The pillar of governance in the PARPA II (2006-2009) is intended to turn the state apparatus into a machine that stimulates the development of human capital and of the economy. The improvement in the governance system remains an area of focus to the Government and its partners The programme of the decentralization of public finances up to the district level has to be speeded up to materialize the Government’s programme to broaden the base of wealth creation. This decentralization is to be accompanied by the monitoring of priority expenditures at the district level (PARPA II, version of 15 November). The UN within this framework will use existing mechanisms to coordination the UNDAF results both at sectoral level and territorial level (central, province and district).
Alignment and Harmonization and Simplification? The UNCT will coordinate the implementation of programme modalities, including mobilization of resources, monitoring and evaluation. The UNDAF has identified areas where the UN agencies with the Government institution will coordinate. Regular meeting will be held to harmonize and align the implementation of the UNDAF outcomes among UN agencies. The Joint AWP (annual work Plans) will ensure alignment of the implementation of activities that contribute to the attainment of the UNDAF outcome and corresponding Country Programme outcomes. The Programme Aid Partnership (PAP) mechanisms for joint review and evaluation will be used through concerted and co-ordinated participation of UN agencies. Joint-programming modalities to reach the UNDAF results will be used by UN agencies contributing to the joint UNDAF outcome and outputs. The UN will also collaborate with the Partners involved in the area of Governance, the Decentralization and Gender working Group. The UN will cooperate and involved in other relevant working groups.
Monitoring and Evaluation: UN will carry out its monitoring and evaluation activities, in the context of UNDAF monitoring and evaluation activities. This will involve the preparation of semi-annual and annual reports and partner agency support to relevant UNDAF priority areas and outcomes. Particular attention will be paid to the timely preparation of reports, particularly financial reports, and their submission to government and donor stakeholders. The reports should be reviewed by the relevant PARPA working groups or steering committees with a view of assessing the contributions of UN system support to UNDAF outcomes and PARPA objectives. The reports will form part of UNDAF annual reporting processes.
1. At National level UNDP/UNCDF: Provide technical and financial support to the Ministry of State Administration and the Ministry of Planning and Development to implement Policy and Decentralised Planning and Financing strategy; UNDP will support access to justice, including violence against women and human rights to the Ministry of Justice and prisons, The Ministry of Interior (Police and prisons), PGR - Attorney General’s Office and democratic institutions; provide technical assistance at national, research and policy advice and decentralised level; support the establishment of an Aid Management Unit at MPD; support capacity development for MDGs M&E within Government and civil society including consolidation of the poverty observatories particularly at decentralized level; UNDP will support provision of institutional capacity building and technical support to INE and the MPD in selected provinces, municipalities, and districts for integrated planning that prioritise the needs of the most vulnerable and for use of ESDEM as a planning and monitoring tool.
FAO: Support the policy and legislative development in land, natural resources and community natural resources management programmes, local level participatory planning initiatives, and community level capacity building. These activities have lead onto a range of other new initiatives, including food security and development initiatives that build upon the community elements of the new laws to promote a dynamic and participatory model of local development; continued assistance to MIC in the areas of agricultural marketing and trade policies and market and trade information system operation; support the development of the new Territorial Planning Law with MICOA.
UNICEF: Strengthen the capacity of INE and the MPD to monitor and disseminate child well-being indicators and use ESDEM (DevInfo) at national and provincial levels for monitoring of national and international development objectives and for planning purposes; provide institutional capacity building and technical support to establish a coordinating body to monitor the implementation of the Children’s Act and Human Rights and ensure that children are registered at birth; support the MPD to establish a mechanism for the systematic monitoring of State Budget resource allocation and expenditure for child poverty and disparity reduction; provide TA to the MJD to strengthen participation of young people in national and provincial Poverty Observatories; support national capacities of the Police and Judiciary through technical support to put sustainable systems in place, and simultaneously support the development of comprehensive model centres for victim assistance and children’s sections within provincial courts; support a reference group led by MINJUS comprising the ministries of Social Action, Health, Education and State Administration, Civil Society organisations, bi-lateral and UN agencies to meet on a monthly basis to coordinate and monitor the implementation of the National Plan of Action on Birth Registration at the national level.
UNFPA: Support INE institutional capacity for the realization of the census, including mobilization of resources; provide policy dialogue tools and research on matters relating to population issues including gender, sexual and reproductive health and HIV/AIDS and support INE and CEP (Centre for Population Studies) in promotion of population issues on national research agenda.
WFP & UNESCO: Provide training for planners at provincial level and in selected districts; the best practice survey in schools will be used in building capacity for planning of the education activities at the school and local level; UNESCO will provide institutional capacity building for policy dialogue and participation of stakeholders at the local level; support training for the development of province specific simulation models. Capacity building of MEC officials and cultural organizations at central and decentralized levels in planning, monitoring and evaluation as well as in their particular areas of technical expertise.
UNAIDS: Support capacity building of provincial nucleos to collaborate with civil society in HIV/AIDS interventions.
ILO: Provide business management training.
UNIDO: Support private sector development under the coordination of the MIC and sectoral ministries, through improving access to private sector business and environmental services, including ICT, promotion of technology transfer through pilot and/or training facilities, private sector association building, improving food safety and quality assurance system, mainstreaming entrepreneurship training in secondary curriculum and further improving one-stop-shops for business licensing and registration.
2. At Provincial level
UNDP/UNCDF: Provide technical and material assistance to the provincial government, in the development of its strategic plan including the implementation of the administrative and financial decentralization process. The principle of local development includes setting the following strategic objectives of technical cooperation: (a) long-term capacity building rather than short-term performance improvements, (b) stressing the importance of long-term institution building (especially in the area of policy coordination and development management), (c) advancing greater use of local expertise and existing structures, and (d) encouraging broadened participation, including intended beneficiaries and stakeholders, in all phases of technical cooperation projects; provide technical assistance and methodologies for planning, monitoring and evaluation at decentralised level.
FAO: Extend the close partnership with the provincial SETSAN to the overall planning framework developed with support from the new FNPP project; provide technical assistance to integrate food security objectives and methodology into the provincial planning process; and ensure that the community level dimension is fully taken into account. FAO experience with participatory planning and community development approaches will be especially important in this context; provide training at sub-national level, in particular community participation and consultation mechanisms. While this assistance will be provided nationwide specific attention will be paid to the arid and semi arid zones with high levels of vulnerability.
UNICEF: Provide institutional capacity building and technical support in selected provinces, municipalities, and districts for integrated planning that prioritises the needs of the most vulnerable and for use of ESDEM as a planning and monitoring tool.
UNFPA: (Central and Zambézia): Provide support to integrated planning, monitoring and evaluation systems, incorporating population concerns such as gender and HIV/AIDS.
WFP: Support district directorate capacity to plan, manage and monitor integrated safety net systems.
UNESCO: Support training of staff for capacity in management of water resources and promotion of participation in regional networks of management of water resources; capacity building in rehabilitation and safeguarding of cultural heritage and promotion of cultural industries through capacity development in product development and marketing; provide training for planners at provincial level and in selected districts; The best practice survey in schools will be used in building capacity for planning of the education activities at the school and local level
ILO: Provide business management training.
UNIDO: Support private sector development under the coordination with the Provincial Governments, through improving access to private sector business and environmental services, including ICT, promotion of technology transfer through pilot and/or training facilities, private sector association building, improving food safety and quality assurance system, mainstreaming entrepreneurship training in secondary curriculum and further improving one-stop-shops for business licensing and registration.
3. At District/Municipal and community level UNDP/UNCDF: Introduce participatory development approach and empower citizens, groups and organizations, to improve the effectiveness and efficiency of development programmes and eventually linking to good governance; provide immediate support to provincial and district governments, in the specific areas of provincial strategic planning and its implementation, district development plans in 5 selected districts; UNDP/UNCDF will concentrate in developing the mechanisms for community capacity building, facilitate access to resources for diversification and sustainability of the livelihoods, as well, provision of integrated basic services to the communities; further develop capacity in government and CSOs (including capacity for poverty monitoring and evaluation, analysis, statistics, programme/project design and implementation, and legislation) at the local levels, technical assistance will contribute to strengthening local capacity.
FAO: Through food security funds programme, support activities with an immediate impact on food security: seed distribution, development of local markets, agricultural investment activities; at community level, the focus will be on building the capacity of the communities to improve livelihoods through management of the available resources and establish the infrastructure to facilitate access to non-available but necessary ones; provide training at sub-national level, in particular community participation and consultation mechanisms.
UNICEF: Provide institutional capacity building and technical support in selected municipalities, and districts for integrated planning that prioritises the needs of the most vulnerable and for use of ESDEM as a planning and monitoring tool. Officials of the district registry and notary department will coordinate and monitor the implementation of district level birth registration activities, with relevant sectoral departments, CBOs and NGOs.
WFP: Support district directorate capacity to plan, manage and monitor integrated safety net systems.
UNESCO: Build capacity for the protection of human rights through education for Human rights and democracy. Capacity building of selected local cultural institutions for improved outreach to the public. Communities will be involved in the implementation of local cultural activities as means to improved their response to own needs and reduction of poverty
Promotion of cultural industries and their role in poverty reduction by organization of events and training in Crafts production and marketing activities will take place. Local Institutions will be also equipped to better implement their role and improve their outreach to the public
Improve the access of local communities to information and knowledge and strengthen the role of communication in poverty reduction trough community radios and Multimedia Community Canters as well as strengthening the capacity of media associations for delivery of relevant services to communities’ development.
ILO: Provide business management training.
UNIDO: Support private sector development under the coordination with the Municipalities, through improving access to private sector business and environmental services, promotion of technology transfer through pilot and/or training facilities, private sector association building, and further improving one-stop-shops for business licensing and registration.
UNDAF OUTCOME 2: HUMAN CAPITAL DEVELOPMENT
MDG(s): Goal 1: Eradicate extreme poverty and hunger
Goal 2: Achieve universal primary education
Goal 3: Promote gender equality and empower women
Goal 4: Reduce child mortality
Goal 5: Improve maternal health
Goal 6: Combat HIV/AIDS, malaria and other diseases
Goal 7: Ensure environmental sustainability
Goal 8: Develop a Global Partnership for Development
National priorities in the Human Capital Pillar as per PARPA version dated 15 November 2005
Human capital is a key asset for the initiative and engagement of citizens and all institutions of society. Such capacity has to be enhanced permanently, strengthening human rights and, in particular, the rights of children. To this end, priority action areas are education, health, water and sanitation, social services, HIV/AIDS, housing and cross-cutting issues. Through these areas the policies of redistribution of income and wealth are put in place, increasing the immediate welfare of the people, and contributing to lay the foundations to higher efficiency in the work process, expanding the capacity to accomplish and act and ensuring long-term sustainability (PARPA, paragraph 331).
Relevant priorities (PARPA, paragraphs 145 to 155):
Increase the enrolment rates in education;
Increase the levels of coverage of the health services;
Reduce mother and child mortality
Halt the incidence rates of HIV/AIDS; and reduce the incidence of deaths caused by malaria and tuberculosis;
Develop and consolidate social nets to support the most disadvantaged citizens, orphan children, the elderly, and people with disabilities and maimed, and the chronically ill.
Open the support system to citizens that are malnourished and subjected to hunger through the development of the food production system.
UNDAF Outcome 2
Increased access to and use of quality basic services and social protection for the most disadvantaged populations, particularly children, youth and women, to reduce their vulnerability by 2009
2.1 Net enrolment rate in primary education increased to 90% and learning environment improved in all primary schools in targeted districts, especially for girls and the most vulnerable
2.1.1 100% of primary schools in 7 pilot districts supported to implement a minimum quality education package (UNESCO, UNICEF, FAO, WFP)
2.1.2 80% of primary schools in the 7 pilot districts have water and sanitation services and hygiene education, and a minimum package of school health (UNICEF, WFP, WHO)
2.1.3 500,000 vulnerable children (especially girls and OVC) reached by school based food and nutrition programmes in at least 750 primary schools in targeted districts (WFP, FAO, UNICEF, UNESCO)
2.1.4 Strengthened capacity of the education sector for emergency preparedness and response to reduce disruption in school service in districts affected by natural disasters (WFP, UNICEF, UNESCO)
2.1.5 Illiteracy rate reduced to 46% through improved services to deliver literacy for empowerment, in particular for women and out-of-school youth in rural areas (UNESCO, UNFPA)
Government: Ensure that the national plans and budgets reflect child friendly and gender sensitive school perspectives and focus on girls and the most vulnerable children; the national curriculum for pre-service teacher training reflects lessons learned from the CFS pedagogical model; district education plans are informed by evidence and lessons learned concerning access, quality and achievement for learners of CFS model. GoM to commit to increased Budget allocation to the Education Sector (minimum 25% of total State Budget)
Civil Society: Systematically use knowledge, research and M&E to address issues of vulnerabilities and disparities; through the support to the Communication Strategy of the Ministry of Education and Culture (MEC), create demand for quality free primary education; through School Councils improve linkages and support for girls and OVC to access and remain in school.
Bilateral and multi-lateral development partners:Leverage and allocate adequate funds (through FASE) for the identified prioritised sub-sector of the education system (primary education - reduction of disparities, and addressing vulnerabilities); provide financial support and technical assistance.
US$ 100,000 (RR) -other financial resource referred to in the HIV/AIDS Matrix
US$ 85,000 (RR)
US$ 200,000 (OR)
US$ 6,200,000 (RR) US$ 14,500,000 (OR)
US$ 39,000,000 (OR)
US$ 15,000 (RR)
Country Team Programme Outcomes
Country Programme Outputs
Role of Implementing / Collaborating Partners
Resource mobilization Targets in US$
Over 3 years
2.2 Access to, and use of quality basic health services increased, especially for the most disadvantaged populations
2.2.1 National Reproductive Health Policy (SHR/MMR) and National Child Health Policy (including neo-natal component) approved and implemented (UNFPA, UNICEF, WHO)
2.2.2 Health information systems providing quality disaggregated data on key health indicators designed and implemented nationally (WHO, UNFPA, UNICEF)
2.2.3 80% of health facilities in all provinces implementing IMNCI, including C-IMNCI, for treatment of childhood diseases (WHO, UNICEF)
2.2.4 75% of 1 year old children are fully immunized through implementation of the RED approach in 45 districts (Reaching Every District) (WHO, UNICEF)
2.2.5 Increased access to and use of quality SRH services for 50% of women (including EmOC) and 10% of men in reproductive age in all provinces (UNFPA, WHO, UNICEF)
2.2.6 Malaria treatment and prevention packages (ACTs, IPT, home based treatment, LLINs) implemented in all provinces (UNICEF, WHO)
2.2.7 Strengthened capacity of the health sector for emergency preparedness and response to reduce mortality and morbidity levels in districts affected by natural disasters and high cholera incidence (UNICEF, WHO, FAO, UNDP, WFP)
Government: The Ministry of Health (MISAU) will set national strategies and policies and coordinate planning, implementation, monitoring and evaluation. GoM to commit to increased Budget allocation to the Health Sector (minimum 15% of total State Budget)
Civil Society: Non-governmental organisations and other civil society organisations to support delivery of services, paying special attention to vulnerable groups.
Bilateral and multi-lateral development partners: Leverage and allocate adequate funds for the identified prioritised sub sector in the health sector (primary health care - reduction of disparities, and addressing vulnerabilities); provide financial support and technical assistance.