Vedanta Darshanam



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Sanskritha shiksha


Persons and Numbers
In samskritam, there are 3 persons and 3 numbers. Observe and study the table given below.


 

Singular Number

Dual Number

Plural Number

 

@kvcn<

iÖvcn<

b÷vcn<

Third Person

A boy

Two boys

Boys

àwm pué;

bal>

balaE

bala>

Second Person

You

You two

You all

mXym pué;

Tvm!

yuvam!

yUym!

First Person

I

We two

We all

%Äm pué;

Ahm!

Aavam!

vym!


Gender

There are 3 genders for nouns - masculine (pui‘¼), feminine (ôIil¼) and neuter (npu

pui‘¼

meaning

ôIil¼

meaning

npu

meaning

Anl>

fire

kNya

girl

k…summ!

flower

$ñr>

god

kwa

story

jIivtm!

life

dev>

god

]ma

patience

zôm!

weapon

nr>

man

devta

deity

Aakazm!

space

iz:y>

disciple

inza

night

zrIrm!

body

 

 

 

 

naqkm!

drama


gué>

teacher

ndI

river

tu{fm!

face

izzu>

child

jnnI

mother

Éaejnm!

food

Éanu>

sun

dasI

servant

neÇm!

eye

àÉu>

master

rajxanI

capital

Öarm!

door

sUnu>

son

vapI

lake

raò+m!

country

 

 

 

 

miNdrm!

temple

kiv>

poet

vxU

daughter-in-law

 

 

Ai¶>

fire

cmU


army

 

 

Aitiw>

guest

ñïU

mother-in-law

 

 

\i;>

sage

 

 

 

 

riv>

sun

 

 

 

 

Just notice the ending samskritam letter in the above words. The ending letters in the above words are (A), (#), (%), (Aa), ($), (^) and (m!). Generally, the words ending in (A), (#), (%) are masculine, those ending in (Aa), ($) are feminine and those ending in (m!) are neuter.


PUZZLE (àheilka)

Apd> ËrgamI c sa]rae n c pi{ft>, Amuo S)…q v´a c y> janait s pi{ft>.

without foot, travels far and educated (literate or with letters), not scholar.

mouthless, good speaker, one who knows it, he is a scholar.

Answer - postletter.
suÉai;tm!

igirmRhan! meraeriBxmRhanBxenRÉaemht!, nÉsae=ip mhdœ äü ttae=Pyaza grIysI.

Prose order

igir> mhan!, merae> AiBx> mhan!, ABxe> nÉ> mht!, nÉs> Aip mht! äü, tt> Aip Aaza grIysI,


Mount Meru (or mountain) is huge. Bigger than mountain is the ocean. Still larger is space. Bigger than space is Brahman. But desires are larger in number than the (limitless) Brahman.

, nmSte,



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