Vocabulary Logs, Practice Activities, and Word Lists Supplement to Dynamic Vocabulary Instruction

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(Rewards Plus – Science Applications)

Scientific Prefixes and Suffixes





a-; an-

not; without; lacking; deficient

ab-

away from; out from

-able

capable of

ac-

to; toward

-aceous

of or pertaining to

acou-; acous-

hear

ad-

to; toward

aden-

gland

adip-

fat

aero-

air

agri-

field; soil

-al

having the character of

alb-

white

alg-; algia

pain

alto-

high

ambi-

both

ameb-


change; alternation

amni-

fetal membrane

amphi-; ampho-

both

amyl-

starch

ana-

up; back; again

andro-

man; masculine

anemo-

wind

ang-

choke; feel pain

angi-

blood vessel; duct

ante-

before; ahead of time

anter-

front

antho-

flower

anti-

against; opposite

anthropo-

man; human

-ap; -aph-

touch

apo-; ap-

away from

aqu-

water

archeo-

primitive; ancient

-ary; -arium


denotes a place for something

arteri-

artery

arthr-

joint; articulation

-ase

forms names of enzymes

aster-; astr

star

-ate

verb form – the act of

ather-

fatty deposit

-ation

noun form – the act of

atmo-

vapor

audi-

hear

aur-

ear

auto-

self

bacter-; bactr-

bacterium; stick; club

barb-

beard

baro-

weight

bath-

depth; height

bene-

well; good

bi-

(Latin) two; twice

bi-; bio-


(Greek) life; living

-blast-

sprout; germ; bud

brachi-

arm

brachy-

short

brady-

slow

branchi-

fin

brev-

short

bronch-

tube

cac-

bad

calor-

heat

capill-

hair

capit-

head

carcin-

cancer

cardi-

heart

carn-

meat; flesh

carp-

fruit

carpal-

wrist

cata-

breakdown; downward

caud-

tail

-cell-


chamber; small room

cen-; -cene

now; recent

cente-

pierce

centi-

hundredth

centr-

center

cephal-

head

cerat-

horn

cerebr-

brain

cervic-

neck

chel-

claw

chem.-

dealing with chemicals

chir-

hand

chlor-

green

chondr-

cartilage

chrom-; -chrome

color

chron-

time

-chym-

juice

-cid-; -cis-

cut; kill; fall

circa-; circum-

around; about

cirru-


hairlike curls

co-

with; together

cocc-

seed; berry

coel-

hollow

coll-

glue

coni-

cone

contra-

against

corp-

body

cort-; cortic-

outer layer

cosmo-

world; order; form

cotyl-

cup

counter-

against

crani-

body

cresc-; cret-

begin to grow

crypt-

hidden; covered

-cul-; -cule

small; diminutive

cumul-

heaped

cuti-

skin

cyan-


blue

-cycle; cycl-

ring; circle

-cyst-

sac; pouch; bladder

cyt-; -cyte

cell; hollow container

dactyl-

finger

de-

away from; down

deca-

ten

deci-

tenth

deliquesc-

become fluid

demi-

half

dendr-

tree

dent-

tooth

derm-

skin

di-; dipl-

(Latin) two; double

di-; dia-

(Greek) through; across; apart

dia-

(Latin) day

digit-

finger; toe

din-

terrible

dis-

apart; out


dorm-

sleep

dors-

back

du-; duo-

two

-duct

lead

dynam-

power

dys-

bad; abnormal; difficult

ec-

out of; away from

echin-

spiny; prickly

eco-

house

ecto-

outside of

-elle

small

-emia

blood

en-; endo-; ent-

in; into; within

-en

made of

encephal-

brain

enter-

intestine; gut

entom-

insects

-eous

nature of; like

epi-

upon; above; over


-err-

wander; go astray

erythro-

red

-escent

becoming

eso-

inward; within; inner

eu-

well; good; true; normal

eury-

widen

ex-

out of; away from

extra-

beyond; outside

-fer-

bear; carry; produce

ferro-

iron

fibr-

fiber; thread

-fid; fiss-

split; divided into

-flect; -flex

bend

flor-

flower

flu-; fluct-

flux; flow

foli-

leaf

fract-

break

-gam-


marriage

gastr-

stomach

geo-

land; earth

-gen; -gine

producer; former

-gene-

origin; birth

-gest-

carry; produce; bear

-glen-

eyeball

-glob-

ball; round

gloss-

tongue

gluc-; glyc-

sweet; sugar

glut-

buttock

gnath-

jaw

-gon

angle; corner

-grad-

step

-gram

graph record; writing

grav-

heavy

-gross-

thick

gymno-

naked; bare

gyn-

female

gyr-


ring; circle; spiral

-hal-; -hale

breathe; breath

halo-

salt

hapi-

simple

hecto-

hundred

-helminth-

worm

hem-

blood

hemi-

half

hepar-; hepat-

liver

herb-

grass; plants

hetero-

different; other

hex-

six

hibern-

winter

hidr-

sweat

hipp-

horse

hist-

tissue

holo-

entire; whole

homo-

(Latin) man; human

homo-

(Greek) same; alike

hort-


garden

hydr-

water

hygr-

moist; wet

hyper-

above; beyond; over

hyph-

weaving; web

hypno-

sleep

hypo-

below; under; less

hyster-

womb; uterus

-iac

person afflicted with disease

-iasis

disease; abnormal condition

-ic

(adjective former)

ichthy-

fish

ign-

fire

in-; il-; im-; ir-

not

in-; il-; im-; ir-

to; toward; into

in-

very; thoroughly

-ine

of or pertaining to

infra-

below; beneath

inter-


between

intra-

within; inside

-ism

a state or condition

iso-

equal; same

-ist

person who deals with

-it is

inflammation; disease

-ium

refers to a part of the body

-kary-

cell nucleus

kel-

tumor; swelling

kerat-

horn

kilo-

thousand

kine-

move

lachry-

tear

lact-

milk

lat-

side

leio-

smooth

-less

without

leuc-; leuk-

white; bright; light

lign-


wood

lin-

line

lingu-

tongue

lip-

fat

lith-; -lite

stone; petrifying

loc-

place

-log-

word; speech

-logist

one who studies

-logy

study of

lumin-

light

-lys-; -lyt-; -lyst

decompose; split; dissolve

macr-

large

malac-

soft

malle-

hammer

mamm-

breast

marg-

border; edge

mast-

breast

med-

middle

meg-

million; great

mela-; melan-


black; dark

-mer

part

mes-

middle; half; intermediate

met-; meta-

between; along; after

-meter; -metry

measurement

micro-

small; millionth

milli-

thousandth

mis-

wrong; incorrect

mito-

thread

mole-

mass

mono-

one; single

mort-

death

-mot-

move

morph-

shape; form

multi-

many

mut-

change

my-

muscle

myc-

fungus

mycel-

threadlike


myria-

many

moll-

soft

nas-

nose

necr-

corpse; dead

nemat-

thread

neo-

new; recent

nephro-

kidney

-ner-

moist; liquid

neur-

nerve

noct-; nox-

night

-node

knot

-nom-; -nomy

ordered knowledge; law

non-

not

not-

back

nuc-

center

ob-

against

ocul-

eye

oct-

eight

odont-

tooth

-oid


form; appearance

olf-

smell

oligo-

few; little

-oma

abnormal condition; tumor

omni-

all

onc-

mass; tumor

oo-

egg

opthalm-

eye

opt-

eye

orb-

circle; round; ring

-orium; -ory

place for something

ornith-

bird

orth-

straight; correct; right

oscu-

mouth

-osis

abnormal condition

oste-

bone

oto-

ear

-ous

full of

ov-

egg

oxy-


sharp; acid; oxygen

pachy-

thick

paleo-

old; ancient

palm-

broad; flat

pan-

all

par-; para-

beside; near; equal

path-; -pathy

disease; suffering

-ped

foot

-ped-

child

pent-

five

per-

through

peri-

around

permea-

pass; go

phag-

eat

pheno-

show

-phil-

loving; fond of

phon-; -phone

sound

-phore; pher-

bear; carry

photo-

light

phren-


mind; diaphragm

phyc-

seaweed; algae

phyl-

related group

-phyll

leaf

physi-

nature; natural qualities

phyt-; -phyte

plant

pino-

drink

pinni-

feather

plan-

roaming; wandering

plasm-; -plast-

form; formed into

platy-

flat

pleur-

lung; rib; side

pneumo-

lungs; air

-pod

foot

poly-

many; several

por-

opening

port-

carry

post-

after

pom-


apple

pre-

before

prim-

first

quadr-

four

quin-

five

radi-

ray

re-

again; back

rect-

right; correct

ren-

kidney

ret-

net; made like a net

rhag-; -rrage

burst forth

rhe-; -rrhea

flow

rhin-

nose

rhiz-

root

rhodo-

rose

roto-

wheel

rubr-

red

sacchar-

sugar

sapr-

rotten

sarc-

flesh


saur-

lizard

schis-; schiz-

split; divide

sci-

know

scler-

hard

-scop-

look; device for seeing

-scribe; -script

write

semi-

half; partly

sept-

partition; seven

-septic

infection; putrefaction

sess-

sit

sex-

six

-sis

condition; state

sol-

sun

solv-

loosen; free

som-; somat-; -some

body

somn-

sleep

son-

sound

spec-; spic-

look at

-sperm-


seed

-spher-

ball; round

spir-; -spire

breathe

-spor-

seed

stat-; -stasis

standing; placed; staying

stell-

stars

sten-

narrow

stern-

chest; breast

stom-; -stome

mouth

strat-

layer

stereo-

solid; three-dimensional

strict-

drawn tight

styl-

pillar

sub-

under; below

super-; sur-

over; above; on top

sym-; syn-

together

tachy-

quick; swift

tarso-

ankle


tax-

arrange; put in order

tele-

far off; distant

telo-

end

terr-

earth; land

tetr-

four

thall-

young shoot

-the; -thes-

put

-thel-

cover a surface

-therm-

heat

-tom-

cut; slice

toxico-

poison

top-

place

trache-

windpipe

trans-

across

tri-

three

trich-

hair

-trop-

turn; change

-troph-

nourishment; one who heals

turb-

whirl


-ul-; -ule

diminutive; small

ultra-

beyond

uni-

one

ur-

urine

-ura

tail

vas-

vessel

vect-

carry

ven-; vent-

come

ventr-

underside

-verge

turn; slant

vig-

strong

vit-; viv-

life

volv-

roll; wander

-vor-

devour; eat

xanth-

yellow

xero-

dry

xyl-

wood

zo-; -zoa

animal

zyg-

joined together


zym-

yeast























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