Here Brahman also means Self or GOD. When one sees GOD everywhere and offers everything unto HIM – it becomes Brahma Yajna & this Yajna leads to destruction of all actions and their results. Even though actions will continue, but it will not affect the person in any way. Let us all try to follow this Brahma Yajna in order to make our life free from likes and dislikes and to make our life Blissful. Let the Almighty help us all to perform this Brahma Yajna .
Words of Ramana Maharshi -- #52
Think ‘I’ ‘I’ ‘I’ and hold to that one thought to the exclusion of all thoughts.
Explanation: Thoughts is synonymous with Mind. Mind is full of thoughts. There cannot be a mind without thoughts (such a mind is called SELF). If a person has to realize the SELF which is beyond the mind (as Self gives light to the mind), this can be done only by making the mind one-pointed and concentrated. This is what is called Dhyana or Meditation wherein the mind becomes fully concentrated on a single thing. But Dhyana is not the final stage. In Dhyana there is the trios of meditator, object of meditation and act of meditation. The Final stage is that of Sahaja Samadhi wherein these trios merge together & thus there exists only pure Existence, one without a second.To reach this stage, one has to quieten and destroy the mind with the mind. This may seem perplexing, but it is the truth. Concentrated mind leads to the Self & the mind wandering into thoughts leads one to sorrow.
Vasistha says to Sri Rama in Yoga Vasistha
“Man eva manushyaanaam karanam bandha mokshayoho
Bandhaaya Vishayaasaktam mukthaihi nirvishayam smritam” Mind alone is the cause for bondage and liberation. A Mind free of thoughts or not attached to sense objects is liberated and mind attached to sense objects is bonded. The Self is ever-free and ever-liberated. It is the mind that creates all this world & the sorrows and joys. To subdue the mind and reach the source of the mind, Maharshi gives the way as catching hold of the “I” thought. Beyond the mind, there is the Self – that which says to each person that “I exist”. There is no effort required on this and no person needs to think that “I exist” for him to exist. But Since people are ignorant and their mind is turned outward into this world of sense objects, one needs to turn it inward into the Self. This is done by catching hold of the Self or the thought “I”. When one holds on to this thought, all other thoughts vanish & hence one realizes his true nature of Self – Absolute Existence, Consciousness and Bliss. In Yoga Vasistha, Sukracharya tells Mahabali, the great Asura King, the Truth about the SELF.
“Chit iha asthih Chin Maatram Idam Chinmaya eva cha.
Chit tvam Chit Aham Ete cha lokaah Chithiti Sangraha” Chit or Consciousness is present here. Chit is only present here. Everything here is full of Chit. You are Chit, I am Chit, this world is Chit only – know this O, Bali. “Chit chetyakalitha Bandhah Tanmuktaa Muktiruchyate.
Chit achetya Kilaatmeti Sarva Vedanta Sangraha”
Chit or Mind full of thoughts is called bondage and release or freedom from this is called Liberation.
Chit or Consciousness (here it is meant mind) free of thoughts is the Self only. This is the essence of Vedanta or total of Vedas. Only Consciousness is present here. The Self in a person when projected through the mind, creates all the dual things & hence one sees different-different things. When with the help of Atma-Vidya or Self-Knowledge, one enquires into this world and the Self – he finds that there is nothing other the Self here. As in dream, the dreamer becomes all the objects of dream – so too the waker becomes the objects of waking state. When one awakens to the real nature of Self – he realizes that there was nothing but the Self. Let the Almighty help us all to realize the Self by holding on to the “I” thought .
Words of Ramana Maharshi -- #53 Look within. See the Self! There will be an end to the world and its miseries.
-- Ramana Maharshi
Explanation: The Ancient Rishis and ancient people had the tradition of teaching Vedanta or Upanishads to children. Vedanta means “end of Veda” or “End of knowledge, ultimate of Knowledge”.
As Sri Krishna says in Gita
“Yat Jnaatva Na iha Bhooyo anyat Jnaatavyam Avasishyate”
Knowing which, there remains nothing else to be known Vedanta is a subjective science. It turns the mind inward into its source the SELF.The knowledge that is now imparted in schools and colleges are Objective science. It deals with the objective world. Everyone forgets the Subject (the Self) that witnesses this objective world. Without the subject, the objective world has no existence. But even when the objective world is not there (as in deep sleep & dream state), the Subject exists.
Thus the Subject is the Real thing & the Object world is just an illusion or dream.
How can one expect to gain happiness and bliss from that which is illusory???
It is like quenching one’s thirst by drinking water in a mirage (in desert). Vedanta is the science that gives importance to the Subject – the Self. It speaks about the Self and the way to realize it. Where is the Self positioned?
As such the Self is all-pervading. There is not a place where it is not there. Hence one cannot say that it is in a particular place. But people who have realized and the scriptures speak of the Self as residing prominently in the Heart region. This heart is not the biological heart, but the spiritual heart called Hridayam which is positioned to the right of the chest. The Self gives light to the mind. The Mind provides light to the sense organs which in turn lights the sense objects or the World that we see. Thus one has to turn the mind inward rather than going outward into the Objective world. This turning inward of the mind is accomplished by Enquiry or Vichara, Dhyaana or Meditation, Bhakthi or Supreme Devotion. When one turns inward, he will find his real nature of Self – Absolute existence, consciousness and Bliss. That will be the final stage. After this, he will come to realize that the world is nothing but manifestation of the Self (the world is nothing but creation of the mind according to scriptures). Thus, once a person realizes the Self, the world, miseries, sorrows, joy everything merges to the Self – and there is only Oneness – the Absolute Self, one without a second.
Let the Almighty help us all to realize the Self which is the real nature of everyone.
Words of Ramana Maharshi -- #54
You are not instructed to shut your eyes from the world. You are only to “see yourself first and then see the whole world as the Self”.
-- Ramana Maharshi
Explanation: Maharshi explains here what an earnest seeker of Self or GOD must do or follow. Saints tell one to close eyes and meditate. This is just because if we keep our eyes open, we see multitude and duality everywhere. This in turn causes likes and dislikes which disturb the peace or tranquility of the mind. That is the reason one is told to meditate with eyes closed. If a person is able to concentrate on the Self or GOD all the time, there is no need to close one’s eyes. The main import or reason behind closing eyes is to turn the mind inward towards the Self and find out GOD who is there in the spiritual-heart. It may happen that a person is keeping his eyes closed and trying to concentrate but his mind will thinking a lot of things. This is not what is required to do. Hence Maharshi says that meditation (with closed eyes) is done to realize the Self or GOD (the real nature of a person). The realization becomes complete only when one sees the GOD or Self everywhere. This is the highest goal or ideal to be achieved. Hence Maharshi says find out the GOD in you & see the GOD everywhere. Whatever form the GOD may be of or whatever be his qualities, try to see him everywhere.Seeing oneness leads one to quieten the mind as likes and dislikes will be removed & mind will become peaceful. And when the mind becomes peaceful & quietened, the source of the mind or the Self shines. At that time, one realizes one’s own real nature of Self – full of Bliss.
Thus meditation does not necessarily require one to close the eyes or keep eyes open – but to see oneness everywhere. Let the Almighty help us all to realize the Self which is the real nature of everyone.
Words of Ramana Maharshi -- #55
A mad man clings to “samskaras” whereas a jnani does not. That is the only difference between the two. Jnani is madness of a kind.
-- Ramana Maharshi
Explanation: Who is a Jnani?
Jnani is a person who has got Atma-Jnana or a Self-Realized soul. He is the person who has realized his own true nature of Self. He seems to live in this world, but for him there is nothing other than Self or Brahman. He is the Self & everything that he sees is the Self. Krishna describes Jnani in Gita Chapter 7
Vasudeva Sarvam Iti Sa Mahaatma SuDurlabah” After lots of births, a Jnaani realizes me. His attitude is “Only Vasudeva is there everythere” and such a mahatma is indeed very rare. A Jnani will be seeing oneness everywhere. What are samskaras???
Samskaras are also called vasanas and they are the latent tendencies in a person. These tendencies force a person to do things. A smoker knows that smoking is bad for health. But still he smokes. This is due to “samskaras”. A drunkard knows very well that drinking is not good at all, but still he drinks. This is “samskaras”.
A normal person gets attached to these “samskaras” and are not able to come out of this attachment. But a Jnani realizes that there is only one thing present here. So whatever he is doing, he sees that oneness & hence no action affects him at all. He may be doing worldly activities, but still it will not be affecting him in any way. Maharshi says that “the Self is unaffected by anything in this world, it is the sole witness of this illusory world projected on itself”. Hence, for normal people a Jnani and a mad man will seem similar – doing things and not caring about opinion of people. But Jnani does so with the intellectual conviction that everything is only Brahman or the Self. Thus he is not at all affected by the actions or its results. Whereas a mad man is ignorant of the Knowledge of the Self and hence he does all actions. Krishna says in Gita
“Jnanaagnih sarva karmaani bhasmasaat kuruthe”
The Fire of Knowledge destroys all Actions into ashes. There remains no residue and hence actions don’t bear any fruit and don’t affect a Jnani. Adi Sankaracharya says about a Jnani in his famous work Bhaja Govindam
“Yoga Rato va Bhoga Rato va
Sanga Rato va Sanga Viheenah
Yasya Brahmani Ramate Chittam
Nandhati Nandhati Nandhati eva.” A Jnani might be doing yoga or he might be enjoying bhogas (material pleasures), he might be attached to some people and not attached to some people – but his mind and heart are fully in Brahman and hence he always enjoys Bliss.
Let us all try to realize the ultimate truth and become a Jnani by seeing oneness everywhere. Whether the one that is seen everywhere be Krishna, Vishnu, Siva or Self or Brahman or Devi or Jesus or GOD – just see one everywhere.
Let the Almighty help us all to realize the Self by seeing oneness everywhere.
Words of Ramana Maharshi -- #56
If the eyes are open, it is Savikalpa Samadhi. If the eyes are closed, it is Nirvikalpa Samadhi. But the greater one is Sahaja Samadhi wherein one is always established in the Self.
-- Ramana Maharshi
Explanation: What is Samadhi???
Samadhi means the full meditation on the Self or GOD.
It is the final stage to be attained according to Yoga or Raja Yoga. There are mainly two types of Samadhi as per Yoga Sutras of Patanjali. When a person concentrates fully with one-pointed mind on an object (GOD or the Self) – this is called Savikalpa Samadhi. There is no distraction but only the person and the object of meditation exists. But even here the distinction between the meditator, the object of meditation and the act of meditation is there. Whereas in Nirvikalpa Samadhi, there are no Vikalpas or thoughts. The meditator, the object of meditation and the act of meditation merge into ONE. For Eg: a Jnani contemplates on the Mahavakya “Aham Brahma asmi” or “I am Brahman” – this is Savikalpa Samadhi. When the Jnani, removes the differentiation between I and Brahman and purely experiences the Brahman or the Self – it is Nirvikalpa Samadhi. As Adi Sankaracharya says, both these Samadhis are not really worth – because Nirvikalpa Samadhi is not permanent. The moment one comes back from that state – he becomes materialistic and thoughts come to his mind.So the Samadhi to be followed is Sahaja Samadhi or ever present meditation. Here it does not matter whether the eyes are closed or open, whether one is doing materialistic things, whether one is doing karma, whether one is doing meditation – but always the person resides in the Self – his mind resides in the Self. As such, for him there is no mind at all – only the Self exists (one without a second).
Nirvikalpa and Savikalpa Samadhi happens when one merges the mind with the Self. But this is temporary merging and hence once the merging is removed, the mind again falls back into its normal state. But in Sahaja Samadhi, the person destroys the mind completely and the mind does not affect the Self at all. Whatever he sees, Whatever he hears, Whatever he does is nothing but the Self only. It is this Sahaja Samadhi that one should aim for. It doesn’t matter whether one is doing karma or bhakthi or meditation. It is the attitude and the thought with which he does things matter. When one sees GOD everywhere, there is no action or bhakthi or meditation for him. How can anything exist separate from GOD for him?
This oneness is required for Sahaja Samadhi – and with the help of this one-ness, one becomes fully realized and enjoys the true bliss of the Self. Let the Almighty help us all to reside in Sahaja Samadhi with GOD in mind always.
Words of Ramana Maharshi -- #57 Make no effort either to work or to renounce work. Your effort is the bondage. What is bound to happen will happen.
-- Ramana Maharshi
Explanation: Maharshi here explains the eternal Law of Nature that “whatever is bound to happen will happen”. Then one may have the doubt as to what one should do if nothing is under our control???
As Maharshi says, there is nothing to be done here. There is nothing to be gained. There is the power of GOD called Nature or Maya. Just go by its rule.Whatever is happening is just a play, a drama – there is only one actor here – the Self – who is playing the role of multitude as in dream.
When an effort is put to work or renounce work – one gets attached to the work and its fruits of actions.
What one needs to do as Sri Krishna says in Gita is
“Karmani Eva Adhikarah te Ma Phaleshu Kadaachana
Ma Karma Phala Hetur Bhoor Mate Sangotsavikarmani” “You have the right only to do actions and not to the effects of it thereof. Hence do actions without any expectations and don’t be without doing any action” One may then think – then why do people renounce everything and take sanyaas. Even sanyaasis do action. Swami Chinmayananda did action, Swami Vivekananda did action, Swami Dayananda Saraswathi is doing action. All sankaracharyas are doing action. But they are doing these actions without being attached to them. They are just surrendering to Supreme Power and doing whatever GOD wants. When a person puts some effort into work, the effort becomes bondage and Ego comes into play. He then gets attached to the work and becomes proud of his work. This is what is not required. As Krishna says
“Jnanaagnih Sarva Karmaani Bhasmasaat kuruthe”
“All actions and its fruits are burned to ash in the fire of Knowledge”. What is the knowledge?
The knowledge of the Self – the knowledge that there is only one thing here and no two things. Seeing GOD or the Self everywhere is the path to this knowledge. When one thus sees Advaita or Non-duality everywhere – who is there to do work & what action is there?
Thus when one surrenders to the GOD or the Self and sees oneness everywhere – no actions affect him. Even though the person may be doing all actions, it will not affect him – as the Sun is not affected by people using its rays for killing or for puja.
Let us all try to gain this Knowledge of Oneness and thereby enjoy the eternal Bliss of the Self. Let the Almighty help us all to reside surrender all actions to the Supreme and be the Self – the witness of all actions.
Words of Ramana Maharshi -- #58
Kill the jiva and there is no pain or pleasure but the mental bliss persists for ever. Killing the jiva is to abide in the Self.
-- Ramana Maharshi
Explanation: Brahman or the Self is of the nature of Pure Existence, Consciousness and Bliss. It is the only one existing, one without a second. This Brahman when reflected upon the Intellect is called jiva. Jiva is just a reflection of the pure Self. This Jiva is the Ego or “I-ness” that first creates duality and gets attached to things & creates likes and dislikes. Brahman is the sea & Jiva is the bubbles of the sea. It just exists for a particular time or seems to exist. The bubble is not different from water. Bubble is only water with a name and form. It is not difficult for a person with some intellect to realize that the truth behind the name and form world is Brahman or the Self. This Jiva takes its birth or seems to take birth (for an ignorant, it is taking birth, but the knower of the Self knows that there is no birth but just a sort of transformation and only water exists everywhere) when the bubble is formed & dies into the sea. When the bubble merges into the sea – it becomes one with the sea – it realizes its own true nature.Jiva is not at all different from the Self –but seems to be different because of ignorance.
Once this ignorance is removed with the help of Self-Knowledge – one realizes his true nature of the Self. This Jiva has been called in Upanishads as the enjoyer of the fruits of actions done here in this dual world. When one kills this Ego Jiva, one realizes his real nature of eternal Bliss and realizes that HE is the Self, one without a second. The only way to realize the Self is to keep the mind steady always on the thought that “I am the Self” – As the saying goes, “As the thought, so the person” – hence as one goes on thinking that “I am the Self” – the ignorance is removed and he realizes his own true nature of the Self. The supporting path to this thought is the thought that “Everything is the Self – there is only one thing here, the Self or GOD or Brahman (whatever name one calls)”. Let the Almighty help us all to reside kill the Ego and be pure Be-ing – the Self.
Words of Ramana Maharshi -- #59
The Guru does not bring about Self-Realization. He simply removes the obstacles to it.
-- Ramana Maharshi
Explanation: The Vedas proclaim that without a Guru, spiritual quest is not possible to be completed successfully. Vedas tell “Acharyavaan Purusho Veda”
“Person having teacher knows the Self-Knowledge” Guru means “Gukarascha Andhakaro Rukarasteja Uchyathe”
“Gu mean removal of darkness of ignorance and Ru means Light of Self-Knowledge”