Words of Ramana Maharshi #1 If you make your outlook that of wisdom, you will find the world to be God

Where words end and where the mind does not reach – that is the Self or Brahman

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Where words end and where the mind does not reach – that is the Self or Brahman.
The Self can be said to be of the nature (even though any words cannot explain it)

  1. SAT or Existence

  2. CHIT or Consciousness or Awareness

  3. ANANDA or Bliss

The Self is the pure Consciousness that always pulsates in a person that “I exist, I exist”. All other things in the word require a Subject for existence, but this Consciousness is of the very nature of Existence.
A thing exists only when awareness or  consciousness of the thing is there. Therefore Existence and Awareness go hand in hand. When the existence of a thing becomes complete awareness – then arises Bliss.
A person sees an object. He is not completely aware of the object. Slowly he goes near the object – then he realizes that it is a stick. Now existence of the object is there and the person is fully conscious of the object. Here knowledge becomes complete. Thus the person gains happiness – since he knows it correctly.
The Self is the knower of all things – hence when a person knows a thing, he gains happiness. So the knower must be full in Bliss or Happiness. Thus the Self is of the nature of Existence, Consciousness and Bliss – Absolute. It is Absolute – there is nothing relative here. Only based on the Consciousness of the Subject, all the objects seem to appear and disappear during waking state and dream state respectively.

It is not tough to comprehend that the objects that were absent during sleep are present now in waking state. But the Consciousness was there in sleep and waking state – the same without any change. Thus it is the Consciousness that gives light to the objects. If a person is not conscious, there is no object – but when he is conscious all objects appear.

What are these different objects??? Are they separate from the Subject, the Self???

These different objects are the reflections of the same Consciousness. When the Consciousness of the Subject turns outwards – it creates different impressions of different things. Thus it is the same Consciousness that is making both the Subject and Object appear (and also appear as different).
Vedanta brings out the example of gold ornaments to explain this world.
There are different gold ornaments – gold chain, gold necklace, gold ring etc.

But all these gold ornaments are GOLD only.

Then what is the difference in these objects???

The difference in these objects is the name of chain, necklace, ring and the form of chain, necklace and ring. Thus here only the name and form is different, but the underlying principle or material – GOLD – is the same.
A goldsmith when he sees different gold ornaments sees them all as GOLD only. Only to the eyes of the ignorant, these seem to be different.
Similarly only to the person ignorant about the Reality of the World (that world is only name and form of the Self and is like an illusion), all objects seem different from one another. But for the Jnaani, the world is nothing but the Self or Brahman only.
It is a Reality that names and forms do not create new object – but the object is the same, but wrongly perceived as different from the underlying thing.
Adi Sankaracharya says in his work Drik Drishya Viveka

Asthi Bhaathi Priyam Roopam Namam Cha ithi amsa panchakam.

Adyathrayam Brahmaroopam Jagadroopo Tato Dvayam”

A thing has five characteristics – Asthi or Existence, Bhaathi or Consciousness, Priyam or Bliss, Roopa or Form and Naama or Name.

Out of these five, first three of Existence, Consciousness and Bliss represents Brahman or the Self and the two of Name and Form represents the world.
When a person forgets the underlying principle of Consciousness, he sees the world as different from Self.

But for a Jnaani or person who has got Self-Knowledge – sees this world as the Self only.
Thus, in Reality, the many that a person sees is only ONE, but wrongly perceived as different from the ONE. This ignorance has to be removed and when this is removed, he realizes that there is only ONE Ultimate Reality in this world called Self or God or Brahman and realizes that “I am THAT”.
Let the Almighty guide us all to realize the Self and reside in the eternal Self thereby rejoicing the inherent bliss.
PS: Please send a mail to me, Hariram_Subramonia@infosys, with subject "subscribe quotes" to get these quotes directly in your inbox. Send a mail with subject "unsubscribe quotes" to stop getting quotes in your inbox. 

Words of Ramana Maharshi -- #105
Perfect bliss is “Brahman”. Perfect peace is of the Self. That alone exists and is consciousness.

                                                                                                                        -- Ramana Maharshi

Maharshi is here explaining the place or abode of BLISS or HAPPINESS that each and everyone in this world is searching for.
Everyone, ranging from poor beggar to rich person, knowledgeable person to ignorant person – all are searching for the common thing of Bliss.
Every one wants happiness and is knowingly or unknowingly searching for it.

A Jnaani knows that happiness is the thing that every one is in search of and that it is there in the Self – and thence knowingly he tries to realize the Self and abides in the Self at all points of time.

A Bhakta realizes that God is the embodiment of Happiness and hence he keeps his mind always in God.
The happiness that we get from external sense objects is not pure happiness. It is happiness that gets changed to sorrow after a period of time and hence is not eternal.
A same object gives happiness to a person and sorrow to the other person. Drunkards get happiness from Liquor whereas a religious person gets sorrow even from the smell of liquor. This goes on to show that happiness is not in liquor but only in the Subject.
This happiness that person seems to get from external objects is in fact a small amount of the eternal Bliss that is inherent in the person.
This Bliss of Ananda is the nature of Brahman or Supreme Being – which is not different from the individual and limited Self. The Self or subject is of the nature of Bliss and Peace and it is one without a second.
This Self is the Consciousness that gives light to all other things in the world.
The gr8 Upanishad sloka says

Na Tatra Sooryo Bhaathi Na Chandra Tarakam

Na Ima Vidhyutho Bhanthi Kuthoyam Agnih

Tameva Bhantham Anubhaathi Sarvam

Tasya Bhaasa Sarvam Idam Vibhaathi”

There – the place or abode of Brahman – neither the Sun shines nor the moon. The Lightening also doesn’t shine there, so how can the Agni show its power? Its own luminous light that others follow and because of its light all other things get Existence.

It is simple to know that if there is Consciousness, then there is the world – if there is no Consciousness, then there is no world. Hence, it is the Consciousness that is shining as the different multitude of things in this world. All the Objects that we see are only Consciousness and not different from it. As in a dream, all things are only the “I” Consciousness, similarly the waking state world is only the Consciousness of the Waker.

Thus one comes to realize the Ultimate Non-dual Reality – the Self, the Consciousness.
This Consciousness is full of Bliss. It only has Peace which is eternal. Thus one needs to realize that “I am that Consciousness, full of Bliss and Peace” – go on negating the wrong notions that I am so and so with a body and name. One then needs to realize by repeating to oneself that “I am THAT”.
Adi Sankara says in his work Laghu Vakya Vritti

Dehatma Dheevad Brahmaatma Dhe Dardaye Kritakrityatha

Yada Tada ayam mukthau asau na atra samshayah”
As “I am the Body” notion is strong in the intellect, so has to one make the strong intellect conviction and realize that “I am Brahman”. By this realization dawns liberation and he is the perfect who becomes the perfect doer (doing the correct things at the correct time and correct place and in the correct way).
Let the Almighty guide us all to realize the Self and reside in the eternal Self thereby rejoicing the inherent bliss.
PS: Please send a mail to me, Hariram_Subramonia@infosys, with subject "subscribe quotes" to get these quotes directly in your inbox. Send a mail with subject "unsubscribe quotes" to stop getting quotes in your inbox. 
Words of Ramana Maharshi -- #106
We are the goal or peace always. To get rid of the notion that we are not peace is all that is required.

                                                                                                                        -- Ramana Maharshi

Maharshi is here explaining the Ultimate Reality that “I am THAT or I am the SELF”.

A seeker will generally have a doubt that the Self is somewhere far and tough to attain. He will have the thought that there are many things to be done in order to achieve the peace and bliss of the Self and become Self-Realized.

Yoga Vasistha says

Man eva manushyaanaam Karanam Bandha Mokshayoh

Bandhaaya Vishayaasaktam Muktaih Nirvishayam Smritam”
Mind alone is the cause for bondage and liberation.

When it is turned outward and craves for sensual pleasures, it is in bondage.

When the mind is turned inward and has no cravings for sensual pleasures, then it is in Liberation.
Even in both of these states of the mind, the Consciousness or the “I” remains the same.
It is the “I” that is thinking. It is the “I” that is going after sensual pleasures.

This “I” is not the EGO that identifies itself with this body and mind.
This “I” is the pure witness to all happenings in the world. This “I” is the real nature of each person.
Even when sorrow comes, the “I” remains the same. Even when happiness is there, the “I” is the same. Thus when one realizes that “I am Already that” – then even if bad times come, he is unaffected by it. By practice and by residing as the pure “I” – his mind remains always in the Self. When the mind remains in the Self only, then one rejoices in the peace and bliss of the Self.
This is the reason why Tennison said “Men may come, men may go but I live forever”.
The one and only thing that has to be lost in this world is the ignorance of the Self. Everyone is already the Self because without being the Consciousness, one cannot exist at all!!! But the thought that I don’t know the Self, I don’t have peace – one tends to limit oneself to the Ego’s terms and limitations of mind and body.

What one fails to realize here is that even if he thinks that I don’t know the Self and when sorrow comes, it is the mind that is suffering and the “I” is the same “I” that was there during happiness also.

When one thus tries to realize that “I am already that” – and purifies the mind through seeing Oneness everywhere – having an attitude of compassion rather than passion – one realizes one’s own real nature of Bliss. Slowly, all the ignorance gets reduced by Self-Knowledge.
With the complete destruction of ignorance, he rejoices in the bliss and peace of the Self.
Let the Almighty guide us all to realize the Self and reside in the eternal Self thereby rejoicing the inherent bliss.
PS: Please send a mail to me, Hariram_Subramonia@infosys, with subject "subscribe quotes" to get these quotes directly in your inbox. Send a mail with subject "unsubscribe quotes" to stop getting quotes in your inbox. 

Words of Ramana Maharshi -- #107
Realization is nothing new to be acquired. It is already there, but obstructed by a screen of thoughts. All our attempts are directed to lifting this screen and then realization is revealed.

                                                                                                                        -- Ramana Maharshi

Maharshi is explaining here that Self-Realization or Atma Jnaana as is generally known is not something new to be gained, but it is that which is already present and forgotten and one just has to recollect his real nature.
If a new thing is gained, then it will surely be lost. What is acquired has to be lost. This is the eternal Law of Nature.
Krishna says in Gita chapter 2

Na asatho Vidhyathe Bhaavo Na Abhaavo Vidhyathe Satah”

The Unreal has no existence at all and the Real never ceases to exist.

This statement of Sri Krishna will seem perplexing, but if a person analyses it, one can see the Ultimate Reality in this statement.
A thing has no existence on its own, but depends on the Consciousness of the Subject or the Seer. Without the seer, the thing has no existence. Therefore, the thing has no existence in Reality – but has an apparent existence similar to water in a desert.
Also that which exists can never cease to exist. The “I” or Consciousness of a person is beyond time and space. This “I” is present during all moments and different states of Waking, dreaming and deep sleep. Therefore this time also depends on the Consciousness for its existence. When the “I” is in deep sleep, there is no time and space – but only pure Bliss (but with a veil of ignorance which obstructs the “I” from enjoying the bliss during that state). When the “I” wakes up, the time and space comes into place.
Therefore, one needs to realize that this “I” Consciousness is the only Existing thing and all other things are only illusory like water in desert.
In Yoga Vasistha, Vasistha says to Sri Rama

Yad ashthi iha tad eva asthi, Vijwaro Bhava Raghava”

O Raghava, Whatever is there – only that is present. Therefore don’t be depressed and be happy.
This “I” Consciousness is the real nature of a person. But it is not known as it is veiled by other thoughts. Swami Vivekananda says that the Self is the bottom of a lake. When the lake is filled with pure water, the bottom is seen. But when the lake is filled with impure water, then the bottom of the lake is not seen. The water is the Mind, Buddhi, Ahamkara and Chitta. These all represent thoughts with varying degree.
Mind – when thoughts are diverting and many.

Buddhi or Intellect – when the thoughts are focused and concentrated.

Chitta – the thoughts are stored here and recollected in future.

Ahamkara – the “I” is misidentified with the thoughts (like I am the body, I am Hari, I am a Brahmin, I am a human – so and so).
When these thoughts are there, then the bottom of the lake or the Self is not known. But still the Self or bottom of the lake remains the same. The bottom of the lake is available already but not seen when the water is impure.
So, the main aim and effort is to remove this impurity. It is only in removing the veil of ignorance and purifying the mind. Once this is done, the Self shining well is revealed.
Thus the Self is already realized but one just needs to remove the impurities of mind in order to realize one’s own true nature of Bliss.
What are the impurities of the mind???

The impurities of the mind are six-fold.
These are

  1. Kaama or Desire

  2. Krodha or Anger

  3. Lobha or Greed

  4. Moha or Delusion

  5. Madha or Pride

  6. Matsarya or Jealousy

These impurities are present mainly due to one reason. The reason is due to seeing Duality in this world. When a person sees things as different from each other, he tends to get attracted to likes and repelled to dislikes.

Hence for removing these impurities, one needs to follow Advaita everywhere. One should see the same thing everywhere. Let it be God Shiva or Vishnu or Jesus or the Self – but he should see it everywhere. When one thus sees one-ness everywhere, he becomes indifferent to things and doesn’t develop likes and dislikes. When there is no likes and dislikes, there are no impurities of the mind. When impurities are not there, then the real nature of the Self is realized.

Self-Realization is explained in a famous story in the Chandogya Upanishad.
Once 10 people were going to a town. They had to cross a river. They crossed the river. After crossing, they wanted to check if everyone was alive and present. So first person said “Let’s count and if the number is less than 10, then someone is missing”. First person counted. The Count came to 9 only as the person forgot to count himself. Then the second person counted. He too forgot to count himself and hence the count was only 9. They all started crying and weeping that “One person has died”. At that time, a wise by-passer saw this and understood the problem. He then consoled them and told them that he will count. He counted 10 people. The 10 people were now happy but not satisfied as they had doubt. Then the by-passer told the first person to count and told him that “the 10th person is you only”.
Similarly, the Self is already realized, but forgotten. But when the disciple gains purity of mind and is able to get the knowledge to assimilate this reality, the Guru tells him (either in personal form or scriptural texts) that “TAT TVAM ASI” – “THAT YOU ARE”.

Thus the Self is not newly created, but already realized – just forgotten. One just needs to purify the mind and become eligible for the Ultimate Reality. If the 10 people were very foolish, even after telling them that “THAT YOU ARE” – they will not understand and believe it. But if the person has gained knowledge and purity of mind – he realizes the Ultimate Truth that very moment. According to the purity of mind, different people realize their own nature at different time. It took very less time for Swami Vivekananda to realize the Self rather than to other normal people. This is only due to purity of mind. One should firstly understand that “I am THAT” – I just have to remove the impurities. He should not think that “I am inferior, I have done lot of sins, I have bad thoughts and all”. Instead, he should realize that “I am that” and try to remove the bad qualities of the mind and make the mind pure.

Once, purity of mind is got, then one realizes the self-luminous Self as the shining, non-dual thing which is all-pervading and eternal and of the nature of Existence, Consciousness, Bliss Absolute.
Let the Almighty guide us all to realize the Self and through purification of mind by seeing Oneness everywhere.

Words of Ramana Maharshi -- #108
Having realized the Self, nothing remains to be known, because it is perfect bliss, it is the all.

                                                                                                                        -- Ramana Maharshi

The Upanishads and Vedas start with the question “Knowing what everything else becomes known”.
Saunaka, a householder, asks Sage Angiras in Mundaka Upanishad

Kasmin u bhagavo vijnaathe Sarvam idam vijnaatham bhavathi”

O Lord!!! Knowing which everything else becomes known, tell me that.
Then Angiras explains to Saunaka that

Sa yo ha vai tat paramam brahma veda brahmaiva bhavathi.

Tarathi shokam tarathi papmaanam guha granthibhyo vimuktho amritam bhavathi”

He who knows Brahman becomes verily Brahman. He crosses over sorrow and sin. His knots (Granthis) of the heart and broken and he becomes eternal.
What are the knots or Granthis of the Heart???

There are three knots mentioned in the Upanishads.

These three knots are caused mainly due to Lack of Knowledge. One knot leads to another and so forth.

  1. Rudra Granthi – situated in between eye-brows. This is the knot of Ignorance.

  2. Vishnu Granthi – situated in the heart (physical heart). This is the knot of Desire.

  3. Brahma Granthi – situated in the solar plexus or the bottom of the spine. This is the knot of Action.

These three are called Avidya, Kaama and Karma.
Due to lack of Knowledge, IGNORANCE is there. Due to this ignorance, a person forgets the Reality that He is PERFECT. He thinks himself imperfect & hence DESIRES for things in order to become perfect. For fructifying these desires, he does ACTION.
Thus one comes to know that ACTION is caused due to IGNORANCE – and hence any amount of ACTION can not give Self-Knowledge and hence Self-realization.
Adi Sankara beautifully mentions about this that ACTION cannot give a man liberation and only SELF-ENQUIRY will make a person self-realized. Sankara mentions the different between ACTION and KNOWLEDGE in his commentary on the ISAVASYA UPANISHAD.
Sankara says in Viveka Choodamani

Chittasya Shuddhaye Karma Na tu Vasthu upalabdhaye.

Vasthu Siddhir Vicharena Na Kinchit Karma Kotibhih”

ACTION is done for purification of the mind and not for realization of the Self. Self-Realization can be got only through Vichara or Self-Enquiry and not by thousands of action (let these be from office work to rituals to japa to chanting).

When the Self-Realized, the three knots are broken. This also signifies, according to system of Yoga by Patanjali, the movement of Kundalini or Serpent Power from the bottom of spine through various Chakras to the spiritual centre of Head (called Sahasraaram).

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