feet inside the car.
11. All the king’s horses and all the king’s men ate scrambled eggs.
Regular Plural Nouns
Most nouns in English are made into plural nouns by adding an s to the singular form. If the noun ends with an s, ch, sh, or x, an es is added to make the noun plural.
The underlined noun in each sentence is spelled in its singular form. Write the correct plural form after the sentence. The first one is done for you.
1. There are too many box in our attic. boxes
2. How many picture did you take on your trip?
3. Cheryl doesn’t enjoy washing dish.
4. There are three church in our little community.
5. Our soccer team has had four wins and three loss.
In each sentence there is one singular noun that should be plural. Underline that noun and write the correct form after the sentence. The first one is done for you.
1.We put ten of our best crystal glass on the table. glasses
2. All the student in that school wear uniforms.
3. Our watch don’t show the same time.
4. Why are all school bus painted yellow?
5. Seven protester were arrested after the riot.
6. We saw some bright flash of light coming from the woods.
7. Why must I pay four different tax on the same income?
Verbs Can Become Adjectives
Words that are normally verbs can often be used as adjectives. If a word modifies a noun or pronoun, it is an adjective, even if that word is usually associated with a different part of speech.
Sometimes the present participle (verb plus ing) form of a verb becomes an adjective:
A rolling stone gathers no moss.
Sometimes the past participle form of a verb becomes an adjective:
I will accept a written apology.
Such adjectives are sometimes called participle adjectives.
Each sentence may contain any number of verbs and adjectives, but only one word will be a participle adjective. Underline that word. Write the main verb it comes from after the sentence. The first two have been done for you.
2. Never kiss a smiling crocodile. smile 3. My father prefers to drink filtered spring water.
4. This isn’t chocolate ice cream; it’s frozen chocolate milk!
5. The fallen leaves covered the new driveway.
6. She was happy to find the translated version of the book.
7. The sleeping dog’s snoring was louder than a freight train.
8. We pushed our way through the newly driven snow.
9. I’d rather eat at a recently inspected restaurant.
10. Are you just hoping it will happen or is it a done deal?
11. Maria forgot to bring her new fishing pole.
12. Sadly, as she aged, he became just another forgotten name.