STUDY GUIDE FOR UNIT 4: IMPERIALISM
Chapter 25, Section 1: A Western-Dominated World
1. Explain the four causes of imperialism.
2. Describe the advantages that European imperialists had over Africans and Asians.
3. Explain the difference between a colony, a protectorate, and a sphere of influence.
5. Who was David Livingstone and what did he do?
6. What agreements were made by European powers at the Berlin Conference?
7. Which two European nations would take control of the most territory in Africa? Which other competing countries joined in the “scramble” for Africa?
8. How did Ethiopia avoid becoming a colony?
Chapter 25, Section 3: European Challenges to the Muslim World
9. Which three European powers tried to take advantage of the slow crumbling of the Ottoman Empire?
10. What is genocide? Describe the genocide carried out by the Ottoman Turks against the Armenian population within their empire.
11. When was the Suez Canal built? What purpose does it serve? Which nation eventually came to control both Egypt and the canal?
12. What was the main goal of the British East India Company?
13. What was a sepoy? Name three reasons why they decided to rebel against the British in 1857.
14. What were the results of the Sepoy Rebellion?
15. Name three raw materials that would make India the “brightest jewel” in the British Empire.
16. In what way did educating upper-class Indians backfire against the British?
17. What were the goals of the Indian National Congress? What were the goals of the Muslim League?
19. What led to the Opium War? What resulted from it?
20. What did the Treaty of Nanjing say? Why was it an “unequal treaty”?
21. What caused the Taiping Rebellion? What were the results of it?
22. What were the results of China’s war with Japan?
23. What was the goal of the Boxer Rebellion? Was this goal achieved? Explain.
24. What were Sun Yixian’s “Three Principles of the People”? What political position did he eventually hold in China?
31. Which country remained independent from European rule? How was this accomplished?
32. Which country originally colonized the Philippines? How did the United States come to control these islands?
33. Explain how Hawaii came under American control in 1898.