Winter of Terror

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Deaths: Alexander Kipnis (UKR-USA), Aram Khachaturian (URS), Ray Noble (ENG), Nicholas Nabokov (RUS-USA), Alex Bradford (USA), Carlos Chavez (MEX), Howard Swanson (USA), TIbor Serly (HUN-USA), William Steinberg (USA), William Grant Still (USA), Disco comes into vogue, 29 Italian opera houses investigated for corruption, Popular Songs: artists include Donna Summer, Trammps (Disco Inferno) Eric Clapton, Meatloaf, Billy Joel, SCIENCE: Reinhold Messner and Peter Habeler first climb Everest without oxygen, Japanese explorer Naomi Uemura makes first solo journey to North Pole, Thor Heyerdahl sails from Iraq to Djibouti, Soviet cosmonauts orbit for over 139 days, first birth of “test-tube baby” in England – gril to Lesley Brown, Oil drilling begins off New Jersey shore, discovery of Charon – Pluto’s moon, Deaths French economist Jacques Leon Rueff, Dutch-US physicist Samuel A Goudsmit, English economist Roy F Harrod, US doctor of blood diseases Armand J Quick, American mathematician Kurt Godel, Isador Lubin US economist, Rinald GW Norrish ENG chemist, RUS mathematician Mstislav V Keldysh, Willy Messerschmitt GER aircraft, Swedish inventor Victor Hasselblad, Italian Arctic explorer Umberto Nobile, Crown of St. Stephen returned to Hungary after 32 years in US, death of US billionaire John D MacArthur, Air India crash kills 213, David R Berkowitz “Son of Sam” reveibes life in prison, US dollar plunges in value, Longest US coal strike ends after 110 days, “Chicago Daily News” closes, Leon Spinks wins heavyweight boxing and Mohammed Ali beats Spinks to win title third time, Supertanker “Amoco Cadiz” breaks apart off of France spilling 220,000 tons of oil, Brigadeer General Margaret A Brewer first female general in US Marines, death uf US Mafia leader Joseph Colombo Sr., death of American general anda businessman Lucius D Clay, Stock Market volume increases, US Congress extends ERA (Rights Amendment) ratification date until 1982, US Supreme Court votes to undo “reverse discrimination”, death of Gene Tunney the boxer, Earthquakes in Greece Japan Mexico Iran and central Europe, CA votes to lower property taxes, King Hussein of Jordan marries Elizabeth Halaby – Princess Caroline of Monaco marries Philippe Junot – Princess Margaret of Britain and Anthony Armstrong-Jones divorce, Christina Onassis and Sergei Kausov marry, Jetliner collides with small plane over San Diego and 144 die, Chris Evert and Bjorn Borg and Jimmy Connors lead tennis, First trans-atlantic crossing by balloon by US, Unions shut down NY Post Times and Daily News – London’s Times and Sunday Times suspend publication, five Americans shot in Guyana by members of the Peoples temple (California cult) – Jim Jones and 917 others die in murder-suicide, “Affirmed” wins Triple Crown, CA rejects initiative (Prop 6) that would have made it illegal for homosexual proponents to teach in schools, John D MacArthur dies – philanthropist – John D Rockefeller III killed, Philanthropist E Roland Harriman dies, Unemployment at 6 percent, mandatory retirement raised to 70, Carter authorizes Susan B Anthony dollars, 401k retirement started, US inflation rises but stocks rise, - Carter lowers taxes, Tokyo Nikkei Dow Jones averages closes above 6000, Banks allowed to charge interest rates depending on their home state, death of Radio Shack founder Howard Tandy, Princeton’s Torus test reactor experiments with fusion and reaches temp of 60 million degrees F for 1/20 of a second, protests of nuclear reactors on the coasts, Opec starts raising oil prices, end production of Volkswagen “Beetle”, death of power-steering inventor Francis W Davis, Firestone recalls steelbelted radials tires – 10 million, Ford Pinto explodes after being struck and complaints rise that Ford knew, Tokyo airport opens amid protests, William Lear (jet designer) dies, US airline deregulation – Intel starts microchip production, Oracle Systems makes forst relational database for computers, Japanese-born MIT student creates “smart” gel polymers, Mary Leakey finds hominid footprints in Tanzania at Olduvai Gorge 3.65 mya – A afarensis, Geneticist Lewis reports experiments with Drosophila show gene layout relative to body plan, Mathematicial Godel dies in US, death: Margaret Mead US, US government starts campaign against smoking – Carter decides instead to make tobacco safer, Human insulin produced in CA from recombinant DNA, Egyptian-born Harith Hasson develops laproscopic tools, five women in WV submit to sterilization to keep jobs in lead-compound ruch workplace, Church of God radio evangelist Armstrong excommunicates son – son retorts with charges of money fraud, for first time ever women outnumber men in colleges, Beijing adopts Pinyin style of spelling names with Roman letters, Toshiba develops Japanese word processor, Hayes Corp creates modems, “Garfield” debuts, Nicaraguanpublisher Chamorro killed for political reasons, 20/20 debuts with Geraldo Rivera “The Road Less Traveled” psychology book reaches number one, Erma Bombeck publishes, “The World According to Garp” by Irving, “The Turner Diaries” Neo-Nazi work by “Andrew MacDonald (William L Pierce), Andy Warhol paints self-portrait, Christo scenic art in Kansas City, Television: Fantasy Island, Incredible Hulk, Dallas, Taxi, Mork and Mindy, Diff[rent Strokes, Hogan’s Heroes star Bob Crane founde beated to death in his Scottsdale apt, Films: The Deer Hunter, Woody Allen’s “Interiors”, Pretty Baby with Brooke Shields age 13, Supermandebuts, death of studio head Jack L Warner in LA, Edgar Bergen the ventriloquist dies, Grease debuts, also “The Buddy Holly Story””Ain’t Misbehavin’ debuts, Evita debuts, Songs: Billy Joel “Just the Way You Are” Bob Dylan, Elvis Costello, Rolling Stones, Gang of Four, Muddy Waters, Andy Gobb, Who drummer Keith Moon dies of drug overdose, Leon Spinks defeats Muhammad Ali, ”Affirmed” wins triple crown, female reporters cannot be barred from locker rooms, flying Wallendas performer Karl dies in fall, “Space Invaders” introduced, Speak and Spell usues digital speech synthesis in a toy, Versache stages first show, start of Adidas craze, Illinois prison riot, Dan White of San Francisco kills Mayor Moscone and gay supervisor Harvey Milk, Cabrillo Marine Museum in SD completed. Tornado in India kills over 600, Love Canal area evacuated, no-name brands introduced in CAN, Coke and Pepsi vie for international rights, Ben &ano; Jerry’s opens, China receives report about lowering population, Joy Louise Steptoe becomes first test-tube baby, mass exodus of “boat people” from Vietnam, Charon – Pluto’s moon discovered, small asteroid explodes over South Pacific, Mariner probe visits Mercury, Pioneer 11 visits Saturn, Pioneer 12 visits Venus, Epson introduces dot-matrix printer, TCP/IP Internet Protocol adopted, WordStar word processing leads the industry, Apple introduces disc drive, CFC sprays banned in US, Eldridge Cleaver writes “Soul on Fire” , Richard Chase “Vampire of Sacramento” arrested, Ted Bundy captured in Pensacola FLA, US Porn dealer Larry Flynt shot and paralyzed in GA, David Berkowitz “Son of Sam” sentenced, Ford visits Utah and President Kimball’s biography is presented – FHE with Dallin H. Oaks family, Carter concerned with LDS opinion of Panama Canal treaties due to outspoken Ezra Taft Benson , but Church proclaims neutrality, Carter sends congratulatory telegram to Church regarding Priesthood to all worthy males, Carter speaks in Tabernacle during National Family Week, Vietnamese ousts Khmer Rouge in Cambodia, Aug 2 Love Canal NY declared unsafe, Genetically engineered human insulin first produced, All worthy men with Priesthood Jun 8- reaffirmed Sep 30, Senate ratifies treaties with Panama, 6 Aug Pope Paul VI dies, 26 Aug Pope John Paul I appointed (Albino Luciani Belluno), dies 28 Sep, Pope John Paul II appointed 16 Oct., First Polish Pope (Karol Józef Wojtyla), Nov 9 - Church established in W Africa, Provo MTC begins training all missionaries, Sep 30 emeritus status granted General Authorities, Church officially has a stake in each State, Church membership reaches 4 million, Temple: Sao Paulo Brazil 17, first test-tube baby, discovery of Pluto's moon Charon, First Israeli invasion of Lebanon, Camp David agreements signed, Vietnam invades Cambodia to crush Khmer Rouge, China invades N Vietnam, in China, Deng Xiaoping advocates economic reforms, China and Japan sign trade agreement

1979 Video game “Asteroids” introduced, Tsunami in San Juan (Colombia?), Chungar (Peru?) Landslide, Voyager Probe launched, Ayatollah Khomeini adopts Islamic constitution for Iran, Soviets invade Afghanistan to support communists, Britain elects first female Prime Minister Margaret Thatcher, Sandinistas take power in Nicaragua, Smallpox eradicated, Park Chung Hee- S Korean president assassinated, hurricane in Lesser Antilles, deadly tornado in Wichita Falls KS, Nauvoo stake #1000 created, Jan - Chicago Mayor Michael Bilandic fails to remove New Years snowfall and because of that looses primary election to Jane Byrne, Feb - Winter of '79 reported as coldest in US recorded history, Lake Superior freezes, Jun - Kansas City arena collapses during thunderstorm, Nov - Cheyenne, WY blizzard produces 29.8 8inches of snow, Sondheim's "Sweeny Todd" and Webber's "Evita" debut, quakes in CA Croatia and Columbia/Ecuador, Nice France hit by tsunami possibly caused by construction landslide, Australia Skylab (US) crashes back to earth killing one cow, Largest oil spill – Atlantic Empress collides on Jul 19 and is towed until it sank on 3 Aug – 7 times as large at Exxon Valdes in 1989, Typhoon Tip largest cyclone on record, but had weekend by the time it reached Japan, Jesse Jackson attempts to negotiate peace in the Middle East, USSR invades Afghanistan, Camp David peace accords, Sandinistas take power in Nicaragua, Ayaatollah Khomeini takes power in Iran, US Hostage Crisis, Claude Montana opens couture house – specializes in leather, first sighting of Monster of Lough Brin in Ireland, film: “Kramer vs. Kramer”, Iran fundamentalist Islamic revolution results in turmoil – Khomeini accuses “satanic” US of causing disunity – shah moves to various countries – eventually US for surgery – Iranian terrorists take Tehran embassy taking 66 hostages – Shah departs for Panama, Yemenese border war - Carter sends arms, Terrorisst bomb in Israel – strike against Lebanon and Palestinians, Mid-East Peace Treaty met with dismay and split of PLO – boycott of Egypt by other Islamic countries, Afghan guerillas fight Sivuet troops, accidental release of anthrox spores in Soviet Union – hundreds killed – protests by other nations, Iraq president Ahmen Hassan al-Bakr resigns and Saddam Hussein leads, Britain’s prime minister James Callaghan loses with vote of no confidence – garbage strikes and unburied corpses leades to protests. Conservative Margaret (Hilda) Thatcher becomes first female Prime minister, 50-lb bomb by IRA terrorists kill cousin of Elizabeth II aboard of Lord Mountbatten’s fishing ship – also in Britain Sir Anthony Blunt revealed to be Soviet spy – remains curator but stripped of knighthood, Washington breaks ties with Taiwan in favor of China - Deng Xiaoping visits US and later cracks down on protests, Cambodia’s capital and seaport fall to Vietnamese, US senators block SALT (Arms Limitation Treaty), Rhodesian whites enfranchise all blacks and rename the country Zimbabwe Rhosedia, Uganda – guerillas and troops force Idi Amin Dada into exile, Coup in Ghana, Mauritania’s president resigns, Equatorial Guinea has bloodless coup, Central African emperor Bokassa I overthrown and Dacko regains power, Canadian Charles Joseph “Joe” Clark becomes youngest prime minister, , independence for Nevis St. Kitts St. Lucia St. Vincent in Caribbean and Kirabati (Gilbert Islands), Grenada leftist coup, Nicaraguan dictator Anastasio Somoza resigns and Sandinistas including Daniel Ortega Saavedra rules, El Salvador deposes Romero in military coup, Greeece grants non-mutual divorces, Iranian women protests revocation of Family Protection Law and forces rollbacks including wearing the chandor, Rosalynn Carter urges women to get male support for ERA, Soviets release five dissidents, death of Josef Mengele (Butcher of Auschwitz) in Brazil, Klansmen in Greensboro NC fire on Communists killing three – declared gang war and acquitted, Arthur McDuffie beaten to death by police – racism charges – some officers indicted for manslaughter for the coverup, Miami-Dade County repeals ordinance favoring homosexuals and some boycott Florida orange juice, India launches Bhaskara satellite, European monetary system goes into operation, , affirmative action upheld by Supreme Court, Sino-American pact grants China favored-nation status, inflation as gold prices rise, George Soros becomes billionaire, Home Depot founded, Three Mile Island accident results in problems with cooling – little radiation released and core does not melt down, 9 US nuclear reactors go online – because of three mile island new sites discouraged – new reactors cancelled, Carter deregulates US oil industry because of shortages, OPEC raises prices to $20 a barrel with limited production – prices rise to $24-$40, Oklahoma City jury decides Kerr-McGee must pay to the estate of Karen Silkwood, Plane crashes – Chicago O’Hare airport and Ukraine Saudi Arabia and Antarctica, Panama takes control of Panama Canal, Hong Kong’s subway opens, Renault saves American Motors form bankruptcy, Chrysler bailout loans, Segate Technology manufactures “floppy” disk drives, Japanese microchip makers begin to dominate, VisiCalc turns Apple II into business machine – soon available for Tandy Commodore and Atari, Biogen learns to sequence nucleotides, Z-DNA discovered, Rosalyn Carter testifies before congress for the mentally ill, kidney dialysis paid for through medicare, Sudan Ebola breakout, Beverly LaHaye (wife of Tim) opposes Betty Friedan’s anti-God stances – membership in her CWA organization grows, Moral Majority founded by Jerry Falwell – until 1989, Navajo elderwoman Katherine Smith fires at government crew on Navajo lands – acquitted, Sunni Muslims occupy Mecca’s Grand Mosque and 75 are killed in shootout with Saudi police, Mother Teresa receives Nobel Peace Prize, US Secretary of Education appointed increasing spending but proficiency plummets, C-SPAN broadcasts, CompuServe goes online with first commercial electronic mail, AOL begins, British Post oFficeinaugurates television information system, Bulgarian newspaper editor murdered for publishing while Bulgarian critic murdered by ricin assassination, Deng Ziaoping cracks down on dissidents in China, Morning Edition debuts on NPR, Barbara Gordon writes about valium addiction, Literature: “Sophie’s Choice” (Styron), “The Executioner’s Song (Mailer) “Sally Hemings” (Chase-Riboud – about Jefferson and slave), “The Neverending Story” (Ende), death – Peggy Guggenheim, Deaths: Nelson A Rockefeller, US ambassador Adolph Dubs (gunfire in Afghanistan), Jean Monnet (FRA) of European Community, former Czech president Ludvik Svoboda, Park Chung Hee (S Korea assassinated), Pakistan’s former prime minister Zulfikar Ali Bhutto hanged, French military commander Maurice Challe, Angolan president Agostinho Neto, , Pedro Gerado Beltran(Peru), Gustavo Diaz Ordaz (MEX), Mamie Eisenhower, “Red Rudi” Dutschke in DEN, Reebok shoes introduced to compete with Nike Adidas and Puma, first palimony case for unmarried couple, Rubik’s Cube for sale in Budapest – next year in US, “Asteroids” game released, British Liberal Party Leader Thorpe charged with having his ex-lover killed – career ruined, Mafia boss Galante gunned down by rival group, Atlanta serial killer kills at least 20 black children (nearly all boys) – never discovered, US drug use skyrockets – NYC lowers penalties to deal with backlogued cases, Popular Songs: artists include Village People, Gloria Gaynor, Michael Jackson, Sister Sledge, Bob Seger, Rod Stewart, Donna Summer, The Bee Gees, The Eagles, 11 concertgoers crushed at “The Who” concert in Cincinnati, walkman cassette player introduced at $200, Television: “That’s Incredible” and “Alice” among top shows, with “WKRP in Cincinnati” “Duke of Hazzard” “Antiques Roadshow” “Facts of Life” “Knots Landing” ESPN begins broadcasting, Films: (Theater) Wings, On Golden Pond, Amadeus, (Films) Kramer v. Kramer, Norma rae, Apocalypse Now, Dawn of the Dead, Mad Max, premier of Joseph and the Amazing Technicolor Dreamcoat, Iran quake, Mexican oilwell blowout for three months results in Gulf contamination, Oil tanker crashes in Caribbean and off Texas, Carter establishes FEMA from merged units, eruption of Mount Merapi in Java, Sardines return to California after 40 year absence, dietd of low-fat and low-cholesterol foods make waves, FDA cracks down of dexadrine amphetamines as appetite suppressants (speed), Screwpull corkscrew invented, Paris drops in-restaurant breathalyzer tests, Paul Prudhomme opens restaurant in New Orleans – run on redfish in Gulf leading to regulation, start of Zagat restaurant surveys, US supreme court rules parent permission for abortions unconstitutional, China calls for one-child policy – severe penalties imposed – females aborted often, Iran bans family planning, plans for Greek temple found at Dudyma Turkey created in 334 BC, Voyager I discovers ring around Jupiter, Telescope on mauna Kea HI, first cell phines in Tokyo then Chicago, Video disk comes to market, Hayes sells modem that connects to phone lines, first handheld video games, Apple II emerges with BASIC pre-built into system, Rogun Dam started in Russia, Gaia hypothesis published by James Lovelock, Peter LeComber of SCO shows how to build transistors and LCD displays from silicon, Motorola introduces microprocessor with 16mb of memory, human insulin synthesized from E coli, Needleman shows how lead poisoning results in low IQs, gluon particle shown, Dehmelt photographs single atom, Skylab station crashes in W Australia, Maglev train exhibited in Hamburg, Bernard Pomerance writes “The Elephant Man”, Ohio begins paying for Kent State shootings, Sid Vicious of Sex Pistols dies of heroin overdose, Pluto moves inside Neptune’s orbit, Scotland votes for home rule – never implemented, first space shuttle Columbia prepares for launch, Malta declares its freedom, launch of Nickleodeon, Jimmy Carter attacked by swamp rabbit near Plains GA, birth of fictional character Bart Simpson, Micronesia has self-rule, first use of electric chair in US after death penalty reinstated – John Spenkelink of FL, first British nude beach established, Raymond Washington founder of the Crips shot, two families flee from E Germany by balloon, tsunami in Nice France kills 23, Star Trek motion picture debuts, Chinese population reaches 1 billion, Guardian Angels civilians patrol NYC, death of actress Mary Pickford, death of John Wayne, Brenda Ann Spencer is convicted of a shooting spree at Cleveland Elementary School in San Diego, California, Khomeini leads Iranian revolution, Johansen announces find of "Lucy," Camp David Accords declare limited peace in Mid-East, 3 Mile Island disaster near Harrisburg, PA Mar 28, Margaret Thatcher becomes first woman Prime Minister, Earl Mountbatten murdered by IRA, Iranian revolution begins, accident at 3 mile island nuclear plant, Camp David Accords signed, Iranians seize American hostages, Soviets invade Afghanistan, LDS publishes King James Version of the Bible, Church creates 1,000th Stake Feb 18, US and China establishes diplomatic relations, Guatemala systematically drives out native peoples, Islamic forces in Iran oust the shah, Khomeini comes to power, China and US normalize relations, Shiite Muslims lead Islamic revolution in Iran, Soviet Union invades Afghanistan to support Marxist regime

1980 * Eruption at Mt. St. Helens kills 57, landslide in Darjeeling, Zimbabwe independent after guerrilla war, Iran-Iraq War breaks out, Solidarity Union formed in Poland, Quebec narrowly votes to stay in Canada, Civil war in El Salvador until 1992, Malaria outbreak in Madagascar, Earthquake in Italy, LDS church sesquicentennial * Reagan visits Utah on political visit – Richard B. Wirthlin works closely with Reagan as pollster, "42nd Street" debuts on Broadway, six earthquakes hit CA, Earthquake in Italy kills 2735, Delcambre LA salt mine disaster – oil rig drilling hit mine and water flows into hole – reversal of water flow patterns, boats and trees sucked into hole at Lake Peigneur, MO – Times Beach destroyed when man spraying roads with oil to control dust mixes two tainted batches laced with dioxins – town near Eureka later condemned, US heat wave kills between 1250 and 10000, Rap Music emerges, Vigdis Finnbogadottir of Iceland becomes first democratically elected woman, WHO declared smallpox eradicated, Council for Secular Humanism publishes declaration, Zimbabwe achieves independence, John Lennon assassinated, End US Hostage crisis, Iran-Iraq war begins, US supports Contras in central America, death of Austrian painter Oskar Kokoschka, death of Yugoslavia’s 2nd President Tito (Josip Broz), death of English author CP Snow, death of English comedian Peter Sellers, Death of Shah of Iran ending Pahlevi dynasty that ruled since 1921, US attempts to rescue hostages (Operation Eagle Claw) but helicopters crash and disaster – Ayatollah Khomeini threatens to kill if more attempts tried, Iraq- Iran border conflicts, Turkey nearly in anarchy until coup, Indira Gandhi regains power in India, Vietnam’s Ton Duc Thang dies, Pakistani’s Agha Mohammed Tahha Khan dies, S Korea general Chun Doo Hwan takes power in military coup – kills 200+ students and workers, Japan’s Prime Minister Masayoshi Ohira dies and Zeno Suzuki becomes new prime minister, Vanatu (formerly New Hebrides) in S Pacific gains independence after British and French rule, Poland’s Premier Piotr Jaroszewicz resigns under accusations of corruption, Juliana of Netherlands abdicates and daughter Beatrix succeeds, Yugoslavia’s president Josip Broz Tito dies, Violence in Italy as neo-fascists massacre 85 in railway station, Former Portuguese premier Marcello Caetano dies, first woman elected – Vigdis Finnbogadottir of Iceland, Polish workers strike under Lech Walesa – forms labor union and Russian troops mass on border, Russian PremierAleksei Nikolaievich Kosygin dies, death of German naval commander Karl Doenitz, Canadians reelect Prime Minister Pierre Elliott Trudeau, death of Puerto Rico’s governor Luis Munoz Marin, Surinam Army sergeants overthrow the government of Premier Henck Arron with several subsequent coups, Peru reelects Fernando Belaunde Terry, Former Nicaraguan dictator Anastasio Somoza assassinated, Uruguay – voters reject new constitution, Guyana adopts socialist constitution,, Mauritanian president resigns and is succeeded by prime minister Mohammed Khouna Ould Haidalla, Tunisia prime minister steps down, Zimbabwe (formerly Rhosdesia) gains independence under Robert Mugabe and blacks demand fair treatment with whites, Liberian president William R Tolbert Jr. ousted in military coup then castrated with ears cut off – first ethnic Krahn rules Gen. Sameul K Doe, Senegal’s first president steps down, Uganda holds first elections in 18 years byr former president Obote back in power, Supreme Court Chief Justice William O Douglas dies, Carter tries to extend draft to women 0 military and Congress overrule, Republicans sweep elections in US, Weather Underground activist Bernardine Dohrn truns self in, violence against religious and human rights leader in El Salvador, Miami riots after police acquitted in beating, US Supreme Court upholds quotas and reverse discrimination, Slavery decreed abolished in Mauritania but practice still continues, bomb outside Paris synagogue leaves four dead, Iran grants women right to vote but women protest Islamic dress code, Rev. Jerry Falwell campaigns against equal rights amendment, Voyager I explored Saturn, Serra Palada gold mine discovered in Brazil, Banking deregulation in US aims to help consumers but banks raise rates, US bankruptcy rates rise, George HW Bush calls Reagan plan “voodoo economics” but later drops opposition, gas prices in US have doubled in last two years, water leak in NY nuclear reactor plant forces shutdown, Polish train wreck kills 62, Mothers Against Drunk Driving founded in California (MADD), Philippine passenger ferry kills 313 in crash, Swiss tunnel opens after 11 years of construction, death of computer pioneer John W Mauchly, US Supreme Court decides manmade life may be patented, improved rabies vaccine, Caesarian sections become more common, TSS outbreaks lead to labeling tampons, rattlesnake placed in mailbox of lawyer suing the Syanon drug rehab program (cult), Dr. Ruth Westheimber (Karola Ruth Siegel) debuts “Sexually Speaking” radio program, Church of England adopts newer version of Book of Common Prayer updating language, US Department of Education begins, death of Jean Piaget of psychology and education fame, Universities allowed to patent research, WordPerfect debuts from Provo UT, Hewlett-Packard introduces first laser printer at $100,000 and the size of a desk, Supreme Court rules that public has a right to trials and newsrooms protected from searches, Ted Koppel and “Nightline” debuts, CNN goes on the air, Bravo Network debuts, Moscow jams radio broadcasts to hide Polish unrest, WRITE: Cosmos by Carl Sagan, Academie Francaise elects first woman to membership, Umberto Eco (The Name of the Rose) Douglas Adams (Hitchhiker’s Guide to the Galaxy), (Firestarter) Stephen King, (Aztec) Gary Jennings who learned how to read ancient pictographs, (The Bourne Identity) Robert Ludlum, ART: Jasper Johns, world-famous Pueblo potter maria Martinez dies in NM, FILM: (Children of a Lesser God), Police charge director Michael Bogdanow with indecency when in “The Romans in Britain” he shows simulated homosexual rape on stage, death of Jimmy Durante, death of Sartre, Films: “The Empire Strikes back” “Raging Bull” “Coal Miner’s Daughter” “The Elephant Man” “Nine to Five” “Private Benjamin” death of Alfred Hitchcock, Steve McQueen, Mae West, “Oh, Canada” adopted as official national anthem of Canada, “42nd Street” debuts on Broadway, Popular Songs: “Sailing” “11 O’Clock Tick-Tock” (U2), and artists, Christopher Cross , Joy division, Elvis Costello, Talking Heads, Captain Beefheart, Prince, Rockpile, John Lennon and Yoko Ono, Linda Ronstadt, “Miracle on Ice” Hockey victory of US over USSR, Rollerblade Inc. founded patenting in-line skates, Pac-man debuts as early color game, “Official Preppy Handbook” debuts, 36 hour riot in NM State Pen. – 33 die. Murder spree of black Atlanta children, “Scarsdale Diet” creator shot, end of Genovese crime family trial in NY with 10-year sentence, death of John Lennon, Crystal Cathedral completed in CA, EPA reports chromosomal damage in 36 Love Canal residents, Mt. St. Helens erupts, Hurricane David kills 22 in Dominica, Earthquake in Algeria 7.7 kills about 3000, 84 die in MGM Grand Hotel fire in Vegas, Fire at Stouffer Inn in NY kills 26, Julian L Simon predicts earth more resilient than ecologist Paul Erlich believes – predicts population will rise but prices fall by 1990 ( Simon wins bet), Brazil offers incentives to colonists to settle NW part (Amazon) but soil doesn’t support agriculture – leads to deforestation scares of late 80s), Carter renames Mount McKinley National Park to Denali, S California’s Channel Islands named National park, Biscayne bay National Park created in SE Florida, drought hits Ohio valley, New England Journal of Medicine confirms that some obese are more fuel efficient, , Europe bans hormones in beef, Coke changes some sucrose to high-fructose corn syrup – many sweet foods follow suit, , Chicken McNuggets debut, Kentucky Fried Chicken founder Harland Sanders dies in KY, Cuba closes port as a third-million Cubans try to leave, US Supreme Court upholds Hyde Amendment of 1976 supporting abortion rights, China limits births to one child, Japan birthrate falls, Australia injects Aboriginie girls with Depo-Provera for contraception without knowledge to control black birth rates, water shaft excavated in Jerusalem, Italian archaeologists excavate Herculaneum, , binary black holes predicted, Very Large Array in New Mexico used for astronomy, US Solar Maximum Mission launched but doesn’t work until repaired in 1984, gene transference in mice achieved, gene repeats explored, production of humen interferon in bacteria, international fax standard set, IBM achieves 91& accuracy in voice recognition, UK’s Clive Sinclair develops cheap computer (Timex-Sinclair in US), 65 million BC extinction explained as asteroid impact, lead paint banned in US, Superfund (CERLA) created to clean up hazardous sites, GE patents oil microbe for cleaning oil, lithotripsy invented to break kidney stones, Eli Lilly starts using human insulin created by bacteria, antigens in Organ transplants investigated, Hall effect of superconductivity explored, neutrino determined to have mass, single barium atom captured (and named), silitons (individual waves with a single peak) shown to travel through optical fibers, physicists show that charge-parity and time symmetry can be violated, synchrotron radiation increased with undulator, textiles cut with laser beam, Eudora Welty writes, Vladimir Nabokov, Stephen Jay Gould (The Panda’s Thumb), Norman Mailer, National steel strike in African Jungle, Jimmy Carter proclaims grain embargo against USSR – hurts US, Swedes change royal succession to favor older sister over younger brother, Chrysler bailout, Chess player Nigel Short youngest named grand master age 14, Spanish Embassy in Guatemala burned killing 36, Winter Olympics in Lake Placid NY, AC/DC singer Bon Scott dies of alcohol poisoning, first festival of rock music in Soviet Union, US boycotts summer Olympics in Moscow, Mafioso Angelo Bruno assassinated in Atlantic City, “Jesus Family Tomb” found in Jerusalem, Spain and UK agree to reopen border between Gibraltar and Spain (closed 1969). Sunshine Skyway Bridge over Tampa Bay collapses when freighter hits it illing 35, Norco shootout, Quebec rejects independence from Canada, Richard Prior badly burned freebasing cocaine, US heat wave, , Alexandra Palace in London destroyed by fire, Australian baby Azaria Chamberlain disappears from Ayers Rock reportedly taken by a dingo, Youth riots in Estonia shut down, Bob Marley plays final live performance, Intel and Xerox creates standard for Ethernet, Margaret Thatcher tells Conservatives that “U-turn if you want to. The lady’s not for turning/”, American railroads deregulated, Cincinnati television hostages – just terrorist James Hoskins dies by suicide, “Gang of Four” trial begins in China, “Who shot JR” on Dallas becomes national obsession, earthquakes in S Italy kill 4800, Richard Chase the “Vampire of Sacramento” kills himself on San Quentin death row, birth of Kanzi the Bonobo, death of American athlete Jesse Owens, death of Otto Frank father of Anne Frank, death of Tex Avery American cartoonist (Looney Toons), film: “Ordinary People” Popular Songs: “Please Don’t Go” “The Wall” album, artists include AC/DC, Frank Sinatra, Queen, Romantics, Lipps Incorporated, Television: Ted Turner launches CNN, Top shows: “Dallas” “60 Minutes” “The Dukes of Hazzard” “The Love Boat” “Private Benjamin” Films: “Empire Strikes Back” “Superman II” “9 to 5” “Stir Crazy” “Airplane”, birth of fictional character Harry Potter, Reagan visits Utah on political visit – Richard B. Wirthlin works closely with Reagan as pollster , Pac Man invented, Strikes begin in Poland, Indiri Gandhi re-elected, Drought in Ohio valley, Mt. St. Helens erupts, Fire at the Vegas MGM Grand Nov, may 21 Love Canal NY evacuated, Sartre dies, Cosmos by Sagan begins broadcasting, "Carter Doctrine" announced, US protests Afghan invasion, US mission to free Iranian hostages fails, Ronald Reagan elected 40th president, Personal computers available, May 18 Mt. St. Helens erupts, Mar 2 Consolidated meeting schedule announced, Tokyo Japan, Seattle WA 18+19, CNN makes first broadcast, Solidarity, the Polish trade union, is founded, Iraq invades Iran- Iraqi oil terminals are damaged by Iranian attacks, Zimbabwe wins independence under majority rule



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