Unit 1 English Language Arts 8th Grade Study Guide – The Road Not Taken



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UNIT 1 English Language Arts 8th Grade Study Guide – The Road Not Taken



Learning Target

Article/Activity

Notes/Examples

RL.8.1 (literary text)

Cite the textual evidence that most strongly supports an analysis of what the text says explicitly as well as inferences drawn from the text.


Breakdown of target:

Give quotes that support what you determine the text to say specifically and conclusions you have drawn from the text




1. Pre-Class: Wizard of Oz excerpt

2. Pre-Assessment

3. The Giver


cite – give

textual evidence – quote from text

analysis – break down pieces of text and interpret

explicitly – what is directly stated in a text

implicitly - conclusions you draw from a text

inference – educated guess based on information read

in the text an background information you already know


RI.8.1 (informational text)

Cite the textual evidence that most strongly supports an analysis of what the text says explicitly as well as inferences drawn from the text.

Breakdown of target:

Give quotes that support what you determine the text to say specifically and conclusions you have drawn from the text




1. Pre-Class: Google article

2. Pre-Assessment

3. SB Activity 1.14 – An Everyday Hero (with handout)

4. SB Activity 1.13 – Woman Warrior (with handout)

5. People Magazine’s Heroes Among Us Poster


cite – give

textual evidence – quote from text

analysis – break down pieces of text and interpret

explicitly – what is directly stated in a text

implicitly - conclusions you draw from a text

inference – educated guess based on information read

in the text an background information you already know


RL.8.2 (literary text)

Determine a theme of a text and analyze its development over the course of the text, including its relationship to the characters, setting, and plot; provide an objective summary of the text.


Breakdown of target:

Figure out the moral/lesson of the text and look at how it is shown throughout the text. Determine how that moral or lesson relates to the characters, setting and plot. Retell the story without bias or judgment, just state the facts.




1. Mulan Video Clips

2. Bloom’s Handout

3. The Giver

4. The Odyssey and Graphic Novel

5. October Sky


theme – moral or lesson of a story

setting – where the event takes place

plot – events of the story (exposition, rising action, climax, falling action, resolution)

objective summary – retelling exactly what happened in the

story without giving your opinion


RI.8.2 (informational text)

Determine a central idea of a text and analyze its development over the course of the text, including its relationship to supporting ideas; provide an objective summary of the text.


Breakdown of target:

Figure out what the entire story is about and determine how that concept is expressed through the ideas presented. Retell the story without bias or judgment, just state the facts.



1. People Magazine’s hero stories

2. Woman Warrior (SB passage 1.13)

3. Demonte Love’s story, SB page 19


central idea – what the overall story is about

objective summary – retelling exactly what happened in the story without giving your opinion


RI.8.4

Determine the meaning of words

and phrases as they are used in a

text, including figurative,

connotative, and technical

meanings; analyze the impact of

specific word choices on meaning

and tone, including analogies or

allusions to other texts.

Breakdown of target:

Figure out what specific words/phrases

mean and how those words/phrases

impact/create the attitude of the text.

Determine what comparisons to other

texts the authors uses to express ideas.




1. O’Captain my Captain Poem from Language Skill of the Week PowerPoint with handout

2. ‘A Man’ exit slip

3. YouTube videos: Mary Poppins trailer

and Brain handout



figurative – not literal, abstract

connotative – not literal meaning of a word

technical meaning – (denotation) dictionary definition of a word

impact of word choice – how the words an author uses

creates, changes or effects attitude of the story or message trying to be made

analogies – A comparison between two things, typically on the basis of their structure and for the purpose of explanation or clarification.

allusions – An expression designed to call something to

mind without mentioning it explicitly; an indirect or

passing reference.


W.8.3

Write narratives to develop real or imagined experiences or events


Breakdown of target:

Write a fictional or non-fiction story.



1. Narrative writing PowerPoint

2. Narrative Writing Practice: the bag

3. Summer Reading on-demand and re-write

4. Graphic novel on Odysseus


narrative – an account of a story




L.8.1

Demonstrate command of the conventions of standard English grammar and usage when writing or speaking.

a. Explain the function of verbals (gerunds, participles, infinitives)

b. Form and use verbs in the active and passive voice and indicative, imperative, interrogative, conditional, and subjunctive mood.

c. Recognize and correct inappropriate shifts in verb voice and mood

Breakdown of target:

Be able to use and identify gerunds, participles, infinitives, passive and active voice, indicative, imperative, interrogative conditional and subjunctive mood, and identify verb and mood changes.




1. Verbal PowerPoint

2. Hey Jude Song

3. Grammar in Song activity

4. Moods PowerPoint

5. Conditional and Subjunctive mood PowerPoint

6. Conditional Mood Handout –what’s your advice?

7. Following directions imperative mood activity

8. Passive/active voice handout

9. L1 Review handout

10. Jeopardy Review Game

11. Go Fish game

gerund – verb acting like a noun, ends in ‘ing’

Ex: Her favorite hobby is reading.

participles – verb acting like an adjective

Ex: rising sun

infinitives – to + verb

Ex: I want him to smash a spider

indicative mood – represents the act or state as an objective fact

Ex: Joe picks up the boxes

imperative mood - expresses an intention to influence the listener's behavior.

Ex: Pick up those boxes.

Active voice = the subject performs the action

Ex: The cat scratched Mary

Passive voice = the subject receives the action

Ex: Mary was scratched by the cat.

Conditional mood = verbs used to express uncertainty (something happens to cause something else to happen)

Ex: If the door closes, I’m going to open it.

Subjunctive mood = verbs used to describe a state on

contrary or a hypothetical situation

Ex: I wish I won the lottery.



L.8.2

Demonstrate command of the conventions of standard English capitalization, punctuation, and spelling when writing.


Breakdown of target:

Use correct capitalization, punctuation and spelling




1. DGP Thursday notes

2. Peer/self editing activities – on-demand and photo narrative



Punctuation – commas, ellipses, colons, periods, exclamation marks, etc.





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