United states imperialism test (spanish-american war)


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Part One: Matching. Use the terms and match them up to the correct definition or description. (1 Point Each)
A. Yellow Journalism G. Panama Canal

B. Anti-Imperialists H. U.S.S. Maine

C. Cuba I. Spheres of Influence

D. Philippines J. Roosevelt Corollary

E. Open Door Notes K. William McKinley

F. Imperialism L. Platt Amendment

  1. _____ For which nation’s independence did Emilio Aguinaldo fight?

  1. _____ United States President who pushed for war against Spain.

  1. _____ This allowed for the United States to open trade negotiations with China and join other European countries who were already trading with China.

  1. _____ This island became a U.S. protectorate, a country whose affairs are partially controlled by a stronger power.

  1. _____ As a result of this policy, the United States foreign policy goal became, “Speak softly and carry a big stick”

  1. _____ The United States insisted that Cuba put this into their constitution allowing the United States to intervene in Cuba.

  1. _____ This is a newspaper story that is written to encourage a one-sided view of an event.

  1. _____ The construction of this waterway allowed the United States to travel to the Pacific Ocean much quicker.

  1. _____ The explosion of this battleship ignited the Spanish-American war.

  1. _____ Mark Twain, Andrew Carnegie and other Americans were members of this group who argued against America going to war against Spain.

  1. _____ Extending control over a weaker nation militarily, economically and politically.

  1. _____ These were created within China in order to initiate trade in certain sections of China between European Nations, America and China.

Part Two: Multiple Choice. Choose the letter of the best answer. (1 Point Each)

  1. Jose Marti, a Cuban poet and journalist living in exile in New York, organized a guerilla campaign to destroy American-owned property in Cuba in order to

  1. provoke U.S. intervention in Cuba.

  2. retaliate against U.S. intervention in Cuba.

  3. give money to poor Cuban natives.

  4. recover his family’s land from American control.

  1. Which statement best describes the term, Manifest Destiny?

  1. the growing desire for new economic markets outside the United States

  2. a belief that American should not expand beyond its current borders

  3. the idea that Americans were a superior people and had a right to control the North America continent

  4. a philosophy that stated government should take a “hands off” approach to the economy

  1. Which of the following statements did not stimulate U.S. imperialism?

  1. a belief in the cultural superiority of the Anglo-Saxon culture

  2. desire for military strength

  3. thirst for new economic markets

  4. need for a new source of cheap labor

  1. Which of the following did the United States insist that Cuba include in its constitution?

  1. the Boxer Protocol C. the Rough Riders

  2. the Platt Amendment D. the Roosevelt Corollary

  1. All of the following countries came under some form of U.S. control as a result of the Spanish-American War except

A. Cuba C. the Philippines

B. Hawaii D. Puerto Rico

  1. Alfred T. Mahan book The Influence of Sea Power upon History helped push the United States toward a position of world power by

  1. convincing government officials to strengthen the U.S. Navy.

  2. discouraging expansionism and trade with other nations.

  3. preaching isolationism as a way to defend against foreign aggressors.

  4. arguing for the elimination of the army in favor of the navy.

  1. Of the following statements, the one that best reflects an anti-imperialist attitude is

  1. “It is not necessary to own people to trade with them.”

  2. “The expansion of our trade and commerce is the pressing problem.”

  3. “Is there no nation wise enough, brave enough to aid this blood-smitten land?”

  4. “Fate has written our policy for us; the trade of the world must and shall be ours…”

  1. What famous publisher of the New York Journal told his reporter, Frederic Remington, “You furnish the pictures and I’ll furnish the war”?

A. William McKinley C. Teddy Roosevelt

B. Clark Kent D. William Randolph Hearst

  1. Also known as “big stick” diplomacy, this official American policy stated that any disorder in Latin America could force the United States to act as international police power in order to protect American economic interests. What is it?

A. Dollar Diplomacy C. Roosevelt Corollary

B. Moral Diplomacy D. Open Door Policy

  1. One reason for the growth of imperialism during the late 19th and early 20th centuries was the desire of industrialized nations for additional

  1. Medical research

  2. Ethnic diversity

  3. Naval bases

  4. Environmental protection

  1. The name for sensational and often irresponsible new headlines and stories based on untrue facts is referred to as

A. yellow fever B. yahoo journalism C. bias D. yellow journalism

  1. Which of the following was a major economic argument for expansion?

  1. The United States needed new markets for its goods.

  2. Many United States industries were short of labor.

  3. Foreign goods were often superior to American products.

  4. Americans needed the respect of foreign countries.

  1. Which was a result of the Spanish-American War?

  1. Cuba became a Spanish protectorate

  2. Spain admitted it had blown up the Maine

  3. The Philippines won independence from foreign rule

  4. Puerto Rico and Guam were made U.S. territories

  1. During the Age of Imperialism, the American press engaged in yellow journalism, or sensationalized headlines and stories to sell more newspapers. Which of the following headlines about the sinking of the U.S.S. Maine is the best example of yellow journalism?
  1. 253 Known to be Lost

  2. Who Destroyed the Maine?

  3. Destruction of the Warship Maine Was the Work of an Enemy

  4. Naval Officers Believe the Maine Was Destroyed by a Spanish Mine

  1. Many people agreed with political humorist Mark Twain who commented, “I am opposed to having the eagle put its talon on any other land.” Mark Twain could be described as

  1. an imperialist

  2. an anti-imperialist

  3. a Roosevelt supporter

  4. an environmentalist

  1. A newspaper prints an article on a controversial political issue.

This article could be considered biased if its author

  1. Formed logical conclusions based on fact

  2. Contacted supporters only of one side

  3. Presented numbers or statistical information on the issue

  4. Included information that had not been published before

  1. Which source of information about candidates for public office probably would be free of bias?

  1. A pamphlet written by a political campaign worker.

  2. A newspaper editorial stating the newspaper’s position

  3. A reprint of the complete text of the last candidate debate

  4. A political advertisement paid for by a political action committee

  1. One factor that motivated U.S. imperialism during the late 19th and early 20th centuries was the

  1. Development of closer political ties with European nations.
  2. Closing of China to all foreign trade.

  3. Support of international peacekeeping operations.

  4. Acquisition of new markets and sources of raw materials.

  1. During the Spanish-American War, the U.S. Navy destroyed the Spanish fleet in Manila Bay in the Philippines. The U.S. Congress later voted for annexation of the Philippines.

What was one reason for this act of U.S. imperialism?

  1. to provide the U.S.with a valuable naval base in the Pacific

  2. to provide the U.S. with a place to relocate the immigrant population

  3. to decrease the U.S. need to export raw materials for industrialization

  4. to increase the U.S. population by extending citizenship to the Filipinos

  1. During the late 19th and early 20th centuries, U.S. foreign policy was closely tied to domestic economic concerns. The annexation of Hawaii, the Open Door policy with China, and the construction of the Panama Canal in Latin America were all motivated by an interest in

  1. breaking up monopolies and trusts

  2. extending land grants for railroad construction

  3. acquiring new markets and sources of raw materials

  4. limiting the power of labor unions to strike

Part Three: Interpreting a Map. Use the map to answer the following questions. (1 Point Each)

Questions 33 – 39

  1. The map shows overseas possessions of the United States

  1. In the Atlantic Ocean only

  2. In the Pacific Ocean only

  3. In the Caribbean Sea and the Pacific Ocean

  4. In neither the Atlantic Ocean nor the Pacific Ocean

  1. The number 1898 under the Hawaiian Islands represents

  1. The date when the Hawaiian Islands became a U.S. possession

  2. The date when the Hawaiian Islands became independent of the United States

  3. The total square miles of the Hawaiian Islands

  4. The total population of the Hawaiian Islands today

  1. The map contains information as early as

A. 1867 B. 1898 C. 1903 D. 1857

  1. Which two islands, not counting Hawaii, became U.S. possessions in 1898?

  1. Guam and the Philippine Islands

  2. Wake Island and American Samoa

  3. Puerto Rico and Midway Island

  4. The Aleutian Islands and the Virgin Islands

  1. Alaska became a U.S. possession in

A. 1867 B. 1898 C. 1899 D. 1903

  1. Which U.S. possession was in the Caribbean Sea?

A. Wake Island B. Midway Island C. Puerto Rico D. Guam

  1. Which U.S. possession would not be shown if this map were dated 1910?

A. The Philippine Islands C. The Hawaiian Islands

B. The Virgin Islands D. Midway Island

  1. Theodore Roosevelt serves as President of the United States from 1901 to 1909. During his presidency, the United States acquired

A. Alaska C. The Panama Canal Zone

B. American Samoa D. The Virgin Islands

  1. The Philippines became a U.S. possession in the same year as did

  1. Guam and Wake Island

  2. Midway Island and Wake Island

  3. American Samoa and the Hawaiian Islands

  4. Puerto Rico and Guam

Part Four: Use the Political Cartoon to Answer the Questions. (1 Point Each)

  1. What political policy or situation is satirized in this cartoon?

A. the Monroe Doctrine C. the Open Door Policy

B. the Platt Amendment D. the Foraker Act

  1. What lies inside the door?

A. the United States C. a colony

B. China D. Korea

  1. What do the people outside the door seem to want?

  1. to walk through the door

  2. to talk to the key holder

  3. to return home

  4. to break down the door

  1. Who controls the situation, according to this cartoon?

  1. the Chinese

  2. the foreigners outside the door

  3. the United States

  4. the French

  1. According to the cartoon, who benefited from this policy?

  1. the Chinese

  2. the United States

  3. other foreign influences in China

  4. all of the above


Part Five: Extended Response.

  1. Look at the following Newspaper Headline. Does the following headline appear to be against U.S. involvement in Cuba or is it for U.S. involvement? Could the article be an example of yellow journalism? Explain both questions with evidence and examples. (4 Points)

  1. Choose any 2 of the following foreign policy programs pursued by the three Progressive Presidents and write a compare/contrast essay involving the two. Roosevelt Big Stick Policy, Taft’s Dollar Diplomacy or Wilson’s Moral Diplomacy. (10 Points)

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