we do know who Jack the Ripper is ! (50,431)


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Who is Edward Marriott

Det. Edward Marriott. b. 1862 Hackney, London. 24 Spital Square, Norton Folgate & later Hackney with wife Emily (b.1863); 6 ch: Emily (b.1887), Samuel (b.1890), Charles (b.1894), Eva (b.1896), George (b.1899) & Edward (b.1900). Joined London Police 1885 no.5830. Retired 1909 with injuries. (Q?s: Mackness – Cockney / Couckell?)

was searching passageways in the City Sep. 29, 1888. at corner of Houndsditch by St Botolph's Aldgate talking to Det.’s Daniel Halse & Robert Outram when informed of the murder of Catherine Eddowes 1.58am, Sep. 30 & proceeded to Mitre Square. (Q?s: Hazel – Charles – Aiello – Danilo – Ostrom / Alstrom – Eddy / Addesso?)

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Who is The Ten Bells

Ten Bells is a Victorian public house at corner of Commercial St. & Fournier St. Spitalfields East End of London, Stepney, Tower Hamlets, notable for association with 2victims of Jack the Ripper; Annie Chapman & Mary Kelly.

A public house has stood on the site since 1752, rebuilt in the Victorian era. interior has been removed in recent times, decorative tiling remains. A pictorial panel of painted tiles on back wall, entitled Spitalfields in ye Olden Time, was designed by Wm B. Simpson & Sons late 19th century.

Name is derived from competition between Christ Church & St Brides Fleet St. to claim finest peal of bells. Christ Church built 1714, 1 bell, addition of 10th bell, church now has 8 bells. (Q?s: Daniel Brandeis – Elizabeth Stride – Peter Bride with David Collings – Flight / Flint?)

1976-88 was named The Jack the Ripper & memorabilia were displayed. The brewery ordered change back after a campaign by Reclaim the Night demanded that a murderer should not be commemorated.

Photographer: Mr G.N.G. Tingey

Fnded 1666 but present building mid C19. Stucco facade. Eaves cornice with balustraded parapet above. Roof not visible. 4 storeys with angled corner. Facade to Fournier St, of 2 windows, alternate round headed & triangular pediments to 1st & 2nd floor windows, bands between. Pilasters to sides & angles of building. Ground floor has polished granite pilasters with stuccoed capitals & end stops. Corner door behind fluted pillars with composite capitals. Similar facade to Commercial St. has 3 windows. Inside Commercial St. entrance is a coloured C19 tiled plaque showing an C18/C19 street scene.

Article & photographs by John Smithkey III.

perhaps the most famous pub in Ripper history. The Ten Bells Pub has been standing since at least 1752 (Begg, Fido & Skinner, 1996). Since 1988 it was given its original name of "The Ten Bells".

Although the exterior of the building has been rebuilt (Begg et al, 1996), the interior remains much the same as it did since the days of Jack the Ripper. As you enter the Ten Bells, you are indeed stepping back in time to the days of the Autumn of Terror. The back wall of the pub has a beautiful tile picture "Spitalfields in the Olden Time". This must be seen in person to really appreciate. The color photo doesn't do it justice.

On the wall opposite the bar is a giant sign listing the victims. the large sign shows 6, with Martha Tabram being 1st & on the theory that the murders were based on black magic. Since Martha Tabram (aka Turner) was stabbed 39 times. Martha Tabram becomes 1st victim on the Ripper board at the Ten Bells. The remainder of the wall displays news clippings abt Jack the Ripper, suspects & theories.

Begg, Fido & Skinner (1996) state that "It was widely rumoured that Annie Chapman was seen in a pub near Spitalfields Market c.5.00 A.M. on the morning of murder" (p. 447). The pub across street from the Spitalfields Market. Elizabeth Foster told reporters she was with Mary Kelly at Ten Bells in evening Nov. 8, 1888. Mary Kelly used to stand outside to attract customers. Tom Cullen, author of The Autumn of Terror , interviewed a retired market porter Dennis Barrett. As a boy, he knew Mary Kelly by sight. She also went by the name of "Black Mary". Barrett stated "she had her pitch outside the Ten Bells Pub in Commercial St. & woe to any woman who tried to poach her territory. Such a woman was likely to have her hair pulled out in fistfuls." So when you stand outside the entrance to the Ten Bells Pub, you are truly standing in the footsteps of perhaps the most famous of the Ripper's victims, Mary Kelly!

A tour company, The Original London Walks, lists a walking tour about the Ripper murders, as "Jack the Ripper Haunts". These walking tours include a visit to the Ten Bells Pub. The pub also sells a wide variety of Jack the Ripper souvenirs. The book, The Complete Jack the Ripper, by Donald Rumbelow, can be purchased at the pub.

While the Ripper literature shows that two victims visited the Ten Bells before they were murdered, I believe that most of the victims patronized the Ten Bells, as well as other pubs in the area for customers. I will be presenting my theory in an upcoming essay on the Casebook entitled The Pubs and Jack the Ripper.

Tue, 3 Feb 1998

From: Matthew Fletcher

I enjoyed Mr. Smithkey's article on The Ten Bells but Sugden's The Complete History includes a reassessment of the Martha Tabram killing & makes a strong case for her inclusion. I think the board listing the victims is correct.

I drop into the Ten Bells fairly frequently & point out that Wed-Fri evenings it has a stripper or 2 on ‘til abt 8pm. This is a very basic affair - the girls go round with a collecting jug then strip on a little stage in the centre. Once this finishes the staff perform a rapid transformation: the sign outside advertising "exotic dancing" is removed, the little stage hidden, the board advertising strip times turned over. Around 8ish the Ripper walking tours start to arrive & swamp the bar so it's time for me to depart. There are often a few ipper tourists who arrive too early but most seem to take the girls' appearance in good humour (especially male ones)

Once outside you can walk directly down Dorset St. past Mary Kelly's abode. This is no longer a road but a gap between a multi-storey car park & an office building. A gate at each end & technically it's not a public right of way but there's no problem in just wandering through. If you walk northwards up Commercial St. 9-10pm you will see prostitutes hanging around. They are the low end of the market, nothing changed in a century.

Sun, 1 Mar 1998

From: John Smithkey III

I read Matthew Fletcher's editorial on my article abt the Ten Bells Pub & thoughts regarding the addition of Martha Tabrum as a Ripper victim. I reread Sugden's account of the Tabrum murder twice. First, all of the victims of Jack the Ripper had their throats slashed. Sugden (1995) points out that "there is no evidence that carotid arteries had been slashed, the throat cut or the abdomen extensively mutilated" (p.29). 2ndly, the Tabrum murderer used 2weapons. The surgeon's report stated "twenty wounds to the breast, stomach & abdomen apparently inflicted with a penknife---The wound on the breastbone had been inflicted with a strong long-bladed weapon, possibly a dagger or bayonet"(p.29).

Although Martha Tabrum is credited with being the first victim of the Autumn of Terror, I am still unmoved in my belief that she was NOT a Ripper Victim. This view was also expressed by Rumbelow, Begg, Skinner, & Evans who I spoke with while in London researching my book "Jack the Ripper: The Inquest of the Final Victim Mary Kelly".

The theory I presented was based on a lecture that Rumbelow presents during his walking tours of the Ripper murder sites. Rumbelow cites Leonard Gribble's theory in his book (p.170-71). Gribble's theory was first published in 1973. The article is entitled "Was Jack the Ripper A Black Magician?" This article was again published in the British "True Detective", in January 1988 issue. A friend in London provided me with a copy of this edition. I would be happy to send any Casebook reader a copy of the article who requests it!

This is the fun part of Ripperology. Comparing theories & viewpoints, collecting & discussing the many different articles & books that have been written, and exchanging the many ideas among the members of the Casebook.

While at the Ten Bells Pub, I interviewed one of the owners regarding the structure of the pub who claimed it to be original. Apparently he was in error. Stephen Ryder pointed out that this owner may have made the statement to promote tourism.

I saw strippers during my visits to the Ten Bells. I did speak with them regarding the history of the pub & the area. They knew little or nothing.

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