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Existing and Past Efforts



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Existing and Past Efforts

General subbasin activities to address fish and wildlife concerns include habitat enhancement planning, watershed assessment and coordination, and habitat improvements. Funding sources include BPA, USDA, USFS, USFWS, ODFW, and CTUIR.


Several in-basin, fisheries-specific restoration and habitat enhancement projects have been accomplished by the tribe and cooperating agencies (Table 52).
Table 52. Umatilla basin fisheries restoration program habitat enhancement components


Project Location


Project Length


Project Description


Implementing Agency

Lower Meacham Creek & tributaries

4.5 miles

CR, BS, IS, RF, RSP

CTUIR

Upper Umatilla River

3.2 miles

BS, IS, RF, RSP

CTUIR

Boston Canyon Creek

0.3 miles

RF, RSP, IS

CTUIR

Wildhorse Creek

2.0 miles

IS, RF, RSP

CTUIR

Greasewood Creek

1.5 miles

IS, RF, RSP


CTUIR

West Fork of Greasewood Creek

0.3 miles

RF, RSP

CTUIR

Spring Hollow Creek

0.6 miles

IS, RF, RSP

CTUIR

Mission Creek

0.4 miles

RF, RSP

CTUIR

Buckaroo Creek

1.6 miles

RF, RSP

CTUIR

Squaw Creek

4.0 miles

RF, LA

CTUIR

McKay Creek

0.6 miles

RF, RSP

CTUIR

Lower Umatilla River

0.15 miles

BS, RSP

CTUIR / NRCS

Moonshine Creek

Passage site

PI

CTUIR /Um. County

Cottonwood Creek

Passage site


PI

CTUIR/Um. County

Mission Creek

Passage site

PI

CTUIR/Um. County

Butter Creek

27 miles

BS, RF, RSP, OSW

SWCD

Lower Umatilla River

7 Passage sites

PI

ODFW

Birch Creek

6.0 miles

CR, BS, IS, RF, RSP, PI

ODFW

East Birch Creek

2.8 miles

CR, BS, IS, RF, RSP

ODFW

East Birch Creek

Passage site

PI

ODFW

Upper Meacham Creek

2.2 miles

RF, RSP, IS

ODFW

Upper Umatilla River

3.0 miles

BS, IS, RSP

ODFW

South Fork Umatilla River


3.5 miles

IS, CR, BS

USFS

Thomas Creek

2.5 miles

IS, BS

USFS

Spring Creek

6.6 miles

CR, BS, RSP

USFS

Meacham Creek

1.0 miles

IS

USFS

Upper Umatilla River

1.0 miles

IS, BS

USFS

Pearson Creek

3.0 miles

CR, BS

USFS

TOTAL RESTORED LENGTH

77.75 miles

Channel reconstruction (CR); Bank stabilization (BS); Instream structures (IS); Riparian fencing (RF); Riparian seeding and planting (RSP); Passage Improvements (PI); Land Acquisition (LA); Off Stream Watering (OSW)

Records for the BPA Columbia River Basin Fish and Wildlife Program date back to 1980, covering planning activities, hatchery construction, outplanting, law enforcement, and fish habitat improvements as implemented by a variety of local, state, tribal, and federal agencies (Columbia Basin Fish and Wildlife Authority 1999). Specifics are listed in .


Table 53. BPA-funded Columbia River Basin Fish and Wildlife Program activities (Columbia Basin Fish and Wildlife Authority 1999; Bonneville Power Administration and Northwest Power Planning Council 1999; Pacific States Marine Fisheries Commission 2001)

Project

BPA #

Sponsor

Duration

Passage Improvement

Solve passage problems on Birch Creek by using weir and pool fish ladders

9607100

Montgomery Watson, ODFW

1996-1997

Fish passage flow augmentation

8902701

Stanfield Irrig. Dist.

1992

Passage improvements at Westland Diversion Dam

8710402

Westland Irrig. Dist.

1990-1993

Improved passage at the Stanfield Diversion

8710401


ODFW, USBR

1989-1993

Low-water fish passage in the lower Umatilla River

8802200

ODFW, CTUIR, NW Motorhome Center

1987-2004

Construct new fish ladders at the Westland Diversion

8710400

ODFW, USBR

1987-1991

Operate and maintain Umatilla River passage facilities

8343600

USBR, Westland Irrig. Dist.

1984-1988, 1991, 1993, 1995-2004

Fish passage on the lower three miles of the Umatilla River

8343400

USACE

1984-1986

Flow Enhancement

Flow enhancement

8902700

USBR, Pacific Power & Light, Umatilla Electric Coop. Assoc.

1989-1990, 1992-2004

Flow enhancement in the lower three miles of the Umatilla River

8805000


ODFW

1988-1989

Enhance flows in the Umatilla River below Three Mile Dam

8740900

ODFW

1987

Habitat Enhancement

Watershed enhancement in Squaw Creek

9506001

CTUIR

1998-1999

Instream and riparian habitat enhancement in Buckaroo, Mission, Wildhorse and McKay Creeks

9604500

CTUIR

1996

Construct a Tribal nursery at Mission Bridge for growing native plants

9606800

CTUIR

1996

Protect and restore the Squaw Creek subwatershed

9506000

CTUIR

1995-1998

Develop an acclimation site along the Umatilla River and manage the remaining land for wildlife

9307200


unknown contractor

1992, 1994

Anadromous habitat enhancement in the Umatilla subbasin

8710001

CTUIR, UNF, ODFW

1987-1999

Improve spawning and rearing habitat for salmonids

8710002

ODFW

1987-1999

Improve anadromous fish habitats in the South Fork Umatilla River and Thomas Creek

8710000

USFS

1987-1992

Artificial Propagation

Operations and maintenance at Umatilla Fish Hatchery

8903500

ODFW

1995, 1997-2004

Operate artificial production facilities to raise chinook salmon and steelhead

8805300

Montgomery Watson

1991-1993, 1995-1997

Construct Umatilla Hatchery satellite facilities for acclimation and release of salmon and steelhead smolts


9101400

Montgomery Watson, David Evans & Associates

1991-1992, 1994, 1996-1998

Construct spring chinook juvenile acclimation, release, and adult capture facilities

8805302

CTUIR

1989-2000

Acclimate and release juvenile salmon and steelhead

8343500

CTUIR

1984-2004

Construct a juvenile acclimation site at Bonifer Springs and adult holding facility on Meacham Creek

8201800

CTUIR

1982-1984

Management Coordination

Law enforcement protection of fish and habitat on reservation and ceded lands

9092

CTUIR

1999

Watershed management planning in the Birch, Buckaroo, Mission, Wildhorse, and McKay Creeks and upper Umatilla River

9608500

Umatilla County

1996


Address concerns about the structural integrity of the Westland Diversion

8741602

USBR

1989

Develop a plan for rehabilitating anadromous fish

8401000

ODFW, CTUIR, NMFS, USFWS, USBR, USFS

1984-1985

Education

Educational projects in Umatilla subbasin school districts.

9202600

WCSWCD

1992-1993

Train Umatilla Tribal members as Hatchery Technicians

8403303

CTUIR

1988, 1990-1991

Develop materials for public awareness and involvement in fish and wildlife habitat protection and restoration

9301100

UW, USU, Multnomah Educ. Service Dist., Curtis Consulting

1993-1996

Prepare a slide show on Umatilla River fish projects

8741900

Dennis Maxwell

1987


Prepare a film on activities in the Umatilla River at or near Three Mile Dam

8741000

John Campbell

1987

Other projects in the subbasin have been funded and implemented independently or cooperatively by several national and/or regional agencies. These range from habitat restoration to regulatory planning. Overview details are provided in Table 54.


Table 54. Non BPA-funded fish and wildlife activities within the Umatilla River subbasin (Shaw 1997; Oregon Department of Environmental Quality et al. 2000; U. S. Forest Service 1990; Mark Kirsch, ODFW, personal communication January 11, 2001)

Project

Funding/Lead Agency

Status

Passage Improvement

Culvert replacement

UBWC, landowners, ODF, ODFW, NRCS, UCSWCD

ongoing

Flow Enhancement

Streamflow Restoration Prioritization. ODFW has established priorities for streamflow restoration needs in the Umatilla based on individual rankings of several factors.


OWEB-OWRD/ODFW, WRD

ongoing

Habitat Enhancement

Subbasin-wide habitat enhancement

CTUIR, EPA

2000

Riparian vegetation improvement in Buckaroo and Butter Creeks

NRCS, CTUIR, BIA

1999 - ongoing

Watershed improvement, Butter Creek drainage

NRCS, Umatilla county, SWCD

1998 - ongoing

Improvement of 5.25 RM in Meacham, Mission, Wildhorse, Greasewood, and Spring Hollow Creeks




1993

Improvement of 7.45 miles of riparian habitat on lower Boston Canyon Creek, lower Meacham Creek, and upper Umatilla River

CTUIR

1988-1992

Spray winter range to control noxious weeds

ODFW

ongoing

Riparian enhancement through restrictive grazing, limits on timber harvesting, and correction of road problems

UNF

ongoing


Conservation agriculture

UCSWCD

ongoing

Tree planting, channel engineering, and instream structures on Birch Creek

ODFW

ongoing

Road maintenance and repair

ODT

ongoing

Riparian planting, conservation agriculture, and road improvement

UBWC, landowners, ODF, ODFW, NRCS, UCSWCD

ongoing

Forestry Incentive Program to reforest and treat forest stands

ODF

ongoing

Stewardship Incentive Program to treat forest stands, conduct fish and/or wildlife habitat improvements, soil conservation, and riparian and wetland improvements

ODF

ongoing

Environmental Quality Incentives Program to make stream, riparian, and vegetation improvements, provide grazing and water management, improve agricultural practices

NRCS

ongoing

Riparian area planting and instream projects

ODFW

ongoing

Implement BMPs and other water quality-specific standards and guidelines for federal forestlands

USFS


ongoing

On-site evaluation, technical project design, stewardship/conservation plans, and referrals for funding

ODF, ODFW, NRCS, USWCD

ongoing

Transportation system maintenance on private forestlands

ODF

ongoing

Water protection rules for non-federal forest operation BMPs

ODF

ongoing

Agricultural Water Quality Management Program

ODA

ongoing

Regulation of instream work and stream relocation

ODSL

ongoing

Enhance deer and elk habitat on private land in winter range and fund damage relief projects

ODFW

ongoing

Natural resource programs

CTUIR

ongoing

Forest Resource Trust to convert under-producing forestland into productive forests

ODF

ongoing

Umatilla Basin Project

BOR

ongoing

Oregon forest practices

ODF


ongoing

Storm water programs

EPA

ongoing

Oregon agricultural management plans

ODA

ongoing

Management Coordination

Annual blue and ruffed grouse wing collection from hunters

ODFW

ongoing

Hunter checks stations

ODFW, OSP

ongoing

Permit programs for wastewater

ODEQ

ongoing

Outreach and project coordination

UBWC

ongoing

Project development and coordination

UCSWCD

ongoing

Education

Educate landowners on forest and agriculture-related topics

OSU

ongoing

Private Lands Forest Network to educate landowners/managers about reforestation and aforestation

PLFN

ongoing






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