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Umatilla Subbasin Recommendations



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Umatilla Subbasin Recommendations



FY 2001 Projects Proposals Review

The following subbasin proposals were reviewed by the Umatilla River Subbasin Team and the Province Budget Work Group and are recommended for Bonneville Power Administration project funding for the next three years.

Table 1 provides a summary of how each project relates to resource needs, management goals, objectives, and strategies, and other activities in the subbasin.

Projects and Budgets




Continuation of Ongoing Projects



Project: 195505500 – Umatilla Tribal Fish & Wildlife Enforcement
Sponsor: CTUIR
Short Description:

Increase law enforcement (LE) protection to fish, wildlife, their critical habitats and other essential natural resources within watersheds managed by CTUIR. The program will be coordinated with all other resource enhancement projects of the tribe.

Abbreviated Abstract:

Law enforcement is an integral and essential component of natural resource management. Enforcement of existing fish, wildlife and habitat regulations is needed to ensure compliance rates and protect fish stocks, wildlife populations and their critical habitats. Coordination of State and Tribal government operations, public awareness and public participation are all benefits of natural resource enforcement.

A CTUIR Fish and Wildlife Enforcement division will provide three enforcement officers for enforcement activities on 1855 Treaty reserved mainstems and tributaries. Coordination between all jurisdictions involved in the enforcement effort will increase effectiveness and alleviate duplication of efforts. Officers will enforce fisheries and habitat regulations on reservation and ceded lands. Enforcement officers will protect anadromous fish, resident fish and critical habitats on reservation and ceded lands. An organized evaluation of desired and actual achievement (budget, personnel, equipment, coordination, contacts, warnings, arrests, seizures and critical habitat protected) will analyze the impact of the program.

Increased enforcement presence will act as a deterrent to illegal activity and public awareness programs will increase support and understanding of the goals of the program. Increased survival rates of both juvenile and adult salmonids and protection of critical habitats are the goal of this program.


Enforcement plays a vital role for the protection of the investments made by BPA, past, present, and future projects.
Relationship to Other Projects:

Project #

Title/description

Nature of relationship

20127

Walla Walla Basin Natural Production Monitoring and Evaluation

Enforcement Component protects investment of field activities/equipment, habitat restoration efforts and ultimate survival of fish & wildlife resources tied to this project

9000501

Umatilla Basin Natural Production Monitoring and Evaluation

Enforcement Component protects investment of field activities/equipment, habitat restoration efforts and ultimate survival of fish & wildlife resources tied to this project

97100010

Umatilla Basin Habitat Enhancement

Enforcement Component protects investment of field activities/equipment, habitat restoration efforts and ultimate survival of fish & wildlife resources tied to this project

20131

John Day Basin Habitat Enhancement

Enforcement Component protects investment of field activities/equipment, habitat restoration efforts and ultimate survival of fish & wildlife resources tied to this project

9604601


Walla Walla Basin Habitat Enhancement

Enforcement Componentprotects investment of field activities/equipment, habitat restoration efforts and ultimate survival of fish & wildlife resources tied to this project

9608300

Grande Ronde Habitat Enhancement

Enforcement Componentprotects investment of field activities/equipment, habitat restoration efforts and ultimate survival of fish & wildlife resources tied to this project

9800703

Grande Ronde Satellite Facility

Enforcement Componentprotects investment of field activities/equipment, habitat restoration efforts and ultimate survival of fish & wildlife resources tied to this project

8343500

Umatilla Hatchery Satellite Facility O+M

Enforcement Component protects investment of field activities/equipment, habitat restoration efforts and ultimate survival of fish & wildlife resources tied to this project

Relationship to Existing Goals, Objectives and Strategies:

CTUIR Enforcement supports the efforts of State and Federal Regulatory Agencies, county and local organizations to enforce fish, wildlife and habitat laws. Each agency has areas of primary responsibility and areas that overlap with other agencies. Since numbers of personnel are limited, these overlapping areas allow for the coordination of efforts of individuals, maximizing the efficacy of those efforts.

Fish and Wildlife law enforcement proposed under this project will specifically address fish, wildlife and habitat protection that is identified as a critical resource management need in the Umatilla Subbasin Summary (CTUIR et al., 2001). Numerous strategies in the Umatilla Subbasin Summary contain action items that call for enforcement. This project is expected to be directly or indirectly involved in the following actions recommended in the Umatilla Subbasin Summary:



    1. Enforcement of laws and fishing regulations

    1. Increase water quality monitoring and enforcement of existing regulations

    2. Enforce Umatilla River Agricultural Water Quality Management Plan

    1. Enforce land use regulations designed to protect fish habitats

4.3 Increase monitoring and enforcement of existing regulations on water use

and instream flows


Review Comments:

This is a new project and not an ongoing project. The tribe currently has only 0.5 FTE for enforcement throughout NE Oregon which is inadequate. Through this proposal, enforcement is proposed for all seeded land. Reviewers indicate that there appears to be a lack of coordination among enforcement proposals. The CTWSRO, ODFW, and CTUIR need to meet and coordinate prior to funding. If funded, this project should be held to the same standards as the two existing conservation enforcement projects currently being funded under the fish and wildlife program.


Budget:

FY02

FY03

FY04

163,369

Category: High Priority



171,506

Category: High Priority



180,081

Category: High Priority



Project: 198343500 - Operate and Maintain Umatilla Hatchery Satellite Facilities

Sponsor: CTUIR
Short Description:

Acclimate juvenile salmon and steelhead prior to release in the Umatilla Basin. Collect, hold, and spawn steelhead, coho, and chinook salmon and provide eggs to ODFW and other hatcheries for incubation, rearing, and later release in the Umatilla Basin.


Abbreviated Abstract:

In the early 1980's, CTUIR and ODFW began implementing a comprehensive plan (Umatilla Fisheries Restoration Plan) to supplement steelhead and re-establish salmon runs in the Umatilla River Basin. Artificial production, including the need for Umatilla Hatchery and associated satellite facilities, was identified as a key component in this effort.

This project provides for the operation and maintenance of both juvenile and adult satellite facilities. The goals and objectives are to: 1) assist in achievement of Umatilla Basin adult salmon and steelhead return goals by increasing smolt-to-adult survival/returns through acclimation of juvenile salmon and steelhead in natural production areas prior to release into the Umatilla Basin, 2) operate adult holding and spawning facilities to provide salmon and steelhead eggs for Umatilla production, and 3) increase the number of spring chinook adult spawners in the Umatilla Basin by temporarily holding adults for later outplanting into natural production areas.

The reduced stress and increased imprintation of juvenile salmon and steelhead released from acclimation ponds in the Umatilla Basin will increase smolt to adult survival back to both the Columbia and Umatilla rivers which specifically addresses the Columbia Basin Fish and Wildlife Program by contributing to increased adult returns to the Columbia Basin. Acclimation also increases homing and imprints fish back to natural production areas.


Results of the project are monitored and evaluated as part of the Umatilla Hatchery and Natural Production Monitoring and Evaluation programs (project no. 9000501 and 9000500). Data collected by this project is shared with the monitoring and evaluation programs and is also summarized in an annual report to BPA. The information is analyzed by CTUIR and ODFW managers and researchers, and each year, adaptive management decisions are made and incorporated into the Umatilla Hatchery and Basin Annual Operation Plan.

Relationship to Other Projects:

Project #

Title/description

Nature of relationship

8903500

Umatilla Hatchery O & M

Umatilla Hatchery is the primary production facility for providing juvenile salmon and steelhead smolts for acclimation and release into the Umatilla Basin

8802200

Umatilla River Fish Passage Operations

The passage operations project provides adult recovery information and broodstock for spawning, and provides passage for outmigrating hatchery produced juveniles

9000501

Umatilla Basin Natural Production M & E

The UBNPM&E project provides biological information related to the outcome of the production goals

8710001

Umatilla River Basin Anadromous Fish Habitat Enhancement

The URBAFHE project provides increased habitat for fish utilization

9000500

Umatilla Hatchery M & E

The UHM&E project provides biological information related to the operation of the satellite facilities and evaluates the success of the artificial production program

8902401


Evaluate Juvenile Salmonid Outmigration and Survival in the Lower Umatilla River Basin

This project provides biological information related to the operation of the production program

8343600

Umatilla Basin Fish Facilities O & M

The UBFFO&M project assists in preventative and heavy maintenance at all Umatilla Hatchery satellite facilities

8805302

Design and Construct Umatilla Hatchery Supplement

This project provides for design and construction of new artificial production facilities which will be operated under project 8343500 when completed




NEOH Hatchery - Walla Walla Component - Design and Construction

Same as box above




Little White Salmon Hatchery O & M

LWSH provides spring chinook salmon smolts for acclimation and release into the Umatilla River basin


Relationship to Existing Goals, Objectives and Strategies:

This project is an essential part of a comprehensive Umatilla River fish restoration plan developed by CTUIR and ODFW in cooperation with the Council, BPA, NMFS, various irrigation districts and private landowners. The project helps to increase smolt to adult survival and provide eggs for the program and directly increases survival of salmon and steelhead to the upper Columbia River Basin which is consistent with the Council’s Fish and Wildlife Program, U.S.v.OR Columbia River Fisheries Management Plan and the Pacific Salmon Treaty.

The project goals of increasing smolt-to adult survival and homing to the Umatilla River basin and providing eggs for the Umatilla production program are directly related the Council's mandate to protect, mitigate, and enhance fish and wildlife of the Columbia River Basin that have been affected by the development and operation of hydroelectric dams. The project falls under the Columbia Plateau Ecological Province and is recommended in the Draft Umatilla Subbasin Summary. Specific objectives of this project are linked to the Draft Umatilla Subbasin Summary as follows:

Objective 1 (operations and maintenance phase) is directly related to the goals, objectives, and strategies stated in the Subbasin Summary by assisting in the restoration and enhancement of salmon and steelhead populations in the Umatilla basin by increasing smolt-to-adult survival rates and homing to the Umatilla River basin. There are five specific strategies in the Subbasin Summary, which identify needed actions directly related to this project. Strategies 6, 7, and 8 (Continue to supplement the recently reintroduced spring chinook, fall chinook, and coho salmon populations with a hatchery program) identifies several actions specific to the project. These actions include the continued acclimation and release of juvenile salmon and steelhead into historic habitat (Project Task 1.a). Strategy 9 (Supplement the indigenous summer steelhead population with a hatchery program consisting of local broodstock) is also specific to this project. Action 9.1 is to continue the acclimation and release of summer steelhead into historic habitat (Project Task 1.a). Strategy 12 (Implement artificial propagation practices to maintain genetic and biological integrity of supplemental stocks) identifies one action, which involves this project. Action 12.2 is to take appropriate actions to maximize survival of unhealthy fish (Project Task 1.a). Juvenile outmigration data collected at the Westland Canal juvenile trapping facility (Project Task 1.b) is shared with other projects to help assess juvenile anadromous smolt production, survival and migration timing (Strategy 14; Action 14.3).

Objective 2 (operations and maintenance phase) is also directly related to the goals, objectives, and strategies stated in the Subbasin Summary. Strategy 12 (Implement artificial propagation practices to maintain genetic and biological integrity of supplemental stocks) identifies two actions, which involve this project. Action 12.1 is to utilize IHOT genetic guidelines for broodstock mating, and action 12.2 is to take appropriate actions to maximize survival of unhealthy fish (Project Tasks 2.a and 2.b). In addition, this project is involved indirectly with Strategy 13. (Monitor and evaluate Umatilla hatchery programs to ensure they are successful and minimize adverse effects on listed or other indigenous species). This project provides snouts and data to ODFW, the Pacific States Marine Fisheries Commission (PSMFC), and the Umatilla Hatchery Monitoring and Evaluation project so that project can evaluate the success of the various rearing and release strategies being used in the Umatilla Basin (Project Task 2.a).

While not specific to either action in Strategy 6 (Continue to supplement the recently reintroduced spring chinook population with a hatchery program), Objective 3 (operations and maintenance phase) is involved indirectly by helping to increase the number of spring chinook adults spawning naturally in the Umatilla River basin (Project Task 3.a).

Objective 4 (operations and maintenance phase) is also directly related to the goals, objectives, and strategies stated in the Subbasin Summary. Strategy 6 (Continue to supplement the recently reintroduced spring chinook salmon population with a hatchery program) identifies one action specific to this project. Action 6.1 is to continue releasing 710,000 spring chinook smolts from acclimation facilities into historic spring chinook habitat. The 350,000 spring chinook produced at Little White Salmon Hatchery is a major component of that production (Project Task 4.a). Strategy 12 (Implement artificial propagation practices to maintain genetic and biological integrity of supplemental stocks) identifies another action involving this project. Action 12.2 is to take appropriate actions to maximize survival of unhealthy fish (Project Task 4.a).

Objective 1 (planning and design phase) is also directly related to the goals, objectives, and strategies stated in the Subbasin Summary. Strategy 6 (Continue to supplement the recently reintroduced spring chinook population with a hatchery program) identifies one action, which involves this project. Action 6.2 is to release an additional 515,000 spring chinook smolts from acclimation facilities into historic spring chinook habitat in the upper Umatilla River Basin. One additional hatchery is needed to produce additional spring chinook smolts for the Umatilla River in order to achieve Umatilla juvenile production goals (Task 4.a). It will be located at the existing South Fork Walla Walla facility.

The project does address the Council's Basin-level biological objectives listed in the 2000 Fish and Wildlife Program. More specifically, the project objective of increasing smolt to adult survival directly addresses those items listed in Section III.C.2.a.1 (Anadromous fish losses); halt declining trends in salmon and steelhead populations, restore naturally reproducing populations of salmon and steelhead, and increase adult salmon and steelhead runs.

The Umatilla Hatchery Satellite Facilities O & M project is also involved directly or indirectly with two RPA actions listed in the NMFS 2000 FCRPS Biological Opinion. The project contributes data to studies identified under Section 9.6.1.6.2, Action 107 (Homing/straying) and Section 9.6.5.3.4, Action 184 (Monitor the size, age, health, and smolt quality (growth), as well as release locations, timing, and life history stages of hatchery fish).

The successes being achieved in the Umatilla River to return once-extirpated salmon to a tributary to contribute towards natural spawning, broodstock collection, and Indian and non-Indian harvest objectives is being called a rare success in today's challenging times for Columbia River fisheries resources. It is hoped that some of the success principles such as hatchery supplementation of natural production can be employed elsewhere.

Review Comments:

No comments.


Budget:

FY02

FY03

FY04

956,849

Category: High Priority



1,471,623

Category: High Priority



1,520,077

Category: High Priority





Project: 198343600 – Umatilla Basin Fish Facilities Operation and Maintenance
Sponsor: WID
Short description

Provide Operations and Maintenance services of fish passage and satellite facilities in the Umatilla Basin.

Abbreviated Abstract

In the 1980’s, CTUIR and ODFW began implementing the Umatilla Fisheries Restoration Plan. An integral part of that effort was to address the inadequate flow and migration conditions by constructing fish passage facilities, initiating a trap and haul program, and implementing the Umatilla Basin flow enhancement project.

The Umatilla Passage Facilities O&M Project main objective is to increase adult and juvenile migrant survival in the Umatilla Basin. The project provides survival benefits for both hatchery and natural production by operating and maintaining ladders, bypasses, screen sites and trap facilities according to design criteria. A secondary objective of the project is to support the basin artificial production program by assisting CTUIR in the maintenance of the adult holding and spawning facilities and juvenile acclimation sites.

The project began in 1989 under the U.S. Bureau of Reclamation and an irrigation district component began in 1990 as part of the Umatilla Trap and Haul Project. The two portions of the project were combined under the Bureau of Reclamation in 1992 and were transferred to Westland Irrigation District in 1997. The project is viewed as a long term O& M project required for maintaining the survival advantages achieved by implementation of the fish passage and satellite facility projects in the Umatilla Basin.


Relationship to Other Projects

Project #

Title/description

Nature of relationship

8902700

Power Re-pay Umatilla Basin Project

Umatilla Basin Project flow enhancement efforts are coordinated with operation of physical passage facilities which the proposed project provides O&M for.

8802200

Umatilla River Fish Passage Operations

Project 8802200 oversees proposed project O&M activities and operates passage and trapping facilities for which the proposed project provides O&M.

8403300

Umatilla Hatchery O & M

Proposed project provides adequate passage for juveniles produced under project 8403300 by operating and maintaing passage facilities.

8343500

Umatilla Hatchery Satellite Facilities O & M

Proposed project provides adequate passage for juveniles released by project 8343500 by operating and maintaining passage facilities. Also assists project 8343500 in maintaining satellite facilities.

8902401

Umatilla River/WEID Screens M&E

Proposed project provides O&M for facilities operated and evaluated by project 8902401.


9000501

Umatilla Basin Natural Production M & E

Proposed project provides passage for adults and juveniles to and from natural production areas by maintaining and operating passage facilities.

9000500

Umatilla Hatchery M & E

Proposed project maintains adult and juvenile trapping facilities.

Relationship to Existing Goals, Objectives and Strategies

As stated in Section 9.b., inadequate passage conditions for both upstream and downstream migrants were the primary contributor to the disappearance of salmon and decline of steelhead in the Umatilla Basin. Although many passage improvements have been implemented there are still critical times of the year when inadequate migration conditions exist. The objective of the project is directly related to the goals and objectives stated in the Subbasin Summary by assisting in the restoration of salmon and steelhead populations in the Umatilla River by increasing the tributary survival of migrating adults and juveniles.

The secondary objective of the project is related to operating and maintaining the satellite facilities identified as required to enhance the success of the artificial production program. Proper maintenance of these satellite facilities should also assist in meeting the Subbasin Summary goals and the Council rebuilding goal of increasing the number of returning adults.

The project is directly involved in Strategy 5 (Improve fish passage conditions at all man-made passage impediments for resident and anadromous upstream and downstream migrants.), Action 5.3 (operating and maintaining all fish passage facilities). In addition, the project is also involved in artificial production Strategies 6, 7, 8, and 9 by assisting in the maintenance of acclimation and adult holding/spawning facilities.

The project goal of assisting in the restoration and rebuilding of salmon and steelhead populations in the Umatilla Basin is directly related to the Council’s mandate to protect, mitigate, and enhance fish and wildlife affected by development and operation of the hydropower system. Though the project falls under the Columbia Plateau Ecological Province for which specific objectives and strategies will be adopted later, the project does address the Council’s Basin-level biological objectives listed in the 2000 Fish and Wildlife Program. More specifically, the project objective of increasing tributary survival directly addresses the three items listed in Section III.C.2.a.1. (Anadromous fish losses); halt declining population trends, restore natural populations, and increase adult runs.

The Fish Facilities Operation and Maintenance project is also indirectly involved in two of the RPA actions listed in the NMFS 2000 FCRPS Biological Opinion. Although not specifically identified in any specific Action, the project is directly involved in the activities listed under Section 9.6.2.1 (Actions Related to Tributary Habitat).

Review Comments:

The NMFS suggests that this project is essential for maintaining anadromous fish access to the Umatilla River.


Budget:

FY02

FY03

FY04

498,512

Category: High Priority



523,450

Category: High Priority



549,625

Category: High Priority





Project: 198710001 – Enhance Umatilla River Basin Anadromous Fish Habitat
Sponsor: CTUIR
Short Description:

Enhance floodplain, riparian and in-stream habitat on private lands in the Umatilla River Basin to increase natural production of summer steelhead, coho salmon and chinook salmon.

Abbreviated Abstract:

The goal of this project is to protect and enhance anadromous fish habitat on private lands in the Umatilla River Basin. Project objectives include: 1) identification of detrimental land uses and development of watershed-level solutions to address habitat impacts; 2) maintenance and continued implementation of habitat enhancements; 3) collection of baseline data and post-project monitoring to identify habitat limiting factors and assess effects of habitat enhancements.

Since its inception in 1987, the project has secured 48 agreements with landowners and enhanced 18.5 stream miles on private properties throughout the Umatilla River Basin. The recently completed Umatilla Subbasin Summary and the nearly finalized Umatilla Subbasin Watershed Assessment will provide direction and assist with prioritization of future habitat needs. Targeted areas shall include portions of the mid and upper mainstem Umatilla River and stream reaches within the Birch, Wildhorse, Mission, Cottonwood, Moonshine, Coonskin, Buckaroo, Squaw, Meacham Creek Subwatersheds.

Although the Tribes will continue to implement individual projects with cooperative landowners, efforts are currently underway in all targeted watersheds to tie existing and proposed enhancements together. Such an expanded approach will result in stream reach-level habitat recovery and complement other Bonneville Power Administration funded projects in achieving more comprehensive watershed restoration goals. The Tribes will continue to prioritize passive, natural recovery to preserve and restore stream habitat. Active, bioengineering approaches will be reserved for areas that will not sufficiently recover in a natural state.

Short-term project effects shall include native plant community recovery, increased stream bank stability and increased stream channel shading. Long-term project effects shall include improved stream geomorphic features, vegetative succession, cooler stream temperatures, reduced sediment deposition, increased large woody debris recruitment, greater habitat diversity, increased juvenile and adult salmonid freshwater survival, greater salmonid offspring out-migration and increased bird, mammal and invertebrate populations.

Project monitoring shall include stream channel transect measurements, photo point documentation, habitat inventories, macroinvertebrate surveys, biological sampling, stream temperature monitoring and suspended sediment monitoring. Results will be evaluated in annual reports submitted to the Bonneville Power Administration.

This project is consistent with Northwest Power Planning Council Measure Numbers 7.6, 7.7 and 7.8. The project entails coordinated, cooperative efforts to protect and improve anadromous fisheries habitat on a comprehensive watershed management basis.

Relationship to Other Projects

Project #

Title/description

Nature of relationship

8710002

Umatilla Basin Habitat Improvement

Integrate basin-wide approach to identify and remedy habitat limiting factors. While this project and Project 871002 operate independently, they function as part of an interdependent program (under the 1987 Umatilla Drainage Habitat Implementation Plan).

9000501

Umatilla Basin Natural Production Monitoring and Evaluation

This project enhances habitat based upon habitat limiting factors identified from physical surveys, biological surveys, spawning surveys and water quality data under Project 9000501.

8343500

Umatilla Hatchery Satellite Facilities Operation and Maintenance

This project expands available rearing habitat to increase survival and out-migration potential of juvenile fish released under Project 8343500.

8802200

Umatilla River Fish Passage Operations

This project improves passage conditions and spawning and holding habitat for adult fish trapped and hauled under Project 8802200.


9604601

Walla Walla Basin Habitat Enhancement

This project is housed with and shares personnel, vehicles and equipment with Project 9604601 on a daily basis.

9608300

Grande Ronde Basin Habitat Enhancement

This project occasionally shares personnel, vehicles or equipment with Project 9608300.

200003100

North Fork John Day River Basin Anadromous Fish Habitat Enhancement

This project occasionally shares personnel, vehicles or equipment with Project 9608300.




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