>Which book with a single letter name had won the Booker’s Prize? “G” by John Berger in 1972.
>What is importance of the growth of press in the 19th century? It helped a lot in reforming the Indian society and religion. It played important part in raising the national conscious of the people.
>Who started the paper “The Young India”? Lala Lajpat Rai.
>Name the author of the book “That extra half an inch: Hair, Heels and everything in between”. Victoria Beckham.
>Nirad C. Chaudhuri, the Indian born author and scholar who was acclaimed abroad, died in Oxford on 1st August 1999 at the age of 101. He, who had suffered a stroke on 12th July was recovering when his condition deteriorated further. He died peacefully in his bed at the Oxford home he has had for 30 years. He, who was most noted for his first work, “The Autobiography of an unknown Indian”, could be described as a man born in the wrong country in the wrong century.
>By whom was “Continent of Circle” written? Nirad C. Chaudhary.
>Edmund Halley of Halley’s Comet fame helped publish a notable science epic by another scientist. Name the scientist and the book. Sir Isaac Newton’s “Principia Mathematicia”.
>After some successful children’s books, an anthology of writing, her new collection of poems “Fix” has been widely appreciated. Name this well known poetess and columnist? Eunice d’ Souza.
>Kautilya wrote a famous book. What was its name? Ardhashashthraa.
Who was Chaanakyaa – (a) Traveller (b) Minister (c) Astrologer and (d) Poet. Answer (b).
>In 1983, George Burns wrote a book entitled “How to live to 100 or more” and he did!
>Which book, originally written in Gujarati, was translated into English by the author’s personal secretary Sri Mahadev Desai? “My Experiment with Truth” by Mahatma Gandhi.
>All government publications are printed at the government presses, but not the Union Budget. Where is it printed? The Finance Ministry has a special printing press in the basement of the North Block to print the Budget.
>Who wrote “The Mother”? Maxim Gorky, a Russian. Also, a novel by the same name was written by Pearl Buck in 1934.
>Who is the author of the book (a) “The Serpent and the Rope” (b) “Like Birds, Like Fishes” and (c) “Bye Bye Black Bird”? (a) Raja Rao (b) Prawar Jhabwala and (c) Anita Desai.
>The 1st novel ever written on a typewriter was “Tom Sawyer”.
>The youngest female author was Dorothy Straight. She was only 4 when she wrote “How the World Began” in 1964 for her grandmother. The youngest male author was Dennis Vollmer who wrote “Joshua Disobeys” in 1987 at the age of 6.
>The main protagonist of this book is a telepath with a nasal defect. He is referred to as “Nose” in the book. Name the book and the character. “Midnight’s Children” – Saleem Sinai.
>Jemubhai Popatlal Patel and his grand daughter Sai are the protagonist of which book? “Inheritance of Loss” by Kiran Desai.
“Monkey-man”, “Worm who rolls on the ground” and “Beggarmaster” are characters of which book set in time of Emergency in India? “A Fine Balance” by Rohinton Mistry.
>Malgudi is India’s most famous fictional town. What is the name of the central street of Malgudi? Market Street.
>Lata Mehra has to make a choice between Kabir, Haresh and Amit. Which book? “A Suitable Boy” by Vikram Seth. Lata Mehra is the 19 year old college girl who is forced to make a choice of groom between Kabir, Haresh and Amit.
>What is the other name of Gogol Ganguli of “Namesake” by Jhumpa Lahiri? Nikhil Ganguli.
>The story of which novel takes place in Mano Majra, the fictional village on the border of Pakistan and India? “Train to Pakistan” by Khushwant Singh.
>The search for an endangered river dolphin Orcaella brevirostris is the starting point of which novel? ”The Hungry Tide” by Amitav Ghosh.
>Lafayette Ronald Hubbard (1911-1986) publishes “Dianetics: The Modern Science of Mental Health” in 1950. With this book, Hubbard introduced a branch of self help psychology called Dianetics, which quickly caught fire and, over time, morphed into a belief system boasting millions of subscribers: Scientology. He was already a prolific and frequently published writer by the time he penned the book that would change his life. Under several pseudonyms in the 1930s, he published great amount of pulp fiction, particularly in the science fiction and fantasy genres.
>Nemesis is a prose tragedy in 4 acts about Beatrice Cenci, partly inspired by Percy Bysshe Shelley’s blank verse tragedy in 5 acts. The Cenci was printed when the writer was dying. Who is the author? Alfred Nobel.
>Theodor Geisel, better known to the world as Dr. Seuss, the author and illustrator of children’s books like “The Cat in the Hat” and “Green Eggs and Ham” was born in 1904 in Springfield, Massachusetts. Geisel who used his middle name as his pen name, wrote 48 books including some for adults, that have sold over 200 million copies and been translated into multiple languages. His books are known for their whimsical rhymes and quirky characters, which have names like the Lorax and the Sneetches and live in places like Hooterville. He graduated from Dartmouth College, where he was editor of the school’s humour magazine.
>Isaac Asimov is the only author to have a book in every Dewey-decimal category.
>Which book 1st published in 1955, did the McWhirtertwins Norris and Ross compile? Guinness Book of World Records.
>What is the title of R.K. Narayan’s autobiography? “My Days”. Name the famous cartoonist who was R.K. Narayan’s brother too. R.K. Laxman.
>Orhun Pamuk is the author of the books “Snow” and “My Name is Red”.
>Sports Illustrated has the largest sports magazine circulation.
>Where, in a book, would one expect to find a colophon? Originally found at the end of a book, the colophon – which gives details of the publication – is now found on the title page.
>Which book is the world’s super best-seller? The Bible.
Who was the oldest man in the Bible? Methuselah – 969 years old. The oldest person on record is Methuselah – 969 years.
Which Biblical character symbolized Patience? Job.
What book of the Bible has the largest number of chapters? Psalms. What does “Selah” mean in the Psalms? It has been given 2 meanings – The first, that it calls for an outburst of music and the second, a rest of pause.
Domninique Lapierre and Larry Collins wrote “Freedom at Midnight”. Who wrote “Oh! Jerusalem”? The same authors.
Which book written by a women helped spark off a civil war? Harriet Beecher Stowe’s “Uncle Tom’s Cabin.”
Who wrote the following English classics: (1) Emma (2) Wuthering Heights and (3) Mill on the Floss? (1) Jane Austen (2) Emily Bronte and (3) George Eliot.
Who wrote “Kadambari”? Bana Bhatta.
Who wrote “The Mother”? Maxim Gorky.
Who wrote “Roses in December”? M.C. Chagla.
Who is the author of the Book “With no Regrets”? Krishna Hutheesingh, sister of late Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru. The book is a biography of Panditji.
Who is the author of (1) The Naked Ape (2) Man Watching and (3) In Pursuit of Coleridge? (1) Desmond Morris (2) Desmond Morris and (3) Catheline Coburn.
In which play does Mrs. Malaprop appear? Richard Sheridan’s “The Rivals”.
Who, in all of Shakespeare’s plays speaks the most words? Hamlet.
In which of Shakespeare’s plays was Beatrice a character? “Much Ado About Nothing”.
How much one pound of flesh worth to Shylock? 30,000 ducats.
What was the last play completed by William Shakespeare? Henry VIII in 1611.
For which book was Jim Corbett famous? “Man Eaters of Kumaon”. A game sanctuary in Uttar Pradesh is named after Jim Corbett.
Who wrote “Coolie”? Mulk Raj Anand.
Who are the authors of the following famous books: (1) The Men who ruled India (2) The Broken Road and (3) A Passage to India? (1) Philip Mason (2) A.E.W. Mason and (3) E.M. Foster.
“Down the Line” is the autobiography of a famous Indian sportsman. Name him. Premjit Lal. He is co-author of the book with his wife Georgina.
With what kind of animal does “Born Free” deal? A lioness. (Lions too figure in the book by Joy Adamson).
>Baseball was invented in England and 1st named and described in 1744 in a book which was very popular in England and was re-printed in America in 1762. What was the name of the book? A Little Pretty Pocket Book.
>According to its author, it is dedicated to “Jessica, who loves stories, Anne, who loved them too and Di, who heard this one first”. This book was 1st published on 26th June 1997 by Bloomsbury in London. What is the book? “Harry Potter and the Philosopher’s Stone”.
>She wrote books under the pseudonym of John Sedges; among her famous books are “This Proud Heart”, “Other Gods”, “Portrait of a Marriage”, “The Angry Wife”. Identify this Nobel laureate. Pearl S. Buck.
>Who wrote the “Just So Stories for Little Children”? Rudyard Kipling.
>Name the creator of “Lemuel Gulliver” born on 30th November 1667. Jonathan Swift.
>Who created the character of “Father Brown”? G.K. Chesterton.
>The title of the 7th book of Harry Potter Series is “Harry Potter and the Deathly Hallows”.
>In 1936 the first issue of the pictorial magazine “Life” is published, featuring a cover photo of the Fort Peck Dam by Margaret Bourke-White. “Life” actually had its start earlier in the 20th century as a different kind of magazine – a weekly humor publication, not unlike today’s “The New Yorker” in its use of tart cartoons, humorous pieces and cultural reporting. When the original “Life” folding during the Great Depression, the influential American publisher Henry Luce bought the name and re-launched the magazine as a picture based periodical on 23rd November 1936. By this time, Luce had already enjoyed great success as the publisher of “Time”, a weekly news magazine.
From his high school days, Luce was a newsman, serving with his friend Briton Hadden as Managing Editors of their school newspaper. This partnership continued through their college years at Yale University where they acted as Chairmen and Managing Editors of the “Yale Daily News” as well as after college, when Luce joined Hadden at the Baltimore News in 1921. It was during this time that Luce and Hadden came up with the idea for “Time”. When it launched in 1923, it was with the intention of delivering the world’s news through the eyes of the people who made it.
>In 1391 China began producing toilet paper for use by its Emperors.
>The first paperback book was printed by Penguin in 1935.
>John Ronald Reuel Tolkien is best known as the author of “The Lord of the Rings.”
>The credit of having invented “Interview” of journalism goes to Horace Greeley (editor of New York Tribune and James Gordon Bennet (Proprietor of New York Herald).
>Belfast News Letter is the oldest English language general daily newspaper (of Britain) still in publication, having first been printed in 1737.
>Susie Derkins and Mrs Wormwood are characters in the famous cartoon strip Calvin and Hobbes. The character Calvin of the “Calvin and Hobbes” comic strip was patterned after US President Calvin Coolridge who had a pet tiger.
>The idea of the Domesday Book came into being at Christmas, in 1085. William the Conqueror, at a meeting of the Witan (Anglo Saxon word for “council”) requested it for the purposes of recording his possessions, because he was giving land away to his fighting nobles somewhat indiscriminately, but mainly for taxation purposes. The Norman lords who received rewards of land, mostly had no idea where it was, and as they did not understand the Saxon names for the properties they were given, had a problem locating it! Ostensibly the record (Domesday Book) was to note, not just land holdings but also property and livestock. However, the first volume, which seemed to be the work of just one “scribe,” did not record the stock and a 2nd volume was undertaken. This was written by a number of clerics, and record stock holdings as well.
>Princess Aurora is the name of the famous fairy tale character “Sleeping Beauty”.
>A Bibliophile is a collector of rare books and a Bibliopole is a seller of rare books.
>Only one book has been distributed in more copies than the Bible – the IKEA catalogue.
>Books have been published in paper wrappers since the 15th century, the older known example in the British Museum dating from 1494. Until the introduction of cloth binding in the 1830s this was the regular way of issuing new books and the customer was expected to have his purchase bound up in leather according to his personal taste. But when we speak of a paperback we usually mean one of a series of uniform size and format bound in stiff paper covers. In the days before the mechanization of printing books were valuable treasures in the libraries of the rich, but the innovation of paperbacks brought a new type of book that was intended to be read and then discarded. The man who conceived this novel idea in 1841 was Christian Bernhard Tauchnitz lived in Leipzig, a city popular with increasing numbers of English and American tourists. Early Victorian travellers like to take the comforts of home along with them, but even their capacious cabin trunks and chests did not leave much room for the substantial 3 volume novels of the day.
The Leipzig publisher saw an opportunity to satisfy the tourists’ literary appetites and increase his own business so he secured the rights to publish the works of selected English authors in all non English speaking countries. To protect English and American publishers from an influx of cheap fiction from abroad he agreed to instruct customers to dispose of the books when read and not take them into any English language countries. The Tauchnitz Series was issued in buff paper covers at a price well within the pockets of anyone who could afford to travel on the continent. They were a handy size to carry in the pocket, and the venture proved a runaway success.
English publishers began to realize that it might be worthwhile to produce paperbacks themselves for human nature being what it is naturally quite a number of Tauchnitz books were being slipped home by holiday makers in reticules and toilet cases despite the publisher’s stricture. The earliest recorded paperback to be issued for home consumption was a novel called “Psyche” by Mrs. Tighe which appeared in English bookshops in 1844. The publisher was H.G. Clarke of Old Bailey, London and it had illuminated paper covers printed in colour by Smart and Holmes of Leather Lane, Holborn. Clarke’s Cabinet Series ultimately consisted of 67 titles both fiction and non fiction but as only 2 specimens survive today little else is known about it. They must have won public approval for by the following year James Burns had begun his Fireside Library with a paperback called “Frank’s First Trip to the Continent,” and in Dublin, James Duffy was introducing the paperback idea to his compatriots with a new shilling series entitled Duffy’s Library of Ireland. It was almost exactly a hundred years later that Penguin’s startled the publishing world by issuing a million paperback books by a single author in one day, the writer so honoured being George Bernard Shaw. Thus a century of paperback progress culminated in the largest print order ever made by a publisher, a fitting opening to what might justly be described as the 2nd paperback revolution.
>If a Roman emperor wanted to read a book, he had to unroll it. Books were written on long scrolls that you unrolled as you went along.
>In 1998, Ten Speed Press publishing company published a book, “The Eat A Bug Cookbook” by David George Gordon that contains over 33 bug recipes.
>In the Middle Ages, books were made by monks who copied them by hand onto prepared animal skins called parchment.
>The Book of Common Prayer is the official liturgy of the Church of England. It was first published in 1549 in the reign of Edward IV having been worked on for some time by Thomas Crammer and others. It was banned when the Catholic Queen Mary came to the throne but reinstated by Elizabeth 1st when she became queen. It was again banned by the Puritans. In 1662 the Act of Uniformity finally established it as the official liturgy and it was not revised again for almost 300 years until 1928.
>The novel “The Second Wife” is the English translated version of Premchand’s Nirmala.
>Who wrote the following books?
(48) Gora and (2) Hungry Stones Rabindranath Tagore
(49) The Present Crisis of Faith and (2) Indian Dr. Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan
(50) Serpent and the Rope Raja Rao
(51) Dr. Jekyll and Mr. Hyde Robert Louis Stevenson
(52) The Song of India Sarojini Naidu
(53) Small is Beautiful Dr. E.F. Schumacher
(54) A time to Die Tom Wicker
(55) Rama Charita Manas and (2) Vinay Patrika Tulsidoss
(56) The Scope of Happiness Mrs. Vijayalakshmi Pandit
(57) Lolita Vladimir Nabakov
(58) Leaves of Grass Walt Whitman
(59) Time Machine H.G. Wells
(60) After Nehru, Who? Wells Hangar
(61) Lord of the Flies William Golding
(62) Comedy of Errors and (2) Merchant of Venice William Shakespeare
(63) The Walking Stick Winston Graham
>Who is the author of the book “With No Regrets?” Krishna Hatheesingh, sister of Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru and the book is a biography of Panditji. Vijayalaxmi Pandit is another sister of Jawaharlal Nehru.
>Which book of Somerset Maugham is partly autobiographical? Of Human Bondage (1915). He first achieved success with the sardonically humorous play “Lady Frederick” produced in 1901.
>Who wrote the famous book entitled “For whom the Bell tolls?” Ernest Hemingway. This book was about the Spanish civil war during which he was a newspaper correspondent.
>Dominique Lapierre and Larry Collins wrote “Freedom at Midnight”. Who wrote
“Oh! Jerusalem?” The same authors.
>Which book written by a woman helped spark off a civil war? Harriet Beecher Stone’s “Uncle Tom’s Cabin.”
>For which book was Jim Corbett famous? “Man Eaters of Kumaon.” A game sanctuary in Uttar Pradesh is named after Jim Corbett.
>Who wrote “The Mother?” Maxim Gorky, a Russian. Also a novel by the same name was written by Pearl Buck in 1934.
>Who is the author of the book “Autobiography of an Unknown Indian?” Nirad C. Chaudhuri.
>Who is the author of the book “A Princess Remembers?” Shanta Rama Rau on Gayatri Devi’s life.
>In which year did H.G. Wells write “Dr. Jekyll and Mr. Hyde?” R.L. Stevenson wrote the above book and not H.G. Wells.
>In how many days did Phineas Fogg go round the world? 80 days in the book “Around the World in 80 Days” by Jules Verne.
>On which real person’s adventures was the story “Robinson Crusoe” based? Alexander Selkirk.
>How many novels have been written by Erle Stanley Gardner? 140 titles.
>What was the title of Scott’s first novel? “Waverley.” Published anonymously in 1814 it was followed by a series of novels in which the author was identified on the title page as “The Author of Waverley.” Some of Scott’s novels are referred to as part of the Waverley series.
>Which Indian Cabinet Minister has written a book on his experience in jail called “A Prisoner’s Scrap Book?” Former Union Minister for Information and Broadcasting Lal Kishen (L.K.) Advani.
>”One Flew Over the Cuckoo’s Nest” was a famous film that won 5 Academy Awards.
Who wrote the book on which the film is based? Ken Kesey.
>Which famous Statesman’s autobiography is titled “Why Not the Best?” Former President of United States of America, Jimmy Carter’s autobiography.
>Name the French writer, companion of Jean Paul Sartre famous for her book on women
titled “The 2nd Sex?” Simone De Beauvoir. The English rendering of Simone de Beauvoir’s “The Second Sex College” was mis-translated or inappropriately cut, distorting much of her message. To this day, Knopf has prevented the introduction of a more accurate translation.
>Name the renowned French writer whose first novel was “She Came to Stay” and who
has written master pieces like “The 2nd Sex?” Simone De Beauvoir.
>In memory of what other poet did Percy Bysshe Shelley write “Adonais?” John Keats.
>”The Pilgrim of Swara” is a book on the life of a great Indian playback singer. Name
him. K.L. Saigal.
>Both “Chitty Chitty Bang Bang” the delightful book and the James Bond stories have
something in common. What is that? The author – Ian Fleming.
>Who wrote about Dr. Doo Little and His Animals?” Hugh Lofting.
>Who are the authors of the book “Indian Women Today?” Dr. Girija Khanna and Mariamma Varghese.
>In which novel do pigs triumph? Animal Farm.
>Who wrote “Nowhere and Under No Circumstances should a woman be quite accurate
about her age?” Oscar Wilde in “The Importance of Being Earnest.”
>”Down the Line” is the autobiography of a famous Indian sportsman. Name him.
Premjit Lal. He is co author of the book with his wife Georgina.
>Sunil Gavaskar wrote “Sunny Days.” Which cricketers wrote –
(1) “A Tiger’s Tale” (2) “One More Over” and (3) “Living for Cricket”?
(1) M.A.K. Pataudi (2) E.A.S. Prasanna and (3) Clive Lloyd.
>Why didn’t Beethoven finish the “Unfinished Symphony?” Because it wasn’t his. It was Schubert’s.
>Which English writer is famous for his stories in India? Rudyard Kipling.
Who wrote the “Just So Stories for Little Children”? Rudyard Kipling.
>What was Walter De Le Mare known for? He was a writer of fiction and poetry for children.
>Name the famous Indian poet whose autobiography is entitled “The Revenue Stamp?”
>Who is the author of “Dangerous Place?” Daniel Patrick Moynihan former US Ambassador to India.
>”Diplomacy in Peace and War” is a favourite with politicians. Name the author.
>Who wrote the book “An Inflation Primer?” Melchior Palyi who was working in a Berlin College as an instructor.
>Who was the author of “America’s Declaration of Independence?” Thomas Jefferson, who became the 3rd President of the US.
>Who is the author of the book on which Shyam Benegal’s film “Junoon” is based?
Ruskin Bond’s “A Flight of Pigeons.”
>What was the pen name of French authoress Baroness Duderant who wrote “Indiana?” Which famous crime fiction writer was also known as Lady Max Mallowan? George Sand Agatha Christie. “The Mousetrap”, a murder mystery written by the novelist and playwright Agatha Christie, opens at the Ambassadors Theatre in London in 1952. The crowd pleasing whodunit would go on to become the longest continuously running play in history, with more than 10 million people attending its more than 20,000 performances in London’s West End. When “The Mousetrap” premiered in 1952, Winston Churchill was British Prime Minister, Joseph Stalin was the Soviet ruler and Dwight Eisenhower was US President-elect. Christie, already a hugely successful English mystery novelist, originally wrote the drama for Queen Mary, wife of the late King George V.
>Who is the author of “Five Weeks in a Balloon?” Jules Verne. He was a French novelist and father of modern science fiction. Plays and motion pictures have been made from many of this book.
>Who wrote the short story called “The Tell Tale Heart?” Edgar Allan Poe. Today he is acknowledged as one of the masters of American Literature. His writings describe with passionate intensity, the mysterious dream like and frequently macabre forces that pervade life.
>The film “A Bridge Too Far” is based on a famous novel of the same name. Who
wrote the novel? Cornelius Ryan.
>Who wrote “She Stoops to Conquer?” Oliver Goldsmith. He was an English author born in Ireland. The book was first published in 1773.
>Who wrote “The Water Babies?” Charles Kingsley (1819-1875). He was an English author and clergyman. In 1859 he was made Chaplain to Queen Victoria. Several collections of his sermons were published during his lifetime, among his most notable work is “The Water Babies” a book for children.
>Which Italian interviewer and journalist published “Interview with History?” Orianna Fallaci.
>Edmund Halley of Comet fame helped publish a notable science epic by another
scientist. Name the scientist and the book. Sir Isaac Newton’s “Principia Mathematica.”
>”Shadow of the Moon” is a book by M.M. Kaye. What other best seller has Miss Kaye
written based on India. “The Far Pavillions.”
>In 1975 the Swarna Kamal for the best feature film went to “Chomana Dudi” directed
by B.V. Karanth and produced by Ashok Kumar. Who wrote the book on which it was
based? Dr. K. Shivarama Karanth – Jnanpith Award winner in 1977.
>”If I am Assassinated” is a document from the death cell by whom? Zulfiqar Ali (Z.A.) Bhutto, former Prime Minister of Pakistan.
>Who are the authors of the following famous books? (a) “The Rose of Tibet” (b) “The River” and (c) “De Profundis?” (a) Lionel Davidson (b) Rumer Godden and (c) Oscar Wilde.
>Who wrote “The Old Wines Tale?” Arnold Benneti.
>The well known feminist who wrote “The Female Eunuch.” What is her name?
Ms. Germaine Greer.
>Who wrote “Candia” and “Candide?” George Bernard Shaw and Voltaire respectively.
>Name the famous writer who wrote “The Great Gatsby and the Last Tycoon?” Francis Scott Fitzgerald.
>Who are the authors of the following books: (a) “Prison Diary” (b) “Black Wednesday and (c) “The Judgment”? (a) Jai Prakash Narayan (b) C.S. Pandit and (c) Kuldip Nayyar.
>What book based on a true story is about Elsa, the lioness, in captivity? “Born Free” by Joy Adamson.
>Bana, the 7th century AD Sanskrit prose writer wrote 2 famous stories. One was
“Harisch Charitha” (Story of Harsha). What was the name of the other famous story?
>For which work is the first century AD Sanskrit poet, Asva Ghosha famour for? Buddha Charitha (Story of Buddha).
>Name the poet who composed “Janaki Harana” (Abduction of Janaki) in Sanskrit during
the 6th century AD? Kumara Dasa.
>French writer Simone De Beauvoir who wrote the international best seller “The 2nd
Sex” died on 14-04-1986 at the age of 78.
>Name the great Russian novelist and dramatist whose famous novels are “War and
Peace”, “Anna Kareina” and “Resurrection?” Leo Tolstoy.
>Who wrote “The True Believer?” Eric Hotter the self educated dock worker turned philosopher whose book “The True Believer” won him almost a cult following, died on 21-05-1983 at the age of 80. Born in New York City in 1902 he had no formal schooling. After a fall at the age of 5 he was almost totally blind until he was 15. When his vision returned, he recalled later, he was left “with an enormous hunger for the printed world”. He was for a time a member of the Philosophy Department at the University of California where his position was entitled “Conversationalist at large.”
>Who wrote “I Chains to the Moon” and “Operating Manual for Spaceship Earth?”
R. Buckminister Fuller – the inventor and philosopher who designed the geodesic dome
and preached technology as the salvation of mankind died on 01-07-1983 after
suffering a heart attack at the age of 87.
>Who wrote “Verdict on India”, which led to strong reaction in some quarters? British author and journalist Beverley Nicholas who died on 15-09-1983 after a fall on 09-09-1983 on his 85th birthday. He published 50 books including several children’s books and thrillers. But he was best known for tales of cats, gardens and country cottages.
>Thriller writer Carter Brown, one of the world’s most prolific authors has died in
Sydney at the age of 61. In a 32 year career Alan Yates, which is his real name, wrote
more than 270 books which sold more than 55 million copies in countries around the
world. Born in England in 1923 he arrived in Australia as a Royal Navy Officer in 1945
and settled down there.
>Bankim Chandra Chatterjee was a contemporary of Mahatma Jotirao Phule whose book Gulamgiri (Slavery) on abolition of caste was published in the 1850s. In Kerala even in those days the festival Onam was being celebrated in praise of Bali Chakravarthi, a victim of the Brahimin Vamana, considered one of the avatars of Vishnu. Even in Bengal William Carey, the creative evangelist had started working among tribals and lower castes by having the Bible translated into the people’s Bengali language and not the Brahminical Bengali of Bankim. When Bankim wrote Anandamath, which was published as a full length novel in 1882 (it was earlier serialised in his journal) he had already witnessed the 1857 Sepoy Rebellion in which Hindu (mainly upper caste) and Muslim soldiers participated.
>Who wrote “Leaves of Grass?” Walt Whitman.
>Who wrote (a) Moby Dick and (b) The White Whale? (a) Herman Melville. (a) and (b) are one and the same.
PAPER: >Foolscap, crown, demy elephant and imperial are types of Paper size.
>Paper products make up the largest part (approximately 40%) of our trash.
>Making recycled paper instead of new paper uses 64% less energy and uses 58% less water.
>No matter its size or thickness, no peace of paper can be folded in half more than 8 times. No piece of normal size paper can be folded in half more than 7 times. No piece of paper can be folded more than 7 times.
>Paper products use up at least 35% of the world’s annual commercial wood harvest.
>Paper money is not made from wood pulp but from cotton. This means that it will not disintegrate as fast if it is put in the laundry. Money notes are not made from paper, they are made mostly from a special blend of cotton and linen. In 1932, when a shortage of cash occurred in Tenino, Washington notes were made out of wood for a brief period.
>Rice paper is not made from rice but from a small tree which grows in Taiwan.
>Though typing has become a substitute of writing, the use of paper is inevitable. The word paper is derived from the word papyrus which was a plant found in Egypt along the lower Nile river. About 5000 years ago, Egyptians created sheets of papyrus by harvesting, peeling and slicing the plant into strips. The strips were then layered, pounded together and smoothed to make a flat, uniform sheet.
No major changes in writing materials came for about 3000 years. The person credited with inventing paper is a Chinese man named Ts’ai Lun. He took the inner bark of a mulberry tree and bamboo fibres, mixed them with water, and pounded them with a wooden tool. He poured this mixture onto a flat piece of coarsely woven cloth and let the water drain through, leaving only the fibres on the cloth. Once it dried, Ts’ai Lun discovered that he had created a quality writing surface that was light weight. This knowledge of paper-making was used in China before word was passed to Korea, Samarkand, Baghdad and Damascus. By the 10th century, Arabians were substituting linen fibres for wood and bamboo, creating a finer sheet of paper. Although paper was of fairly high quality now, the only way to reproduce written work was by hand, which was a pain-staking process.
By the 12th century paper-making reached Europe. In 1448 Johannes Gutenberg, a German, was credited with inventing the printing press. It is believed that moveable type was actually invented hundreds of years earlier in Asia.
>When Scott Paper Company first started manufacturing toilet paper, they did not put their name on the product because of embarrassment.
>In a year approximately 900 million trees are cut down to make the raw materials needed for American pulp mills and paper.
PRINTING: >In the publishing world, printing errors are not uncommon and often pass by editors unnoticed. In reprints, if the mistake is picked up, it is usually corrected and that is that. But not in the case of the Holy Bible. In 1809 an edition was printed in which the line ‘the idol shepherd’ was printed as ‘the idle shepherd’. The line is found in Zecharia XI, line 17. This caused something of a shock wave to pass through the ecclesiastical circles and that edition became known as the “Idle Bible”.
>On 23-11-1936 the first issue of the pictorial magazine Life is published, featuring a cover photo of the Fort Peck Dam by Margaret Bourke White. Life actually had its start earlier in the 20th century as a different kind of magazine; a weekly humour publication, not unlike today’s the New Yorker in its use of tart cartoons, humorous pieces and cultural reporting. When the original Life folded during the Great Depression, the influential American publisher Henry Luce bought the name and re-launched the magazine as a picture based periodical on this day in 1936. By this time, Luce had already enjoyed great success as the publisher of Time, a weekly news magazine.
From his High School days, he was a newsman, serving with his friend Briton Hadden as Managing Editors of their school newspaper. This partnership continued through their college years at Yale University where they acted as Chairman and Managing Editors of the Yale Daily News, as well as after college, when Luce joined Hadden at the Baltimore News in 1921. It was during this time that Luce and Hadden came up with the idea of Time. When it launched in 1923, it was with the intention of delivering the world’s news through the eyes of the people who made it. Whereas the original mission of Time was to tell the news, the mission of Life was to show it. In the words of Luce himself, the magazine was meant to provide a way for the American people “to see life; to see the world; to eyewitness great events, to see things thousands of miles away, to see and be amazed; to see and be instructed and to show ……..” Luce set the tone of the magazine with Margaret Bourke White’s stunning cover photograph of the Fort Peck Dam which has since become an icon of the 1930s and the great public works completed under President Franklin Roosevelt’s New Deal.