Words of Ramana Maharshi #1 If you make your outlook that of wisdom, you will find the world to be God



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The ultimate Reality is that the world is nothing but Self or Consciousness with a name and form. When the name and form are removed, what remains is the pure and non-dual Self. The names and forms do not have an independent existence of their own, but depend on the Self for existence. But the Self remains at all points of time and is the substratum for this changing and illusory world.

 

When a person realizes that this Self, which is the substratum for this changing world, is the “I” or himself, then he doesn’t get depressed or sad over the illusory and transitory worldly changes. When he realizes that the Consciousness that gives light to the entire world is HIM alone and that this Consciousness is of the nature of Bliss Absolute, he never gets sorrow or delusion. Whatever happens, he remains the same. He remains like the Sun for the worldly actions. He remains like an ocean without waves. Externally he might seem to be doing actions, but internally he will remain calm and ever steadfast in the Self.

 

All sorrow occurs when the limitations of  body and mind are applied (wrongly) and superimposed on the Self – real “I”. When thus limitations are removed, what remains is the pure Self alone. When this non-dual Self, one’s own real nature is known – the person never gets deluded or sorrow. This is the ultimate Aim of Vedanta or Knowledge portion of Vedas which are capable of giving a person eternal bliss (the happiness that is being sought in the external world).

 

Thus to remove the limitations and wrong notions of “I am the body and mind” – one needs to realize and contemplate on the real nature and truth that “I am the Self, Brahman – one without a second”. When he slowly contemplates, he rejoices in the bliss of the Self. Slowly ignorance veils are removed and he gets the calmness and bliss of the Self. Ultimately, he reaches the state reaching where one never returns – the state of non-dual Self, the state of liberation, the state of eternal and inherent bliss.


 

Let the Almighty guide us all to realize the Self and abide in the pure blissful and non-dual state.

 

PS: Please send a mail to me, Hariram_Subramonia@infosys, with subject "subscribe quotes" to get these quotes directly in your inbox. Send a mail with subject "unsubscribe quotes" to stop getting quotes in your inbox. 

Words of Ramana Maharshi -- #149
A Jnani has no karma (that is, a jnani performs no actions). That is his experience. Otherwise he is not a jnani.

                                                                                                                        -- Ramana Maharshi

Explanation:

 

Maharshi here explains the nature and character of a jnani.

 

As all great Mahatmas proclaim it is really tough to know how the jnani behaves, what are his attitudes and all – because only a jnani can know a jnani.

 

Sri Ramakrishna paramahamsa used to tell

There are some people who haven’t heard about milk. There are some who have heard and seen milk. But there are some others who have tasted milk”

 

The people who haven’t heard about milk are Ajnanis – they remain ignorant about the Self, the ever blissful nature of oneself.

The people who have seen it are jnaanis – here jnanis mean people who have got knowledge but haven’t converted them to wisdom by applying it to life. These are like book worms who have by some means got some knowledge of the scriptures and try to dictate and give lectures and advises to other people – but they themselves do not follow them as they haven’t experienced the truth of the Self.


But the ones who have tasted milk are vijnanis – these are people who have fully experienced the state of Self-Realization and who always reside in the Self – pure Awareness alone.

 

Maharshi is here pointing to not mere Knowledge but knowledge endowed with Wisdom and hence he refers to Self-Realized people.

 

Jnaanis are considered very sacred and few in numbers because it is tough to cross through the ocean of samsara which is full of attachments and aversions, likings and dislikings, delusion coming as an obstruction at a point and at other points lust and anger comes in. And in between people get bogged down by siddhis or relative powers of nature (which can never bestow the real happiness of the Self).

 

Thus it is a real tough path to reach the state of poorna jnaana or complete Knowledge of the Self. Such a person is very tough indeed to find.

 

Krishna says in Gita chapter 7

Bahoonaam janmanaam anthe jnaanavaan maam prapadhyathi

Vaasudeva sarvam ithi sa mahatma sudurlabhah”

After lots of births, a jnaani takes refuge in Me. Such a person who experiences the oneness of Vasudeva (literally means Krishna and implied meaning is the Self only) in everyone and such a person is rare indeed (sudurlabhah – not even durlabhah but very rare indeed).

 

If the state of Jnaani is tough indeed to comprehend then how can one know it and thereby proceed towards it???

The great seers of Vedanta, from time immemorial, wanted to help others get the same bliss that they enjoyed. Hence they put it down into words (during times of deep meditation) and these are the scriptures or the Vedas. These speak about the state of a jnaani so that one may come to know how is it to be a jnaani and thereby giving the seeker a little thrust to work towards that goal.


 

Gita says in Chapter 4,

Yasya Sarve Samaarambhaah Kaama Sankalpa Vivarjithah.

Jnaanaagnih dagda karmaanam tah ahuh panditam budhaah”

He is called  Wise or Jnaani who does all actions without any sense of doership and without any desire for the fruits thereof and hence his actions are all burnt in the fire of Knowledge.

 

The actions which have no desire left are not actions at all. Karma is that which gives any fruits (as the person does it with an eye for the fruits or effects). But for a jnaani there is no desire.

 

Also Karma or action has its root in ignorance.

Adi Sankara beautifully brings this truth that karma is born out of ignorance and therefore karma and jnaana are contrary to each other.

 

Actions are done in order to get some fruits – there is no action which is done without any desire (the actions of jnaani are actions only from the perspective of the viewer, but from their view, there is no actions to be done and whatever they are doing is not action but pure Being alone is there, one without a second). Thus actions come out of Desire or Kaama.

 

Desire or Kaama comes because one thinks that I don’t have that thing, I am imperfect and hence to make myself perfect, I have to do these things, I have to do actions.

 

This sense of imperfection which causes desire is due to IGNORANCE of the real nature of PERFECTION. During deep sleep, there is only the Self and hence nothing more is desire and no actions are performed. But during the state of waking and dreaming, there is the mind and hence all the external objects are created as well as the limited “I” comes into picture. This limited “I” or Ego considers itself as limited and imperfect and hence tries to become perfect.


 

The perfection – is eternal and ever-lasting HAPPINESS. This is what makes each and every person strive, desire and perform actions for the same.

 

The person forgets that Happiness is his inherent nature – it is that nature which gives him the bliss during the state of deep sleep. But when the person wakes up, he creates adjunctions and limitations of the body and mind, thereby causing ignorance and non-apprehension of the Self.

 

Thus, all actions are rooted in IGNORANCE. This ignorance can be removed only by KNOWLEDGE – the knowledge of the Self, the knowledge of one’s own nature, the knowledge that is being told in the great mahavakyas or dictums of Upanishads like TAT TVAM ASI or THAT THOU ART and AHAM BRAHMASMI or I am Brahman. When this knowledge is known (it cannot be gained as anything new because this knowledge is in oneself itself. It is just remembering or realizing what one has already forgotten), all actions go off as the Self is seen as of the nature of Bliss and non-duality. Actions arise out of duality and seeing differences in things, whereas knowledge lies in realizing that whatever is there is only ONE – the Brahman – but with different names and forms. The Brahman is the substratum of these names and forms, when these names and forms are removed or set aside, the Brahman is realized as self-luminous and one without a second. As waves, bubbles, river and sea are water alone, similarly the world of duality, the individual and God are all Brahman alone and not different from it.

 

Thus the Jnaanis or people who have realized this eternal Reality see and perceive oneness everywhere and hence they cannot do any actions. Actions do not taint them as the actions or incidents in earth doesn’t affect the Sun (even though everything happens with Sun as the witness).


 

This inactivity or not doing any actions is based on the jnaani’s view and his experience. An ignorant person or a viewer will see the Jnaani doing actions like Ramakrishna Paramahamsa, Vivekananda, Ramana Maharshi and all were seen doing actions. But it is the wrong perception of the viewer that makes him think they are doing actions. Where Knowledge has become complete, there cannot be any actions, and hence a Jnaani has no actions to do but still seems to be doing actions from the perspective of the viewer.

 

As the sun reflected in river might seem to shake, but in reality it is not shaking – similarly the jnaanis are seen to do actions but are not doing any actions at all.

 

One can easily know this from their nature and attitude. Whatever happens, they will ever remain happy. If somebody praises them, still they will not react to it. If somebody hurts them or tries to attack them, still they will remain the same (maintaining equanimity at all times).

 

People tried to attack my Guru Mata Amritanandamayi Devi through different means – but during those times also, AMMA remained the same. When her cousin tried to stab her with a knife and came near her, she just sang bhajans and repeated names of God & for such people God himself comes to protect them and thereby the cousin fell down and could not attack her.

 

Another person came near to AMMA to kill her, but he was affected by paralysis and hence fell prostrating to her feet. AMMA also cured a leprosy patient, by name DATTA (who is still living) by licking off the leprosy from his body (this has been experienced by lot of people and all such people have become her disciples).


 

Such is the greatness of Jnaanis that they are unaffected by actions because for them everything is only Self or Brahman alone.

 

Just to finish off with a story of a saint. Once a saint and some people were traveling in a boat in a sea. The saint was meditating, suddenly some ignorant people tried to attack him and disturb him. They ridiculed and mocked at him. But still he remained ever calm. They continued this for some time. Suddenly the boat began shaking and a voice proclaimed from the sky “My Child!!! These people are mocking at you. Tell me, just a word from you and I will save you and doom those people along with the boat”. The people became very afraid. The saint was still smiling and said to them “Don’t worry! Nothing will happen, I will protect you”. Hearing this, the voice from sky again repeated “MY child! You have proved that you are indeed a great Jnaani and a mahatma”.

 

This brings to my mind the real life incident of the saint whom Tapovan Maharaj met in Himalayas. The saint was caught by a ferocious and wild animal – a tiger. When the tiger caught him, he repeated “Sivoham, Sivoham” – I am the Brahman or auspicious Being. Hearing this, the tiger became afraid and surprised, left him there and went away!!!!

 

Such is the state of Jnaanis. One should ever remember that everyone is a Jnaani only – but just have forgotten it. One needs to remove the ignorance veil and thereby realize the abundant bliss inherent in the Self. The Self when known, everything else becomes known and the person rejoices in the bliss of the Self.

 

Chidananda Roopah Sivoham Sivoham” – I am that Siva, auspicious being, of the nature of pure Consciousness and bliss. I am that Siva only and not different from it.


 

Let the Almighty guide us all to realize the Self and abide in the pure blissful and non-dual state.

 

PS: Please send a mail to me, Hariram_Subramonia@infosys, with subject "subscribe quotes" to get these quotes directly in your inbox. Send a mail with subject "unsubscribe quotes" to stop getting quotes in your inbox. 

 

 



Words of Ramana Maharshi -- #150
A Jnani has no karma (that is, a jnani performs no actions). That is his experience. Otherwise he is not a jnani.

                                                                                                                        -- Ramana Maharshi

Explanation:

 

Maharshi here explains the nature and character of a jnani.

 

As all great Mahatmas proclaim it is really tough to know how the jnani behaves, what are his attitudes and all – because only a jnani can know a jnani.

 

Sri Ramakrishna paramahamsa used to tell

There are some people who haven’t heard about milk. There are some who have heard and seen milk. But there are some others who have tasted milk”

 

The people who haven’t heard about milk are Ajnanis – they remain ignorant about the Self, the ever blissful nature of oneself.

The people who have seen it are jnaanis – here jnanis mean people who have got knowledge but haven’t converted them to wisdom by applying it to life. These are like book worms who have by some means got some knowledge of the scriptures and try to dictate and give lectures and advises to other people – but they themselves do not follow them as they haven’t experienced the truth of the Self.


But the ones who have tasted milk are vijnanis – these are people who have fully experienced the state of Self-Realization and who always reside in the Self – pure Awareness alone.

 

Maharshi is here pointing to not mere Knowledge but knowledge endowed with Wisdom and hence he refers to Self-Realized people.

 

Jnaanis are considered very sacred and few in numbers because it is tough to cross through the ocean of samsara which is full of attachments and aversions, likings and dislikings, delusion coming as an obstruction at a point and at other points lust and anger comes in. And in between people get bogged down by siddhis or relative powers of nature (which can never bestow the real happiness of the Self).

 

Thus it is a real tough path to reach the state of poorna jnaana or complete Knowledge of the Self. Such a person is very tough indeed to find.

 

Krishna says in Gita chapter 7

Bahoonaam janmanaam anthe jnaanavaan maam prapadhyathi

Vaasudeva sarvam ithi sa mahatma sudurlabhah”

After lots of births, a jnaani takes refuge in Me. Such a person who experiences the oneness of Vasudeva (literally means Krishna and implied meaning is the Self only) in everyone and such a person is rare indeed (sudurlabhah – not even durlabhah but very rare indeed).

 

If the state of Jnaani is tough indeed to comprehend then how can one know it and thereby proceed towards it???

The great seers of Vedanta, from time immemorial, wanted to help others get the same bliss that they enjoyed. Hence they put it down into words (during times of deep meditation) and these are the scriptures or the Vedas. These speak about the state of a jnaani so that one may come to know how is it to be a jnaani and thereby giving the seeker a little thrust to work towards that goal.


 

Gita says in Chapter 4,

Yasya Sarve Samaarambhaah Kaama Sankalpa Vivarjithah.

Jnaanaagnih dagda karmaanam tah ahuh panditam budhaah”

He is called  Wise or Jnaani who does all actions without any sense of doership and without any desire for the fruits thereof and hence his actions are all burnt in the fire of Knowledge.

 

The actions which have no desire left are not actions at all. Karma is that which gives any fruits (as the person does it with an eye for the fruits or effects). But for a jnaani there is no desire.

 

Also Karma or action has its root in ignorance.

Adi Sankara beautifully brings this truth that karma is born out of ignorance and therefore karma and jnaana are contrary to each other.

 

Actions are done in order to get some fruits – there is no action which is done without any desire (the actions of jnaani are actions only from the perspective of the viewer, but from their view, there is no actions to be done and whatever they are doing is not action but pure Being alone is there, one without a second). Thus actions come out of Desire or Kaama.

 

Desire or Kaama comes because one thinks that I don’t have that thing, I am imperfect and hence to make myself perfect, I have to do these things, I have to do actions.

 

This sense of imperfection which causes desire is due to IGNORANCE of the real nature of PERFECTION. During deep sleep, there is only the Self and hence nothing more is desire and no actions are performed. But during the state of waking and dreaming, there is the mind and hence all the external objects are created as well as the limited “I” comes into picture. This limited “I” or Ego considers itself as limited and imperfect and hence tries to become perfect.


 

The perfection – is eternal and ever-lasting HAPPINESS. This is what makes each and every person strive, desire and perform actions for the same.

 

The person forgets that Happiness is his inherent nature – it is that nature which gives him the bliss during the state of deep sleep. But when the person wakes up, he creates adjunctions and limitations of the body and mind, thereby causing ignorance and non-apprehension of the Self.

 

Thus, all actions are rooted in IGNORANCE. This ignorance can be removed only by KNOWLEDGE – the knowledge of the Self, the knowledge of one’s own nature, the knowledge that is being told in the great mahavakyas or dictums of Upanishads like TAT TVAM ASI or THAT THOU ART and AHAM BRAHMASMI or I am Brahman. When this knowledge is known (it cannot be gained as anything new because this knowledge is in oneself itself. It is just remembering or realizing what one has already forgotten), all actions go off as the Self is seen as of the nature of Bliss and non-duality. Actions arise out of duality and seeing differences in things, whereas knowledge lies in realizing that whatever is there is only ONE – the Brahman – but with different names and forms. The Brahman is the substratum of these names and forms, when these names and forms are removed or set aside, the Brahman is realized as self-luminous and one without a second. As waves, bubbles, river and sea are water alone, similarly the world of duality, the individual and God are all Brahman alone and not different from it.

 

Thus the Jnaanis or people who have realized this eternal Reality see and perceive oneness everywhere and hence they cannot do any actions. Actions do not taint them as the actions or incidents in earth doesn’t affect the Sun (even though everything happens with Sun as the witness).


 

This inactivity or not doing any actions is based on the jnaani’s view and his experience. An ignorant person or a viewer will see the Jnaani doing actions like Ramakrishna Paramahamsa, Vivekananda, Ramana Maharshi and all were seen doing actions. But it is the wrong perception of the viewer that makes him think they are doing actions. Where Knowledge has become complete, there cannot be any actions, and hence a Jnaani has no actions to do but still seems to be doing actions from the perspective of the viewer.

 

As the sun reflected in river might seem to shake, but in reality it is not shaking – similarly the jnaanis are seen to do actions but are not doing any actions at all.

 

One can easily know this from their nature and attitude. Whatever happens, they will ever remain happy. If somebody praises them, still they will not react to it. If somebody hurts them or tries to attack them, still they will remain the same (maintaining equanimity at all times).

 

People tried to attack my Guru Mata Amritanandamayi Devi through different means – but during those times also, AMMA remained the same. When her cousin tried to stab her with a knife and came near her, she just sang bhajans and repeated names of God & for such people God himself comes to protect them and thereby the cousin fell down and could not attack her.

 




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