Winter School on Water and Nutrient Management for Crops Under Rainfed Ecosystem in Eastern Part of Uttar Pradesh (January 10 -30, 2010) Compendium of Lectures



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Winter School




on

Water and Nutrient Management for Crops Under Rainfed Ecosystem in Eastern Part of Uttar Pradesh

(January 10 -30, 2010)

Compendium of Lectures


Dr. A.P. Singh

Course Cordinator


Dr. S.K. Singh

Course Director


Dr. S. Singh

Co-Course Coordinator



Department of Soil Science & Agricultural Chemistry

Institute of Agricultural Sciences

Banaras Hindu University

Varanasi - 221005

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(Established by Parliament by notification No. 225 of 1916)

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Banaras Hindu University

(Established by Parliament by notification No. 225 of 1916)

department of soil science & agricultural chemistry

institute of agricultural sciences

varanasi-221005, INDIA




Prof. S.K. Singh : 0542-6701370 (O)

Head of the Department 9450388652 (Mo.)

& Fax: 0542-2368465 Course Director – Winter School Email: hodssac@gmail.com

Dated : 30.01.2010


Preface

India is endowed with a rich and vast diversity of natural resources particularly soil, water, climate and agrobiodiversity. In order to realize the optimum potential of the agricultural production systems on a sustained basis, efficient management of these resources is of paramount importance. Out of 142 million hectares of the cultivable land in the country only 57 million hectare (40%) in irrigated and rest 85 million hectare (60%) is rainfed. The rainfed area in India covers the arid, semiarid and dry subhumid regions. The climate of this region in general is characterized by low, erratic and undependable rainfall, frequent droughts, high wind speed and high evapo-transpiration demand. Soils are generally coarse textured and highly degraded with low water retention capacities and multiple nutrient deficiencies.

Rainfed agroecosystem plays an important role to feed the burgeoning population of the country and the production per unit area per unit time has to be increased without causing any adverse effect on the natural resource base. Improving production and productivity in rainfed crop-land is essential for food and nutritional security as the total food production fluctuates with crop performance on these lands particularly nutritionally important crops like coarse cereals, pulses and oilseeds etc. The huge potential of rainfed agroecosystem in field corps, horticultural crops, animal husbandry and fisheries is underexploited by the low levels of productivity. Under this challenging scenario, management of natural resources is the key issue to provide the better livelihood options to the vast majority of small and marginal famers living in rainfed areas. Rainfed regions face the twin problems of ‘water thirst’ and ‘plant nutrient hunger’. Due to moisture scarcity these soils are incapable of supporting double cropping. Consequently, the soil organic matter is very low. Emerging nutrient deficiencies and less availability of moisture are the main constraint for productivity of rainfed crops in soils of eastern region of Uttar Pradesh. Most of Eastern Uttar Pradesh exhibits low yield levels of rainfed crops due to nutrient (N, P, S, Zn, B and Mo) deficiencies under rainfed ecosystem.

The winter school is being held at an appropriate time when the rainfed agroecosystem is seriously concerned with the challenges posed by demands of the burgeoning poor resource use efficiency. The previous year witnessed a steep decline in global food stocks and sky-rocketing prices of food commodities due to a number of supply-side constraints, including deteriorating production environments and the growing menace of global warming. I understand that the winter school will provide an excellent opportunity to the delegates to share successful experiences, identify R&D areas, and develop future partnerships with fellow scientists from different parts of the country. There is ample scope of improving soil fertility and increasing productivity under rainfed ecosystems of Eastern Uttar Pradesh by adopting appropriate soil moisture and nutrient management strategies. Use of water and nutrient management technology would increase productivity of rainfed crops without affecting the soil health. Thus, there is a pressing need of new green revoluation in rainfed agroecosystem of Eastern Uttar Pradesh to feed the teeming millions. Against this backdrop, the winter school on “Water and Nutrient Management for Crops Under Rainfed Ecosystem of Eastern part of Uttar Pradesh” is designed.

(S.K. Singh)

ICAR Winter School

(January 10 – 30, 2010)


Sl. No.

Name of Participants

Address




Dr. Chandra Shekhar Singh



CSSRI, Regional Research Station, Lucknow, U.P.



Mr. Ravi Prakash Singh


N.A.R.P., Kalai (CSAUAT), Aligarh, U.P.



Mr. Siya Ram


KVK(NDUAT), Sonebhadra, U.P.




Dr. Mahesh Chandra Dwivedi


Directorate of Research, SKUAST, Jammu





Dr. Vinod Kumar Tiwari


Uttar Pradesh Council of Agricultural Research, Lucknow, U.P.




Dr. Sanjay Sachan


KVK, College of Forestry & Hill Agriculture (GBPUAT), Ranichauri, Uttarakhand





Dr. Pramod Kumar Sharma


Department of Soil Science & Agricultural Chemistry, Instt. of Agricultural Sciences, B.H.U., Varanasi, U.P.




Dr. Raghwendra Pratap Singh


Department of Agril. Chemistry & Soil Science, Udai Pratap Autonomous College, Varanasi, U.P.





Mr. Neeraj Kumar Vaishya


KVK, Gumla, Jharkhand




Mr. Narendra Singh


KVK (SBPUAT), Nagina, Bijnor, U.P.



Dr. Yad Vir Singh


Department of Soil Science & Agricultural Chemistry, Instt. of Agricultural Sciences, B.H.U., Varanasi, U.P.




Dr. Manish Kumar Singh


Department of Agricultural Economics, Udai Pratap Autonomous College, Varanasi, U.P.




Dr. Anand Kumar Katiyar


Defence Institute of High Altitude Research, DRDO, Leh-Ladakh, J. & K




Mr. Bibhuti Bhusan Behera

AICRP on Agroforestry, OUAT, Bhubaneswar, Orissa





Mr. Raj Kumar Sachan


NARP(CSAUAT), Hajartpur, Firojabad, U.P.




Mr. Permendra Singh


Dryland Research Sub-station (SKUAST-J), Dhiansar




Dr. Arvind Kumar Tyagi


KVK (GBPUAT), Jeolikote, Uttarakhand




Dr. Sushil Dimree


Department of Soil Science & Agricultural Chemistry, CSAUAT, Kanpur, U.P.




Dr. Awadhesh Kumar Singh



Department of Agricultural Chemistry, P.G. College, Ghazipur, U.P.




Dr. Raghavendra Singh


Department of Agronomy, Udai Pratap Autonomous College, Varanasi, U.P.




Dr. Sanjay Kumar



Department of Agricultural Chemistry, BRD Post-Graduate College, Deoria, U.P.




Dr. Muzaffar Ahmad Malik


Division of Soil Science, SKUAST-K, Srinagar



Mr. Anil Kumar Singh


KVK (RAU), Saran, Bihar




Mrs. Anupma Kumari


KVK (RAU), Hariharpur, Bihar




Dr. Rajesh Kumar Singh



KVK(CAU), Selesih, Aizawl, Mizoram



Dr. Alok Kumar Singh



Department of Plant Pathology, Udai Pratap Autonomous College, Varanasi, U.P.




Dr. Shanker Kumar Singh

KVK(BAU), Lohardaga, Jharkhand




Mr. C. M. Dev

S.G. College of Agriculture and Research Station, Jagdalpur, Bastar, Chhattisgarh




Dr. R.P. Sharma



Indian Institute of Vegetable Research,Varanasi, U.P.



Department of Soil Science & Agricultural Chemistry

Institute of Agricultural Sciences

Banaras Hindu University, Varanasi – 221005
PROGRAMME

ICAR WINTER SCHOOL

On

“Water and nutrient management for crops under rainfed ecosystem in eastern part


of

Uttar Pradesh”



(January 10-30, 2010)


January 10, 2010

Venue: OBLT-3 (Old Building), Institute of Agricultural Sciences, B.H.U.

02:00 – 03:00 P.M.




Registration of the participants

03:00 – 05:00 P.M.




Inaugural Programme

05:00 – 05:30 P.M.




TEA


January 11, 2010

Venue: OBLT-3 (Old building), Institute of Agricultural Sciences, B.H.U.

09:15 – 10:15 A.M.




Plant mineral nutrition (Prof. J.P. Srivastava)

10:15 – 11:15 A.M.




Conservation technology in rainfed production system (Prof. U.P. Singh, Agronomy)

11:15 – 11:30 A.M.





TEA BREAK

11:30 – 12:30 P.M.




Primary & secondary nutrient management for crops in rainfed agroecosystem (Prof. S. Singh)

12:30 – 02:00 P.M.




LUNCH BREAK

02:00 – 05:00 P.M.




Demonstration of RCT farm equipments

(Prof. U.P. Singh, Agronomy)

January 12, 2010







09:15 – 10:15 AM.




Integrated crop and resource management

(Prof. Yashwant Singh, Agronomy)

10:15 – 11:15 A.M.




Nutrient drain through weeds & crops

(Prof. R.P. Singh, Dean, I.Ag.Sc.)

11:15 – 11:30 A.M.




TEA BREAK

11:30 – 12:30 P.M.




Review writing

(Prof. D.K. Sujan)


12:30 – 02:00 P.M.




LUNCH BREAK

02:00 – 05:00 P.M.




PGPR use in rainfed cropping system in U.P.-concept & practices (Dr. J. Yadav)

January 13, 2010

09:15 – 10:15 A.M.




Use of waste water for irrigation: merits and demerits (Prof. Madhulika Agrawal, Botany)

10:15 – 11:15 A.M.




Cultivation of pulses in rainfed agroecosystem

(Prof. M.N. Singh)

11:15 – 11:30 A.M.




TEA BREAK

11:30 – 12:30 P.M.




Estimation of annual groundwater draft due to multiple crops using satellite image and geophysical data

(Prof. G.S. Yadav, HOD, Geophysics)

12:30 – 02:00 P.M.




LUNCH BREAK

02:00 – 05:00 P.M.





Mushroom cultivation techniques in eastern U.P.

(Mr. R.C. Ram)


January 14, 2010 MAKAR SANKRANTI

09:00 – 05:00 P.M.




On farm discussion and demonstration of rainfed agriculture at Barkkacha, South Campus, B.H.U. : Geomorphology, water harvesting techniques and utilization of cropping system. Biofuel farming

(Prof. S.P. Singh & Dr. Sant Prasad, KVK)

January 15, 2010

09:15 – 10:15 A.M.




SRI techniques of rice cultivation (Prof. A. Sen)

10:15 – 11:15 A.M.




Micronutrient management in rainfed agriculture

(Prof. S.K. Singh, HOD, Soil Sc. & Agril. Chemistry)

11:15 – 11:30 A.M.




TEA BREAK

11:30 – 12:30 P.M.




IPM in vegetable crops (Prof. Paras Nath)

12:30 – 02:00 P.M.


LUNCH BREAK


02:00 – 03:00 P.M.




Weed management in upland rice ecosystem

(Dr. M.K. Singh, Reader, Agronomy)

03:00 – 05:00 P.M.




Dryland agriculture system: on farm demonstration

(Prof. R. Pd Singh & Dr. N. De)

January 16, 2010

09:15 – 10:15 A.M.




Environment friendly fertilization in rainfed cropping system (Prof. A.P. Singh)

10:15 – 11:15 A.M.




Communication support in extension (Dr. O.P. Mishra)

11:15 – 11:30 A.M.




TEA BREAK

11:30 – 12:30 P.M.




Geomedicine with special reference to iodine deficiency (Prof. P. Raha)

12:30 – 02:00 P.M.




LUNCH BREAK

02:00 – 03:00 P.M.




Nutrient disorders in problem soils and their possible corrective measures for improved crop productivity (Prof. A.K. Sarkar, Dean, Faculty of Agriculture, BAU, Ranchi)

03:00 – 05:00 P.M.




Strengthening quality control extension for rainfed farming: role of a Soil Scientist (Dr. A. Rakshit)

January 17, 2010 SUNDAY

January 18, 2010

09:15 – 10:15 A.M.




Organic farming: issues, opportunities and constraints (Dr. S.P. Singh, Agronomy)

10:15 – 11:15 A.M.




Water saving in rice cultivation through system of rice intensification for rainfed ecosystem (Prof. R.P. Singh, GPB)

11:15 – 11:30 A.M.




TEA BREAK

11:30 – 12:30 P.M.




Reenergizing Indian economy through SMEs and micro enterprise (Prof. S. Kushwaha)

12:30 – 02:00 P.M.




LUNCH BREAK

02:00 – 05:00 P.M.




GLC use for determination of N2O gas emission from soil (Prof. P. Raha)

January 19, 2010

09:15 – 10:15 A.M.




Drought and climate variability and its influence on rainfed agriculture in Uttar Pradesh

(Prof. R.S. Singh, Geophysics)

10:15 – 11:15 A.M.




Moisture conservation and water harvesting technological options in rainfed agroecosystem (Dr. A.K. Neema)

11:15 – 11:30 A.M.




TEA BREAK

11:30 – 12:30 P.M.




Natural resource management vis-à-vis farming system approach in rainfed agriculture (Dr. N. De)

12:30 – 02:00 P.M.




LUNCH BREAK

02:00 – 05:00 P.M.



Demonstration of data collecting tools in weather station


(Prof. R.S. Singh)


January 20, 2010 VASANTA PANCHAMI

&

UNIVERSITY FOUNDATION DAY

January 21, 2010

09:15 – 10:15 A.M.




Xeriscaping: Sustainable gardening in drought-stricken areas (Prof. A.K. Singh, Horticulture)

10:15 – 11:15 A.M.




Seed enhancement technology in rainfed ecosystem

(Prof. Bandana Bose)

11:15 – 11:30 A.M.




TEA BREAK

11:30 – 12:30 P.M.




Irrigation water management under rainfed condition of eastern Uttar Pradesh (Dr. V.K. Chandola)

12:30 – 02:00 P.M.




LUNCH BREAK

02:00 – 05:00 P.M.




Fishery based integrated farming system

(Prof. Paras Nath)

January 22, 2010


09:15 – 10:15 A.M.




Physiological view point of mineral nutrition of plants with reference to micronutrients Zn, Fe and B

(Prof. A. Hemantaranjan)

10:15 – 11:15 A.M.




Water and nutrient management through drip irrigation (Dr. R.M. Singh, Farm Engineering)

11:15 – 11:30 A.M.




TEA BREAK

11:30 – 12:30 P.M.




Effect of water stress on abundance of phytophagus insects (Prof. C.P. Srivastava, Entomology)

12:30 – 02:00 P.M.




LUNCH BREAK

02:00 – 05:00 P.M.




Mega seed project: Horticultural crops – its views and achievement in eastern U.P.- Principles & practices

(Prof. S.P. Singh, Horticulture)

January 23, 2010

09:15 – 10:15 A.M.



In-situ management of rice straw under reduced tillage of rice-wheat cropping system by farmers participatory approach (Prof. Ramesh Chand)


10:15 – 11:15 A.M.




Reliability of estimates in agricultural experiments

(Prof. G.C. Mishra)

11:15 – 11:30 A.M.




TEA BREAK

11:30 – 12:30 P.M.




Brain storming session (Prof. A.K. Singh, Extension Education)

12:30 – 02:00 P.M.




LUNCH BREAK

02:00 – 03:0 P.M.




Metal toxicity induced metabolic disorder and strategies for improving tolerant in crop plant (Prof. R.S. Dubey)

03:00 – 05:00 P.M.




On farm soil testing techniques using soil testing kit

(Prof. Surendra Singh)

January 24, 2010 SUNDAY

January 25, 2010

09:15 – 10:15 A.M.




INM in potato cultivation in rainfed ecosystem

(Dr. K.P. Singh, IIVR)


10:15 – 11:15 A.M.




INM in solanaceous vegetables in rainfed vs irrigated system (Dr. S.N.S. Chaurasia, IIVR)

11:15 – 11:30 A.M.




TEA BREAK

11:30 – 12:30 P.M.




INM strategies for vegetable cultivation(Dr. R.B.Yadav, IIVR)

12:30 – 02:00 P.M.




LUNCH BREAK

02:00 – 03:00 P.M.




Water management in vegetable crops (Dr. A.B. Singh, IIVR)

January 26, 2010 REPUBLIC DAY


January 27, 2010

09:15 – 10:15 A.M.




Silica nutrition in rice (Prof. Kalyan Singh)

10:15 – 11:15 A.M.




Efficient water utilization under rainfed ecosystem

(Prof. Ram Kumar Singh, Agronomy)

11:15 – 11:30 A.M.





TEA BREAK

11:30 – 12:30 P.M.




Physiological and biotechnological dimension for sustainable agriculture (Dr. P. Diwedi)

12:30 – 02:00 P.M.




LUNCH BREAK

02:00 – 03:00 P.M.




INM in relation to rainfed farming

(Dr. P.K. Chonnkar, Former Prof. & Head, IARI)

03:00 – 05:00 P.M.




Internet search: tools and techniques- Principles & practical demonstration (Mr. J. Sarkar)

January 28, 2010

09:15 – 10:15 A.M.




Sustainable rainfed agriculture – A key to India’s food & economic security (Prof. R.Pd. Singh)

10:15 – 11:15 A.M.




Application of AAS in soil-plant analysis

(Prof. Bali Ram, Chemistry)

11:15 – 11:30 A.M.





TEA BREAK

11:30 – 12:30 P.M.




Conservation agriculture – a way forward to sustainable agriculture (Prof. R.M. Singh)

12:30 – 02:00 P.M.




LUNCH BREAK

02:00 – 03:00 P.M.




Challenges in twenty first century agriculture with special reference to rainfed farming (Prof. R.C.Tiwari)

03:00 – 05:00 P.M.




Analytical techniques for micronutrients in soil and plant (Prof. S.K. Singh, Head, Soil Sci. & Agril. Chemistry)

January 29, 2010

09:15 – 10:15 A.M.




Abiotic stress tolerance in maize under rainfed ecosystem (Prof. J.P. Shahi)

10:15 – 11:15 A.M.




Vermicomposting (Prof. Janardan Singh)

11:15 – 11:30 A.M.




TEA BREAK

11:30 – 12:30 P.M.





Nutrient mapping as a tool for the nutrient management (Dr. S.K. Singh, Head, NBSS&LUP, Kolkata)

12:30 – 02:00 P.M.




LUNCH BREAK

02:00 – 03:00 P.M.




Potential of organic manures and biofertilizers in rainfed agriculture (Prof. B. Mishra, Head, SSAC, BAU, Ranchi)

03:00 – 05:00 P.M.




Role of phosphorus solubilizing microorganisms: Mechanism and practices (Prof. B.R. Maurya)

January 30, 2010

Venue: OBLT-3 (Old building), Institute of Agricultural Sciences, B.H.U.

10:00 – 11:00 A.M.




Evaluation of the participants

11:00 – 12:30 P.M.




Photo session & Institute visit

12:30 – 02:00 P.M.




LUNCH BREAK


02:30 – 04:30 P.M.




Valedictory programme



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